Government Final Exam Multiple Choice



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PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.446| B.452

OBJ: 18.1.2 Identify the criteria that determine whether a case is within the jurisdiction of a federal court, and compare the types of jurisdiction. | 18.2.2 Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the federal courts of appeals.

TOP: The Judiciary | Appellate Courts
62. ANS: C

Political parties serve as a way to organize people who share similar ideas and goals for the purpose of winning elections and controlling government.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.103 OBJ: 5.1.1 Define a political party.

TOP: Political Parties | Purpose of Political Parties


63. ANS: D

The prosperity of the 1950s gave the American people a largely optimistic view of the future and of the place of the United States in the world. That positive outlook was reflected in a generally favorable, even respectful, attitude toward government.

PTS: 5 DIF: L3/L4 REF: A.219

OBJ: 8.1.3 Describe four other factors that shape public opinion.

TOP: Mass Media and Public Opinion | Historic Events
64. ANS: A

The 13th Amendment, passed just after the Civil War ended, abolished slavery.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.064

OBJ: 3.2.3 Understand that several amendments have been proposed, but not ratified.

TOP: The Constitution | 13th Amendment
65. ANS: A

Before the 25th Amendment was adopted in 1967, there were no guidelines in the Constitution for deciding what to do when a President was disabled. The 25th Amendment says that the Vice President will become Acting President if the President informs Congress that he or she cannot carry out the duties of the office. Or, the Vice President and a majority of the members of the Cabinet can inform Congress that the President is disabled.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.320

OBJ: 13.2.2 Understand the constitutional provisions relating to presidential disability.

TOP: The Presidency | Presidential Succession
66. ANS: D

A term of Congress lasts for two years. Each term has two sessions, so a term is longer.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.233

OBJ: 10.1.2 Explain the difference between a term and a session of Congress.

TOP: Congress | Term
67. ANS: B

By the terms of the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, the Speaker of the House follows the Vice President in the line of succession. After the Speaker comes the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Secretary of State, and then each of the other 14 heads of the Cabinet.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.320

OBJ: 13.2.1 Explain how the Constitution provides for presidential succession.

TOP: The Presidency | Presidential Succession
68. ANS: D

The Internet has transformed the way people get political information. Instead of merely receiving information, people are e-mailing, podcasting, and creating videos to add their voices to political discussion.

PTS: 5 DIF: L3/L4 REF: A.233

OBJ: 8.3.1 Examine the role of the mass media in providing the public with political information.

TOP: Mass Media and Public Opinion | Internet
69. ANS: C

Senators and representatives work for the people who elect them. They cast hundreds of votes for or against laws during each session of Congress.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.243

OBJ: 10.4.2 Describe the duties performed by those who serve in Congress. TOP: Congress | Duties


70. ANS: B

If neither presidential candidate wins a majority in the electoral college, the election is decided in the House of Representatives.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.333

OBJ: 13.5.3 Identify several flaws in the electoral college system. TOP: The Presidency | Electoral College


71. ANS: B

In a parliamentary democracy, voters select members of the legislature, or parliament. The chief executive is, in turn, selected by the majority party or coalition in the legislature.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.018

OBJ: 1.2.4 Describe a government by how power is distributed between the executive branch and legislative branch.

TOP: Forms of Government | Parliamentary Government
72. ANS: C

President Franklin D. Roosevelt broke the “no-third-term tradition” established by George Washington when he sought and won third and fourth terms in office. As a result, Congress passed the 22nd Amendment which limits Presidents to two terms in office.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.071

OBJ: 3.3.3 Analyze the role of party practices and custom in interpreting the Constitution.

TOP: The Constitution | 22nd Amendment
73. ANS: C

Senators serve for six-year terms, while members of the House serve for two-year terms.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.283

OBJ: 10.3.3 Explain how and why a senator’s term differs from a representative’s term.

TOP: Senate | Term
74. ANS: B

Federalists believed that a system of checks and balances would help ensure that the new government would not abuse its power.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.042

OBJ: 2.5.1 Identify the opposing sides in the fight for ratification and describe the major arguments for and against the proposed Constitution. TOP: The Constitution | Federalists


75. ANS: A

Federalism is the system under which the national government and the states share power.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.056| B.062-B.063

OBJ: 3.1.2 Understand the six basic principles of the Constitution: popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, and federalism. | 3.2.2 Explain how the formal amendment process illustrates the principles of federalism and popular sovereignty. TOP: The Constitution | Federalism


76. ANS: A

According to the divine right theory, God created the state and gave those of royal birth a “divine right” to rule.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.008

OBJ: 1.1.3 Identify four theories that attempt to explain the origin of the state

TOP: Forms of Government | Divine Right Theory
77. ANS: D

Television is the principal source of news for about 80 percent of the population.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.229

OBJ: 8.3.1 Examine the role of the mass media in providing the public with political information.

TOP: Mass Media and Public Opinion | Television
78. ANS: D

The Connecticut Compromise combined aspects of the New Jersey and Virginia Plans, ensuring that small States would be equally represented in one branch of Congress.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.056

OBJ: 2.4.3 Summarize the convention’s major compromises and the effects of those decisions.

TOP: The Constitution | Connecticut Compromise
79. ANS: D

In Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court struck down all but one of the spending limits set by the FECA Amendments of 1974. As a result, the only limit still on the books applies only to presidential (not congressional) elections. This limit is a cap on spending by those presidential contenders who accept FEC subsidies for their preconvention and/or their general election campaigns.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.206-A.207

OBJ: 7.3.4 Outline the role of the Federal Election Commission in enforcing campaign finance laws.

