Highlights of The Bill of Rights: 1st Amendment



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Highlights of The Bill of Rights:
1st Amendment- Right to: Freedom of speech

Freedom of religion

Freedom of the press

Freedom to assemble

Freedom to petition the government

Establishment clause- provides that neither Congress nor state legislatures may “make

any law respecting establishment of religion”.

Free Exercise clause- provides no law is Constitutional if it “prohibits free exercise” of

religion.
2nd Amendment- right to keep and bear arms
3rd Amendment- no soldiers quartered in any house without the consent of owner or

wartime law.


4th amendment- Right to be “secure in their persons, houses, paper and effects against

unreasonable searches and seizures”.

No warrants to issue without probable cause

Warrants to particularly describe the persons or things to be seized.


5th Amendment- Right to indictment by grand jury (in Federal system)

Freedom from double jeopardy

Privilege against self incrimination

Right to due process of law

Procedural due process: timely notice of hearing/trial

informed of charges

right to present evidence on own behalf

impartial judge/jury

presumed innocent until proven guilty

verdict supported by evidence

Substantive due process: other protections to prevent the enacting of

arbitrary or unreasonable legislation by

state or federal government that would

violate rights.

Right to just compensation (eminent domain)
6th Amendment:- Right to: Speedy and public trial

Impartial jury

Notice of charges

Confrontation of witnesses

Guarantee of compulsory process (subpoena witnesses)

Representation by Counsel



7th Amendment- right to jury in federal civil trial
8th Amendment- Prohibits excessive bail

Prohibits excessive fines

Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment- outlining specific rights retained by the people does not grant the

government unlimited power to invade other rights of the people.


10th Amendment- powers not given the Federal government, nor prohibited to the

States will remain with the States or the people.


13th Amendment- abolished slavery
14th Amendment- no state shall make laws that restrict the rights in the Constitution.

Due Process clause: “ No state shall make or enforce any law which

shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens

of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any

person of life, liberty or property without due process of

law;


Equal Protection clause: nor deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal

protection of laws…”


15th Amendment- right to vote without discrimination based on race, color or previous servitude
19th amendment- Women’s right to vote
24th Amendment- prohibits poll taxes
26th Amendment- 18 year old right to vote


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