Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa represents which of the following?

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  1. Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa represents which of the following?

    1. a Romantic dream image

    2. the aftermath of a nineteenth-century French shipwreck and was considered an attack on government ineptitude

    3. a piece of historical Romanticism related to the Greek war for independence

    4. the Gothic emphasis on terror and the sublime

  1. Timothy O’Sullivan documented which of the following wars?

    1. American Civil War

    2. War of Spanish Succession

    3. Crimean War

    4. Boer War

  1. Which of the following artists painted in the United States?

    1. Friedrich

    2. Constable

    3. Turner

    4. Cole

  1. The artist whose work best spoke for the French Revolution was which of the following?

    1. Angelica Kauffmann

    2. Jacques-Louis David

    3. Honoré Fragonard

    4. Élizabeth Vigée-Lebrun

  1. While English painter John Constable specialized in naturalistic scenes of rural stability, English painter ____________ focused on mood, light, and drama.

    1. Sir Joshua Reynolds

    2. George Caleb Bingham

    3. Joseph William Turner

    4. Thomas Gainsborough

  1. Marie-Louise-Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun and ____________ were elected to membership in the French Academy in 1783.

    1. Adélaïde Labille-Guiard

    2. Angelica Kauffman

    3. Rosa Bonheur

    4. Julia Margaret Cameron

  1. Who made paintings and prints that condemned the Napoleonic occupation of Spain?

    1. Diego Velazquez

    2. Francisco Goya

    3. Jacques-Louis David

    4. El Greco

  1. Delacroix’s use of dramatic lighting and intense scenes can be seen in which of these works of his?

    1. Oath of the Horatii

    2. The Death of Marat

    3. Raft of the Medusa

    4. Liberty Leading the People

  1. Which of these does NOT describe the style of French Neoclassicism?

    1. moralizing

    2. loose brushstrokes

    3. simple composition

    4. focused on clean, smooth drawing

  1. The Marriage A La Mode series depicted a story through a string of illustrations, which many critics say was the foundation of:

    1. Magazines

    2. Picture Books

    3. Comic Strips

    4. The First Handbook for Married Couples

  1. All of these were factors in the development of Neoclassical Art except:

    1. The excavation of Troy

    2. The Age of Enlightenment

    3. The rejection of the fanciful Rococo period

    4. The uncovering of Pompeii and Herculaneum

  1. Which 18th century artist was best-known for his paintings of scientific experiments?

    1. John Singleton Copley

    2. Joseph Wright of Derby

    3. Jacques-Louis David

    4. John Constable

  1. Antonio Canova is best known as a:

    1. Neoclassical sculptor

    2. Romantic Painter

    3. Romantic Printmaker

    4. Italian Baroque sculptor

  1. Ingres’ technique and style is best
    described as:

    1. linear and tight

    2. painterly and loose

    3. colorful and emotional

    4. almost non-objective

  1. It was Talbot’s process, not Daguerre’s, that became the basis of modern photography because Talbot’s process produced:

    1. a negative image from which an unlimited number of positives could be printed

    2. a positive image on a glass plate from which an unlimited number of prints could be printed

    3. a more sensitive silver nitrate,
      allowing very clear pictures

    4. a single positive image in color

  1. The study of Velázquez and Rembrandt led to freer brushwork, richer colors, and dramatic presentation in the work of _____at the beginning of the 19th century.

    1. David

    2. Ingres

    3. Goya

    4. Delacroix

  1. Vermeer was known to have used which of the following tools?

    1. stencils

    2. camera obscura

    3. clip targets

    4. photo lens

  1. How did the artist David reveal the current polarities in his Coronation of Napoleon?

    1. By including Napoleon’s mother indicating motherly love even though she was not present

    2. By clearly separating the church and the state

    3. By depicting Napoleon crowning Josephine indicating France

    4. By depicting the coronation in Notre-Dame in Paris linking Napoleon to the Gothic

  1. In The Night Café, the artist has shown us a calm scene yet the scene has a sense of charged energy and oppressive atmosphere. How did the artist communicate this?

    1. Through use of a bar always a bad place

    2. Through use of vivid hues whose juxtaposition augmented their intensity

    3. Through use of soft color and tilted perspective

    4. Through use of the crowds create the tension

  1. Thomas Eakins was an artist who had a desire to portray things as he saw them and not as the public might want them portrayed. Which of the following is one of his works that demonstrated this?

