Goal: To identify the changes over time in federal American Indian policy, in terms of sovereignty, land ownership, citizenship, education, religious freedom. Analyze the impact of these on the American Indian



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Goal: To identify the changes over time in federal American Indian policy, in terms of sovereignty, land ownership, citizenship, education, religious freedom. Analyze the impact of these on the American Indian.
Next to the American Indian Policy timeline write one or two of your own words to understand the policies.

American Indian Policy 1786 – 1790 – beginning of federal power over the American Indians, therefore the use of treaties, regulating trade, assigning Indian agents to protect their rights
American Indian Policy 1821 – 1830 – Removal of Indians through forced treaties and the Indian removal act
American Indian Policy 1838 – 1868 – Western migration by non American Indians, conflict and war due to Homestead Act, treaties not enforced by US govt
American Indian Policy 1887 – 1893 – Dawes Act of assimilation and allotment of land, Indian boarding schools for Native children, must attend schools administered by non Indians, and BIA would withhold annuities to parent who did not send their children to school.
American Indian Policy during the World Wars (1914 -1918, 1941 – 1945) – 17,000 American Indians in armed forces World War I and veterans granted citizenship, 25,000 American Indians served in US armed forces, including 800 women (Navajo code talkers)
American Indian Policy 1934 – Indian Reorganization Act – recover their cultural heritage, tribal self government, adopt US type constitutions,
Using the timeline: What is the federal policy on American Indians from 1945 – 1996 ?

Sovereignty/ Land Ownership

1953 -Termination policy, taking away ownership of land and recognition of over 100 tribes
1970-

1977 –


1978 -

1979 - Gaming

1980-
1982 –











Citizenship

1968 –





Education

1972 –

1975 –


1990-

1996-







Religious Freedom

1978 –

1993-



1994 -




Summarize your findings:

  1. How has the federal policy of both land ownership and sovereignty changed between 1945 – 1996?



  1. Describe the changes to the educational policies.


  1. What was the traditional policy of the US government concerning religion? How did this change?


  1. What is the impact on American Indian life due to the changes in federal policy?


  1. Looking back throughout American History, draw conclusions about the federal policy concerning American Indians.


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