TOP: The Electoral Process | Campaign Spending
80. ANS: C

Since Britain needed to raise money to pay its debts, it placed high taxes on certain goods through laws such as the Stamp Act of 1765. This angered the colonists. Because the colonies had no representatives in Parliament, they thought of this as taxation without representation.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.028-B.029

OBJ: 2.2.1 Explain how Britain’s colonial policies contributed to the growth of self-government in the colonies.

TOP: Foundations of American Government | Colonies
81. ANS: B

In the disputed presidential election of 2000, there were problems with reading punch card ballots. This led to the passage of the Help America Vote Act, which required states to stop using punch card ballots.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.166

OBJ: 7.2.3 Describe the various ways in which voters can cast their ballots. | 7.2.4 Outline the role that voting devices play in the election process. TOP: The Electoral Process | Punch Card Ballots


82. ANS: B

The first three articles of the Constitution deal with the organization and powers of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

PTS: 5 DIF: L3/L4 REF: A.069

OBJ: 3.1.1 Understand the basic outline of the Constitution. TOP: Constitutional Principles | The Constitution


83. ANS: B

Direct lobbying involves face-to-face contact with policymakers.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.217

OBJ: 9.3.1 Understand the difference between the direct and indirect approaches of interest groups.

TOP: Interest Groups | Lobbying
84. ANS: A

Some people insist that the United States is a republic rather than a democracy because political power is exercised by representatives chosen by the people rather than by the people themselves.

PTS: 5 DIF: L3/L4 REF: A.013

OBJ: 1.2.2 Define systems of government based on who can participate. TOP: Democracy | Republic


85. ANS: B

Federal campaign finance law prohibits an individual from making a contribution in the name of another. Cash gifts of more than $100 are banned, as are contributions and spending from any foreign source.

PTS: 5 DIF: L3/L4 REF: A.204-A.205

OBJ: 7.3.4 Outline the role of the Federal Election Commission in enforcing campaign finance laws.

TOP: The Electoral Process | Campaign Finance Laws
86. ANS: A

In the royal colonies, the king named the governor and a council to give advice to the governor.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.025

OBJ: 2.1.3 Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North American colonies.

TOP: Foundations of American Government | Royal Colony
87. ANS: B PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.534

OBJ: 18.3.3 Examine how cases reach the Supreme Court. TOP: The Judiciary | Writ of Certiorari


88. ANS: A

In a democratic society made up of many individuals and groups with differing opinions, decisions cannot be made without compromise.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.014

OBJ: 1.3.1 Understand the foundations of democracy. TOP: Democracy | Compromise


89. ANS: C

Only the Supreme Court can exercise both original and appellate jurisdiction.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.446| B.455

OBJ: 18.1.2 Identify the criteria that determine whether a case is within the jurisdiction of a federal court, and compare the types of jurisdiction. | 18.3.2 Outline the scope of the Supreme Court’s Jurisdiction. TOP: The Judiciary | Supreme Court


90. ANS: C

The Constitution says that a member of the House must (1) be at least 25 years of age, (2) have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years, and (3) be an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is elected. Longstanding custom, not the Constitution, requires that a representative must live in the district he or she represents.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.279

OBJ: 10.2.4 Analyze the formal and informal qualifications for election to the House.

TOP: House of Representatives | Qualifications
91. ANS: D

A system of checks and balances allows each branch of the Federal Government to check the power of the other branches.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.072

OBJ: 3.1.2 Understand the six basic principles of the Constitution: popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, and federalism. TOP: The Constitution | Checks and Balances


92. ANS: A

The keynote address is usually delivered by one of the party’s greatest speakers. It typically glorifies the party, its history, its leaders, and its programs; criticizes the other party; and predicts a great victory for the party and its candidates in November.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.383

OBJ: 13.4.4 Outline the events that take place during a national convention.

TOP: The Presidency | Keynote Address
93. ANS: C

The first three articles of the Constitution create the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Federal Government.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.069

OBJ: 3.1.1 Understand the basic outline of the Constitution. TOP: The Constitution | Articles


94. ANS: A

The Framers wanted a limited government with powers divided between the national and state governments. They hoped that this system would help to prevent the abuse of government power and preserve the independence of the states.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.078

OBJ: 4.1.1 Define federalism and explain why the Framers chose this system.

TOP: Federalism | The Constitution
95. ANS: B

The Constitution begins with a Preamble that states the purpose of the document. The Preamble is followed by 7 articles and 27 amendments.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.050-B.051

OBJ: 3.1.1 Understand the basic outline of the Constitution.

TOP: The Constitution | Outline of the Constitution
96. ANS: A

When registering to vote, a person must give his or her address and information about how long he or she has lived there. This proves that the new voter is a legal resident of the state.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.132

OBJ: 6.2.1 Identify the universal requirements for voting in the United States.

TOP: Voters and Voter Behavior | Registration
97. ANS: D

Although the United States is a pluralistic society, there is a broad consensus on fundamental matters. This ideological consensus means that each of the two major parties takes policy stands that do not differ a great deal from those of the other major party.

PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.127-A.128

OBJ: 5.1.3 Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system.

TOP: Political Parties | Consensus
98. ANS: C

Independents do not belong to any political party. They are difficult to count because they do not register as members of a party, but it is estimated that they are about one-third of all voters.

PTS: 3 DIF: L2 REF: B.148

OBJ: 6.4.4 Understand the sociological and psychological factors that affect voting and voter behavior.

TOP: Voters and Voter Behavior | Independent Voters
99. ANS: C

Although inconvenient registration requirements, bad weather, and the time-zone fallout problem may all discourage voter turnout, the chief cause for nonvoting is simply a lack of interest. The people who fall into this category are usually woefully uninformed and just cannot be bothered.



PTS: 3 DIF: L3 REF: A.173

OBJ: 6.4.2 Identify those people who typically do not vote. TOP: Voters and Voter Behavior | Nonvoting
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