    1. Two Girls Fishing

    2. The Thankful Poor

    3. The Gross Clinic

    4. Olympia

  1. Which of the following artists had firsthand knowledge and experience of the American Civil War?

    1. Thomas Eakins

    2. John Singer Sargent

    3. Henry Tanner

    4. Winslow Homer

  1. Which of the following influenced Degas in his technique of using spatial projections and off-center empty space to create illusion and direct the viewer’s attention into the picture?

    1. 18th century Japanese woodblock prints

    2. triangluar Renaissance compositions

    3. non-structured Art Nouveau designs

    4. 18th Century French Rococo

  1. The Burghers of Calais expresses the emotions of despair, defiance, and resignation. Which of the following was a device Rodin used to create the pathos of this heroism?

    1. no traditional high base placed the monument eye-to-eye and closer to the viewers

    2. smaller-than-life scale of images allows viewers a more intimate experience of this great moment

    3. carefully placing this monument in the city’s center emphasized the heroism

    4. creating slender and elegant figures captured the historical moment

  1. The French viewing public were greatly horrified by Manet’s Olympia not only because of the portrayal of a naked prostitute as a work of art but also due to which of the following?

    1. her look of innocence

    2. her look of disapproval of the viewer

    3. her look of cool indifference and shamelessness

    4. her look of pride and boastfulness

  1. Winslow Homer loosened up his style of brushtrokes greatly when he:

    1. moved to Paris and worked with Monet

    2. began painting seascapes

    3. used watercolor as a primary medium

    4. was rejected from exhibiting at the Salon

  1. Monet’s Rouen Cathedral is a series that observed the same place through which of the following?

    1. different times of the day

    2. different angles

    3. different techniques

    4. different elevations

  1. The dramatic lighting of Thomas Eakins’ work was a influence from which artist he studied?

    1. Raphael

    2. Diego Velazquez

    3. Leonardo da Vinci

    4. Edouard Manet

  1. Cassatt’s style of work owes much to which of the following?

    1. Giorgione

    2. Japanese prints

    3. Vigee-Lebrun’s maternal themes

    4. Michelangelo

  1. What did Thomas Eakins believe was a prerequisite for his art?

    1. knowledge

    2. poetry

    3. fortune

    4. support

  1. Which of the following was Van Gogh’s first painting, created well before being influenced by Impressionism?

    1. Portrait of Theo Van Gogh

    2. The Potato Eaters

    3. Field of Wheatstacks

    4. A Starry Night on the Rhone River

  1. The famous piece Whistler’s Mother is offically titled:

    1. At The Piano

    2. Arrangement in Gray and Black #1

    3. Portrait of an Old Woman

    4. The Thankful Poor

  1. Which of the following was not sculpted by Auguste Rodin?

    1. The Kiss

    2. The Gates of Hell

    3. The Thinker

    4. The Gates of Paradise

  1. Art Nouveau was a style of craft that used:

    1. symmetrical geometric forms

    2. a combination of different metals

    3. a blend of architecture, sculpture and painting

    4. sinuous lines of metalwork and glass

  1. Which of the following artists explored the properties of light, depth, color through bulky, block-like brushstrokes?

    1. Gauguin

    2. Toulouse-Lautrec

    3. Cézanne

    4. Sargent

  1. Who was a denizen of the night world of Paris, consorting with the tawdry population of entertainers, prostitutes and other social outcasts?

    1. Van Gogh

    2. Toulouse-Lautrec

    3. Eakins

    4. Degas

  1. Who rejected the life of Industrialization and chose to portray Tahitian culture in a secondary color scheme?

    1. William Morris

    2. Paul Cezanne

    3. Paul Gauguin

    4. Pierre Renoir

  1. Though Eduoard Manet was considered the father of Impressionism, he was not originally categorized with them because of his:

    1. use of nudes in paintings

    2. use of the color black

    3. portrayal of women outside of the home

    4. Pierre Renoir

  1. Georges Seurat differed from the Impressionist painters in which of the following ways?

    1. His concern for the emotional qualities of color, which he depicted using broad, passionate brush strokes.

    2. His disciplined and painstaking application of the color theories and composition.

    3. His return to Classical subject matter.

    4. His depiction of dream imagery and scenes not seen everyday.

  1. The generally accepted dates for the Impressionism period would be:

    1. 1854-1888

    2. 1874-1884

    3. 1867-1886

    4. 1863-1900

  1. Claude Monet painted for many more years than the average artist. Which of these subjects were the bulk of his paintings in the last fifteen years?

