Health concerns of homosexual behavior



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HEALTH CONCERNS OF HOMOSEXUAL BEHAVIOR

A Voice of the Voiceless Reference

Volume 1

2/3/2014


The pathology of diseases in antiquity is reliant on clues provided in occasional writings, and in oral and cultural traditions. Lacking any modern scientific understanding of the causes of disease, ancient peoples integrated their experiences in successfully battling disease into customs adopted to prevent the disease process. This treatise will focus solely on the historical references to the high disease risks associated with homosexual behavior and segue into the exploding growth of knowledge of the significant current risks associated with the completely avoidable behavior.

Ancient written references to the problems associated with homosexual behavior are limited by both the already existing prohibitions on the behavior adopted by advancing civilization by the time written language came into existence and the limited number of cultures where homosexuality developed into a social behavior and those where it did not – 29 of 70 cultures studied. [1] Further, even among those cultures which chose to engage in the behavior, the practice was considerably limited. Ancient Greece, for example, often falsely cited as open and accepting of the behavior in actuality only tolerated some degree of limited pederasty, usually among elites, and was outlawed altogether in the major city-states such as Io, Sparta and others.[2] The popular disdain for the behavior is made clear in the statements of well-known contemporaries such as Plato in his essay Laws I [3], Plutarch’s commentaries on Sparta in Institutis Laconicus[4], and his well-known criticism of Herodotus for claiming Greeks taught the “vile behavior” to the Persians after their exposure to Greek culture. Thus hopes of extracting information on such an unpopular behavior are dimmed by the assumed aversion by anyone to detail it. This would remain an issue until the attempts to popularize the behavior in present day.

The first references to the behavior come out of ancient Egypt, over 5000 years ago, who documented many organic sexual diseases as well as citing the psycho-sexual dysfunctions of homosexuality, necrophilia, bestiality and others.[5] It is interesting to note that all negative health effects they observed would also have been common knowledge to the Hyksos from which the Jews are believed to have originated before their legendary exodus from Egypt. This is likely in the way the Jews adopted health related practices in Levitical Laws which contain within them the condemnation of same sex contact.[6] From these, Christians also adopted a subset of Levitical Laws as specified by Christ and the Apostles.[7] Prior to the Judeo-Christian era, Buddhism and its related cultures condemned the behavior as elaborated in the Vinayas retelling of Buddha’s angry condemnation.[8] None of these cultures left us with details of health issues from which we can draw a modern medical picture.

Moving forward in history, we not only begin to gain increasing written references but also an advance toward medicine as a science to provide details. Five hundred years ago circa 1680, John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, wrote a play targeting the growing immoral and hedonist lifestyle of royals and their courts. A character in the play, ‘Sodom or The Quintessence of Debauchery’, makes one of the early direct associations of homosexuality and disease,

It doth the procreative End destroy, Which nature gave with pleasure to enjoy. Please her, and she’ll be kind, if you displease, she turns into corruption and disease.”

A century later, in 1736, graduate of the prestigious medical school Montpillier and leading French doctor Jean Astruc, utilizing the growing popularity of scientific method, wrote the definitive treatise of the time on sexually transmitted diseases. He made the first observations of the Herpes Simplex Virus, along with its greater prevalence among practicing homosexuals,



"It is not possible to identify with certainty the study that first demonstrated the venereal nature of HSV-2 infections in man. In his classical description of genital herpes, published in 1736, Jean Astruc not only classified the condition as a venereal disease but also noted its increased frequency among practicing homosexuals (36)." [9]

In his ‘Treatise of the Venereal Disease’, he wrote quite solemnly of the afflictions of the Catamite (young sodomites), delving into moderate detail on the destruction of the genital-anal structures of both males and females due to misuse and diseases including resulting cancers. and encouraging more participants to cease in the behavior, [10]



"It is very irksome, so frequently to repeat such horrid nastiness, but the end for which this work was wrote, would by no means suffer me to stifle a cause, which to the great scandal of mankind, experience teaches us to be the too true, and too frequent cause of Venereal disease. Nay honesty itself seemed to require that I should frequently inculcate this cause, that those, whose liver is fired with so mad a lust, being admonished, may at last grow wise; and if they are neither to be recalled by a sense of what is natural, nor to be terrified by the judgments of God, at least being made certain of the evils that arise from this filthy vice, they may at length turn from it. [p.473]"

