|GREAT DEPRESSION AND NEW DEAL TEST-
Multiple Choice: Select the answer that best completes each question or statement.
Pick the BEST answer for credit.
1. Most of the wealth in the U.S. was held in the hand of
a very small percentage of the people
the majority of the population
only those who invested in the stock market
2. The United States instituted a tariff on imports to
get back at other countries for taxing our goods.
punish Europe for not paying us back our loans from WWI.
keep our money from going to support their economy.
push Americans to buy American-made products.
3. As the depression worsened, small banks were forced to pay back their loans to
A. the federal government C. wealthy financers
B. the local governments D. larger banks
4 . Farmers purchased new equipment with the hopes of
laying off workers so they could save money
feeding the poverty stricken
5. Hoover’s belief that the federal government should not be responsible for the people is called
A. rugged individualism
B. welfare state
C. pump-priming economics
6. John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath sympathetically portrayed the plight of:
A) Oklahoma Dust Bowl migrants.
B) unemployed Detroit factory workers.
C) new immigrants in New York City.
D) poor black farmers in Georgia.
7. Factory owners and farmers lost money due to
A. stock market crash C. laying off workers
B. underproduction D. overproduction
8. Which is not a cause of the Dust Bowl?
A. high winds B. severe drought C. over-cultivated land D. Overuse of machines
9. FDR passed more legislation in the First ______ than most presidents do in two years.
50 days B. 100 days C. 200 days
10. FDR’s cabinet members were extremely intelligent individuals referred to as the
A. Smart Ones B. Brain Trust C. Intelligentsia
11. What was the first major action Roosevelt took as president?
He proposed a reorganization of the Supreme Court
He established the Civilian Conservation Corps to provide job relief
He closed all the nation’s banks for inspection.
12. As a result of FDR’s presidency, it was established that
presidents could not serve more than 2 terms or 12 years in office
the federal government was responsible for the economic welfare of the people
the local government was given more jurisdiction
the Supreme Court selections would be at the sole discretion of Congress
13. What role did Eleanor Roosevelt play in the Roosevelt Administration?
served as cabinet member
served as an important advisor on domestic issues
became involved in international politics
14. FDR would have been supported by his cousin, Teddy Roosevelt, even though they were in opposing political parties because both could be considered _____________________________ presidents.
15. Hoover’s response to the onset of the Depression would best be described as:
A) rapid and aggressive action to revive the economy.
B) hesitating to act, then doing too little too late.
C) a radical restructuring of the federal government’s role in the economy.
D) being mainly concerned with the plight of individuals.
16. These pieces of legislation were those to prevent another depression from occurring: _____________________________.
A. Relief B. Recovery C. Reform
17. He tried to use ‘pump priming’ in 2006 with no success: ______________.
A. Clinton B. George H.W. Bush C. George W. Bush D. Obama
18. By the end of the 1930s, more than ___________ of Americans had access to a radio.
A. 30% B. 50% C. 80% D. 95%
19. FDR attended the ________________ Conference which divided up Germany before he died in April of 1945.
A. Yalta B. Potsdam C. Munich D. Nuremberg
20. He wrote the Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men that continue to be popular literary selections today.
A. Steinbeck B. Fizgerald C. Hawthorne D. Hemingway
Matching: Select the answer that best completes each of the following.
______ 21. Truman
______ 22. Hoover
______ 23. Teddy Roosevelt
______ 24. Franklin Roosevelt
______ 25. Coolidge
This Republican allowed business as usual to happen during the 1920s.
He often gets blamed for the Great Depression.
He handled WWII after FDR’s death.
He introduced the idea of our welfare state.
He was the big conservationist and an early Republican!
______ 26. mergers
______ 27. Hawley-Smoot Tariff
______ 28. Dust Bowl
______ 29. Bonus Army
______ 30. Alphabet soup
The formation of these resulted in the unequal distribution of corporate power.
Veterans who pushed to get their WWI promised benefits.
The acronyms of the NEW DEAL
It was supposed to stimulate the economy but backfired
The CCC was supposed to make sure this never happened again!
_____ 31. precedent
______ 32. pump priming
______ 33. bureaucracy
______ 34. Trickle down theory
______ 35. ideology
one’s guiding philosophy
investing money into the people
investing money into businesses
different departments do different things
an example or beginning
______ 36. Douglas MacArthur
______ 37. penny auctions
______ 38. hobos
______ 39. Hoover flags
traveled the rails to find opportunities
successful attempts that protected farms from the banks
He really punished the Bonus Army protesters and Hoover as well!
