Hoover did support the “National Credit Corps” and the “Reconstruction Finance Corps”. What idea was both of these programs based on?
“Trickle Down” Economics- Providing the wealthier corporations with a financial stimulus would allow money to trickle down to laborers
Why was there an additional push for reform from Hoover in 1932?
Hoover’s reputation was tarnished as a result of the Bonus Army incident. Briefly describe it:
Veterans from WWI wanted bonus early (Patman Bill). It was rejected and the veterans and their families were asked to clear the site on which they settled. When they didn’t, General Mac Arthur used tear gas which ended up killing a small child and blinding another.
In what month/year was FDR elected? _November 1932______Inaugurated? March 1933__
This extended lame duck period would end with the ___20th______ amendment.
What did FDR combat as an NY Governor that might help with his term as president?
FDR’s three goals were: ____Relief_____, ______Recovery_______, and ___Reform _____.
In the chart below, place the programs from the PowerPoints where you believe they fit. In other words, which programs satisfied which of these “goals”? Do this as you go along. In the meantime, continue answering the questions beneath the chart.
The nickname for the period of intense activity beginning immediately after his inauguration was: ____The First Hundred Days____.
Why did he call for a “National Banking Holiday”?
Reason #1: ______Prevent further withdrawals__________________________
What did FDR do in response? How does this challenge checks and balances?
He wanted to pass a bill that would introduce 6 more judges to the Supreme Court- nicknamed the “court-packing” bill. This would’ve gained FDR more supportive judges, taking away from the “check” that the Supreme Court had over the executive branch
Why was FDR able to pass several new pieces of legislation to replace what had previously been struck down? (i.e. acts to protect farmers)
How did African Americans and women fare during FDR’s presidency? Give examples.
Eleanor pushed her husband to include more people in the government, including women and African Americans. Frances Perkins was apt. the Secret of Labor- oversaw the introduction of the Social Security Act; Marian Anderson was given the opportunity to perform in front of the Lincoln Memorial when she was rejected from a concert hall. “Black Cabinet” was informal group of men with whom FDR consulted regarding racial issues. Still no Civil Rights Law yet
Summarize how culture developed and/or reflected the times.
Many films depicted triumphing over hardships; People did not stop producing art and movies.
Name two of the most important consequences of the Great Depression, in your opinion: