Globalisation aoi- human ingenuity

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This unit ‘Globalisation’ will be looking at how once a very large and unknown world has now become one. We will be doing this by looking at:

  • The history of trade

  • How trade has impacted on culture, economics and our social (demographic) life.

  • How trade has been the driving force for Human Ingenuity.

Length - 6 weeks (11th September 2011 to 20th of October)


  1. Cultural

  2. Economic

  3. Social (Demographic)

AOI – Human Ingenuity

Assessment – Data Analysis

Humanities Concept – Global Interactions

HOMEWORK: Each week you will be expected to bring in an article you have found either in a newspaper, magazine or the internet which demonstrates globalization. You will be expected to be able to discuss your article with the class and your article will be placed on the board in your classroom. You will also be expected to complete class activities and other tasks as requested by your teacher throughout the year.


Why and how do we create?

What are the consequences?

Homo faber is a person who can be an artisan, a maker of objects, an artist, an inventor or a thinker. However, as an area of interaction, homo faber goes beyond looking solely at individuals, and looks at human contributions both in context and as part of an ongoing process. Homo faber stresses the way humans can initiate change, whether for good or bad, and examines the consequences. It emphasizes both the importance of researching the developments made by people across space, time and cultures, and the importance of taking time to reflect on these developments. Homo faber goes beyond the act of creation alone, leading students to examine, experience and reflect on the creative process.


What do you already understand by Globalisation?


  • Modernization

  • Linked together

  • Trade

  • World

  • Relief organizations

  • Ideas

  • Improvements

  • Diversity

  • Partnerships-benefits and limitations

  • People

  • English

  • Communities coming together

  • Technology => transport (cars, planes) => internet

  • United, help each other

'Globalisation is the way in which ideas, information, money, products (both physical and virtual) and lifestyles are spreading around the world with increasing ease.'
HOMEWORK: Find an article in a newspaper, magazine or the internet, cut it out or print it and bring it to your next Humanities lesson.

The historical Silk Road was a series of trade routes that crisscrossed Eurasia for almost two-thousand years.

When considering the impact of the Silk Road, parallels with globalisation of the modern age are brought to mind. Major changes prompted by the Silk Road took place from approximately 400 to 1500 CE. Before this process of globalization began, trade and culture were often highly regionalised. In some cases, such as the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE) and later the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) in China as well as the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868 CE) of Japan, isolation was preferred. The legal bans against trade combined with geographic isolation from mountains, deserts, and oceans to allow some cultures to grow independently of other cultures. In other cases, physical geography alone allowed civilizations to develop in isolation. The cultures of Europe and the cultures of Asia had very little contact prior to the development of the Silk Road.

The development of the trade routes between the peoples of the Mediterranean Sea region and the peoples of central and East Asia began a process of exchanging ideas, blending cultures, and expanding the trade of products once found only in certain regions. Those routes, together called the Silk Road or silk roads (plural), started the process that grew into global economy centuries later. The Silk Road helped to link the peoples of the Eastern Hemisphere much as the Internet has helped to link the peoples of the entire world.

While its name suggests routes over land, Silk Road sea routes were also important for trade and communication. By the 16th century Europe was trading along the Silk Road routes as well.

Trade along the Silk Road developed gradually over time. Obviously silk was traded along the route, but so were many other products. Paper, spices, ceramics, gunpowder, bronze, and jade went west from China in exchange for gold, ivory, horses, cotton, and frankincense.

Over the centuries, many important scientific and technological innovations migrated to the West along the Silk Road, including gunpowder, the magnetic compass, the printing press, silk, mathematics, ceramic and lacquer crafts. Eastern and Western string, wind and percussion instruments also traveled between regions and had strong influences on one another over time. Cymbals were introduced into China from India, and Chinese gongs made their way to Europe.

Resources, information and innovations were exchanged between so many cultures over so many hundreds of years that it is now often difficult to identify the origins of numerous traditions that our respective cultures take for granted. In this way, the Silk Road created an intercontinental think tank of human ingenuity.


In your own words, explain:

  1. What the Silk Road was

The silk road was trading routes went through Europe and Asia. It started in China and went to Rome because they though Rome was the center of civilization. They traded silk, cotton, spices, horses, gunpowder, gold, bronze, ivory, paper, ceramics, mathematics, instruments…this made the world more connected to other countries ideas and information, so it influenced the beginning of creativity.

  1. How it changed the environment of many societies and cultures

Because they traded instruments, traditional instruments from a region or place was introduced to other places, so they adapted and changed instruments and they also started using, so they adapted they music culture with instruments from other places. Also, dance from other places were introduced to other places, so in many places they have similar dances that comes from another culture. So the Silk Road changed the environment because it changed the way of living because new ideas and information were introduced to other cultures.

  1. How it relates to modern day globalization

Because they started introducing cultures from one place to other places that had different cultures, so they started changing their culture and mixing with many different cultures. Therefore, some countries lost their culture and started mixing with other cultures, so it relates to modern day globalization because today we are a world with mixed cultures, where people all around the world are listening to the same music, watching the same movie and playing the same sports.

  1. How it relates to Human Ingenuity

Human Ingenuity is when humans interact with each other to improve or create things. So the Silk Road relates to human ingenuity because they were trading things and improving or recreated them, so they were tying to make it better. So this connects to human ingenuity because humans were interacting with each other to improve or recreate things they traded to make it better. For example, they traded instruments and other places were trying to improve the instrument to make it better.


The Ancient Silk Road of China by Michael Fairchild (6:15 minutes)


In groups of 2-3, you will be given a region along the Silk Road to research and create a poster. You will need to include the following:

  • Name of Country and Region

  • A map which outlines the Silk Road route

  • What was traded (what your country/region exchanged for what goods)

  • Descriptions of at least 3 geographic challenges travelers faced along the Silk Road in your region.


The first step towards modern day globalization occurred between 1492 and 1800 when the Old World was expanding markets and acquiring riches primarily by discovering the New World. In 1492, Columbus landed in the Americas and established European control. He opened a new highway for people, goods and ideas. Columbus began a pattern of trade and development that shaped the global economy and made the world the place we recognize today.
The intensifying series of encounters and interactions between Europeans and the rest of the world opened a new era of economic growth and global inequality. This period lasted until 1800 when the second globalization era began. This second era was initially led by advances in transportation and then by advances in telecommunications as studied in Grade 8’s unit “Industrial Revolution”. By 2000 the second globalization era gave way to the current era, with today’s innovations powered by a global fiber-optic network.

Advances in transport, communications and increased links underpin changes in manufacturing and services, enabling them to become a worldwide affair. There has been a decline in the costs of air and sea transport and this is due to the advances made in communications and the increase in the number of satellites. As well as satellites, submarine cables have been built allowing global communication between different parts of the world.

Submarine cables

The development of submarine cables has been important in allowing global operations for both manufacturing and service industry. One particularly important submarine cable system is the SEA-ME-WE cable linking South-east Asia, the Middle East and Western Europe, which was developed during the 1980s. Further developments have followed with SEA-ME-WE3 extending the original area and linking Western Europe to the Far East and Australia. This is 39,000km in length and improvements in cable quality ensure increased capacity and quality of reception, especially over long distances. SEA-ME-WE4 was developed by 16 telecommunications companies spread across Europe, the Middle East and South-East Asia. This is 18,800km in length and offers high-speed transmission between linked countries designed to meet demand in countries with growing economies.

HOMEWORK: Over the past few years, submarine cables that have serviced the Middle East with their internet needs have been cut. Find a newspaper article that discusses this issue and be prepared to discuss the consequences for this region in class.

Broadband World - the practical uses of submarine cables and how the world is being connected to each other. Click on the link below and answer the following questions.

  1. In 1998, what countries had 25%+ online users?

USA, Finland, Sweden, Australia and New Zealand.

  1. In 2009, what countries/regions had less than 10-15% online users?

South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Madagascar, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central Africa Republic, Chad, Niger, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Guinea, Liberia, Honduras, Haiti, Nicaragua, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Bangladesh, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Papua and New Guinea. So South West Asia and most of Africa.
The second Wave of Globalization involved TNCs (Transnational Corporations) driving Global integration. This is what we are most familiar with today.