    1. Waterlillies and nature scenes in Giverny

    2. Rouen Cathedral

    3. Wheatstacks and other experiments in color

    4. Self-Portaits from his bedroom in Arles

  1. Which of these is true about Eduoard Manet and his piece, “Luncheon on the Grass”?

    1. It was shown at the 1863 Salon exhibit, but was panned and criticized by viewers.

    2. It was rejected for the 1863 Salon exhibit, but it helped to inspire the Impressionists.

    3. It was rejected for the 1863 Salon de Refuses, but was shown the following year.

    4. Manet was never accepted into the Salon.

  1. Which of these is true about the Impressionist exhibits?

    1. First show in 1864, for a total of 12 exhibitions.

    2. First show in 1867, for a total of 8 exhibitions.

    3. First show in 1874, for a total of 8 exhibitions.

    4. First show in 1876, for a total of 12 exhbitions.

  1. Toulouse-Lautrec was considered an outcast in society because of:

    1. His religious beliefs in 19th-century France.

    2. His decision to create posters instead of paintings.

    3. His deformed legs, which he broke both between ages 12-14.

    4. All of the above.

  1. Who studied with Thomas Eakins before moving to Paris?

    1. Whistler

    2. Cassatt

    3. Tanner

    4. Muybridge

  1. Berthe Morisot focused her work in the only area allowed her as a woman in upper-class French society. Which of the following was that area?

    1. business world

    2. night life

    3. domestic scenes

    4. ballet scenes

  1. Which of the Blaue Reiter artists found animals superior in beauty, strength, innocence, and naturalness?

    1. Wassily Kandinsky

    2. Paul Klee

    3. Emil Nolde

    4. Franz Marc

  1. This was a movement by Malevich that aimed to use simplified shapes as the highest level of art awareness:

    1. Suprematism

    2. Futurism

    3. De Stijl

    4. The Bauhaus

  1. A nonobjective work refers to work that __________.

    1. has been abstracted from a natural object

    2. has no reference to the external appearance of the physical world

    3. is not considered objectionable by anyone

    4. has no material form but is merely conceived in the mind

  1. Of the following, who is the best example of a twentieth-century artist who believed that art should delight, inspire, and enhance our lives as human beings?

    1. Kollwitz

    2. Malevich

    3. Matisse

    4. Gropius

  1. The Chrysler Building by William van Alen has elements from which of the following styles?

    1. Art Nouveau

    2. Art Deco

    3. Cubist

    4. Bauhaus

  1. Symbolism and fantasy were joined to create works filled with visionary joy and despair by which of the following artists?

    1. Franc Marc

    2. Marc Chagall

    3. Frida Kahlo

    4. Emile Nolde

  1. Which phrase best expresses the sculptural style of Boccioni?

    1. nervous agitation

    2. dynamic movement

    3. sinuous organic curves

    4. sharply intersecting planes

  1. Which artist, even though he was older than the Die Brücke artists, was invited to join them because he was pursuing similar ideas in his work?

    1. Henry Matisse

    2. André Derain

    3. Kathe Kollwitz

    4. Ernst Kirchner

  1. Dada has its beginning in the city of:

    1. New York

    2. Berlin

    3. Zurich

    4. Amsterdam

  1. Frank Lloyd Wright’s most famous architectural expression of his conviction that buildings ought to be a part of nature is:

    1. The Seagram Building

    2. The Schröder House

    3. The Bauhaus School

    4. Fallingwater

  1. The Bauhaus was the brainchild of:

    1. Mies van der Rohe

    2. Gerrit Rietveld

    3. Walter Gropius

    4. Piet Mondrian

  1. The work of Ernst Kirchner shows __________.

    1. non-objective connection to music

    2. horrifying German Expressionist scenes of war

    3. subjects drawn from the industrialized urban bourgeoisie

    4. the influence of Analytical Cubism

  1. A Manifesto was a Artist’s way of:

    1. publicizing a new style of work

    2. describing what a new type of work looks like

    3. outlining a philosophy or way of seeing art

    4. interpreting old styles of art

  1. A painting that was done as a premonition to the Spanish Civil War was:

    1. Salvador Dali’s Soft Boiled Beans

    2. Wassily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28

    3. Pablo Picasso’s Guernica

    4. Umberto Boccioni’s Nude Descending a Staircase

  1. Which of the following statements about Dada is true?

    1. Dada originated in Denmark

    2. All Dada works were large paintings

    3. The Dada artists were Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, and Ernst Kirschner

    4. Dada had no fixed ideas

  1. Which one of the following statements about Surrealism is NOT true?

    1. Titles of Surrealist works were intended to challenge the expectations of the viewer.

    2. The Surrealists considered dreams to be an area in which people could reengage their deeper selves that society had repressed.