By the 20th century, popularity of the practice had largely remained underground and attention shifted to emotional causes and cures for compulsion toward the behavior including failed attempts to identify a biological basis for the behavior. [American Psychological Association -11] In the 1970’s, a generic term was coined to encapsulate the commonly understood bodily damage and disease pathologies of homosexual behavior by Dr. Henry Kazal and colleagues in the ‘Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Sciences’. The term, “gay bowel syndrome” included the commonly seen high rates of sexual trauma, proctitis, hepatitis variants, syphilis, rectal, penile and pharyngeal gonorrhea, chlamydia, chlamydial trachomatis, shigellosis, campylobacter, giardiasis and a variety of protozoal infections.[12] Simultaneous to this early collection of data, political activism by devotees of same-sex and pedophilic practices forced the American Psychological Association to remove the practices as disorders from their literature and protested the tracking of the medical consequences of homosexual behavior claiming that the facts of their activities resulted in “un-fair” discrimination against their preferred behavior.[13][14] Led by pro-homosexuality, pro-pedophilia and bestiality icon Frank Kameny, they were able to have all but unwanted homosexual and pedophilic attractions removed from the list of disorders. The avoidable medical consequences of choosing to engage in homosexual behavior, however, are impossible to hide.

In the 1980’s, the first pandemic plague struck same-sex practitioners. Gay Related Immune Deficiency Syndrome (GRIDS) drew the world’s attention by killing not only droves of homosexuals spreading the disease worldwide through sexual contact but also killing tens of thousands of unwary heterosexuals who were recipients of infected needles, blood, organ and sperm donations. Further infectious inroads were made into the public at large through bi-sexual activity. Mounting fears of a global extinction now brought significant attention to homosexual behavior. GRIDS was re-labeled generically as Auto-Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) after activists complained that the specific GRIDS title further stigmatized their sexual behavior and the appearance of the disease now proliferated into heterosexuals. In an attempt to stem the spread of HIV infection (the virus which causes AIDS) and other diseases identified as high risk associations with the behavior into mainstream society, several major nations including the United States performed studies concluding the necessity to ban anyone engaging in the behavior from eligibility to donate blood, organs or sperm.[15] Regardless, deaths continued globally due to the impossibility of 100% verifiable testing and infected homosexuals skirting the ban.[16][17][18][19][20]

By the 1990’s, homosexual practitioners were drawing even more attention to themselves in a political push to establish themselves as a separate class of people who needed special privileges, protections and demanded the right to redefine marriage as the union of any two people, rather than a public institution to assist men and women in creating and rearing families, in a bid for publicly provided benefits. The effort has generated considerable attention to dissecting the behavior and shone new light on its medical consequences. In 2005, a group of Canadian doctors from various specialties warned the Canadian parliament that embracing and legalizing the behavior would be a detriment to public health citing the fact that the diseases and disease rates associated with the behavior were “rare or even unknown in the heterosexual population”. [21] The doctors warned of accelerating rates of head, neck and reproductive cancers, Chlamydia trachomatis, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Herpes simplex virus, HIV infection, Human papilloma virus, Isospora belli, Microsporidia, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C and others. Warnings were not heeded to the detriment of the country [22][23][24][25], the legislation passed owing to political winds, allowing pseudo-marriages with several other countries following suit with similar consequences. Six years earlier, the Netherlands was the first nation to open up permissiveness of the behavior and allow so-called ‘gay marriages’. They too have suffered dramatically rising infectious disease rates.[26][27] In 2013, the Australian Medical Board cleared doctors to continue to express the opinion that homosexuality was a public health risk.[28] Global initiatives to combat the AIDS pandemic have had some effect, largely among practicing heterosexuals. Improved drugs have shown to extend the life of HIV infected individuals to a degree along with pushes towards greater abstinence and therapeutics to address issues with compulsive homosexual desire to reduce or completely normalize their sexual behaviors. The American Psychological Association specifies guidelines on therapeutic treatment towards sexual conversion to heteronormative behaviors.[29] Avoidance of the unnecessary behavior is the surest guarantee of public health.



