General unit goal



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Krista Horan

Anne Waterfield


Anne’s Sample



UNIT TITLE

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GENERAL UNIT GOAL

Students will explore traditions of another culture by creating “ Day of the Dead” skull piñatas. They will use mixed media to experiment with the elements and principles of design. Inspired by the works of Artists Einar and Jamex de la Torres.

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LESSON TITLE




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Creating Day of the Dead Skull Pinatas

Grades 5 - 8

2 - 120 Min. classes

GENERAL LESSON OBJECTIVE


Students will be able to:

1. Create sculptures using mixed media

2. Experiment with the elements of design in art-making.i

3. Name 3 Facts about Day of the Dead Celebration

4. Name 2 Artists known for skull sculptures

5. Describe personal connection to created sculpture.




Krista’s Sample
VIRGINIA ART STANDARDS OF LEARNING

PRODUCTION


8.2 The student will further expand and develop the use of the elements of art and the principles of design.

ART HISTORY

8.15 The student will compare and contrast works of art according to medium, period, style, and artist.



CRITICISM

8.16 The student will analyze the effect the elements of art and the principles of design have on the communication of ideas.


AESTHETICS

8.21 The student will formulate and respond to meaningful questions about works of art, based on observations and interpretations.




VIRGINIA CORE STANDARDS OF LEARNING



English

8.1 The student will use interviewing techniques to gain information




MATERIALS

TEACHER

Overhead projector or chalkboard

Reproductions of Skull Art

Handout on Day of the Dead Traditions

Box of Assorted Items that students can choose from to use in sculpture.

STUDENT

11” Balloon




large paper mache skulls from the linares family
String

Yarn


Newspaper

Fabric starch




Paper mache skulls made by the famous Linares family.
Flour

celluclay

Dipping Bowls

Water


Scissors

Tape


Elmer’s Glue

Pipe cleaners

Acrylic paint ( black, white, red, yellow green, pink, purple, orange)

Paper plates for palettes

Sharpies

Brushes ( flat and round)

Pencils

Paper


glitter

Tissue paper

Crepe paper

Index cards

3 found objects from home

ADVANCED ORGANIZATION

Handouts, Projector, Box of Assorted found items. Inflate balloons, precut string, precut newpaper into strips. Premix paper mache paste into dipping trays ( ½ cup flour to 1 cup of fabric starch is enough for 1 student), Premix celluclay. Set up hairdryers at drying station.Prepare sample card of various mixed media applications.


VOCABULARY
El Dia de los Muertos ( Day of the Dead)Day of the Dead, Span. Día de los Muertos, annual festival in Mexico and other parts of Latin America, commonly on November 1st and 2d. Its ancient Mesoamerican roots now augmented by Christian custom, it celebrates the dead with joy and humor rather than mourning, and coincides with All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. Family graves are cleaned and decorated, and home altars (ofrendas) are embellished with offerings, e.g., candles, photos, foods, flowers. Special holiday breads and sugar skulls are baked and consumed, and charmingly colorful folk-art skeletons engaged in a variety of everyday activities commemorate the day.

Mixed Media-  A technique involving the use of two or more artistic media, such as ink and pastel or painting and collage, that are combined in a single composition.
Paper Mache– A material, made from paper pulp or shreds of paper mixed with glue or paste, that can be molded into various shapes when wet and becomes hard and suitable for painting and varnishing when dry.


Elements of Design – Line, color, texture, shape, form, value

Symbolism - something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible.

Principles of Design-emphasis, movement, pattern, rhythm, contrast, and unity
ANTICIPATORY SET- 15 min. Welcome Students ! What is the celebration “ Day of the Dead” about ? What do you think the skull s represent? Where do you think this tradition began? We are going to begin our class by taking a short tour of 2 exhibits in the museum. We will be taking a look as displays of Pre-Columbian art a nd African art. We will give you several questions that we would like you to answer as you look at the exhibit. Distribute handout and pencils. Before we leave we would like to review our Art Classroom Rules. They are:

1) Respect each other.

2) Keep hands to yourself, off of others, other’s work, and artwork within the museum.

3) Come prepared to work.

4) Clean up after yourself.

5) Be creative and use your imagination.

6) Follow directions

TEACHING MOTIVATION- 15 Min INPUT/DEMO/DIRECTIONS/CHECKINGINPUT- We are going to watch a power point about the Day of the Dead” celebration and look at some examples of glass sculptures created by Artists Einar and Jamex de la Torres. We will begin our class by taking a short tour of 2 exhibits in the museum. We will show various skull designs and look at works by Noah Scalin. Show PBS video on Einar and Jamex de la Torres. Show examples of Mixed Media . . Elements of Design ( line, color, texture, shape, form, and value) and Principles of Design can be used to express emotion and symbolism.

MODELING- DAY 1 - Today we will create a ‘Day of the Dead” sculpture using Mixed Media. We will me forming our sculpture with paper mache. We will take an inflated balloon and tape a piece of string around it ( top – to –bottom ) creating a loop at the top of the balloon. We will take strips of newpaper and dip them in the glue mix (made of fabric starch and flour). Remove excess glue from the strips and cover the ballon . Leave a 21/2” hole at the bottom of the sculpture. After the balloon is covered with strips of newspaper, dry the newpaper with the hair dryer. Put another layer of newspaper strips and glue on the balloon and dry. Repeat putting 3rd layer of newpaper strips and glue on balloon and dry. You can use celluclay on the last layer of paper mache to give the sculpture more shape/ Set sculpture in your shoebox to dry and label it with your name . If there is extra time ,experiment drawing skull designs with pencil on paper. DEMO-Show/demo steps CHECKING- Who can review the steps for us? Are there any questions?

