Government Final Exam Multiple Choice



Download 444.78 Kb.
Page1/3
Date conversion16.05.2016
Size444.78 Kb.
  1   2   3
Government Final Exam
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. What part of the Constitution prevents certain conflicts between the national government and the states?

a.

Supremacy Clause

b.

Necessary and Proper Clause

c.

Elastic Clause

d.

Subordinate Clause

____ 2. What must occur before the full Senate can act upon a bill?



a.

The House of Representatives must pass the bill.

b.

A majority of the Senate must vote for it to come to the floor.

c.

The Senate committee considering the bill decides whether to move it to floor consideration.

d.

The House committee must pass it to the Senate committee.

____ 3. The President’s salary is determined by



a.

Congress.

b.

the Constitution.

c.

the Treasury Department.

d.

the Federal Reserve.

____ 4. What must the President do if the vice presidency becomes vacant?



a.

take on the job himself

b.

hire a Vice President

c.

schedule a new election

d.

nominate a Vice President

____ 5. An interest group may file an amicus curiae brief to



a.

present arguments in support of one side in a legal dispute.

b.

present arguments for both sides in a legal dispute.

c.

defend itself in a lawsuit.

d.

bring a lawsuit on behalf of a fringe group.

____ 6. Who can contribute directly to a candidate running for a federal office?



a.

labor unions

b.

corporations

c.

political action committees

d.

foreign sources

____ 7. How did the Framers decide the President and Vice President should be selected?



a.

by Congress

c.

by the electoral college

b.

by the Cabinet

d.

by popular vote

____ 8. Which is one of the requirements for election to the U.S. Senate?



a.

A candidate must be a citizen of the United States for at least nine years.

b.

A candidate must have lived in the same state for at least seven years.

c.

A candidate must be a citizen of the United States for at least seven years.

d.

A candidate must have lived in the same state for at least nine years.

____ 9. The Privileges and Immunities Clause requires a State to



a.

allow any American to become a resident of that State.

b.

charge in-State and out-of-State students the same tuition.

c.

hire in-State residents first for all jobs.

d.

let newly arrived State residents to vote immediately.

____ 10. What is the role of the presidential candidate at a party convention?



a.

writing the platform

b.

leading the roll call balloting

c.

giving an acceptance speech

d.

giving the keynote address

____ 11. Which of the following comparisons of the House and Senate is true?



a.

The House is larger than the Senate.

b.

House members serve longer terms than Senate members.

c.

House members usually represent a larger population than Senate members.

d.

House members have more media exposure than Senate members.

____ 12. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States was



a.

very similar in structure to what it is today.

b.

essentially two separate countries made up of six or seven colonies each.

c.

a tightly unified country under a strong central government.

d.

essentially an alliance of independent States.

____ 13. If the two houses of Congress cannot agree on a date for adjournment, the President may



a.

change the date the next session begins.

b.

call a special session of Congress.

c.

call for new elections.

d.

prorogue the session.

____ 14. What role does the President fill when working with Congress to pass laws?



a.

chief administrator

b.

commander in chief

c.

chief legislator

d.

chief of party

____ 15. What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 accomplish?



a.

It protected civil rights in polling places.

b.

It allowed people to vote in U.S. territories.

c.

It allowed 18-year-olds in all states to vote.

d.

It banned the payment of taxes in order to vote.

____ 16. According to the Constitution, the National Government may do any of the following EXCEPT



a.

protect each State against invasion.

b.

aid States that experience the ravages of nature.

c.

ignore the physical boundaries of each State.

d.

send troops into a State at the governor’s request.

____ 17. One way historical events of the 1960s and 1970s have affected public opinion is that



a.

many Americans have less trust in government.

b.

many Americans live eco-friendly lifestyles.

c.

most Americans have become more thrifty.

d.

Americans’ optimism about the future has grown.

____ 18. What keeps the Federal Election Commission from doing a better job of enforcing election laws?



a.

The election laws are not detailed enough.

b.

Its power is limited by the Federal Election Campaign Act.

c.

It does not have enough funds and its staff is too small.

d.

Its power is limited by the Supreme Court.

