From star and planet formation to early life



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From star and planet formation to early life”

Vilnius, Lithuania 25 - 28 April 2016



Preliminary scientific programme


Sunday April 24th, 2016

14:00 - 19:00

Registration of participants at Artis Hotel

17:00 - 18:30

Public event at the Vilnius Planetarium

17:00 - 17:40 

Comets: Relics of the Birth of our Solar System

Karen Meech, University of Hawaii, USA

17:40 - 17:45

Questions from the public 

17:45 - 18:25 

Rosetta - the Comet Chaser

Martin Hilchenbach, MPI for Solar System Research, Germany

18:25 - 18:30

Questions from the public   

19:30

Reception with wine and finger food at Artis Hotel



Monday April 25th, 2016


08:00 - 09:00

Registration

09:00 - 09:15

Welcome addresses and organizational matters

Muriel Gargaud, COST Action Chair, University of Bordeaux, FR

Wolf Geppert, Stockholm University, SE

Grazina, Tautvaišienė, Vilnius University, LT

09:15 - 10:45

Session 1: Physical and chemical processes under star and planet formation (WG1)

Chair: Ewa Szuszkiewicz, University of Szczecin, PL

09:15 - 09:45

The formation and evolution of planetary systems

Wilhelm Kley, University of Tübingen, DE

09:45 - 09:55

Discussion

09:55 - 10:15

Gas and Dust in Protoplanetary Disks

Anne Dutrey, University of Bordeaux, FR

10:15 - 10:20

Discussion

10:20 - 10:40

Chemical evolution of star-forming regions

Floris van der Tak, SRON, NL

10:40 - 10:45

Discussion

10:45 - 11:15

Coffee break

11:15 - 12:45

Session 2: Formation of complex molecules in space, planetary and satellite atmospheres

Chair: Wolf Geppert, Stockholm University, SE

11:15 - 11:45

The formation of complex molecules in space

Tom Millar, Queen’s University Belfast, UK

11:45 - 11:55

Discussion

11:55 - 12:15

Gas phase chemistry and molecular complexity: how far do they go?

Nadia Balucani, University of Perugia, IT

12:15 - 12:20

Discussion

12:20 - 14:00

Lunch break

14:00 - 15:30

Session 3: Before and after the Last Common Universal Ancestor: Early evolution of Life

Chair: Purificación López-García, Université Paris Sud, FR

14:00 - 14:30

Molecular evolution before the domain ancestors: Indications for dramatic planetary changes during life’s early evolution

Johann Peter Gogarten, University of Connecticut, US

14:30 - 14:40

Discussion

14:40 - 15:00

Energy and matter at the origin of life

Nick Lane, UCL, UK

15:00 - 15:05

Discussion

15:05 - 15:25

Life as a dissipative structure; implications for the emergence of metabolism

Wolfgang Nitschke, Université Aix-Marseille, FR

15:25 - 15:30

Discussion

15:30 - 16:00

Coffee break

16:00 - 17:30

Session 4: Meteorites as probes for understanding the Early Solar System

Chair: Akos Kereszturi, Konkoly Observatory, HU

16:00 - 16:30

Introductory talk

Henning Haack, University of Copenhagen, DK

16:30 - 16:40

Discussion

16:40 - 17:00

Pre-solar grains: the ingredients to make a solar system

Ian Lyon, University of Manchester, UK

17:00 - 17:05

Discussion

17:05 - 17:25

Meteorites as probes for understanding the Early Solar System

Zita Martins, Imperial College London, UK

17:25 - 17:30

Discussion

17:30 - 20:00

Dinner break

20:00 - 21:30

Poster session

Tuesday April 26th, 2016


09:00 - 10:30

Session 5: Comets and the early history of the solar system

Chair: Erik Vigren, Swedish Institute for Space Physics, SE

09:00 - 09:30

Tracing early solar system history with comets: A compositional and dynamical perspective

Karen Meech, University of Hawai’i, USA

09:30 - 09:40

Discussion

09:40 - 10:00

New insights from ROSETTA into cometary dust

Martin Hilchenbach, MPI for Solar System Research, DE

10:00 - 10:05

Discussion

10:05 - 10:25

Organic Molecules Identified by the Rosetta Lander Philae

Uwe Meierhenrich, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, FR

10:25 - 10:30

Discussion

10:30 - 11:00

Coffee break

11:00 - 12:15

Session 6: Geological conditions for prebiotic chemistry

Chair: Emmanuelle Javaux, University of Liège, BE

11:00 - 11:30

The Hadean Earth vs. the Origin of Life

Stephen Mojzsis, University of Colorado, US

11:30 - 11:40

Discussion

11:40 - 12:10

Geochemical complexities as a setting for life's origins

Robert Hazen, Carnegie Institute of Washington, US

12:10 - 12:15

Discussion

12:15 - 13:45

Lunch break

13:45 - 15:15

Session 7: Early Universe, early Earth and the origin of Life: Evolution of concepts in history and philosophy

Chair: David Dunér, Lund University, SE

13:45 - 14:15

Some Twentieth-Century Ideas of Extraterrestrial Life and Physical Eschatology Helge Kragh, University of Aarhus, DK