AIDS

The preference of HIV infection for homosexual contact is apparent in the staggering rates of infection for homosexuals and as demonstrated in medical analysis. In 2010, the Universities of Washington and New York released the results of a study in ‘Sexually Transmitted Infections Journal’ stating, “We found that even if gay men behave the same way heterosexuals do – in terms of sexual partner numbers – gay men would still have a huge HIV epidemic.”[30]


The US government website AIDS.GOV states that the Centers for Disease Control reports, "CDC estimates that MSM [men who have sex with men] account for just 2% of the U.S. male population aged 13 and older, but accounted for more than 50% of all new HIV infections annually from 2006 to 2009. In 2010, MSM accounted for 61% of HIV diagnoses."[31] In other locations, the rates vary from slightly better to considerably worse depending on regional affluence and acceptance of the behavior. The French National Institute for Public Health, in 2010, issued a press release stating that HIV infections among practicing homosexuals was “200 times higher in gay men”.[32] Claims that there is a way to engage in homosexuality ‘safely’ are undermined by the fact that the structural damage done by misusing the design of the body is unavoidable, the fact that not all diseases prolific among homosexuals are transmitted the same way and the false notion that condom use is the solution to these problems, as the CDC warns, "Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk of sexually transmitted disease (STD) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. However, condom use cannot provide absolute protection against any STD."[33] Less affluent regions such as Africa which suffer high rates of HIV infection are primarily due to poor blood handling practices, injected drug abuse and re-use of infected blood. Analysis published in the ‘Journal of STD and AIDS’ has shown that less than 35% of HIV in Africa is transmitted sexually.[34] Recent psychological studies indicate infection rates may likely be exacerbated by personality and compulsive disorders when co-morbid with homosexual compulsion.[35][36] Additional discoveries have further demonstrated the inescapable preference of HIV infection for homosexual contact including developing strains of increasingly drug resistance mutations of HIV within homosexual communities [36] and the Centers for Disease Control discovery that while circumcision can reduce HIV transmission among heterosexual practitioners, it does nothing to reduce infection rates among males choosing to engage in homosexual behavior.[37]

UNAIDS 2012 international report highlights the remarkable preference of HIV for MSM [38]:


(Black circle = homosexually acquired HIV; Red circle = HIV in the general population):

Continued…




Worsening factors for homosexually acquired AIDS onset include its unexplained higher correlation with malignant Karposi’s Sarcoma. "The risk was greatest in homosexual and bisexual men. In fact, 20 of every 100 homosexual men with AIDS developed KS [Karposi Sarcoma], whereas 3 in every 100 people who’d contracted HIV through a blood transfusion [or heterosexually] had KS. This difference was much greater than would be expected by chance."[39]


Kaposi’s Sarcoma

New research has also shown that antiretroviral drugs are failing to suppress the disease transmission between homosexual males. Researchers at Boston University Medical Center showed that despite taking Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), HIV transmission is not completely suppressed in MSM.[40][41]



Dying Anyway
Most daunting of all are reports led by Gladstone Institute researchers and others that HIV infected homosexuals successfully stemming the onset of AIDS through use of antiretroviral drugs are aging prematurely and dying younger from cancer or heart disease instead,

"And then there was monumental success: new drugs to fight the virus and lift the death sentence of HIV infection. With the virus under control in their bodies, patients were healthy and active. They had decades of living ahead of them.
"Now they're coming back," he said.
More than a decade after the first truly successful AIDS drugs became available, a new image of HIV is emerging: People with the virus appear to be aging prematurely. After years of feeling healthy and recharged with the new drugs, they're suddenly slowing down not from the effects of AIDS, but from old age - a decade or two earlier than their non-infected peers.
"When we have [young] clients passing away now, it's from cancer or heart disease," Roy said. "It used to be AIDS."
[41]


HIV

AIDS

BACTERIAL INFECTIONS

Unlike the AIDS virus, high rates of bacterial infections strike both WSW [women who have sex with women] and MSM, most notable among men, highly drug resistant forms of the gonorrhea, chlamydia and recent deadly outbreaks of bacterial meningitis.



Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis
Women who identified as lesbians have a 2.5-fold increased likelihood of BV [bacterial vaginosis] compared with heterosexual women.[42] Further, bacterial vaginosis, harmless to men, has mutated to a sexually transmitted disease between women having sexual contact with one another.[44] The National Women’s Health Information Center states,

"It is a common misconception that bacterial infections are linked to heterosexual sex. Many recent initiatives focus on health information for lesbian and bisexual women. (1,2,3)........The occurrence of bacterial imbalance/infection is several times the rate in a heterosexual population.”[43]

In 1995, researchers at the New York Medical Center had identified Bacterial Vaginosis as mutating to a sexually transmitted disease between women choosing lesbianism.[44]



Chlamydia

Chlamydia trachomatis infections are steadily increasing women who have sex with women. Women who have sex with women have maintained increasing rates of infection in analysis spanning 1997-2005.[45]

