Gonzaga Debate Institute 2010



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A2: Agent CP’s bad

Executive Order: Agent CP’s Good


The Offense…

  1. Key to negative ground, half of all CP’s run are agent CP’s




  1. Tests the affirmative plan- 90% of policy is implementation, we prove their policy is 90% bad




  1. Gives the affirmative ground- They can run any DA’s they have to our agent




  1. Makes the aff defend their plan, why would they specify ____________ if we can’t have a debate on it.


The Defense…

  1. Its predictable, they’re constantly run and we didn’t pick some obscure actor




  1. Lit checks abuse- There aren’t many agencies that someone will advocate should do the plan




  1. Debate has changed. As topics got bigger, affs defended plans instead of the whole resolution, reciprocally, It’s now only the negatives job to disprove the plan.




  1. Not a voter- Its an argument to reject the CP



Affirmative Answers: Courts will rollback


Rollback - The Courts
Cooper 2 [Phillip, Professor of Public Administration @ Portland State University, By Order of the President: The Use and Abuse of Executive Direct Action” pg..77]
Despite the apparent deference by the judiciary to the president's orders, this chapter has plainly demonstrated any number of instances in which the White House has lost in court. Executive orders, both legal and illegal, can expose officials to liability. It is an old argument, developed long before the battle over the so-called Nuremberg defense, that illegal orders do not insulate a public official from liability for his or her actions. The classic example harks back to Little v. Barreme 13 1 during the Washington administration. Even legal orders can expose the government to liability. Though the federal courts have often upheld dramatic actions taken by the president during difficult periods, they have not been hesitant to support claims against the government later. The many cases that were brought involving the U.S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation after World War I provide examples of just how long such postorder legal cleanup can take and how much it can Cost. 112 Later, in a 1951 case, the Supreme Court subjected government to claims by business for the damages done to their interests during the government's operation of the coal mines during World War II after FDR seized the mines in 1943.133 Thus, the legal issues that may arise are concerned with both the validity of orders and with addressing the consequences of admittedly legitimate decrees.

Affiramtive Answers: Future Presidents Rollback


Future Presidents-Rollback
Cooper 97 [Phillip, Professor of Poli Sci @ University of Vermont, Administration and Society, Lexis]
Even if they serve temporary goals, executive orders can produce a significant amount of complexity and conflict and not yield a long-term benefit because the next president may dispose of predecessors’ orders at a whim. It may be easier than moving a statute through Congress and faster than waiting for agencies to use their rule-making processes to accomplish policy ends, but executive orders may ultimately be a much weaker foundation on which to build a policy than the alternatives.





Affirmative Answers: Presidential Powers –Non Unique



Obama has large amounts of presidential control

Baker 10, (Obama Making Plans to Use Executive Power By PETER BAKER Published: February 12, 2010, http:/ /www.nytimes.com/2010/02/13/us/politics/13obama.html?_r=1)
Any president has vast authority to influence policy even without legislation, through executive orders, agency rule-making and administrative fiat. And Mr. Obama’s success this week in pressuring the Senate to confirm 27 nominations by threatening to use his recess appointment power demonstrated that executive authority can also be leveraged to force action by Congress.

Presidential control increasing

Baker 10, (Obama Making Plans to Use Executive Power By PETER BAKER Published: February 12, 2010, http:/ /www.nytimes.com/2010/02/13/us/politics/13obama.html?_r=1)
Mr. Obama has already decided to create a bipartisan budget commission under his own authority after Congress refused to do so. His administration has signaled that it plans to use its discretion to soften enforcement of the ban on openly gay men and lesbians serving in the military, even as Congress considers repealing the law. And the Environmental Protection Agency is moving forward with possible regulations on heat-trapping gases blamed for climate change, while a bill to cap such emissions languishes in the Senate.
Presidential power increasing now

Fox 10, (News, Obama Poised to Use Executive Power to Muscle Through Domestic Agenda



Published February 13, 2010 | FOXNews.com, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2010/02/13/obama-poised-use-executive-power-muscle-domestic-agenda/) WDK
Faced with a resurgent GOP and a largely stalled legislative agenda, President Obama is planning to use his executive powers to forge ahead with his domestic initiatives, including on energy, the environment and the economy, The New York Times reported. "We are reviewing a list of presidential executive orders and directives to get the job done across a front of issues," White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel told the newspaper. But aides told the newspaper that Obama is still hopeful that progress can be made on Capitol Hill, citing the bipartisan summit on health care scheduled later this month. Yet the GOP's stunning capture last month of the Senate seat previously held by Ted Kennedy has prompted the White House to prepare to go solo to break any partisan gridlock heading into the midterm elections. The president has a range of powers -- from executive orders to agency initiatives -- that don't require legislative action, and White House officials argue that the increased focus on executive powers is not uncommon in the second year of any presidency.
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