1) Tape piece of string to inflated balloon

2) Leave loop of string at top of balloon

3) Dip strips of newspaper into glue squeezing off excess.

4)Attach strips to balloon and cover except for hole at bottom.

5) Dry glued newspaper with hair dryer.

6) Repeat attaching glued newspaper strips and drying 2 more times.

7) Label sculpture with name on it and put in box to store for next class.

8) Experiment drawing skull designs on paper with pencil


ACTIVITY


Day 1

GUIDED PRACTICE- 5 min ways of dipping newspaper and securing to balloon.

DISTRIBUTION/SUPPLIES- Teacher distributes balloons, string, tape, newspaper strips , dipping trays, glue mix, wash bowls, paper towels

INDEPENDENT PRACTICE- 15 Min.-



Independent work.60 min. Students create sculptures.

CLEAN-UP-10min.Have 1 student from each table return supplies. Students store sculptures in individual boxes that are labeled

TRANSITON – Next class we will continue working on our sculptures. Bring assorted found

objects that you would like to use in your sculpture.



Day 2 –

TEACHING MOTIVATION- 15 Min INPUT/DEMO/DIRECTIONS/CHECKINGINPUT

REVIEW – – review progress made in first class. Discuss skull designs. Show examples of different types of media to use to create skull designs. ( paint, markers, glitter, tissue paper,ribbons, crepe paper, foam core cut outs, assorted found objects , etc.)

Brainstorm – idea of what you would like to express through symbolism. Demo. Show samples of piñatas.Show how to attach trap door to piñata bottom.

1)Deflate balloon.

2) Attach trap door to bottom of pinata

2) Gather found objects to use in sculpture

3) Create sculpture using elements of design.

4) Write paragraph about sculpture – what it means to you and it’s title.

5) Write 3 questions to ask another student about their sculpture.

6) Tape name to bottom of sculpture

7) Store sculpture in shoebox


ACTIVITY


GUIDED PRACTICE- 5 min how to attach trap door to piñata.

DISTRIBUTION/SUPPLIES- Teacher distributes prepped cardboard discs to use for trap doors, sculptures, paints, sharpies, tissue paper, yarn, assorted found objects to choose from, examples of skull designs

INDEPENDENT WORK50 min. Students complete work on sculptures. 15 min Write paragraph about meaning of created sculpture on one index card. Write 3 questions to ask neighboring student about their sculpture on index card..

Clean –UP 10 min.

Have studentS from each table return supplies. Students store sculptures in individual shoe boxes with descriptive paragraph .



TRANSITION –Next we will have a critique and interview other students about their work.
CRITIQUE - Place student sculptures on display-Have observing students discuss what they see in the sculptures in terms of Elements and Principles of Design and symbolism. Have students ask interview questions to gain information about other students work.

CLEAN-UP- 10 min -Have students put sculptures away in show boxes with index cards Have student fill out rubrics and hand to teacher.

EVALUATION/STUDENT ASSESSMENT


Students will be evaluated on their ability to : create a mixed media sculpture, explain “Day of the Dead”, Name 2 artists that create sculptures of skulls. Write a descriptive paragraph, writing of interview questions, effort, and workmanship. Students will be handed rubrics to self- evaluate. Talk to students about exhibit day.



Rubric

Excellent

Good

Average

Needs

Improvement

Rate

Yourself

Teacher’s

Rating

Create mixed- media sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Name 2 artists that create skull sculptures

10

9 - 8

7l

6 or less







Name 3 facts about “ Day of the Dead” celebrations.

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Write descriptive paragraph about sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Write 3 interview questions to ask another student about their sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Care/ Effort

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Workmanship

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less









MODIFICATIONS/ SELF EVALUATION OF LESSON/REFLECTIONS

This lesson would work better planned for three classes. If is going to be for 2 classes use plaster strips to save time instead of newspaper and starch. Also Elmer’s glue and water can be used instead for paper mache with newspaper.



REFERENCES, BIBLIOGRAPHY, RESOURCES




Handout created by Joe Cox for Elements of Design
Resource: Exploring Visual Design: The Elements and Principles,

Joseph Gatto, Albert Porter, Jack Selleck. Davis Publications. 2000.
http://www.life123.com/holidays/more-holidays/day-of-the-deashtmld/day-of-the-dead-masks.

http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/04/13/travel/13heads.html


Budget Home»Crafts»How to make a Halloween Piñata




Student Examples



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Assessment Rubric
Student Name _____________________________________
Date ________________
Assignment : Mixed Media Sculpture / Creating a “ Day of the Dead” Skull Pinata


Rubric Instructions – Please circle the number in pencil that best shows how you feel that you completed the objectives for the assignment.


Rubric

Excellent

Good

Average

Needs

Improvement

Rate

Yourself

Teacher’s

Rating

Create mixed- media sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Name 2 artists that create skull sculptures

10

9 - 8

7l

6 or less







Name 3 facts about “ Day of the Dead” celebrations.

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Write descriptive paragraph about sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Write 3 interview questions to ask another student about their sculpture

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Care/ Effort

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less







Workmanship

10

9 - 8

7

6 or less









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