____ 19. Benjamin Franklin felt that the Constitution



a.

had so many faults it would prove unworkable.

b.

would need to be substantially revised in a few years.

c.

was a perfect system of government.

d.

was the best constitution that could be made under the circumstances.

____ 20. Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?



a.

They were too weak to bind the States together.

b.

They made the Congress and President far too powerful.

c.

They were not detailed or specific enough.

d.

They gave more power to some States than to others.

____ 21. Which party system is most common in a typical dictatorship?



a.

bipartisan system

b.

one-party system

c.

two-party system

d.

multiparty system

____ 22. What is a winning party saying when it claims to have a mandate from voters?



a.

that interest groups may now start running the party

b.

that it can now begin to develop more sound bites for television

c.

that it can now take a straw vote to determine public opinion

d.

that it has approval to carry out its campaign promises

____ 23. Today, the principal nominating method in most States is



a.

the direct primary.

b.

petition.

c.

self-announcement.

d.

the caucus.

____ 24. In which of the following does Congress have the power to regulate the use of money?



a.

State government elections

b.

mayoral elections

c.

gubernatorial elections

d.

presidential elections

____ 25. Federal judges may be removed from office only by the



a.

House of Representatives.

b.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

c.

President.

d.

Senate.

____ 26. Which of the following is not mentioned in the Constitution and yet has affected the meaning of the Constitution?



a.

political parties

b.

the Cabinet

c.

the Supreme Court

d.

Congress

____ 27. Why was the 22nd Amendment written?



a.

Congress feared an upset in the balance of power and proposed it in the wake of Franklin Roosevelt’s unprecedented third and fourth terms of office.

b.

The Constitution originally did not explain how a vacant presidency should be filled, and this became an issue when President William Henry Harrison died in office.

c.

The congressional caucus system of nomination proved corrupt, so a provision had to be included in the Constitution to explain how parties should nominate candidates for the presidency.

d.

The election of 1800 showed the need to separate the presidential and vice presidential elections.

____ 28. Which is a true statement about the millions of Americans who do not vote?



a.

Most cannot vote.

b.

Most are married.

c.

Many only vote in congressional elections.

d.

Many are not interested in politics.

____ 29. The election of 1800



a.

was the last time a President was elected into office without winning the popular vote.

b.

introduced the idea that presidential electors should act as “free agents” in the electoral process.

c.

introduced the nomination of candidates to serve as presidential electors in the several States.

d.

was the last time political parties nominated candidates for the presidency.

____ 30. In which procedure are candidates nominated by means of a document signed by a certain number of qualified voters in the election district?



a.

self-announcement

b.

petition

c.

caucus

d.

write-in ballot

____ 31. The United States government has a federal system. What does this mean?



a.

Local governments have most of the power.

b.

The national government is controlled by a small group of people.

c.

The national government has most of the power.

d.

The national government and states share power.

____ 32. Which are the four characteristics of the state?



a.

freedom, liberty, sovereignty, government

b.

population, territory, sovereignty, constitution

c.

population, territory, sovereignty, government

d.

population, territory, sovereignty, foreign policy

____ 33. Why does a peer group often have a strong influence on a person’s opinions?



a.

because group members trust one another

b.

because group members watch news broadcasts together

c.

because all members have the same education and think alike

d.

because the group leader tells individuals what to think

____ 34. The Virginia and New Jersey plans disagreed about



a.

outlawing slavery.

b.

whether Congress could tax.

c.

State representation in Congress.

d.

structuring the executive branch.

____ 35. Why did smaller states favor the New Jersey Plan over the Virginia Plan?



a.

because it called for the Three-Fifths Compromise

b.

because it called for equal representation in a bicameral Congress

c.

because it called for representation based on population

d.

because it called for the states to be represented equally

____ 36. What is the main difference between television and newspaper coverage of the news?



a.

Television news reflects public opinion better than newspapers.

b.

Fewer people watch television news than read newspapers.

c.

Television is more biased in its coverage than newspapers are.

d.

Television mostly “skims” the news, while newspapers go more in depth.

____ 37. What proportion of senate terms expires every two years?



a.

one-third

b.

half

c.

two-thirds

d.

all

____ 38. A runoff primary is held only when



a.

an absolute majority of votes is needed to carry a primary.

b.

all candidates for nomination are listed on a single ballot.

c.

there are more than five candidates for the same office.

d.

candidates are not identified by party labels.

