Getting around Indiana a webquest Investigating the Development of Transportation in the Crossroads State



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Getting around Indiana

A Webquest Investigating

the Development of Transportation

in the Crossroads State.

Designed by Renee Driskell



Introduction

“Congratulations! Today is your day.

You’re off to Great Places!

You’re off and away!”

Taken from Oh, the Places You Will Go! Dr. Seuss
Today there are many different ways to get around Indiana. These modes of transportation developed over time. Take a look at how the pioneers first came to Indiana and traveled across our state. Get ready to for a trip through history!
Task

You are to become the travel agent for the pioneers of the 1800’s. Your task is to investigate, as a group, the 4 major modes of transportation in Indiana history: Rivers, Roads, Railways, and Canals. Each team member will choose their area of expertise and investigate their assigned mode of transportation. Each team will then create a transportation web, a timeline of when each mode of transportation was introduced to Indiana, and travel brochures promoting travel for each mode of transportation. Each group will present their brochures to the class. Use the Evaluation section as your tool for developing quality products.


Process

Step 1:


As a group read the following resources to gain background of life in the 1800’s:
Transportation Developments in the Early Republic http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/travel.html Pay attention to the travel times listed at the bottom of the article.
Taming the Wilderness Exhibit, Introduction http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/taming2.html

Pioneer Settlers in Indiana (1790-1849) http://www.centerforhistory.org/indiana_history_main4.html

http://www.nps.gov/libo/hrs/hrs6.htm Transportation Systems Focus on the first paragraph.

1819 Indiana State Map http://historic.shcsc.k12.in.us/map.htm Notice where the major developed areas are.

1870 State Map http://atlas.ulib.iupui.edu/librarycongress_sid/0006000f.html

Step 2:


As a group create a web using Inspiration comparing what you have learned about the past to what we know about the present state of transportation. Use the Supporting Ideas template in the Thinking Skills folder of the Templates.

Consider the following questions as you make your web:

What things do we have today that make getting around easier than the 1800’s?

What are things that we have today because Rivers, Roads, Canals, and Railways existed? (Think of new inventions that were created from the existence of those four types of travel)

What problems did pioneers encounter that lead to the creation of modern day travel?
Step 3:

Each person in the group must choose to research roads, railroads, canals, or rivers. Use the resources provided to do your individual information gathering (see Resources below). Each person will be responsible for answering their questions about the mode of travel they have been assigned:


Roads:

Questions to answer:



  • What was Indiana’s first “super highway”? When was it built? Where did it take travelers in Indiana? Is it still here today? Can you find it on a map of present day Indiana?

  • Describe 2 types of roads built in the 1800s.

  • What were the benefits of traveling by early developed roads?

  • What were some drawbacks of the first roads of Indiana?

Use the following resources to gather information about the above questions.


Taming the Wilderness; Roads

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamroads.html

A very informative site about the first roads in Indiana their purpose.


Road through the Wilderness: The Making of the National Road, by Timothy Crumrin

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/ntlroad.html

An article about the National Road


U.S. Route 40

http://www.route40.net/index.shtml

This provides information about the present day status of the National Road. You can see a nice map of the National Road Route 40 on this site. If you go to History tab and then choose National Road you will get more information about this historic road.


Railroads:

Questions to answer:



  • How many Railroads were built in the 1800’s? Name three (be sure to note the dates they were built).

  • Are there any Railroad lines from the 1800’s still running in Indiana today? Name them.

  • What were the benefits of using the railroads?

  • What were some of the drawbacks of using the railroads?

Use the following resources to gather information about the above questions:



Taming the Wilderness; Railroads

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamrails.html

A very informative site about the building of railroads across the nation and how they came to Indiana.


Hoosier Home: Indiana’s Railroads, 1832-1900 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7Evklein/railroad.html

An informative site that explains how railroads came to be in Indiana. It also lists the railroads that existed.


Rivers:

  • What were some of the early uses of Indiana Rivers?

  • Describe the kinds of vessels that were used to travel the rivers.

  • Locate the Ohio, Wabash, and White rivers. Compare maps of early Indiana to modern day Indian to show the effects of rivers on the development of cities.

  • What were some of the difficulties of traveling by river?

  • What were some of the benefits of traveling by river?

Use the following resources to gather information about the above questions:

Indiana Outfitters

http://www.indianaoutfitters.com/riverclickable.htm

This is a clickable map of Indiana rivers. You can use this to locate rivers around Indiana.



1819 Indiana State Map http://historic.shcsc.k12.in.us/map.htm Notice where the major developed areas are.

1870 State Map http://atlas.ulib.iupui.edu/librarycongress_sid/0006000f.html Notice where the major developed areas are.

Taming the Wilderness; Rivers

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamriver.html

An informative site that provides information about the use of rivers and how they were traveled.


Transportation Systems

http://www.nps.gov/libo/hrs/hrs6.htm

The site addresses rivers toward the top of the page.


River Flatboat

http://www.connerprairie.org/explore/flatboat.html

Learn about one way people traveled the rivers during pioneer times.


Madison’s Steamboats

http://www.geocities.com/WallStreet/Floor/2352/mboat.html

This site provides a list of Steamboats built in Madison Indiana, by year.


Steamboat Links

http://www.steamboats.com/links.html

A portal to other sites with steamboat pictures and information.