C. Trachomatis

Chlamydia is an STD which can cause genital and rectal burning and pain. In women, it can also affect the liver with inflammation. While increasing in WSW, non-LGV chlamydia is consistently common among MSM but increasing at a lower rate than women.[45] In women, the disease can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Both acute and asymptomatic infection can lead to chronic pelvic pain, tubal factor infertility and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy.[46][47][48]






MRSA

In 2008, Centers for Disease Control researchers released a statement that a new, highly antibiotic resistant form of the flesh eating disease MRSA was striking homosexuals on both US coasts.[49][50][51][52][53]



MRSA

However, a backlash from the gay community against the CDC for once again “stigmatizing” their behavior forced the CDC to downplay the issue. Regardless, the CDC and other medical agencies continue to report the higher prevalence of MRSA among those in the medical field, some in close contact environments and men engaging in homosexuality – with no reported outbreaks resulting from those engaging in heteronormative sexual behavior.[54][55]



MRSA necrotic leg

MRSA necrotic hand


Shigellosis

Shigellosis is a virulent bacterial disease that is caused by a strain of bacteria of the genus Shigella. Outbreaks typically occur in areas of overcrowding due to unhygienic conditions or where sanitation is poor such as jails, mental hospitals, refugee camps, daycares and among homosexual men. Outbreaks occur anywhere globally among MSM and are a virulent enteric infection.[56] Kazal cited it as part of Gay Bowel Syndrome though it was not likely new among doctors treating homosexuals and it continues to be a major problem globally today. [57] Mortality rates vary depending on quality of care.



Shigellosis

Shigella intestinal necrosis



Shigella

Bacterial Meningitis

In late 2012, the New York City health department alerted local doctors of an outbreak of deadly bacterial meningitis among homosexual men which had already proved fatal. [58] The fatal outbreak among MSM, however, extended well beyond New York.



B. Meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis is a very serious infection of various strains which can strike at any age group through direct contact with the bacteria. It is not as easily spread as the common cold or flu, typically requiring spread through secretions from person to person. Attacking the brain and spine, the disease can cause death, brain damage, and hearing loss among others. Long-term effects include multiple limb amputations, kidney damage and more. The new outbreaks of BM occurring in men having sex with men are of sero-groups B and C. Overall, the fatality rate is around 10%, mostly among sero-group C.[59] No heterosexually transmitted outbreaks have been reported.



B. Meningitis

Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)

(LGV) is a rare sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. LGV is endemic in certain poor areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, India, the Caribbean, and South America. It is rare in industrialized countries, but in the last 10 years increasing outbreaks in North America, Europe, and the United Kingdom among men who have sex with men (MSM) are being reported.[60]



LGV

LGV is a genital ulcer disease presenting with genital papules, ulcers, enlarged or deformed lymph nodes and proctocolitis among homosexual males. Among those, rectal pain, discharge and bleeding are typically present.[61][62] Untreated, LVG will lead to disfiguring ulcerations and enlargement of the genitals and likely obstruction of the lymph nodes. The infection can come and disappear recurring in three worsening stages. Since 2003, however, the emergence of documented LGV infections, mostly among MSM, and a few women, has prompted increased surveillance and reporting of this disease in developed countries.[63][64]



LGV penile ulceration

LGV is rarely fatal though disfiguring if untreated. Most cases in Europe and North America continue to have been identified among white, frequently HIV-positive MSM patients presenting with proctitis. [65][66][67][68]



Helicobacter Species

Helicobacter Cinaedi was first isolated in 1984 in rectal swabs from male homosexuals, most of whom were immunocompromised.[69] Helicobacter cinaedi is found normally in the intestinal flora of hamsters.[70] Infection can cause bacteraemia, diarrhea and focal colonic lesions in humans. Cellulitis and arthritis is also seen in a high percentage of patients.



H. Cinaedi

Helicobacter Fennelliae is also a recently identified Heliobacter species associated with homosexual behavior and has been reported to cause bacteremia, enteritis, and proctocolitis in homosexual men with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.[71]

H. Fennelliae

Typhoid

In 2001, the Centers for Disease Control documented the first case of sexually transmitted typhoid.[72] It was transmitted homosexually. Typhoid is marked by high fever, weakness, headache and, in some cases, flat, red spots on the skin. Confusion, delirium, intestinal perforation, and death may occur in severe cases with a fatality rate between 12% and 30% depending on treatment. A single male passed the infection to seven partners.[73]



Typhoid

[1] Dr. Neil Whitehead and Briar Whitehead state regarding various cultures: "If homosexuality were significantly influenced by genes, it would appear in every culture, but in twenty-nine of seventy-nine cultures surveyed by Ford and Beach in 1952, homosexuality was rare or absent."'My Genes Made Me Do it - A Scientific Look at Sexual Orientation" by Dr Neil Whitehead Ph.D and Briar Whitehead Ph.D.