____ 39. The main criticism of the registration requirement for voting is that it



a.

tends to disenfranchise the poor and less educated.

b.

promotes election fraud.

c.

does not provide enough protection against election fraud.

d.

is a waste of taxpayer money.

____ 40. How was the United States set up under the Articles of Confederation?



a.

The central government was the same as it is today.

b.

Each geographical region acted like a separate country.

c.

The states controlled most of their own affairs.

d.

The states were tightly unified under a strong central government.

____ 41. Which of the following is a responsibility of every American citizen?



a.

serving on a jury

b.

voting

c.

attending school

d.

respecting the rights of others

____ 42. Which is a duty of every American citizen rather than a responsibility?



a.

being kind to others

b.

obeying the law

c.

helping in the community

d.

voting in an election

____ 43. Why is the Senate called a “continuous body”?



a.

The Senate never adjourns.

b.

All of its seats are never up for election at the same time.

c.

There is no limit on the number of terms a senator may serve.

d.

The Senate never takes recesses.

____ 44. Which of the following courts was specifically created by the Constitution?



a.

the Supreme Court only

b.

the Supreme Court and the special courts

c.

the Supreme Court and the constitutional courts

d.

the Supreme Court and the U.S. Courts of Appeals

____ 45. A national convention is held to accomplish all of the following except



a.

unify the party behind its candidates.

b.

adopt the party’s platform.

c.

name its presidential candidate.

d.

select the party’s delegates.

____ 46. Which is a reason why states have voter registration?



a.

to protect the voting rights of aliens and transients

b.

to keep people from voting more than once

c.

so states can enforce laws that require citizens to vote

d.

so political parties can contact voters at election time

____ 47. What is true about splinter parties?



a.

They seldom win many votes, though they tend to be long-lived.

b.

They take away supporters from a major party.

c.

They lose support when the economy improves.

d.

They are unwilling to take clear-cut stands on difficult issues.

____ 48. What is the main goal of propaganda?



a.

to present both sides of an issue.

b.

to present objective facts.

c.

to create a particular belief.

d.

to persuade using logical arguments.

____ 49. A major flaw in the electoral college system is that



a.

electors must vote in agreement with the popular vote.

b.

the candidate who wins the popular vote might not become President.

c.

any election might have to be decided in the U.S. Senate.

d.

electors are chosen by popular vote.

____ 50. Which usually must approve interstate compacts?



a.

the Supreme Court

b.

Congress

c.

the President’s Cabinet

d.

all 50 states

____ 51. On what main issue did the Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagree?



a.

Political parties should be allowed to exist.

b.

The President and members of Congress should be elected.

c.

The National Government should be strong.

d.

The Articles of Confederation should be replaced.

____ 52. According to the 24th Amendment, no State can



a.

require payment of any tax as a condition for voting for President.

b.

deny the right to vote to someone in prison.

c.

allow someone to vote who has not lived in the State for at least one year.

d.

deny the right to vote to the mentally challenged.

____ 53. A President can serve no more than ___ years in office.



a.

12

b.

4

c.

6

d.

8

____ 54. What kind of jurisdiction allows a state or a federal court to hear a case?



a.

exclusive jurisdiction

b.

appellate jurisdiction

c.

concurrent jurisdiction

d.

original jurisdiction

____ 55. Which voting requirement was the first to be eliminated?



a.

gender

b.

property ownership

c.

race

d.

poll tax

____ 56. What did some people fear might happen if a Bill of Rights was not added to the Constitution?



a.

A too-powerful government might abuse its citizens.

b.

The people would overthrow the national government.

c.

The government would not be strong enough to be effective.

d.

The judicial branch would not ratify the Constitution.

____ 57. How is the appointment of a Supreme Court justice made?



a.

The President appoints the justice; the Senate approves it.

b.

The Senate appoints the justice; the President approves it.

c.

The judicial branch appoints the justice; the Senate approves it.

d.

The Speaker of the House appoints the justice; the Senate approves it.

