Gangs of New York Review



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Gangs of New York Review

At the turn of the century, why did most immigrants to the United States settle in cities?



  1. Jobs were readily available.

  2. Government relief programs required immigrants to settle in cities.

  3. Labor union leaders encouraged unrestricted immigration.

  4. Immigrants were not permitted to buy farmland.

Which statement about immigration to the United States during the 19th century is most valid?



  1. Organized labor supported unlimited immigration.

  2. Most immigrants to the United States were illegal aliens.

  3. Industrial growth led to a demand for cheap immigrant labor.

  4. Few immigrants came from western Europe.

Which statement about immigration to the United States is most accurate?



  1. The desire for economic advancement has been a major reason for immigration to the United States

  2. The ethnic mix of immigrants to the United States has remained mostly unchanged.

  3. The number of immigrants has remained constant in each decade during most of United States history.

  4. Nearly all immigrants have easily assimilated into American culture.

What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States from southern and eastern Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s?



  1. They lived in urban areas and most held low paying jobs.

  2. They obtained free land in the West and became farmers.

  3. They became discouraged with America and returned to their homelands.

  4. They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.

Which expression most accurately illustrates the concept of nativism?



  1. “Help Wanted — Irish Need Not Apply”

  2. “Go West, young man.”

  3. “America — first in war and peace”

  4. “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.”

Why did the United States follow a policy of open immigration during much of the 1800s?



  1. Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.

  2. The United States had a shortage of labor.

  3. Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer immigrants coming to the United States.

  4. Immigrants provided United States industry with investment capital.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, where did most of the immigrants to the United States settle?



  1. urban centers of the Northeast

  2. plantations of the New South

  3. mining areas of the Far West

  4. farming regions of the Great Plains

In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigra nts was that immigrants



  1. contributed little to enrich American life

  2. refused to assimilate into American culture

  3. took jobs from United States citizens

  4. placed financial drains on social services


Immigration Vocabulary

Nativist

Born in America – disliked the new immigrants – little Bill the Butcher

Tenement


Apartment building where immigrants lived in very crowded areas

Assimilate


To blend in with the home nation’s culture

Urban

City – opposite is rural – higly populated area

Persecution


To ‘pick on’ a group of people based on ethnicity, race, color or gender

Quota


To limit – as in to restrict the number of immigrants

Alien


A foreign person who is not a citizen of nation


Ethnic


Nation of birth background or group

Key Characters

The Priest - Amsterdam’s father who was killed at the beginning of movie – head of the ‘Dead Rabbits’ – Irish Catholic

Cutting - ‘Bill the Butcher’ – head of the ‘Natives’ - nemisis of Amsterdam

Amsterdam - son of the Priest – befriended Bill only to get closer to kill in revenge for his father’s death

Boss” Tweed - corrupt Mayor of NYC – only interested in getting votes for the his elections



McGinn = ‘Monk’ who was a mercenary fighter – elected Sheriff – and then murdered by Bill

Key Ideas

Protestant vs Catholic Irish? = Neither group liked each other – many Protestants were nativists – while the Catholic Irish came to US later

Draft – what war and who was against it? – Civil War was being fought where mostly the ‘poor’ of NYC were drafted. Riots started due to the draft



What was Tammany Hall and how did it gain support? – Democractic organization that Boss Tweed controlled


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