Full Tr, Full Rf : The body posthuman, vo



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“ Full Tr, Full Rf :

The body posthuman, vol.1 ”



a project proposal

for CDA Projects
by Mk Yurttas.
2011

The project proposal for CDA 2011 is a part of my ongoing research called "The posthuman and the body in the intersection of contemporary art & design" at Proficiency in Art, YTU Art & Design. This research is a contextual continuation of my M. Arch. thesis called "The hybridization of body & space in the context of postorganic paradigm in architecture" at ITU IST Arch. Design Master Programme in 2001-2003 (the summary can be seen in my portfolio).


The research concentrates on the transformation of the human interacting with digital technologies through the notion of posthuman and body connected to multiple disciplines and producing critical works in this context. The underlying intention of the research is to interpret this continous social process that all we're living in our ordinary lives at different scales which has a potential of being a ground-breaking turning point in the history of human being. In this context the posthuman is interpretated as a fluid identity which is a heterogeneous combination of different perspectives and the body is as a multilayered / multidimensional surface which this identity is inscribed on it simultaneously.
The research is nourished by the flowing tension between two ideologically differentiated interpretations of posthuman as in posthumanism and transhumanism. The posthuman of posthumanism has an awareness of imperfectability or disunity within him or herself and has an emergent ontology not a stable one. The posthuman of transhumanism is a hypothetical future being whose capacities are radically exceeded of standart humans but once his or her ancestors are humans. While the first one is connected to postmodernity, process philosophy, evaluationary biology; the second is related to advanced nanotechnology, genetic engineering, psychopharmacology. The first is deconstructing the established representation of human by critical theory; the second is a continuation of renaissance humanism, enlightment and liberal capitalism.

The research has a proccessing character of an organism because of being connected to these constantly developing disciplines. Through these approaches, i picked the key concepts from basic principle texts of I. Hassan, N. K.Hayles, D. Haraway, R. Kurzweil, M. Minsky, H. Moravec, M. Foucault, G. Deleuze, F. Guattari, J. Baudrillard, C.A. Ensemble, E. Grosz, A. Vidler to let a fluid of life-form flow through its roots, veins, gears and circuits. These key concepts are identity, authority, culture, desire, consumption, subjectivity, authenticity, fluidity, simulation, machine, prosthesis, cyborg, virtual, connection and extension.


The products produced by this organism emerges in the intersection of contemporary art & design under the name of this research. This intersection is an interaction surface between contemporary art, the bobble-like text made up of been written, now being written, will be written text pieces with the words of experience, history, subjectivity, activation and space; and design, the bulk sum of side by side, overlapping, inside out layer planes named architectural, interior, environmental, graphic, industrial, communication, fashion design. The speed limits, canon or complexity, volume, material codes and reactions of the bobble is ambivalent, not stable because of its slippery and semi-transparent characteristics. The planes have similar material intensities, but differences in elasticity, rigidity, fragility and permeability. The planes extent, pour out, decrease, shrink and flow; so the bulk is always coming to form of different connections. Thanks to this interaction surface, the text slides into the bulk and the planes move to the bobble, then the contextual production of the organism becomes visible. This visibility is in just about immaterial materiality; the pieces of text floating, flying, jamming, hooking, melting over the moving topography make shadows, traces and some of dissappear and appear after a while.
The name of the project proposal for CDA 2011 is “Full Tr, Full Rf : The body posthuman, vol.1” within the collaboration of this organism. As mentioned above, because of being a part of an ongoing research it has the same intentions, concentrations and motivations with its upper (but surely able to have surprises through the period). This vol.1 is called as above because it highlightens the key concepts of identity, desire, consumption, fluidity, simulation, machine, prosthesis, cyborg, virtual, connection through the materiality and immateriality of transformation, transition, transparency, transposition, trace and reflection, refraction, reform, refresh, reference, refinery. The project is the production period of Full Tr, Full Rf products about the posthuman body and an exhibition at the end of the given duration. There will be 4 works of installations, 1 work of multi-channel audio installation, 1 work of multi-channel typographic video installation, which have their conceptual inspirations and contextual roots from the basic principle texts of theorists and philosophers mentioned before. These reference pieces of texts will accompany the works as if their explanations in the same space. (The attached reference pieces of texts coded by numbers can be seen at the end of this file.)


  1. L. H. S. F. S. G. T. B.

The work is connected to

01 / Prometheus as Performer: Towards a Posthumanist Culture? by Ihab Hassan

03 / The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence by Ray Kurzweil

05 / A Cyborg Manifesto by Donna Haraway

06 / Flesh Machine: Cyborgs, Designer Babies, and New Eugenic Consciousness by Critical Art Ensemble

17 / Clone Story by Jean Baudrillard
The work consists of 1:1 scale injection moulded high gloss transparent acrylic model of a 3d human character (like Vitruvian man of Leonardo, but a bald one) and a high gloss transparent 3 mt x 4.5 mt x 0.04 mt plexiglass panel; integrated each other. The man stands still and the panel is located like slitting the man with an angle from his head to his penis vertically. The body seems to be cut into two, the half is inside the glass the other half is outside if transparent surfaces can make inside-outside defined.
The work is thinking about past, present and future; the human is in a transition period as conceptualized in the notion of posthuman. He / she is at a threshold but not aware of it because of the speededization of ordinary life and passing through a invisible door, looking behind of a invisible window he /she slowed down and frosted in a blackout of consciousness or in a catatonia.
(The attached sketch of the work can be seen at the end of this file.)