____ 58. Which is one of the three main goals of a national convention?



a.

getting supporters from the opposing party

b.

naming candidates for governor

c.

adopting the party’s platform

d.

proposing constitutional amendments

____ 59. A meeting of a small group of people to select the candidates they will support is called



a.

a primary.

b.

a caucus.

c.

nomination by petition.

d.

a convention.

____ 60. Which critical event prevented a U.S. presidential election?



a.

the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941

b.

the September 2001 terrorist attacks

c.

the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962

d.

no crisis has prevented a presidential election

____ 61. Which of the following statements about appellate courts is true?



a.

Appellate courts may overrule or modify decisions of lower courts.

b.

Appellate courts have original jurisdiction in the cases they review.

c.

Appellate courts retry cases.

d.

Appellate court judges ask for new facts to be presented in the cases they review.

____ 62. What is the main purpose of a political party?



a.

to raise campaign funds

b.

to come up with new ways of organizing government

c.

to control government by winning elections

d.

to ask the government to make changes

____ 63. How did the prosperity of the 1950s influence public opinion?



a.

It made people pessimistic.

b.

It made people distrustful of government.

c.

It changed people’s view of the proper role of government.

d.

It made people optimistic.

____ 64. Which amendment ended slavery after the Civil War?



a.

13th Amendment

b.

22nd Amendment

c.

27th Amendment

d.

18th Amendment

____ 65. Before the 25th Amendment, what did the Constitution say about how the presidency should be filled if the President should become disabled?



a.

There were no guidelines for what to do in case of presidential disability.

b.

The Vice President should become the Acting President.

c.

The Vice President should take over the office of the President.

d.

A council of governors should select an Acting President.

____ 66. Which is longer, a term or a session of Congress?



a.

a session

b.

neither

c.

both are the same

d.

a term

____ 67. Which is the correct line of presidential succession according to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947?



a.

Vice President, Speaker of the House, Senate majority leader, Secretary of Energy

b.

Vice President, Speaker of the House, president pro tempore of the Senate, Secretary of State

c.

Vice President, President of the Senate, Speaker of the House, Attorney General

d.

Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Labor

____ 68. Why has the Internet transformed the way people get political information?



a.

The Internet is more popular than any other medium for political news.

b.

People must pay to view the information on most political Web sites.

c.

The Internet is more reliable than most print sources.

d.

The Internet allows two-way communication of information and opinions.

____ 69. For whom do senators and representatives work?



a.

the political parties

b.

the committees to which they belong

c.

the people who elect them

d.

the president

____ 70. If neither presidential candidate wins a majority in the electoral college, how is the election decided?



a.

in the Senate

b.

in the House of Representatives

c.

by the Supreme Court

d.

by a new election

____ 71. In a parliamentary democracy, the chief executive is chosen by the



a.

judicial branch.

b.

legislature.

c.

reigning monarch.

d.

voters.

____ 72. The 22nd Amendment was passed in reaction to what unwritten custom that was broken?



a.

the President’s Cabinet tradition

b.

the senatorial courtesy tradition

c.

the no-third-term tradition

d.

the electoral college tradition

____ 73. The term of office for senators is



a.

the same as for members of the House.

b.

four times as long as for members of the House.

c.

three times as long as for members of the House.

d.

twice as long as for members of the House.

____ 74. Which of the following statements is true of the Federalists?



a.

They ignored the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

b.

They believed in a system of checks and balances.

c.

They feared the presidency would become too powerful.

d.

They feared that Congress would become too powerful.

____ 75. What does federalism mean?



a.

that power is divided among a national government and the states

b.

that people should be guaranteed basic rights

c.

that most power belongs with the national government

d.

that people are the source of government’s power

____ 76. Which theory holds that God created the state and made it sovereign?



a.

divine right theory

b.

evolutionary theory

c.

force theory

d.

social contract theory

____ 77. Which medium is the most widely used source for political news and information?



a.

the Internet

b.

newspapers

c.

magazines

d.

television

____ 78. The Connecticut Compromise particularly satisfied



a.

more prosperous States.

b.

southern States with many slaves.

c.

northern commercial interests.

d.

smaller, less populous States.

