Goal 2 Review Test Multiple Choice



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Goal 2 Review Test
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Why does the Constitution of the United States state that revenue bills must originate in the House of Representatives?

a.

The House of Representatives represents the will of the people

b.

The Founding Fathers did not want many bills concerning finance to reach the Senate

c.

Members of the House of Representatives must have business experience

d.

The Senate is too concerned with foreign affairs to deal with financial issues

____ 2. Which process is used to change the U.S. Constitution?



a.

eminent domain

c.

amendment

b.

initiative

d.

judicial review

____ 3. Which U.S. Supreme Court case allowed the government to restrict the rights of individuals during a time of national crisis?



a.

Olmstead v. United States (1928)

c.

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

b.

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

d.

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

____ 4. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees all persons equal access to public recreation facilities?



a.

the Fifth Amendment

c.

the Nineteenth Amendment

b.

the Fourteenth Amendment

d.

the Twenty-Sixth Amendment

____ 5. Which action is protected by the Bill of Rights?



a.

yelling “Fire!” in a crowded movie theater

c.

requiring morning prayer at a public school

b.

carrying an unregistered handgun

d.

writing a letter of complaint to the mayor

____ 6. What kind of powers are defined by the Necessary and Proper Clause?



a.

enumerated

c.

implied

b.

reserved

d.

expressed

____ 7. Which U.S. Supreme Court case upheld the principle of implied powers?



a.

Marbury v. Madison (1803)

c.

Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)

b.

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

d.

Plessey v. Ferguson (1896)

____ 8. How does the Electoral College limit the voting power of citizens?



a.

The Electoral College must approve campaign contributions to each candidate or political party

b.

Because of the Electoral College system, sometimes a president is elected who did not receive a majority of popular votes

c.

Because of the design of the Constitution, the Electoral College is comprised in each state of the political party in the minority

d.

The Electoral College fails to properly educate American voters

____ 9. Which U.S. Supreme Court case ruled that school-sponsored activities and publications could be censored despite the guarantees of the First Amendment?



a.

Abington School District v. Schemp (1963)

b.

Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969)

c.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)

d.

Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988)

____ 10. Which is an example of an excise tax?



a.

an income tax

c.

a driver’s license fee

b.

a highway toll

d.

a tax on cigarettes

____ 11. Congress ends its session the day a bill is sent to the president. Which action would constitute a pocket veto?



a.

The president rejects the bill and sends it back to Congress

b.

The president signs the bill into law

c.

The president sets the bill aside and ignores it

d.

The president meets with congressional leaders before signing the bill

____ 12. What happens after a two-thirds majority of both houses of Congress propose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution?



a.

The U.S. Supreme Court can prohibit members of Congress from taking a vote on the issue

b.

The amendment can be approved with three-fourths of the state legislatures ratifying it

c.

The amendment cannot become part of the Constitution without a popular referendum on it

d.

The amendment cannot become law until the president first vetoes it

____ 13. Which case would most likely be heard by the U.S. Supreme Court?



a.

a lawsuit to stop construction of a new highway near an elementary school

c.

a case in which a defendant’s rights are denied and the case is further appealed

b.

an appeal of a murder conviction

d.

a case in which there is a hung jury

____ 14. Which case extended the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection under law?



a.

Plessey v. Ferguson (1896)

c.

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

b.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)

d.

Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969)

____ 15. Which underlying principle of the U.S. Constitution allows both the Federal Government and the State Government to share power?



a.

Federalism

c.

Popular Sovereignty

b.

Judicial Review

d.

Separation of Powers

____ 16. Who can prevent the president of the United States from controlling the Supreme Court by blocking appointments to the bench?



a.

state legislatures

c.

governors

b.

the Joint Chiefs of Staff

d.

the Senate

____ 17. “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.”

-excerpt from U.S. Constitution: Article I, Section 2, Clause 3
Which statement most accurately explains the significance of the excerpt?

a.

For the first time, direct taxes were levied on the citizens by the government

b.

The U.S. government cannot force American Indians to pay taxes

c.

The framers of the Constitution determined who could be free

d.

After many debates, a compromise was reached on the issues of taxation and slavery

____ 18. Why is the following clause of the Constitution significant?

“This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof: and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.” -Article VI, Paragraph 2

a.

it grants supreme power to the President of the US

b.

it establishes judicial independence

c.

it sets forth a state’s right to change any law it does not agree with in the Constitution

d.

it establishes that the US Constitution is the highest form of law in the America

____ 19. Which newspaper headline shows the operation of the system of checks and balances?

a.

Senate Rejects President’s Choice of Secretary of State”

b.