[2] "It appears extremely likely that homosexuality of any kind was confined to the prosperous and aristocratic levels of ancient society. The masses of peasants and artisans were probably scarcely affected by habits of this kind, which seem to have been associated with a sort of snobbery. The available texts deal mainly with the leisured nobility of Athens. But they may give the impression that pederasty was practiced by the entire nation. The subject, however, of the comedy by Aristophanes entitled Lysistrata suggests that homosexuality was hardly rampant among the people at large. It would be an error to think so. ... There was nothing particularly 'Greek' about homosexual feeling. The nation in antiquity was by no means alone in providing illustrations of inversion,... In the pre-Christian era, the case of Sodom is well known. Nor were the Persians, the Etruscans, the Celts or the Romans ignorant of homosexuality. But its existence among these peoples was kept more or less secret on account of the discredit which attached to it. But in Greece, though pederasty was forbidden by law in most cities, it had become so fashionable (among the artists and aristocrats) that no one troubled to conceal it." ~ (Dr. Robert Flaceliere, Scholar of Classical Greek, Chair of Greek Language and Literature at the University of Paris)
[3] "As in the human body, the regimen which does good in one way does harm in another; and we can hardly say that any one course of treatment is adapted to a particular constitution. Now the gymnasia and common meals do a great deal of good, and yet they are a source of evil in civil troubles; as is shown in the case of the Milesian, and Boeotian, and Thurian youth, among whom these institutions seem always to have had a tendency to degrade the ancient and natural custom of love below the level, not only of man, but of the beasts. The charge may be fairly brought against your cities above all others, and is true also of most other states which especially cultivate gymnastics. Whether such matters are to be regarded jestingly or seriously, I think that the pleasure is to be deemed natural which arises out of the intercourse between men and women; but that the intercourse of men with men, or of women with women, is contrary to nature, and that the bold attempt was originally due to unbridled lust." ~ Plato (Laws I)
[4] "WITH them, it was permitted, to place a particular Affection upon young Lads, for the good Dispositions and Endowments of the Mind appearing in them: but looked upon as highly dishonorouable, to transfer this Love from the Mind to the Body by any indecent Caresses. And whosoever was accused of embracing them lewdly, was held Infamous, as long as he lived." ~ Plutarch, in Institutis Laconicis. p. 237.
[5] "In addition to the organic sexual disorders, ancient Egyptians recorded some of the psychosexual disorders, homosexuality, necrophilia, bestiality, incest and gender identity disorders [2]."
'The urology of Pharaonic Egypt'
Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, and *Department of Psychiatry, Cairo University, Egypt
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1464-410x.1999.00313.x/pdf
[6] Leviticus 18:22
[7] Romans 1:26-27: "For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due."
[8] The Blessed One [Buddha] then ordered the monks, "Behold monks. a pandaka (sexual deviant/homosexual) is one who is not to be ordained. Monks should not give them ordination and those who have been ordained must be made to disrobe" (Vinaya, Vol. 4, pp. 141-142).
[9] Human Cervical Cancer as a Venereal Disease (Irving I. Kessler 1976)
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/36/2_Part_2/783.full.pdf
[10] A Treatise of the Venereal Disease, Written originally in Latin by John Astruc, And now translated into English by William Barrowby, London, 1737 (2 vols)
Rictor Norton (Ed.), "Venereal Disease in Catamites," Homosexuality in Eighteenth-Century England: A Sourcebook. 8 October 2008 http://rictornorton.co.uk/eighteen/1737astr.htm
[11] "There is no consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual, gay, or lesbian orientation. Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal, developmental, social, and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no findings have emerged that permit scientists to conclude that sexual orientation is determined by any particular factor or factors."
American Psychological Association
'A Better Understanding Of Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality'
http://www.apa.org/topics/sexuality/sorientation.pdf
[12] Kazal HL, Sohn N, Carrasco JI, Robilotti JG, Delaney WE (1976). "The gay bowel syndrome: clinico-pathologic correlation in 260 cases". Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci. 6 (2): 184–92. PMID 946385
[13] Scarce, Michael (1999). Smearing the Queer: Medical Bias in the Health Care of Gay Men. Routledge. p. 13. ISBN 1-56023-926-3.