  • Stores – 33,000+ around the world

  • Countries – 118

  • Continents – 6

  • Feeds on average 43 million people per day!

One way in which a TNC markets their products to their clientele

  • Trans-National Corporations (TNCs): a corporation or enterprise that operates in more than one country

  • Multiplier effect: where initial investment and jobs lead to a knock-on effect, creating further jobs and providing money to generate services

  • Leakage: where profits made by the company are taken out of the country to the country of origin and so do not benefit the host country

The characteristics of TNCs:

  • Transnational Corporations (TNCs) and large wealthy corporations.

  • They are companies that have their headquaters in one country.

  • They often have factories and other branches spread all over the world.

  • Most TNCs have their headquarters in richer areas of the world.

  • Reasearch and Development usually takes place in the richer country.

  • Production of goods usually takes place in poorer areas.

Looking at the flags in the picture above of Kanye’s suit, answer the following questions:

  1. Purchased in? USA

  2. Designed in? ITALY

  3. Fabric woven in? PAKISTAN

  4. Wool from? KYRGYZSTAN

  5. Machinery from? AUSTRIA

  6. Assembled in? CANADA

  7. Buttons from? CHINA

  8. Thread from? GERMANY

  9. Zippers from? MEXICO

  10. Machinery from? JAPAN

HOMEWORK: Using either newspapers, magazines or the internet, find a TNC that is not mentioned in the research task below and either cut it out or print it and bring to your next Humanities class to go on the board.

Researching a Global Brand

In pairs, you are to create a PowerPoint presentation to present to the class (must also be embedded onto your wikispace).

You are to research the following:

  1. Choose one of the following brands to research

    1. Mattel

    2. Apple

    3. Coca Cola

    4. McDonalds

    5. Toyota

    6. One of your choice which must be approved by your teacher

  1. Using the internet, find the answers to the questions below.

    1. The year the brand was established

    2. The different types of products the brand produce and include at least three (3) pictures

    3. Three (3) pictures that demonstrate the historical development of the brand

    4. Pictures of:

      1. The head office

      2. The first production site (where the company first started making their products)

      3. The main sites around the world which are currently producing (making) the product

  1. Outline the role of technology in the brands global expansion process (eg. Advertisements (television, radio, magazines, newspaper, social networking sites etc), the types of modern machinery they use to produce their products)

  1. Why do you think this global brand is successful? (Think about who they market their products to, how do they go about attracting their market, where they are situated, how they cater to a global audience, etc)


Using your own knowledge and after watching the short clips on outsourcing and Malaysian workers, list the advantages and disadvantages of TNC’S

India Globalisation/Outsourcing (3:06 minutes)

Human Trafficking in Nike Sweatshop factory in Malaysia (7:44 minutes)

What do you think would be the advantages of TNC’s?

  • They get jobs, employment

  • Money into the local economy

  • Better technology

  • Country’s interacting in positive ways

  • Education and skills

  • Better lifestyle

  • Better infrastructure-transport, hospital, schools, prisons, military, roads

  • Better communication

  • It creates prosperity in India.

What do you think would be the disadvantages of TNC’s?

  • People can be taken advantage of.

  • Low wages, 6 days per week for just 45 Australian dollars

  • Most of the profits go abroad

  • Human trafficking, bringing people to a place in false purposes

  • Pollution- air/water

  • Poorer living conditions

  • Recession by leaving with little warning

  • Poor working conditions

  • Worker’s health compromised

  • Lost of freedom

  • They have to sign things they don’t understand


What is culture? Brainstorm what you believe culture is and list your ideas below.

  • Clothing- jewelry

  • Language

  • Celebrations

  • Religion

  • Accent

  • Beliefs

  • Music

  • Physical movement

  • Food

  • Art

  • Manners, morals

  • Sports


Cultural traits change through time. Sometimes, these changes are as simple as wearing new clothing styles. Often, changes in culture traits are more complex than new fashions. For example, in the 1800s people in the US walked downtown to do their shopping. In the 1900s, buses and cars eventually replaced walking. Today modern expressway and subways take shoppers away from the cities to huge shopping malls in the suburbs. As transportation systems have changed, so have culture traits such as shopping patterns and personal mobility.