  1. Right to choose

The work is connected to

02 / How We Became Posthuman Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics by N. Katherine Hayles

09 / Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence by Hans Moravec

10 / The Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky
The work consists of high gloss transparent plexiglass 1 mt x 1mt x 1mt cube standing on a 1 mt x 1mt x 1mt white mdf cube , 125 pieces of 1:1 scale injection moulded high gloss transparent acrylic model of a typical human hand overlapped in 5 x 5 x 5 3d matrix inside of the cube, a stainless steel robotic hand taken from a game machine of select & win toys.
The work is thinking about the transhumanist view or “the common good” advises and “murmurs” us to refresh, update our bodies like our hi-tech devices that we consume repeteadly in the name of living long, anti-aging, aesthetic surgeries and asking “Are these advices murmured us for us to live in a heaven like utopia or is it all about money, money, money?”

(The attached sketch of the work can be seen at the end of this file.)




  1. Un contratto (a small step for man, a giant leap for mankind)

The work is connected to

06 / Flesh Machine: Cyborgs, Designer Babies, and New Eugenic Consciousness by Critical Art Ensemble

09 / Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence by Hans Moravec

10 / The Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky
The work consists of 1 piece of high gloss transparent plexiglass 0.5 mt x 0.5 mt x 1 m prism with a linear hole on it, 1 piece of high gloss white laquered mdf 0.5 mt x 0.5 mt x 1 m prism with a pen hole on it, the bulk of a4 papers with a text on, a video-camera hanged on a wall.
The work is thinking about the transhumanist view’s advice of immortality and asking about how the body can be immortal or reborned in an unknown future, in an unknown form; the frosting of body for future is fantastic or realistic in the context of law & medicine.

A fiction-contract consisting a main idea of “i, with my free will, open conscious, without any oppression, am signing this contract with my signature for a reborn process in the future and whatever the circumstances will be, i will never be complaning of anything or anybody.” This contract are ready-written on the a4 papers on the white prism, if desired the visitor of the exhibition will press the recording button of the camera before signing the contract and then drop the paper in plexiglass prism.
(The attached sketch of the work can be seen at the end of this file.)


  1. You may put on the mask and look at yourself in the mirror

The work is connected to

12 / Xerox and Infinity by Jean Baudrillard

13 / Bodies - Cities, Places Through the Body by Elizabeth Grosz

14 / Warped Space by Anthony Vidler
The work consists of 1 piece of unframed 0.7 mt x 1.2 mt vertical mirror, 1 piece of 1:1 scale injection moulded high gloss transparent acrylic model of a typical human face emptied as a mask, 4 pieces of 1 mt, 1.5 mt, 2 mt, 2.5 mt transparent plastic ropes.

The mirror and the mask are hanged on a high gloss white laquered wall, linked each other with the ropes. As mentioned in the title of the work, the visitor may put on the mask and look at him/herself in the mirror. The reflecting mirror is already connected to the mask, just seeing self on the mirror or with a mask in the mirror within a defined distance of invisible connection ropes, the visitor may get an idea of the text pieces connected to this work.
(The attached sketch of the work can be seen at the end of this file.)


  1. Audio and typographic video installations

These installations are audio-visual presentations of the texts pieces that works connected to. According to the exhibition space’s volume, at various points and number of audio installations of reading of these texts from different voices of different mother language countries’ people and printed, handwritten, modified versions of these texts will be installed and reflected on the surfaces of the space.



The reference pieces of texts coded by numbers:

01 / Prometheus as Performer: Towards a Posthumanist Culture? by Ihab Hassan
“ We need first to understand the human form – including human desire and all its external representations – may be changing radically, and thus must be re-visioned. We need to understand five hundred years of humanism may be coming to an end as humanism transforms itself into something we must helplessly call post-humanism.”
02 / How We Became Posthuman Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics by N. Katherine Hayles

“Posthuman point of view (suggestive rather than prescriptive):



  1. "the posthuman view privileges informational pattern over material instantiation, so that embodiment in a biological substrate is seen as an accident of history rather than an inevitability of life" ;

  2. "the posthuman view considers consciousness, regarded as the seat of human identity in the Western tradition long before Descartes thought he was a mind thinking, as an epiphenomenon, as an evolutionary upstart trying to claim that it is the whole show when in actuality it is only a minor sideshow" ;

  3. "the posthuman view thinks of the body as the original prosthesis we all learn to manipulate, so that extending or replacing the body with other prostheses becomes a continuation of a process that began before we were born" ;

  4. "the posthuman view configures human being so that it can be seamlessly articulated with intelligent machines".”