[14] "… it is the psychiatrists who have experienced the full rage of the homosexual activists. Over the past two years, gay-lib organizations have repeatedly disrupted medical meetings, and three months ago – in the movements most aggressive demonstration so far – a group of 30 militants broke into a meeting of the American Psychiatric Association in Washington, where they turned the staid proceedings into near chaos for twenty minutes. ‘We are here to denounce your authority to call us sick or mentally disordered,’ shouted the group’s leader, Dr. Franklin Kameny, while the 2,000 shocked psychiatrists looked on in disbelief. ‘For us, as homosexuals, your profession is the enemy incarnate. We demand that psychiatrists treat us as human beings, not as patients to be cured!" ~ Newsweek Magazine, August 1971.
[15] The Food and Drug Administration has joined the US Medical Board and medical boards around the globe in banning sperm, blood and organ donations from those choosing to engage in homosexuality due to endemically high rates of hepatitis, HIV and other diseases.
November 21st, 2012
http://insidefirst.me/2012/11/21/a-ban-on-gay-sperm-donors/#more-903
[16] CDC: HIV-tainted Blood From Missouri Infects Colorado Man
October 22, 2010
"The agency described the donor only as being in his 40s and someone who concealed from those collecting the donated blood the fact that he had had anonymous sex with men and women while married."
http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2010/10/22/cdc-donated-hiv-tainted-blood-infects-colorado-man/
[17] "the donor said he had unprotected sex with one male partner in the year before the donation, including the time between his initial evaluation and the transplant surgery."
"Donors should also be counseled to avoid behaviors that place them at risk of acquiring HIV because even the most sensitive HIV test can miss recent infections."
HIV Infection Passed Via Donated Kidney: U.S. Report
Thu Mar 17, 2011
http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/sexual-and-reproductive-health/articles/2011/03/17/hiv-infection-passed-via-donated-kidney-us-report
[18] AIDS Tainted Blood Killed Thousands of Hemophiliacs
Alliance for Human Research Protection
Bayer Allows Tainted Blood Sales
22 May 2003
http://www.ahrp.org/infomail/0503/22.php
[19] Chinese hospitals to pay compensation to thousands infected with HIV-tainted blood
12/06/2006
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=7942
[20] "The report further stated that as of April 2011, there are 171 new HIV Ab sero-positive individuals....All acquired the infection through homosexual contact."
Philippines: '27% of blood donations positive of HIV'
July 31, 2011
http://www.sunstar.com.ph/manila/local-news/2011/07/31/27-blood-donations-positive-hiv-170083
[21] Same-Sex ‘Marriage’ a Health Risk Doctors Warn Parliamentarians
February 17, 2005
"The document, signed by doctors in different disciplines from family medicine, dermatology and neurology, warns that sex as practiced by most, has a large number of diseases associated with it, “many of which are rare or even unknown in the heterosexual population” as: head, neck and reproductive cancers, Chlamydia trachomatis, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Herpes simplex virus, HIV, Human papilloma virus, Isospora belli, Microsporidia, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C and others."
http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2005/feb/05021709.html
[22] Canada Syphilis -
Montreal: 11 cases declared in 2001, 37 cases in 2002 and 103 in 2003; up to 90% of cases occurred in MSM.Ottawa: 8 cases declared in 2001 and 16 cases in 2002; 75% of all cases occurred in MSM.Toronto: 30 cases declared in 2001, 179 cases in 2002, 243 in 2003; the majority of cases occurred in men, 91% of whom had sex with other men.Vancouver: 127 cases declared in 1999, 186 cases in 2002 and an estimated 250 cases in 2003. Those primarily affected are injection drug users and sex trade workers; during recent months, the outbreak has picked up speed among MSM. Winnipeg: In early 2003, an outbreak of 15 cases of infectious primary and secondary syphilis occurred in 8 women and 7 heterosexual men aged 30 to 60. Two cases and two of the sexual partners were linked to the sex trade. * "Syphilis Is Back" campaign, sponsored by the AIDS Committee of Ottawa and Pink Triangle Services in partnership with the AIDS Committee of Toronto and Action Séro Zéro. Created and produced by Boomstone Entertainment Inc.
[23] "Gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) accounted for the majority of positive HIV test reports in Toronto, Ontario, and Canada between 1985 and 2008. During this period, they accounted for 72.2% of all positive HIV test reports in Toronto, 66% of all test reports in Ontario, and 57.8% of test reports in Canada overall. "
November 2010
http://www.actoronto.org/home.nsf/pages/hivaidsstatsglance
[24] Mode of HIV Transmission in Ontario 1985 – 2008
Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) 64.5%
Injection Drug Users (IDU) 7.6%
Heterosexual contact 11.1%
'HIV and AIDS Statistics - Ontario'
August 2010
http://www.actoronto.org/home.nsf/pages/hivaidsstatsont