Throughout history, processes such as migration, war and trade have caused cultures to change. This exposes cultural groups to new ways of life, including new languages, resources and technologies. Today modern communications and transportation systems have speed culture change.

When an individual or group adopt some of the traits of another culture is process is called acculturation. For example, immigrants often have to learn a new language and adopt a new way of life and in time they often fully accept a new culture.

Innovation - new ideas that a culture accepts eg: ipods, sports and even how to build houses. Only new ideas that are useful will survive.

Diffusion happens when ideas or innovation spreads from one person or group to another and is adopted. For example, jazz is an American form of music that took hold in New Orleans. Later, it spread to other parts of the US and the world. Certain factors can aid or slow diffusion such as physical barriers like mountains and deserts. Cultural similarities such as shared languages, can aid diffusion from one group to another.

Cultural traits also spread when people move to new places and take their culture with them. This is called relocation diffusion. This is how English, became the main language in Australia and New Zealand.

Globalization – Today communications networks like the internet and satellite television deliver information constantly to people around the world. These innovations are spreading culture traits more quickly than at any other time in human history. As a result, a global set of culture traits is taking hold. For example, people around the world now eat the same kinds of fast-foods, wear the same types of jeans, drive the same kinds of cars and enjoy listening to the same music. As cultures become more alike and blend together, this is called globalization.

The opposite of globalization is traditionalism. Traditionalism means following longtime practices and opposing many modern technologies and ideas. Traditionalism contributes to cultural divergence – the process of cultures becoming separate and distinct. Places with traditional cultures preserve the past, and their landscapes change very little.


Choose 2 products, foods, or activities of foreign origin that have become part of Qatari culture. You are to conduct research via the internet to identify the origins of each item and how the processes of diffusion or acculturation made the item part of Qatar’s culture. Present your findings in a Word Document, include pictures and maps. Upload on to Moodle.

Cultural Exchange

Men pray during a service at the Islamic McDonalds the local and International Co.

Center of Greater Cincinnati.

Cultural Integration


The term culture refers to the way of life of a group of people, including their traditions, customs, languages and belief systems. Cultural integration describes the way in which changes in technology, the growth of transnational corporations (TNCs) and global media/entertainment companies are creating increasing similarities and links between world cultures.

The mixing of cultures is not a new trend. Since the first migrations of people across the globe, local traditions, languages and customs have mixed with the influenced each other. Cultural change continues today but at a much faster rate. Recent developments in communications (including the telephone, television, the Internet and satellites) and expansion in world trade and long-distance travel mean that the way of life of one culture can quickly influence others on the other side of the globe.

Evidence of cultural integration is all around us. Brand names such as McDonalds, Coca Cola, Disney, Starbucks, Nike, Kodak, IBM, and MTV are now found all over the globe. Because of their global popularity and influence, these brands, and their related products, have made a major contribution to the development of a mass consumer culture. Two of the best examples of the spread of a mass consumer culture are the global music industry and world sport.


Every year, performers and musicians from around the world record music in a variety of styles ranging from hip-hop, funk, rap and heavy metal to popular music and jazz. Despite the varied backgrounds of these artists, and the diversity of the music they create, the majority of their work is owned and managed by six large US-based multinational recording companies. The enormous power of these companies means that they have control over the type of music played on the radio and available for purchase in stores.

Another important force promoting global cultural integration is music television (MTV). Because of its wide appeal with young people, MTV has become a very effective method for marketing mass consumer products to teenagers.


The globalisation of sport is another good example of the increased links that exist between cultures worldwide. Sport is an important part of national identity. We take great pride in our sporting achievements and look up to our sports stars as popular heroes.

It is important to recognise, however, that the mix of sports played has changed over time. Historically, colonization and international migration have played an important role in the spread of sports across the globe. Many of the teams involved in the Cricket World Cup, for example, are former colonies of Great Britain. Events such as the Olympics have introduced Westerners to a range of sports from non-Western nations, including tae kwon do and judo, and have made more sports accessible to people from a variety of backgrounds.