North Carolina To Gain Two Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives”

c.

North Carolina Receives $4 Million from Congress for Transport Development”

d.

South Carolina Rejects Federal Regulations on Drug Testing”

____ 20. The authors of the United States Constitution included a system of checks and balances to



a.

prevent any one branch of government from controlling the other branches

b.

protect states against the power of the national government

c.

guarantee respect for the freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights

d.

safeguard the United States against foreign attacks

____ 21. The United States Constitution requires that a national census be taken every ten years to



a.

provide the government with information about voter registration

b.

establish a standard for setting income tax rates

c.

determine the number of members each state has in the House of Representatives

d.

decide who can vote in presidential elections

____ 22. The separate but equal principle established by the decision in Plessey v. Ferguson (1896)



a.

start of the Civil War

c.

end of Reconstruction period

b.

spread of racial segregated public facilities

d.

integration of white and African-American military regiments

____ 23. Supreme Court decisions based on the First Amendment usually involve



a.

rights of individuals

c.

corruption of political officials

b.

tax issues

d.

criminal crimes

____ 24. the 14th Amendment established



a.

Every US citizen born or naturalized in the US is granted equal protection under the laws

b.

Suffrage for African Americans

c.

Suffrage for women

d.

Freedom to all enslaved persons living in America

____ 25. “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude...”

-15th Amendment, Section 1, US Constitution
Which actions did Southern States take to keep African Americans from exercising the rights guaranteed in this amendment?

a.

suspending habeas corpus and denying women the right to vote

b.

collecting poll taxes and requiring literacy tests

c.

establishing religious and property-holding requirements for voting

d.

passing Black Codes and establishing segregated schools

____ 26. Which is an argument in favor of the PATRIOT Act?



a.

States can declare federal laws unconstitutional

b.

Government must do whatever is necessary to provide national security

c.

National security must never compromise individual rights

d.

The judicial branch must not infringe on legislative powers

____ 27. Which political idea would John and Beth Tinker (Tinker vs. Des Moines) most likely support?



a.

segregation in schools is constitutional

b.

protesting a war by wearing an arm band is a First Amendment right

c.

citizens should not speak ill of their government in times of war

d.

schools should allow non-denominational prayers

____ 28. Which of the following Supreme Court cases is correctly matched with the issue it addressed?

a.

Marbury v. Madison: upheld freedom of the press

b.

Gibbons v. Ogden: federal banks can be established because of the elastic clause

c.

Miranda v. Arizona: declared poll taxes unconstitutional

d.

Mapp v. Ohio: evidence obtained in an illegal search is not admissible in court

____ 29. According to the Constitution, who has the power to declare war?



a.

Congress

c.

President

b.

General Assembly

d.

Supreme Court

____ 30. Which phrase describes a person’s right to freedom of worship as listed in the Bill of Rights?



a.

“Congress shall make no law... abridging the freedom of speech or press.”

b.

“Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right of the people to peaceably to assemble.”

c.

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free practice thereof.”

d.

“Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right... to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

____ 31. What is the significance of the Supremacy Clause?



a.

It states that the national government is not all powerful

b.

It states that the U.S. Constitution is above all state laws

c.

It states that one branch is not superior to the other branches

d.

It states that each state is equal to the other states

____ 32. The U.S. Constitution declares that Congress cannot pass bill of attainder laws. Which of these scenarios would violate this constitutional protection?



a.

Ralph is imprisoned without trial

b.

Jane is prohibited from appearing at her trial

c.

Samuel is denied the right to a lawyer

d.

Angela is punished for violating a law, even though the act was done before the law was written

____ 33. Which of these is an example of a check on another branch?



a.

Congress passing a law

c.

Congress overriding a Presidential veto

b.

The Supreme Court deciding a court case

d.

The President issuing an executive order

____ 34. What precedent was established in the court case Gideon v. Wainwright?



a.

a federal law supersedes state law

c.

judicial review

b.

right to a lawyer/attorney

d.

freedom of expression covers flag burning

____ 35. According to the Line of Succession, who becomes the President if both the President and the Vice-President are unable to serve?



a.

President Pro Tempore

c.

Speaker of the House

b.

Secretary of State

d.

Secretary of Defense

____ 36. Who formally elects the President of the United States?



a.

the People

c.

the States

b.

the Electoral College

d.

the Senate

____ 37. Which Supreme Court decision requires the reading of the rights of a person accused of a crime prior to police questioning?



a.

Engel v. Vitale

c.

Texas v. Johnson

b.

Miranda v. Arizona

d.

New Jersey v. TLO

____ 38. Which of these amendments involve the rights of an accused person?



a.