[25] "The New Brunswick Health Department has issued a warning that syphilis is spreading at an increasing rate among the province’s homosexuals and that strategies to prevent infection and reduce risk of transmission by infected individuals seem to be ineffective."
Feb 28, 2012
http://www.lifesitenews.com/news/syphilis-infections-rising-dramatically-among-new-brunswick-homosexuals
[26] "Since 2000, [Dutch] consultations at STI clinics has increased by 29%, and the number of HIV diagnoses by 120%. Also since 2000, there has been a large increase of 153% in the number of early syphilis cases diagnosed mainly due to a 340% increase in MSM" [men who have sex with men]
16 February 2006
http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=2901
[27] "SHM director Frank de Wolf says he is shocked by the new figures..."
'HIV infection rate rises among Dutch gay men'
22 November 2010
http://www.rnw.nl/english/bulletin/hiv-infection-rate-rises-among-dutch-gay-men
[28] Australian doctors cleared to continue raising the alarm that homosexual 'marriage' is a public health risk due to pandemic disease rates of practitioners --
January 27, 2013
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/national/anti-gay-marriage-doctor-lachlan-dunjey-cleared-by-medical-board/story-fncynkc6-1226562511152
[29] "On the basis of the Task Force’s findings, the APA encourages mental health professionals to provide assistance to those who seek sexual orientation change by utilizing affirmative multiculturally competent (Bartoli & Gillem, 2008; Brown, 2006) and client-centered approaches (e.g., Beckstead & Israel, 2007; Glassgold, 2008; Haldeman, 2004; Lasser & Gottlieb, 2004) …”
http://www.apa.org/about/policy/sexual-orientation.aspx
[30] "We found that even if gay men behave the same way heterosexuals do -- in terms of sexual partner numbers -- gay men would still have a huge HIV epidemic," Dr. Goodreau said.
Universities of Washington and New York
Sexually Transmitted Infections Journal
Sept. 13 2010
http://www.drugs.com/news/number-partners-doesn-t-explain-gay-hiv-rate-9307.html
[31] "CDC estimates that MSM account for just 2% of the U.S. male population aged 13 and older, but accounted for more than 50% of all new HIV infections annually from 2006 to 2009. In 2010, MSM accounted for 61% of HIV diagnoses."
'CDC as of March 2012'
http://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/overview/statistics/
[32] HIV infections in France '200 times higher in gay men'
French National Institute for Public Health Surveillance
September 9, 2010
http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2010/09/09/hiv-infections-in-france-200-times-higher-in-gay-men/
[33] Centers for Disease Control – Condom Effectiveness
http://www.cdc.gov/condomeffectiveness/brief.html
[34] Why Do So Many Africans Get AIDS?
June 2003
http://discovermagazine.com/2003/jun/breakaids
[35] "According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, various forms of impulsivity are associated with borderline personality disorder, including sexual impulsivity. The existing empirical literature indicates that patients with borderline personality disorder appear to differ from patients without this personality disorder in a number of relevant ways. Specifically, those with borderline personality disorder are more likely to exhibit greater sexual preoccupation, have earlier sexual exposure, engage in casual sexual relationships, report a greater number of different sexual partners as well as promiscuity, and engage in homosexual experiences."
'Sexual behavior in borderline personality: a review.'
Departments of Psychiatry and Internal Medicine at Wright State University School of Medicine
2011 Feb;8(2):14-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21468292
[36] "We evaluated whether sexual compulsivity fits into a syndemic framework, in which sexual compulsivity is one of a number of co-occurring psychosocial health problems that increase HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM).
........."Our findings support the conclusion that sexual compulsivity is a component of a syndemic framework for HIV risk among MSM. HIV prevention interventions should consider the overlapping and compounding effects of psychosocial problems, including sexual compulsivity."
Hunter College, CUNY
National Institute of Health
2011 Nov 17
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22095358
[37] Circumcision Doesn't Shield Gay Sex from AIDS
Aug. 25, 2009
“Though it Helps Prevent Virus Among Heterosexual Men..., the Study Shows no Benefit for Gay Men”
Centers for Disease Control
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/08/25/health/main5265403.shtml
[38]UNAIDS 2012 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic (PDF, 1 MB)
http://www.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/documents/epidemiology/2012/gr2012/20121120_UNAIDS_Global_Report_2012_with_annexes_en.pdf
[39] Kaposi's sarcoma among persons with AIDS: a sexually transmitted infection?
Beral V, Peterman TA, Berkelman RL, Jaffe HW