03 / The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence by Ray Kurzweil

2049


  • The distinction between virtual reality and "real" reality becomes confounded as foglets come into common use, allowing immediate assembly or disassembly of all sorts of physical objects.

2099

  • Humans and machines merge together in the physical and mental realms. Cybernetic brain implants enable humans to fuse their minds with A.I.s. “

05 / A Cyborg Manifesto by Donna Haraway

“ Simultaneously material and ideological, the dichotomies may be expressed in the following chart of transitions from the comfortable old hierarchical dominations to the scary new networks I have called the informatics of domination:



Representation

Simulation

Bourgeois novel, realism

Science fiction, postmodernism

Organism

Biotic Component

Depth, integrity

Surface, boundary

Heat

Noise

Biology as clinical practice

Biology as inscription

Physiology

Communications engineering

Small group

Subsystem

Perfection

Optimization

Eugenics

Population Control

Decadence, Magic Mountain

Obsolescence, Future Shock

Hygiene

Stress Management

Microbiology, tuberculosis

Immunology, AIDS

Organic division of labour

Ergonomics/cybernetics of labour

Functional specialization

Modular construction

Reproduction

Replication

Organic sex role specialization

Optimal genetic strategies

Bioogical determinism

Evolutionary inertia, constraints

Community ecology

Ecosystem

Racial chain of being

Neo-imperialism, United Nations humanism

Scientific management in home/factory

Global factory/Electronid cottage

Family/Market/Factory

Women in the Integrated Circuit

Family wage

Comparable worth

Public/Private

Cyborg citizenship

Nature/Culture

fields of difference

Co-operation

Communicatins enhancemenet

Freud

Lacan

Sex

Genetic engineering

labour

Robotics

Mind

Artificial Intelligence

Second World War

Star Wars

White Capitalist Patriarchy

Informatics of Domination ”


06 / Flesh Machine: Cyborgs, Designer Babies, and New Eugenic Consciousness by Critical Art Ensemble
“ The virtual body is a body of great potential. On this body we can reinscribe ourselves using whatever coding system we desire. We can try on new body configurations. We can experiment with immortality by going places and doing things that would be impossible in the physical world. For the virtual body, nothing is fixed and everything is possible.

With the virtual body came its fascist sibling, the data body—a much more highly developed virtual form, and one that exists in complete service to the corporate and police state. The data body is the total collection of files connected to an individual. The data body has always existed in an immature form since the dawn of civilization. ”


09 / Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence by Hans Moravec
“ To illustrate, he invents a fantasy scenario in which a robot surgeon purees the human brain in a kind of cranial liposuction, reading the information in each molecular layer as it is stripped away and transferring the information into a computer. At the end of the operation, the cranial cavity is empty, and the patient, now inhabiting the metallic body of the computer, wakens to find his consciousness exactly the same as it was before. “
10 / The Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky
“ The most important thing for each person is the data, and the programs in the data that are in the brain. And some day you will be able take all that data, and put it on a little diski and store it for a thousand years, and then turn it on again and you will be alive in the fourth millenium or the fifth millenium. ”
12 / Xerox and Infinity by Jean Baudrillard
“ Am I a man or a machine? There is no ambiguity in the traditional relationship between man and machine: the worker is always, in a way, a stranger to the machine he operates, and alienated by it. But at least he retains the precious status of alienated man. The new technologies, with their new machines, new images and interactive screens, do not alienate me. Rather, they form an integrated circuit with me. Video screens, televisions, computers and Minitels resemble nothing so much as contact lenses in that they are so many transparent prostheses, integrated into the body to the point of being almost part of its genetic make-up: they are like pacemakers -- or like Philip K. Dick's "papula", a tiny implant, grafted onto the body at birth as a "free gift", which serves the organism as an alarm signal. All our relationships with networks and screens, whether willed or not, are of this order. Their structure is one of subordination, not of alienation -- the structure of the integrated circuit. Man or machine? Impossible to tell. “

13 / Bodies - Cities, Places Through the Body by Elizabeth Grosz
“ By body i understand a concrete, material, animate organization of flesh, nerves, muscles, and skeleton structure which are given a unity, cohesiveness, and organization only through their physical and social inscription as the surface and raw materials of an integrated and cohesive totality. THA body is , so to speak, organically / biologically / naturally “incomplete”; it is indeterminate, amorphous, a series of uncoordinated potentialities … a body which thereby defines the limits of experience and subjectivitiy … making the body a meaningful, ”readable”, depth-entity, and its production and development … including the coordination and integration of its bodily functions “
14 / Warped Space by Anthony Vidler
“ … the peculiar kind of subject, the I, as Lacan would have it, that has been unconsciously constructed by its confrontation with a “mirror” entirely different… this new mirror, which is more of a screen than a reflective surface, is, I believe, in the process of creating an imago…

It reflects and produces a stage at once of refusal – a refusal of reflection, of transparency, of extension – and of resignation… ”






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