Goal 1 Review Test Multiple Choice



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Goal 1 Review Test
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. How did the Stamp Act, the Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts encourage American colonists to consider revolution against British rule?

a.

by ignoring American representatives in Parliament on issues of taxes levied in the American colonies

b.

by raising taxes in the American colonies without granting any representation in Parliament

c.

by representing an effort in Britain to end the slave trade in the colonies

d.

by revealing the British plan to expand the American colonies farther west on the continent

____ 2. Which reason best explains why many Anti-Federalists finally agreed to the ratification of the U.S. Constitution?



a.

a fear that civil war would break out of the dispute were not settled

c.

a desire to create a better relationship with the Federalists

b.

arguments by George Washington

d.

the addition of the Bill of Rights

____ 3. Which political party supported Alexander Hamilton’s opinion that the United States needed a strong central government?



a.

Whig

c.

Federalist

b.

Anti-Federalist

d.

Democratic

____ 4. Which conflict created the debt that the American colonists were expected to repay to Great Britain during the 1760s?



a.

French and Indian War

c.

Glorious Revolution

b.

Spanish-American War

d.

American Revolution

____ 5. Why did the Puritans leave England to establish a colony in America?



a.

They wanted to spread Christianity among the native peoples of the New World

b.

They wanted to provide new raw materials to support the Church of England

c.

They wanted the freedom to practice Christianity in their own way

d.

They hoped to become rich by planting cotton and tobacco

____ 6. Which event convinced many U.S. citizens that a constitutional convention was needed?



a.

the signing of the Declaration of Independence

c.

the American Revolution

b.

the creation of the Northwest Ordinance

d.

Daniel Shays’s Rebellion

____ 7. Which system of government did the Constitutional Convention create for the United States?



a.

totalitarian

c.

fascist

b.

authoritarian

d.

republican

____ 8. How did Britain’s practice of salutary neglect before 1763 encourage the colonies to move toward revolution?



a.

The colonies needed protection from other European countries

b.

This practice supported the development of self-government and domestic production in the colonies

c.

The colonists had become wealthy while under British rule

d.

This practice did not acknowledge the Articles of Confederation as the ruling document of the colonies

____ 9. Which issue was the focus of the American Confederation as a result of Shay’s Rebellion?



a.

trade with France

c.

war with Great Britain

b.

foreign policy issues

d.

stronger central government

____ 10. Which group strongly supported the addition of the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution?



a.

Anti-Federalists

c.

Federalists

b.

Democrats

d.

Whigs

____ 11. Which statement most accurately expresses the main idea of this illustration?





a.

Colonies cannot survive unless they are united

b.

Colonies that do not unite will be attacked

c.

Colonies are stronger if they are independent

d.

Colonies that do not unite are not loyal

____ 12. Which of the following most accurately reflects the Quaker religion?



a.

hierarchical, tightly controlled worship that is controlled by the Pope

b.

desire to separate from the Church of England

c.

strict moral regulation with an emphasis on private bible study

d.

refusal to swear oaths, practice of pacifism, and simplicity in life and worship

____ 13. What was the main purpose of the Mayflower Compact?



a.

to establish freedom of religion in Plymouth

b.

to ensure obedience to the king of England

c.

to create a government that would help organize and benefit the colony

d.

to endow all colonists with the right to vote

____ 14. The creation of the Virginia House of Burgesses was an important step in the development of democracy in colonial America because it



a.

adopted a bill of rights for Native Americans

b.

established a representative form of government

c.

provided the first written constitution of the colonies

d.

allowed African Americans to vote

____ 15. Which of the following best describes English common law?



a.

a system of law based on precedent and customs

b.

laws passed to restrict common rights

c.

laws that ignored property, contracts, and personal injury

d.

a system of law that England has since declared void

____ 16. Which document included John Locke’s philosophy that people have the right to overthrow an oppressive government



a.

Magna Carta

c.

Declaration of Independence

b.

Mayflower Compact

d.

Bill of Rights

____ 17. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was a publication most influential in persuading colonists to support



a.

additional British taxes on the colonies

c.

the French and Indian War

b.

colonial independence

d.

starting a monarchy in America

____ 18. During the Revolutionary period, colonial boycotts of British goods were effective measures of protest because they



a.

left British troops short of food and weapons in the colonies

c.

convinced British merchants to join the Loyalist cause

b.

lowered the cost of imports

d.

reduced the profits of British merchants

____ 19. What was a result of the French and Indian War that led directly to the American Revolution?



a.

The British lost most of their colonies in the Americas

b.

French colonies expanded west of the Appalachians

c.

Native American Indians were given lands west of the Appalachians

d.

England decided to make the American colonists help pay war debts

____ 20. What was the primary purpose of the Declaration of Independence?



a.

to persuade England to end slavery in America

b.

to list reasons the colonies should be free from England

c.

to provide a plan for financing the American Revolution

d.

to convince the king to grant colonists more land

____ 21. Which of the following statements best represents the concept of mercantilism?



a.

A systematic method for farming, in which resources are extracted from a fixed location for consumption

b.

An economic system that asserts national prosperity is dependent on its capital; nations thus seek to encourage exports and discourage imports in order to build capital reserves

c.

A trade system in which merchants import all goods from foreign countries

d.