More recent developments include the rising popularity of American sports, such as baseball and basketball. This is largely due to the influence of TNCs, the media and pay/satellite television in the marketing of sports worldwide. Today, players of the US National Basketball Association (NBA) are recognized worldwide. Slick marketing campaigns have been used to sell the game to a worldwide audience. The game’s stars are featured in Hollywood movies and on everything from licensed sportswear to bubble gum packets and trading cards. The merchandising (selling of goods) associated with these sports has become popular among teenagers, who now wear clothing and caps featuring the name, logo and colors of their favorite American basketball or football team.

The increased popularity of sportswear is not only related to the culture of sport but to the mass marketing of fashion around the world. Large US TNCs own most of the international brand names in fashion, such as Levi’s, Nike, Hanes and Calvin Klein. These companies target the youth market in order to influence the brand of sportswear, shirts and designer jeans we buy.


Use the internet to locate 2 examples of sport and 2 examples of music celebrities who promote global brand to an international consumer market and list them below.

  1. Name of sports celebrity, the game they play and who for

Usain Bolt, sprinter, Bolt signed a sponsorship deal with Puma.

usain boat.jpg

  1. Name of sports celebrity, the game they play and who for

Rafael Nadal, tennis player, Nike serves as Nadal's clothing and shoe sponsor

rafael nadal.jpg

  1. Name of music celebrity and type of music they sing/play

Justin Bieber, Pop

justin biber.jpg

  1. Name of music celebrity and type of music they sing/play

Bob Marley, Reggae, which is a music genre developed in Jamaica

bob marley.jpg


Look at the PowerPoint on Globalization and Population and list the Push and Pull Factors below:

Migration- Process of moving form one place to live in another

Emigration- People who leave a country to live somewhere else

Immigrants- People who come to a new country to live

Why people live in particular countries or in particular places in the country?


    • Lack of jobs

    • Droughts (no rain, no water)

    • Floods

    • Political unrest

    • Wars

    • Persecution


    • Good jobs

    • Warm climates

    • Lack of persecution (you are free to be want you want to be, like you are free to have your religion)

    • Physical geography (good soil if you want work as a farmer, beautiful beaches if you want to work as tourist guiders)

Mandatory detention

The Australian Government makes the following arguments in favour of mandatory detention:

Detainees are readily available during processing of any visa applications and, if applications are unsuccessful, are available for removal from Australia.

Detainees are immediately available for health checks, which are a requirement for the grant of a visa.

Unauthorised arrivals do not enter the Australian community until their identity and status have been properly assessed and they have been granted a visa.

Mandatory detention discourages the growing trade in people smuggling.

In February 2006, there were 885 people held in immigration detention in facilities throughout Australia. Approximately 70% of this number were people in contravention of their visa condition, i.e. they had overstayed their visa . There were 60 people in detention who had arrived on boats illegally. The government has changed its policy regarding the detention of women and children, opting not to detain children in detention centres but instead to place them in residential housing projects, foster care or other community-based initiatives.

The detention of children has been a very controversial issue in Australia. Many argue that Australia has contravened international law with its policy of mandatory detention of asylum seekers and, in the past, its previous policy of keeping women and children in these centres. In particular, they argue that it has contravened the UN’s 1990 ‘Convention on the Rights of the Child’ (CRC), to which Australia is a signatory.

The Tampa affair

In the 2001 ‘Tampa affair’, over 400 asylum seekers en route to Australia from Indonesia in a barely seaworthy boat were rescued at sea by a Norwegian merchant ship after attempting to land on Christmas Island. The affair created a storm of international condemnation of the Australian Government’s increasingly hardline approach to asylum seekers. The government’s refusal to allow the Norwegian ship, the Tampa, to dock at Christmas Island was considered by many to be in contravention of international humanitarian law.

The Pacific solution

Following the Tampa affair, the government passed laws that allowed it to send asylum seekers who attempted to enter Australia illegally to detention centres on Pacific islands—the so-called Pacific solution. Countries including Nauru were given financial incentives to take these people in and detain them. The same legislation also established the ‘Australian Migration Zone’, which removed Australian island territories such as Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands from among those places where people without a valid visa could land and apply for refugee status in Australia.

