Hist/as 239+: comparative slavery and emancipation



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HIST/AS 239+: COMPARATIVE SLAVERY AND EMANCIPATION

Schedule of class meetings, readings, and assignments

This schedule is liable to change to suit class needs. The online syllabus always offers the most recent version of the syllabus.

Complete readings prior to class and be prepared to discuss them. Bring the readings to class.

We will not discuss each reading with the same degree of rigor. I will do my best to let you know when to make special efforts with your reading. You are, however, responsible for all the assigned material, whether or not we discuss it in class.

A few readings may be available only through the course website. I will denote these on the syllabus as (Readings). You may find them on blackboard under "Readings."


Aug. 30

Introductions

Sept. 4

Old World Slavery

Igor Kopytoff and Suzanne Miers, "African 'Slavery' as an Institution of Marginality," in Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977). (Readings)

Sept. 6

Skills day

First paper due.

Sept. 11

The Expansion of Europe

Alfred Crosby, "The Fortunate Isles," in Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (1986; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991). (Readings)

David Brion Davis, "Sugar and Slavery from the Old to the New World," in Northup, The Atlantic Slave Trade, 14-22.

(Recommended) James Walvin, Atlas of Slavery (Harlow: Pearson Education, 2006), ch. 5.

Sept. 13

Race and slavery

Winthrop D. Jordan, The White Man's Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States (London: Oxford University Press, 1974), chs. 1-2. (Readings)

Winthrop D. Jordan, "American Chiaroscuro: The Status and Definition of Mulattoes in the British Colonies," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 19, no. 2 (April 1962), 183-200. (Jstor

) (Study guide)
Captain Jon Lok, Voyage to Guinea, in 1554, from Richard Hakluyt’s
Voyages and Discoveries: The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation. (Readings)

(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, ch. 14.

Sept. 18

The Middle Passage

Stephanie Smallwood, Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora, introduction through ch. 2
Documents on the middle passage. (Readings)


(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, chs. 10-12.

Sept. 20

The Middle Passage (cont.)

Smallwood, Saltwater Slavery, chs. 3-4.

A Guide to Understanding and Using the Voyages Database and Website (online).

Introduce Voyages Database project. We will meet in the library (room 316), so we can use the electronic classroom to introduce the project.

Sept. 25

Mainland North America

Ira Berlin, "From Creole to African: Atlantic Creoles and the Origins of African-American Society in Mainland North America," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser. 53 (1996), 251-88. (Jstor)

Ira Berlin, "Time, Space, and the Evolution of African-American Society," American Historical Review 85, no. 1 (February 1980). (HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1853424" Jstor)

Sept. 27

Brazil

HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1853424" James H. Sweet, Domingos Alvares, African Healing, and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011), chs. 1-3.

Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, chs. 13.

Oct. 2

Brazil (cont.)

Sweet, Domingos Alvares, chs. 4, 6, 8.

Oct. 4

Slavery: "personality" and law

HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1853424" Frank Tannenbaum, Slave and Citizen (1946; Boston: Beacon Press, 1992).

Oct. 9

No class, fall vacation

Oct. 11

Slavery: paternalism, and control

HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1853424" Stanley M. Elkins, Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life (New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1959), excerpt. (Readings)

E. Franklin Frazier, "Significance of the African Background," in The Negro in the United States, rev. ed. (New York: MacMillan, 1957). (Readings)

Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (1974; New York: Random House, 1976), excerpt. (Readings)
Voyages database project due.

Oct. 16

Culture: theories of acculturation

Sidney W. Mintz and Richard Price, The Birth of African-American Culture: An Anthropological Perspective (1976; Boston: Beacon Press, 1992), read through ch. 3.

Gwelndolyn Midlo Hall, "An African Nation in Colonial Louisiana," in Northup, ed., Atlantic Slave Trade, 149-55. (Readings)

Philip D. Morgan, "African Cultural Dynamics in the Americas," in Northup, ed., Atlantic Slave Trade, 156-66. (Readings)

Oct. 18

Acculturation and the critiques of community

Sidney W. Mintz and Richard Price, The Birth of African-American Culture: An Anthropological Perspective (1976; Boston: Beacon Press, 1992), chs. 4-5.

Peter Kolchin, "Reevaluating the Antebellum Slave Community: A Comparative Perspective" Journal of American History 70, no. 3 (December 1983), 579-601 (HYPERLINK "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0021-8723%28198312%2970%3A3%3C579%3ARTASCA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-U" Jstor).