Inside out pockets devoid of any $.
Label the following legislation or events as part of Hoover or Franklin Roosevelt’s terms in office. Use A for Hoover or B for Roosevelt, C= Both
40. Many building projects and schools were named for him.
41. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was his idea.
42. He won the Election of 1932 by a landslide!
43. He suffered from polio.
44. He was very wealthy and did not have to suffer the effects of the depression personally.
45. Started the Bank Holiday!
46. PA voted for him in 1932!
47. He tried to pack the Supreme Court!
48. The Republican Party picked him AGAIN for the 1932 Election!
49. He was one of the most well-known figures of the 1920s.
50. His wife helped get him re-elected time and time again.
Matching: Select the answer that best completes each of the following.
____ _ 54. WPA
Gave men jobs planting trees and building roads in an effort to prevent another Dust Bowl.
Primarily helped artists and musicians but also built schools and bridges
Hired men to build factories and dams on rivers for hydroelectric power
Paid farmers to plow under crops and kill animals
Spent money on infrastructure like bridges, causeways, hospitals and airports
______ 56. Bank Holiday
______ 57. FERA
______ 58. NRA
______ 59. SS
______ 60 SEC
Today’s workers pay for today’s retirees
Direct loans were given to prevent foreclosure of homes/farms
Set a minimum wage, monitored working conditions and fixed prices
Made sure insider trading was caught, no fraud
Closed banking institutions to see which were safe before re-opening
______ 61. FDIC
______ 62. NLRA/B
______ 63. Reform
______ 64. Relief
______ 65. Recovery
Insured money in accounts up to 5,000
Actions designed to halt economic deterioration
Re-start the economy was the plan
Permanent programs to prevent another depression
Designed to prevent monopolies
Label the following New Deal Programs: Relief, Recovery and Reform. A=Relief, B=Recovery and C=Reform
66. Social Security
67. Tennessee Valley Authority
68. Federal Emergency Relief Act
69. Civilian Conservation Corps
70. National Labor Relations Act/Board
71. Security and Exchange Commission
72. Agricultural Adjustment Act
73. Civilian Works Administration
74. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
75. Works Progress Administration
76. “We’re in the Money”
77. “Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries”
78. “Brother, Can You Spare a Dime”
she used call and response in the song
a long very grim period of economic decline
this song seems light and bright but references a dark part of the depression
a shorter period of economic decline, with lower unemployment rates
references the Empire State building, Bonus Army and the railroads
81. President Hoover’s plan for recovery focused on restoring the confidence of:
A) the consumer.
C) local governments.
D) international markets.
82. In the election of 1932:
A) Roosevelt won by a razor-thin margin.
B) Hoover pledged, if reelected, to launch a “new deal.”
C) Roosevelt won in an unprecedented landslide.
D) Republicans retained control of Congress.
83. All of the following would have voted for the New Deal EXCEPT:
A) bankers and businessmen.
B) white southern Democrats
C) industrial workers.
84. Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother photograph:
A) was sponsored by the American Communist Party
B) blamed migrant workers for their own plight.
C) was intended to build popular support for New Deal farm programs.
D) provoked outrage and resentment against federal welfare recipients.
85. The geographic center of the Dust Bowl was in the:
A) Ohio River valley.
B) southern Great Plains.
C) Deep South.
D) upper Midwest.
Short Answer: Answer each of the following questions in a complete and specific manner.
86..-90. Provide four causes of the Great Depression and three effects that were experienced as a result of it. Make sure that you include an explanation of both the causes and effects.
91.-93. Provide two PROS and two CONS of FDR’s legacy. Do you feel that the positives or negatives associated with his terms in office are more valid? Explain.
94.& 95. Evaluate one FDR quote and one quote by Eleanor Roosevelt. You supply them and tell me what they mean in your own words.
96. Explain the political cartoon attached.
97.-98. Name THREE policies that Hoover used and define them. Also evaluate each of their effectiveness.
99. & 100. Provide two positive personality attributes that Hoover displayed and two negative ones from the clip that we watched. Explain why it may not be fair to really compare Hoover and FDR.
101-105. Evaluate the effectiveness of FDR’s New Deal legislation. Look at the impacts of Relief, Recovery and Reform legislation on the short-term and long-term economy. What should have been done differently? Are there any lessons that Obama should specifically take or learn from FDR? How has this recession impacted you already or how will its effects impact you in the future?