The cost

Australia’s hardline policy may indeed have been effective in stemming the tide of illegal refugees, but has it come at a cost to its reputation as a caring nation? Has it caused undue suffering to some of the world’s most vulnerable individuals—people who saw Australia as a bastion of hope? Does it highlight a growing sense of insecurity and fear as a nation? Perhaps the most important question to ask is whether they could have achieved the same goals by less extreme means.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there were 9.2 million refugees in the world at the beginning of 2005.

Refugees are those who have fled their country to another, usually to escape life-threatening conditions. Most refugees live in refugee camps.

A further 7.6 million people were considered to be at risk. Most of these are ‘internally displaced persons’ (IDPs), who have been forced to flee their own region to another part of their own country for safety.

Global statistics for refugees for the end of 2004

Table A Main origin of refugees at the end of 2004

Table B Main countries of asylum at the end of 2004


2 084 900


730 600


485 800

Democratic Republic of Congo

462 200


389 300


350 600


349 800


335 500


311 800

Serbia and Montenegro

250 600

Source: UNHCR, 2005


1 046 000


960 600


876 622


602 100

United States of America

420 900


299 400

United Kingdom

289 100

Serbia and Montenegro

276 700


259 900


250 500

Source: UNHCR, 2005


1 On the map provided, colour all of the countries from Table A in one colour.

2 On the map provided, colour all of the countries from Table B in another colour.

3 Using lines and arrows, label all of the countries in both tables on the map.


Task B

1 List three reasons people might flee their own country to become refugees in another country.

It might be because of lack the job, persecution (you are not free to be want you want to be, like you are not free to practice your religion) or natural disasters.

2 In which country, according to Table A, did the highest number of refugees flee their country of origin?


3 Which country, according to Table B, took in the most refugees?


4 In which country, according to Table A, did the second-highest number of refugees flee their country of origin?


5 Which country, according to Table B, took in the second-highest number of refugees?


6 Why do you think such a large number of refugees left Afghanistan at the end of 2004?

Because maybe due to the facts that there are many wars in Afghanistan, many people left Afghanistan to another country because there was a war happening, therefore they left Afghanistan for a better and safer living condition.

7 Why do you think Iran gave shelter to more refugees than any other country at the end of 2004?

Because of Iran’s geographical location, Iran is a neighbouring country, so it is easier to get to Iran.

8. In 2004, Australia gave 6000 visas to refugees. The total number of refugees, according to the UNHCR, was 9.2 million. What percentage of the total did Australia give refuge to?



Read p. 462-3, 32.7 Beginning to Think Globally in “Geography Alive – People and Regions” and answer the questions below.

  1. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of globalization for a country and its people. Include information relating to the:

    1. Economy


Since the TNCs factories are located in poorer areas so that the company can sell their products in a lower price, the people in poor countries get new jobs in the factories or where they produce the product so they improve their life conditions. Therefore, countries are able to interact with other countries in a positive way, where it is benefiting the company because they can sell their products in a lower price, which benefits poor and richer people so the company has a wider audience and also it allows people without job to have a job. Therefore the TNCs makes the economy of the countries better.


Since the TNCs are corporations that can be found in more then one country, if a TNC decides to pull out of a country, many people will loose their jobs, therefore, their life conditions will get worst. Also, the audience buying their products will get affected too because they wont be able to buy the product anymore. Therefore, this will bring the economy of the country down and the people who used to buy the product upset. For example, if McDonalds decides to pull out of Qatar, everyone that worked at McDonalds would loose their jobs, causing them to have a worst life condition. Also, since there is a wide audience of people in Qatar that buys McDonalds, the people that buys McDonalds would get affected too because they wouldn’t be able to buy the products anymore.

    1. Culture


Globalization would affect the country and people in their culture in a positive way because the country gets to interact with other countries and interact with other cultures, therefore the people would know more about other cultures that exist in different places. Therefore people would have a wider knowledge about other cultures; therefore they would and understand and respect other cultures around the world.


Globalization would affect the country and people in their culture in a negative way because the county might start getting cultures (Clothing, language, celebrations, religion, accent, beliefs, music, food…) from other countries, therefore the people would loose their culture. Therefore, causing countries or regions to have their own cultures, but instead, the world becoming only one culture because everyone is mixing their culture. For example, everyone around the world is starting to listen to the same music, TV shows, movies, playing the same sports and eat the same food.