    3. Surrealism ignored the ideas of psychoanalysis put forth by Jung and Freud.

    4. One of the leading proponents of Surrealism was Salvador Dalí.

  1. The goal of Dalí’s “paranoiac-critical” method was to __________.

    1. portray the art of madmen

    2. reflect on inner childhood

    3. pour his emotions directly onto the canvas, with no thought of technique

    4. create images of inner reality and irrationality as concrete as the world of physical reality

  1. An example of a work from Picasso’s Blue Period would be:

    1. La Familia de Saltimbanques

    2. Aficionado

    3. Old Guitarist

    4. All of the Above

  1. Analytic Cubism made an attempt to:

    1. Break down objects into basic squares and primary colors

    2. Conceptually portray multiple views at once

    3. Mix a variety of materials on canvas

    4. Get into the subconcious mind of the artist

  1. This was a School of Design and Architecture based on a balance of function and straight, 90-degree angles:

    1. The Prairie School

    2. De Blaue Reiter

    3. De Stijl

    4. Bauhaus

  1. These were German expressionists who used forms AND colors as expression – music, poetry, etc:

    1. De Stijl

    2. De Blaue Reiter

    3. Bauhaus

    4. Die Brucke

  1. To these artists, colors were arbitrary - not as the colors really are, but how the artist feels them:

    1. Die Brucke

    2. Art Nouveau

    3. Impressionism

    4. Fauvism

  1. Dorothea Lange’s photos during the 1930s could be best described as:

    1. playful and dreamlike

    2. protesting the horrors of war

    3. politically and economically charged

    4. portraits of well-known people

  1. Jean Arp was the leader of this weird movement in during World War I:

    1. Dada

    2. Surrealism

    3. Orphism

    4. Expressionism

  1. Which of the following artists is credited for creating the collage?

    1. Pablo Picasso

    2. Henri Matisse

    3. Alexander Calder

    4. Frida Kahlo

  1. Which of the following artists developed the theory of neoplasticism or the new pure plastic art?

    1. Picasso

    2. Chagall

    3. Mondrian

    4. Marc

  1. What style is described as compositions of shapes and forms abstracted from the conventionally conceived world?

    1. Fauvism

    2. Cubism

    3. De Styl

    4. Neoplasticism

  1. Which of the following artists embraced the simple charm of the rural Midwest?

    1. Georgia O’Keefe

    2. Grant Wood

    3. Edward Hopper

    4. Jacob Lawrence

  1. Which of the following works demonstrates the Futurists’ interest in motion?

    1. Supremist No. 58

    2. The Joy of Life

    3. Unique Forms of Continuity in Space

    4. Lobster Trap & Fish Tails

  1. Which of the following women was a Berlin Dadaist?

    1. Hannah Höch

    2. Kathe Kollwitz

    3. Georgia O’Keeffe

    4. Frida Kahlo

  1. Who photographed the rural poor displaced by the Great Depression in the 1930s?

    1. Alfred Stieglitz

    2. Charles Sheeler

    3. Edward Weston

    4. Dorothea Lange

  1. Which of the following earlier art styles formed the characterizing spirit of Performance Art?

    1. German Expressionism

    2. Cubism

    3. Dada

    4. Pop Art

  1. Which of the following artists is best known for his large-scale portraits?

    1. Willem de Kooning

    2. Chuck Close

    3. Jackson Pollock

    4. Paul Cezanne

  1. Which of the following artists was a color field painter?

    1. Jasper Johns

    2. Jackson Pollock

    3. Mark Rothko

    4. George Seurat

  1. What was the main focus of the work of the postwar New York School?

    1. life on the streets

    2. optical phenomena

    3. the act of painting itself

    4. Postmodern appropriation of early material

  1. The terms gestural abstraction and Action Painting are most appropriately applied to the work of __________.

    1. Jackson Pollock

    2. Robert Motherwell

    3. Ellsworth Kelly

    4. Barnett Newman

  1. How does Faith Ringgold address issues of gender and racism in her work?

    1. creating clear and lucid oil paintings

    2. using fabrics, traditionally associated with women and incisive narrative

    3. using exotic subject matter to draw the viewer into her photo-collages

    4. using wood, traditionally associated with men and incisive narrative

  1. A good example of Postmodernist architecture is __________.

    1. Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao

    2. Guggenheim Museum, New York

    3. Fallingwater, Mill Run, PA

    4. Seagram Building, New York

  1. An example of a NON-cubist piece by Picasso would be:

    1. Three Musicians

    2. Old Guitarist

    3. Glass and Bottle of Suze

    4. Guernica

  1. Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks was his response to what event?