1st, 2nd, and 3rd Amendments

c.

9th and 10th Amendments

b.

4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments

d.

13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

____ 39. Which term describes money paid as a penalty for breaking the law?



a.

Fee

c.

Tariff

b.

Interest

d.

Fine

____ 40. Which tax is more likely to burden people in a low socioeconomic status?



a.

A Proportional tax

c.

An Estate tax

b.

A Progressive tax

d.

A Regressive tax

____ 41. The U.S. Constitution delegates specific powers to Congress, including which of the following powers?



a.

regulating driver’s licenses

c.

providing for public schools

b.

conducting city council elections

d.

establishing post offices

____ 42. Which principle in the U.S. Constitution means that all government power comes from the people?



a.

checks and balances

c.

popular sovereignty

b.

separation of powers

d.

limited government

____ 43. What is the role of the executive branch of government?



a.

to interpret the laws passed by Congress

c.

to limit the government’s power to concentrate power in one place

b.

to make the government more powerful

d.

to carry out the laws passed by Congress

____ 44. How is the president most likely to influence the federal budget?



a.

by proposing a budget, lobbying congress, and threatening to veto legislation

b.

by refusing to spend funds that Congress has appropriated

c.

by holding press conferences to answer questions about spending

d.

by outlining a budget in the State of the Union speech

____ 45. Which case held that a state law did violate the supremacy clause?



a.

Korematsu v. United States

c.

Plessey v. Ferguson

b.

McCulloch v. Maryland

d.

Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

____ 46. Which part of the U.S. Constitution did the U.S. Supreme Court use to make the Sixth Amendment’s right to counsel apply to the states?



a.

Fourteenth Amendment’s right to due process

c.

Second Amendment’s right to bear arms

b.

Preamble

d.

Supremacy Clause

____ 47. What is the main source of federal government revenue?



a.

individual income tax

c.

customs duties

b.

excise taxes

d.

fees

____ 48. Which of the following is the best example of a regressive tax?



a.

sales tax

c.

estate tax

b.

property tax

d.

income tax

____ 49. Which of the following terms is used to describe government income?



a.

profit

c.

deficit

b.

revenue

d.

audit

____ 50. What is the federal government’s largest cost?



a.

individual benefit payments

c.

education

b.

national defense

d.

national debt payment


Goal 2 Vocab and Concepts

  1. Popular sovereignty-

  2. Federalism-

  3. Enumerated Powers-

  4. Delegated powers-

  5. Reserved Powers-

  6. Elastic or “Necessary and Proper” clause-

  7. Implied Powers-

  8. Full Faith and Credit Clause-

  9. Concurrent Powers-

  10. Supremacy Clause-

  11. Gerrymandering-

  12. Checks and Balances-

  13. Important powers of Congress-



  1. Impeach-

  2. Habeas Corpus-

  3. Ex post facto law-

  4. Bills of Attainder-

  5. Speaker of the House-

  6. President Pro Tempore-

  7. Important powers of the President-



  1. Veto, pocket veto-

  2. Important powers of Supreme Court-

  3. Original Jurisdiction-

  4. Appellate Jurisdiction-

  5. Process of amending the constitution-



  1. 1st Amendment-

  2. Libel-

  3. Slander-

  4. 2nd Amendment-

  5. 4th Amendment-

  6. 5th Amendment-

  7. Eminent domain-

  8. Indictment-

  9. Double jeopardy-

  10. Due process-

  11. 6th Amendment-

  12. 8th Amendment-

  13. 9th Amendment-

  14. 10th Amendment-

  15. 13th Amendment-

  16. 14th Amendment-

  17. 15th Amendment-

  18. 16th Amendment-

  19. 17th Amendment-

  20. 19th Amendment-

  21. 24th Amendment-

  22. 26th Amendment-



  1. Tinker vs Des Moines-

  2. Mapp vs Ohio-

  3. Gideon vs Wainwright-

  4. Miranda vs. Arizona-

  5. Dred Scott vs Sandford-

  6. Plessey vs Ferguson-

  7. Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka-

  8. Swann vs Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District-

  9. McCullough vs Maryland-

  10. Marbury vs Madison-

  11. New Jersey vs. TLO-

  12. Texas vs. Johnson-

  13. Engel vs. Vitale-

  14. Furman vs. Georgia/Gregg vs. Georgia-

  15. Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeir-

  16. University of California vs. Bakke-

  17. Gibbons vs. Ogden-

  18. US vs Nixon-

  19. New York Times vs US-

  20. Schenck vs US-

  21. Primary federal revenue, expenditures-


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