    1. Social /Demographics

Globalization would affect the demographics because since many countries are linked together, and many people in a country knows about other countries, people might think that in other country they would have a better job and living condition, therefore people from one place could move to another. Even though people would move to a country to get a job, the population of the country would increase, so they would have to feed more people.

  1. Explain how globalization has affected the relationships between countries, businesses and organizations.

Globalization has affected relationships between countries because many countries started wars, but the relationships between countries also helped countries because of trading, sharing of ideas and information to create or improve things and understanding about other cultures so that you can respect them. It affected business because people from other countries might open companies in another country, also a company from a certain place might also put their company in another place. For example, McDonalds, it’s from USA, but you can find it all over the world. It affected organizations because it helped countries become together, and helped each other to get better. From example the UN, it is an organizations that because of globalization it helped the countries be united and to be in peace.

  1. Explain why trade occurs and how historical patterns of trade have contributed to global interdependence.

One of the things trading was influenced by was the Silk Road and Christopher Columbus. The Silk Road influenced trading because the Silk Road was a trading route that was created for trading and to communicate. Christopher Columbus also influenced trading because he was an explorer; therefore, he started making the world be more connected. Trade occurs when someone has something that someone else wants, this normally happens with countries because you can’t make everything in a country; therefore to be able to get what a country what it needs, trading needs to occur. So trading contributed global interdependence because countries rely on each other to have everything they need. For example, in Qatar you can find a lot of oil, but you can’t find a lot of oil in France, but in France they produce a lot of olives, but Qatar doesn’t produce any olives, therefore Qatar might trade with France to get what they want.


Choropleth maps are maps that show the density of objects or values in a given area. They do so by means of shading. The legend shows the values that each shade presents. The lowest values have the lighter shades and the highest values have the darker shades. Areas on the map, such as countries, states or local government areas, are coloured according to what category the data from that area falls into. The quantity mapped is usually some kind of average set of values, and not absolute values.


c:\users\mross\documents\grade 9\grade 9 2011-12\global interactions 11-12\example 2 of choropleth mapping technique.jpg

c:\users\mross\documents\grade 9\grade 9 2011-12\global interactions 11-12\example of choropleth mapping technique.jpg


Look at the Cloropleth map on pp. 464-5 in “Geography Alive – People and Regions” and answer the following questions below:

  1. What interesting details do you see?

Some countries have no data and that the colors aren’t different shades, but different colors.

  1. According to its title, what does the map focus on?

The map focuses on foreign investments in developing countries in 2002.

  1. What do the colors represent?

The darker colors get more money and lighter colors get less money.

  1. Why might there be no data for some regions?

They might have had the technology to get the data. They might be not developed enough to get enough information.

HOMEWORK: Complete the handout – 2. Choropleth Maps, Pyramid Populations and China Map.

Example of a Bar Graph

Example of a Trend Line

Trend line predictions – When you are asked to predict the future and display it on a bar graph, your trend line needs to continue after your last column in either an up or downwards position.

  • Does your graph have these below? (IMPORTANT FOR ASSESSMENT)

  • Title

  • Labels

  • Scale (appropriate)

  • Neatness

  • Trend line

  • Shaded

You will be given a copy of the Bar Graph below to practice with.


Activity: Match the correct definitions below

1)Transnational corporation (TNC)

8)The study of all aspects of population by geographers, including size, distribution, growth rate and changing patterns


9)The average number of people living in an area. Usually expressed as persons per square kilometer

3)Pull factors

7)The concept of taking internal company functions and paying an outside firm to handle them. It is done to save money, improve quality, or free company resources for other activities.

4)Push factors

1)A firm that owns or controls productive operations in more than one country through foreign investment


10)The process of moving from one place to live in another


2)People who leave a country to live in another country


5)People who come to a new country to live


4)Cause people to leave a location; eg loss of employment

9)Population Density

3)Attracts people to a new location; eg better job opportunities


6)People who are forced to leave and can not return to their homes

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