    1. World War I

    2. the Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    3. the Great Depression

    4. Nazi control of Germany

  1. A mobile is different from a stabile because a stabile:

    1. isn’t considered kinetic sculpture

    2. doesn’t contain wire

    3. has a base and an armature

    4. is much larger than a mobile

  1. One branch of Abstract Expressionist painting in New York was characterized by active ‘action’ paint handling or ___________ painting.

    1. color-field

    2. gestural

    3. abstract

    4. optical

  1. The “Readymade” is a form of artistic appropriation that was elevated to gallery acceptance by the work of:

    1. Warhol

    2. Nevelson

    3. Lictenstein

    4. Duchamp

  1. Smithson’s Spiral Jetty disappeared because:

    1. the artist built the piece in such a way that it would live and die among the constructive and destructive forces of nature

    2. the artist was a sloppy craftsman and the sculpture fell apart

    3. of vandalism by Enviromental activists

    4. the rising waters had totally submersed the sculpture

  1. Jenny Holzer turned to some of advertising’s more pervasive tools, including ________, to reach out to people who do not go to galleries and museums.

    1. video montages

    2. the internet

    3. electronic signage

    4. comic books

  1. Christo’s work is considered ‘site-specific’ because:

    1. He would get commissioned by a specific site to create his work.

    2. He customized a cloth design to match the exact enviroment that he was working with

    3. He used the materials at a specific site as the basis for his work.

    4. He created all of his pieces outdoors.

  1. Which of these is a common philopsophy shared by Pop Artists?

    1. To make things look mass-produced

    2. To create art that is enjoyed by everyone

    3. To make the ordinary object appear to be extraordinary

    4. To make people question the concept of art

  1. Which of these artists created work that was considered ‘non-heirarchal’ in composition?

    1. Edward Hopper

    2. Jackson Pollock

    3. Grant Wood

    4. Claes Oldenburg

  1. This was a Russian movement that aimed to use simplified shapes as an elevated level of art:

    1. Suprematism

    2. Futurism

    3. De Stijl

    4. The Bauhaus

  1. Cincinnati’s Union Terminal (The Museum Center) has elements from which of the following styles?

    1. Art Nouveau

    2. Art Deco

    3. Cubist

    4. Bauhaus

  1. How would you define the work of George Segal?

    1. multi-colored moving stabiles

    2. hyperrealistic figure sculptures

    3. multi-colored action paintings

    4. single-colored plaster castings

  1. The many approaches to art that emerged at the end of the twentieth century are designated by this catch-all term:

    1. anti-art

    2. post-modernism

    3. happenings

    4. modern style

  1. Robert Smithson, who designed Spiral Jetty, creates works known collectively as:

    1. earthworks

    2. maquettes

    3. readymades

    4. combines

  1. Which of the following artists created large-scale, kinetic sculptures?

    1. Henry Moore

    2. Brancusi

    3. Alexander Calder

    4. Boccioni

  1. What message is portrayed in Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks?

    1. the pervasive loneliness of modern humans

    2. the seediness of city life

    3. the energetic rhythm of city life

    4. the cosmopolitan atmosphere of big city life

  1. Henry Moore’s great series of reclining nudes is said to have been inspired by:

    1. African Zimba masks

    2. Pablo Picasso’s studies

    3. a pre-Columbian figure, the Chacmool

    4. a medieval representation of Mary Magdalene

  1. Which of the following earlier art styles formed the characterizing spirit of Performance Art?

    1. German Expressionism

    2. Cubism

    3. Dada

    4. Pop Art

  1. Pop Art, and art that utilized the techniques of advertising, industrial design, and Hollywood movies, were at their heights during which of the following decades?

    1. 1940s

    2. 1960s

    3. 1970s

    4. 1990s

  1. The aesthetic act of putting together disparate elements to construct a work of art is called __________.

    1. assemblage

    2. collage

    3. carpentry

    4. “new painting”

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