____ 79. When is campaign spending limited?



a.

when a presidential candidate rejects FEC subsidies

b.

in all congressional elections

c.

in all presidential primary campaigns

d.

when a presidential candidate accepts FEC subsidies

____ 80. What pushed the American colonists toward wanting independence from Britain?



a.

The colonists were rebellious from the very beginning.

b.

The king granted independence to some colonies but not others.

c.

Britain put high taxes on certain goods.

d.

The Americans felt ignored by Britain for nearly a century.

____ 81. Which voting method was discontinued due to the Help America Vote Act passed after the disputed presidential election of 2000?



a.

Australian ballots

b.

punch card ballots

c.

mail-in ballots

d.

Internet ballots

____ 82. What do the first three articles of the Constitution address?



a.

the formal amendment process

b.

the organization of the National Government

c.

the National Government and the States

d.

the place of the States in the Union

____ 83. Which is a direct method of lobbying?



a.

organizing a large-scale protest march

b.

having dinner with a member of Congress

c.

starting a get-out-the-vote campaign online

d.

mobilizing a grass-roots effort back home

____ 84. Some people insist that the United States is a republic rather than a democracy because



a.

the popular will is expressed by representatives, not directly by the people.

b.

true democracies give people more freedom.

c.

true democracies need no checks and balances.

d.

children are not allowed to vote in U.S. elections.

____ 85. Which of the following would be illegal under federal campaign finance law?



a.

making a contribution to a Republican candidate by a registered Democrat

b.

making a campaign contribution in the name of a co-worker

c.

making a contribution to a candidate by someone who has never voted

d.

making a cash gift of $50 to a candidate

____ 86. Which type of colony had a governor and council appointed by the king?



a.

royal colony

b.

bicameral colony

c.

charter colony

d.

proprietary colony

____ 87. The Patriot Act:



a.

was very poular in 2002

b.

allows the U.S. Governemnt to act swiftly against suspected terrorists

c.

is very unpopular

d.

is perfectly Constitutional

____ 88. How are differences usually settled in a democracy?



a.

by compromise

b.

by minority rule

c.

by autocracy

d.

by dictatorship

____ 89. Which court(s) can exercise both original and appellate jurisdiction?



a.

federal courts of appeals

b.

federal district courts

c.

the Supreme Court

d.

all of the constitutional courts

____ 90. The Constitution requires that a member of the House must



a.

be identified with a particular party.

b.

be an inhabitant of the district he or she represents.

c.

be an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is elected.

d.

be at least 21 years old.

____ 91. The system that allows each branch of the Federal Government to restrain the other two branches is called



a.

popular sovereignty.

b.

limited government.

c.

separation of powers.

d.

checks and balances.

____ 92. A speech given early at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come is called the



a.

keynote address.

b.

acceptance speech.

c.

platform address.

d.

nomination.

____ 93. What is the subject of the first three articles of the Constitution?



a.

a guarantee of basic rights and freedoms

b.

the six basic principles of government

c.

Congress, the presidency, and federal courts

d.

a detailed discussion of judicial review

____ 94. Why are powers divided between the national and state governments?



a.

to prevent the abuse of power

b.

to make government larger

c.

to help increase employment

d.

so states can make decisions

____ 95. How is the Constitution organized?



a.

7 articles, 27 amendments, and the Declaration of Independence

b.

a Preamble, 7 articles, and 27 amendments

c.

27 articles, a Preamble, and the Bill of Rights

d.

a Bill of Rights, 7 articles, and 27 amendments

____ 96. When people register to vote, which question must they answer?



a.

How long have you lived at your current address?

b.

Do you understand the Bill of Rights?

c.

What is your religion?

d.

Have you paid your property taxes?

____ 97. The fact that Democrats and Republicans take similar stands on many issues is a reflection of



a.

the lack of cultural diversity in the United States.

b.

the lack of minor parties in American politics.

c.

the way the two-party system originated.

d.

the ideological consensus among the American people.

____ 98. Which group is difficult to count but probably includes about one-third of all voters?



a.

Republicans

b.

Democrats

c.

independents

d.

women

____ 99. What is the main reason for nonvoting?



a.

the “time-zone fallout” problem

b.

bad weather

c.

lack of interest

d.

registration requirements
  1   2   3


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page