Canals:

  • What was the first canal built in Indiana? When was it built? Where was it built?

  • How did a canal work? Why was it important to build the canals in Indiana?

  • What were the benefits of the canals?

  • What were the drawbacks of the canals?

Use the following resources to gather information about the questions above

Taming the Wilderness; Canals

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamcanal.html

A great site that provides information about canals and their affects on Indiana.


Impact of the Canal Era on Indiana’s Geography

http://www.indcanal.org/Geography.html

This is site explains why canals were used and what effect they had on Indiana.


http://www.msdwc.k12.in.us/quest/mlyons/lock.htm

This is a diagram of how locks of the canal work.


Canal Society of Indiana

http://www.indcanal.org/canals.html#erie

A brief history of canals planned and completed across Indiana.


Conclusion:

Step 4:


After all the questions are answered for the different means of transportation, your group must share the information gathered for the different modes of transportation. Your group will then need to do the following:
1. Use the program Timeliner to create a timeline that will show when each mode of transportation was introduced to Indiana.

2. You must use www.mapquest.com to complete the following chart. By filling in the mileage and the time of travel, you will gain a better idea of how transportation has evolved.




Mode of Transportation

Choose possible destinations that would have existed for each mode in the 1800s

Start City End City

Total Mileage

Total Travel Time

Road













Railroad













River













Canal













2. Your group is now a travel agency to the pioneers! Use Microsoft Publisher to create brochures promoting the different modes of transportation. You may create one brochure highlighting all the modes of travel, or perhaps your group will want to make one brochure for each type of transportation studied. Be sue you meet the criteria listed in the Evaluation section of this webquest.


Resources:

Roads:

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamroads.html Taming the Wilderness; Roads

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/ntlroad.html An article about the National Road

http://www.route40.net/index.shtml A nice map of the National Road Route 40, go to History then choose National Road
http://www.nps.gov/libo/hrs/hrs6.htm Transportation Systems; focus on the Roads part toward the bottom of the page.
Railroads:

http://www.indianarailwaymuseum.org/ Indiana’s Railway Museum
http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamrails.html Taming the Wilderness; Railroads
http://indiana.railfan.net/history.html Histories of Indiana’s Rail Systems
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7Evklein/railroad.html Indiana’s Railways History
Rivers:

http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamriver.html Taming the Wilderness; Rivers

http://www.connerprairie.org/explore/flatboat.html River Flatboat

http://www.nps.gov/libo/hrs/hrs6.htm Transportation Systems; focus on the Rivers part toward the top of the page.

http://www.geocities.com/WallStreet/Floor/2352/mboat.html A list of Steamboats built in Madison Indiana, by year

http://www.steamboats.com/links.html Steamboat Links
Canals:

http://www.wabasherie.homestead.com/files/history_1.html History of the wabash and erie canal some good documents and charts.
http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/tamcanal.html Taming the Wilderness; Canals

http://www.indcanal.org/Geography.html: Impact of the canal system on Indiana’s geography
http://www.statelib.lib.in.us/www/ihb/publications/canalsind.html

at the bottom there are more links.


http://www.msdwc.k12.in.us/quest/mlyons/canal1.htm
http://www.msdwc.k12.in.us/quest/mlyons/lock.htm : How locks work diagram.
http://www.indcanal.org/canals.html#erie A brief history of canals planned and completed…notice the difference between the two.
http://www.historicforks.org/canal.html History of the Wabash and Erie Canal
http://www.terrypepper.com/w&e/links.htm Indiana canal links
Evaluation:

Transportation Web



    1. Addresses all 4 modes of transportation

    2. considers what we know about the transportation before and after reading

    3. At least 3 facts for each mode is included

Timeline

  1. Includes start dates for all four modes of transportation.

  2. Dates are accurate.

  3. Well organized and easy to follow.

Brochure

  1. Tells the benefits of each mode of travel.

  2. Lists possible destinations for each mode of travel.

  3. Well organized.

  4. Use of graphics.

Your team must have completed all of the above along with the mileage chart from Step 4 in order to attain full credit for the webquest.
Teacher Information:
This webquest is designed for Indiana Fourth Graders. Some of the resources have higher reading levels, but provide very relevant information. In order to complete the webquest as it was designed, you will need access to the Internet and the following software: Microsoft Publisher, Inspiration, and Timeliner. If you don’t have these, there are free 30day downloads available at http://www.inspiration.com/home.cfm for Inspiration and http://www.tomsnyder.com/classroom/timelineronline/index.asp for Timeliner. You will also want to check your Social Studies books for any supplemental information that could be use in this unit of study.

The Indiana State Museum provides educational resources for teachers. The Journey to Indiana trunk would be an excellent supplement or kick off to this unit. The details are below:

http://www.in.gov/ism/Education/TeachersResources/Trunks.asp
Grades 3–8
Standards met: Science and Social Studies
Explore 19th century Indiana as you and your students attempt to answer such questions as: How does a canal boat move through a lock? What were roads like in the early 1800s? When traveling on the train, where did you eat your lunch?
It is advised to read through the entire webquest and resources before presenting this project to your students. You may feel adaptations are necessary for your class or your unit of study.
This webquest was designed by Renee Driskell (rdriskell@hse.k12.in.us) for a graduate course at IUPUI in June 2003.


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