In-class film: "Bahia: Africa in the Americas"

Oct. 23

The Revolutionary moment

Michael Mullin, "British Caribbean and North American Slaves in an Era of War and Revolution, 1775-1807," in Jeffrey J. Crow and Larry E. Tise, eds., The Southern Experience in the American Revolution (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978), 235-67. (Readings).

Patrick Rael, selections from Eighty-Eight Years: The Long Death of Slavery in the United States.

Oct. 25

Resistance: maroonage

Genovese, From Rebellion to Revolution, through ch. 2.

Oct. 30

The Haitian Revolution

Laurent DuBois and John D. Garrigus, Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804 (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2006), introduction and selected documents.

Nov. 1

Capitalism and abolitionism

Eric Williams, "Slavery, Industrialization, and Abolitionism," in Northup, The Atlantic Slave Trade, 134-140.

Howard Temperly, "Capitalism, Slavery and Ideology," Past and Present 75 (1977), 94-118. (HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/650442" Jstor)
Patrick Rael, selections from
Eighty-Eight Years: The Long Death of Slavery in the United States.

Nov. 6

Resistance: political?

Genovese, From Rebellion to Revolution, ch. 3-end.

(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, ch. 17.

Nov. 8

Slave narrative presentations

Nov. 13

The First Emancipations

Eric Foner, Nothing But Freedom: Emancipation and Its Legacy (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983), through ch. 1.

Michael Craton, "Proto-Peasant Revolts? The Late Slave Rebellions in the British West Indies 1816-1832," Past and Present 85 (November 1979): 99-125. (HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/650681" Jstor)

(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, ch. 18.

Nov. 15

Nineteenth-century plantation systems

Richard Graham, "Slavery and Economic Development: Brazil and the United States South in the Nineteenth Century," Comparative Studies in Society and History 23 (1981), 620-55. (HYPERLINK "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0010-4175%28198110%2923%3A4%3C620%3ASAEDBA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-V" Jstor)

Anthony E. Kaye, "The Second Slavery: Modernity in the Ninetenth-century South and the Atlantic World," Journal of Southern History 75, no. 3 (August 2009): 627-50. (HYPERLINK "http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=43930900&site=ehost-live" Academic Search Complete)

(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, ch. 16.

Nov. 20

Abolitionism in the U.S.

Patrick Rael, selections from Eighty-Eight Years: The Long Death of Slavery in the United States.

Selected documents

Nov. 22

No class, Thanksgiving

Nov. 27

U.S. emancipation during the Civil War

Patrick Rael, selections from Eighty-Eight Years: The Long Death of Slavery in the United States.

Selected documents

Nov. 29

U.S. emancipation in world perspective

Foner, Nothing But Freedom, ch. 2.

Peter Kolchin, "The Tragic Era? Interpreting Southern Reconstruction in Comparative Perspective," in Frank McClynn and Seymour Drescher, eds., The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery (Pittsburgh, 1992), 291-321. (Readings)

(Recommended) Walvin, Atlas of Slavery, ch. 18.

Dec. 4

The late emancipations: Brazil and Cuba

Seymour Drescher, "Brazilian Abolition in Comparative Perspective," Hispanic American Historical Review 68, no. 3 (August 1988), 429-60. (HYPERLINK "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0018-2168%28198808%2968%3A3%3C429%3ABAICP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-X" Jstor)

Rebecca J. Scott, "Gradual Abolition and the Dynamics of Slave Emancipation in Cuba, 1868-86, " Hispanic American Historical Review 63, no. 3 (August 1983): 449-77. (HYPERLINK "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2514783" Jstor)

Dec. 6

Labor in the post-emancipation era

Thomas Holt, "'An Empire over the Mind': Emancipation, Race and Ideology in the British West Indies and the American South," in Region, Race and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of C. Vann Woodward, eds. J. Morgan Kousser and James McPherson (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), 283-313. (Readings)

Rebecca J. Scott, "Defining the Boundaries of Freedom in the World of Cane: Cuba, Brazil, and Louisiana after Emancipation," American Historical Review 99, no. 1 (February 1994), 70-102. (HYPERLINK "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-8762%28199402%2999%3A1%3C70%3ADTBOFI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Y" Jstor)

Dec. 12

Deadline for final paper: 12noon

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-8762%28199402%2999%3A1%3C70%3ADTBOFI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Y


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