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[41] HIV patients aging prematurely
September 25, 2012
http://www.sfgate.com/health/article/HIV-patients-aging-prematurely-3893804.php?cmpid=twitter
http://gladstoneinstitutes.org/our-science/virology-and-immunology
[42] Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in lesbians and heterosexual women in a community setting.
Evans AL, Scally AJ, Wellard SJ, Wilson JD.
National Institute of Health
Oct. 2007
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17611235
[43] Bacterial Vaginosis has mutated to a STD among women choosing lesbianism
New York Medical Center - National Institute of Health
1995 Dec 21
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8749623
[44] Bacterial Vaginosis has mutated to a STD among women choosing lesbianism
New York Medical Center - National Institute of Health
1995 Dec 21
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8749623
[45] Chlamydial infections remain common in people choosing Gay Sex
‘Sexually Transmitted Diseases Journal’ doi:10.1136/sti.2008.035311
15 February 2009
http://sti.bmj.com/content/early/2009/02/15/sti.2008.035311.abstract
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[48] 'National Women’s Health Information Center'
US Department of Health and Human Services
http://www.prideangel.com/p148/health-screening/Bacterial-Infections.aspx
[49] Multidrug-Resistant Staph Clone Emerges in Men Choosing Gay Sex
January 16, 2008
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568878
[50] Gay sex vulnerable to staph infection
January 15, 2008 http://www.boston.com/news/health/articles/2008/01/15/gay_men_vulnerable_to_staph_infection/
[51] Multidrug-Resistant MRSA bacteria Strikes Men Choosing Sex With Men on Both Coasts
(Jan. 16, 2008)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080114173913.htm
[52] Men choosing gay sex are many times more likely than others to acquire a new, highly antibiotic-resistant strain of the so-called MRSA bacteria widely know as the "superbug," a UCSF-led study shows.
January 14, 2008
http://www.physorg.com/news119552822.html
[53] Flesh-eating bug strikes San Francisco's gay community
Wednesday, 16 January 2008
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/flesheating-bug-strikes-san-franciscos-gay-community-770535.html
[54] Choosing Gays Sex More Likely To Contract New "Super" Staph Infection
January 15, 2008
Annals of Internal Medicine
http://gaylife.about.com/b/2008/01/15/gays-more-likely-to-contract-new-super-staph-infection.htm
[55] Strategies for Clinical Management of MRSA in the Community:
Summary of an Experts’ Meeting
Convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/pdf/MRSA-Strategies-ExpMtgSummary2006.pdf
[56] Shigellosis
http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/Shigellosis.htm
[57] ‘Global burden of Shigella infections: implications for vaccine development and implementation of control strategies’
Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1999, 77
http://www.who.int/bulletin/archives/77%288%29651.pdf
[58] "The New York City Health Department has alerted local doctors of an outbreak of deadly bacterial meningitis among HIV-infected gay men. Officials said in the past month, at least one person has died and another was hospitalized in critical condition from the outbreak."
September 27, 2012
http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2012/09/27/city-health-officials-investigating-deadly-bacterial-meningitis-outbreak-among-hiv-positive-men/
[59] "The occurrence of clusters of invasive meningococcal disease among MSM [men who have sex with men] in European metropolitan centres caused by a strain that has been associated with a similar outbreak with a high case-fatality rate in New York City indicates an increased risk of IMD among MSM in such settings in Europe.
This assessment is related to clusters of cases of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by Neisseria meningitidis - serogroup C affecting men who have sex with men (MSM).
The organism can cause invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), which presents as septicaemia, meningitis, or both. Most cases in Europe are caused by N. meningitidis serogroups B and C. Overall, IMD has a case-fatality rate of around 10%; however, case fatality rates are sometimes higher in outbreaks and among cases due to -serogroup C- [MSM]"
'Invasive meningococcal disease among men who have sex with men'
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2013
http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/rapid-risk-assessment-invasive-meningococcal-disease-among-MSM.pdf
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[68] Savage EJ, van de Laar MJ, Gallay A, van der Sande M, Hamouda O, Sasse A, et al. Lymphogranuloma venereum in Europe, 2003-2008. Euro Surveill. Dec/2009;14:48.
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[72] “Officials Document Typhoid Outbreak”, By Erin McClam, Associated Press Writer
Wednesday, April 25, 2001; 5:42 p.m. EDT
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