Guided Notes – The 1950s Science and Technology



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Guided Notes – The 1950s
Science and Technology


Innovation

Description

Impact

Television






What is Polio?


Which American President was plagued by the effects of Polio?



Innovation

Description

Impact

Polio Vaccine






What are some current controversies concerning vaccinations?




Innovation

Description

Impact

Satellites






Why was it such an issue that the Soviet Union launched Sputnik before we were able to get a satellite into space?


How does the use of Satellites connect to the FEAR and Paranoia of the Cold War?

What was the US response to Sputnik?



Phase I




Phase II




Phase III






FEAR
When was HUAC [The House Un-American Activities Committee] established?
Why do you think it was created at this time specifically?

How many members did HUAC have?

What was the goal of HUAC?

What was Hollywood’s Blacklist?




Primary Source Activity – Disney and The Fear of Communism
The Manhattan Project – Infiltrated?
The Accused

Who?

Evidence

Sentences

Klaus Fuchs







Gold







Julius Rosenberg







Ethel Rosenberg







In your opinion were the Rosenbergs guilty of espionage?

Why do you think David and Ruth testified for the prosecution?




Alger Hiss
Who was Alger Hiss?
Who accused Him? What made his accusation seem credible?

What role did Richard Nixon play?


EVIDENCE FROM TRIAL

Shows Guilt

Proves Innocence






Based on the evidence do you think Hiss was guilty? Why or why not?

Why do you think Hiss was targeted?

What motive would Chambers have for accusing him?


McCarthyism
What did the Agler Hiss hearings spark?

Who was Senator Joe McCarthy?

What kinds of people were accused during the McCarthy Era?

How did the media help end McCarthyism?


Can you relate this to today’s media?




Art and Architecture




Description

Artists/Examples

Abstract Expressionism







Existentialism







Usonian Architecture








Life in the 1950s
Levittown
Why was Levittown considered “The Ideal Suburb”?


Prefab Construction




Vertical Monopoly





Interstate Highways

The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1952




The Highway Revenue Act 1956



How much Highway was created in the 1950s?


How does the establishment of the Interstate Highway System affect everyday life?

Education
Brown v Board of Education

Decision




Effective?




What happened in…

1956?


1957?
Why Johnny Can’t Read
How were you taught to read?

What did Rudolf Flesch believe about the way people were taught?


How did the way children were taught to read change?



The Literature of the 1950s

Reflected?




Explored?




Writers






Ernest Hemmingway




Experience

Injury

World War I







The Spanish Civil War







Africa in 1954







What awards did his novel The Old Man and the Sea earn him?

What happened on July 2, 1961?



The Beat Generation
Who were the Beatniks?

Whose writing most epitomized the Beat Generation?



Television

Sit Com




Variety Shows




Daytime Dramas





Primary Source Activity – “Is the image of the happy 1950s housewife accurate?”
Music of the 1950s
Rock and Roll

Elvis Presley




Buddy Holly




Jerry Lee Lewis





The Crooners
Who were the crooners?



Frank Sinatra




Nat King Cole





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