An economic system in which enslaved persons are exchanged for gold, weapons, and food items

____ 22. What characterized the economy of the southern colonies?



a.

both agriculture and commerce

c.

commerce and shipbuilding

b.

agriculture, especially on large plantations, and raw materials

d.

emphasis on manufacturing

____ 23. The regional differences in the goods that each of the colonies produced and imported depended mostly on what?



a.

the colony’s geography

c.

the colony’s cities

b.

the colony’s education system

d.

the colony’s charter

____ 24. What kind of agricultural environment did the New England farmers face?



a.

warm climate and long growing season

b.

lowland areas where rice and indigo could grow

c.

harsh climate, rocky soil, and unnavigable rivers

d.

good growing season and plenty of fertile land

____ 25. What is the most likely explanation for why town meetings were more common in New England than in the southern colonies?



a.

Communities were spread far apart in New England

b.

Communities were closer together in New England

c.

Wealthy plantation owners supported town meetings

d.

Town meetings were common in England

____ 26. Which of the following rights was established in the Magna Carta?



a.

Free people could not be arrested and imprisoned without a trial by a jury of their peers

b.

Citizens have the right to petition the government for changes in laws

c.

Citizens have freedom of speech

d.

Citizens have the rights to fair punishment if found guilty of a crime

____ 27. The Mayflower Compact was an early expression of which idea?



a.

limited monarchy

c.

separation of powers

b.

the Bill of Rights

d.

consent of the governed

____ 28. What were two results of the First Continental Congress?



a.

boycotts of the British goods and the preparation of colonial militias

b.

boycotts of British goods and a declaration of war

c.

a truce with Britain and increased trade

d.

a statement of independence and increased trade

____ 29. What was the name for colonists who supported Britain?



a.

Patriots

c.

Loyalists

b.

minutemen

d.

Sons of Liberty

____ 30. Why did many of the early colonists leave England for the colonies?



a.

curiosity about New England

c.

escape from war and hunger

b.

promises of wealth and gold

d.

economic opportunities and religious freedom

____ 31. Which document first established self-government in the colonies?



a.

Magna Carta

c.

the Articles of Confederation

b.

Mayflower Compact

d.

the Constitution

____ 32. Which of the following was a problem under the Articles of Confederation?



a.

Each state had one vote in the legislature

b.

A national court system interpreted the nation’s laws

c.

A president carried out the nation’s laws

d.

The nation had a strong central government

____ 33. Why was the Great Compromise so important to the Constitution?



a.

It outlawed slavery

c.

It created the judicial branch

b.

It settled the balance of power between large and small states in the Congress

d.

It guaranteed certain rights and liberties for all citizens

____ 34. Which statement most accurately reflects what happened when the new Constitution was first sent to the states for ratification?



a.

It was immediately approved by the required number of states

b.

It contained a sufficient bill of rights

c.

It was hotly debated by the Federalists and Antifederalists

d.

It was rewritten by the states and sent back to the Constitutional Convention

____ 35. Ministers Jonathan Edwards and George Whitfield led/started a revival called the Great Awakening, which accomplished what?



a.

Dividing the colonies into Loyalists and Tories

b.

Joining the colonists into a more “American” identity

c.

Only joining wealthy landholders so they could prove why they deserved the land

d.

Ultimately proving the need for toleration in the colonies

____ 36. How are indentured servants different from slaves?



a.

Indentured servants were forced to work on plantations in the South

b.

Indentured servants worked to pay a debt and then were released

c.

Indentured servants were a vital part of the triangular trade

d.

Indentured servants were traded for sugar in the West Indies

____ 37. What is meant by “no taxation without representation”?



a.

That colonists could not travel beyond the Appalachian Mountains

b.

The colonists were to house British soldiers

c.

The colonists could not participate in Parliament

d.

That colonists were not to boycott

____ 38. Which document contains the phrase “all men are created equal”?



a.

Declaration of Independence

c.

Magna Carta

b.

Mayflower Compact

d.

United States Constitution

____ 39. What are the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution called?



a.

Preamble

c.

Bill of Rights

b.

Declaration of Independence

d.

Magna Carta

____ 40. What was a direct result of the Boston Tea Party?



a.

Passage of the Tea Act

c.

The beginning of mercantilism

b.

Salutary neglect ended

d.

Passage of the Intolerable Acts


Goal 1 Vocab and Concepts

  1. New England colonies and economies-



  1. Middle Colonies and economies-



  1. Southern Colonies and economies-



  1. Indentured servant-

  2. triangular trade system-

  3. Mercantilism-

  4. Direct democracy-

  5. Great Awakening-

  6. House of Burgesses-

  7. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut-

  8. Common law-

  9. Magna Carta-

  10. Parliament-

  11. English Bill of Rights-

  12. Social contract theory-

  13. John Locke-

  14. Mayflower Compact-

  15. Navigation Acts-

  16. French and Indian War-

  17. Boston Massacre-

  18. Boston Tea Party-

  19. Intolerable Acts-

  20. Common Sense-

  21. Albany Plan of Union-

  22. Declaration of Independence-

  23. Northwest Ordinance-

  24. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation-



  1. Philadelphia Constitutional Convention-

  2. Virginia Plan-



  1. New Jersey Plan-



  1. Great (Connecticut) Compromise-



  1. Three-Fifths Compromise-

  2. Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise-



  1. Federalists-



  1. Federalist papers-

  2. Anti-Federalists-

  3. Compromise between Feds and AntiFeds-

  4. Anarchy-


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