14:15 - 14:25

Discussion



14:25 - 14:55

The ghosts behind the molecules: the recent history of the attempts to understand the origin of life

Antonio Lazcano, National Autonomous University of Mexico, MX




14:55 - 15:00

Discussion




15:00 - 15:45

Coffee break




15:45 – 19:00

Management Committee Meeting of the COST Action TD1308

Fre time for non MC-members










Wednesday April 27th, 2016




09:00 - 10:30

Session 8: Scientific misconceptions: case studies in astrobiology

Chair: Antonio Lazcano, National Autonomous University of Mexico, MX




09:00 - 09:20

Excitements and challenges in tracking the early traces of life

Emmanuelle Javaux, University of Liège, BE




09:20 - 09:25

Questions and ad-hoc discussion contributions




09:25 - 09:45

Tenacious misconceptions about biological evolution

Purificación López-García, Université Paris Sud, FR




09:45 - 09:50

Questions and ad-hoc discussion contributions




09:50 - 10:10

Misconceptions, Truths and Controversies: Is Origins of Life Research no Different from the Rest of Science?

Christophe Malaterre, UQAM, CA




10:10 - 10:15

Questions and ad-hoc discussion contributions




10:15 - 10:30

Open Discussion




10:30 - 11:00

Coffee break




11:00 - 12:05

Session 9: Borderline between chemistry and biology

Chair: John Brucato, Arcetri Observatory, IT




11:00 - 11:30

Transition between chemistry (non-life) and biology (life)

Sijbren Otto, University of Groningen, NL




11:30 - 11:40

Discussion




11:40 - 12:10

Chemical selection at the origins of life

Matthew Powner, UCL, UK




12:10 - 12:15

Discussion




12:15 - 14:00

Lunch break




14:00 – 22:30

Excursion and conference dinner










Thursday April 28th, 2016




09:00 – 10:30

Parallel sessions




10:30 – 11:00

Coffee break




11:00 – 12:30

Parallel sessions




12:30 – 14:00

Lunch break




14:00 – 15:45

Parallel sessions




15:45 – 16:15

Coffee break




16:15 – 17:45

Parallel sessions




17:45 – 19:00

Room for individual discussions of the individual WGs




See next pages for detailed programme



Detailed program for Thursday April 28th

Parallel sessions 09:00 – 10:30

09:00 - 10:30

Parallel Session P1: Protoplanetary disks and planet formation (WG1)

Aida Hall



Chair: Wilhelm Kley, University of Tübingen, DE

09:00 - 09:25

The variable circumstellar extinction in a protoplanetary disk with an embedded low-mass companion

Tatjana Demidova, Russian Academy of Sciences, RU

09:25 - 09:30

Discussion

09:30 - 09:55

From the chemistry in protoplanetary disk via the formation history of planets to the atmospheric composition

Christoph Mordasini, University of Berne, CH

09:55 - 10:00

Discussion

10:00 - 10:25

Stellar chemistry: hints for planet formation and structure

Nuno Santos, University of Porto, PT

10:25 - 10:30

Discussion




09:00 - 10:30

Parallel session P2: Basic chemical processes in astronomical environments (WG2)

Carmen Hall



Chair: Nadia Balucani, University of Perugia, IT

09:00 - 09:25

The Ortho-to-Para Ratio of NH2 at Different Temperatures

Romane Le Gal, University of Virginia, US

09:25 - 09:30

Discussion

09:30 - 09:55

The Role of Low-Energy Electrons in Astrochemistry: A Tale of Two Molecules

Chris Arumainayagam, Wellesley College, US

09:55 - 10:00

Discussion

10:00 - 10:25

Study of gas-phase ion molecular reactions at temperatures relevant to the atmosphere of Titan

Ilia Zymak, J. Heyrovský Institute, CZ

10:25 - 10:30

Discussion




09:00 - 10:30

Parallel session P3: Early Universe, early Earth and the origin of Life: Evolution of concepts in history and philosophy (WG3 + WG5)

Mikado Hall



Chair: Christophe Malaterre, UQAM, Canada

09:00 - 09:25

C'est la Vie

Kelly C. Smith, Clemson University, US

09:25 - 09:30

Discussion

09:30 - 09:55

Biosphere complexity: A new approach towards a definition of life

Thomas Böttcher, University of Konstanz, DE

09:55 - 10:00

Discussion

10:00 - 10:25

Panspermia: a panoply of possibilities

Clement Vidal, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, BE

10:25 - 10:30

Discussion






Parallel sessions 11:00 – 12:30

11:00 - 12:30

Parallel Session P1: Protoplanetary disks and planet formation (continued, WG1)

Chair: Nuno Santos, University of Porto, PT

Aida Hall



11:00 - 11:35

The chemical heritage of planet-building material: new insights from ALMA and Rosetta

Catherine Walsh, Leiden University, NL

11:35 - 11:45

Discussion

11:45 - 12:20

From chondrules to planets - tracking the recycling of solids in an evolving protoplanetary disk

Martin Bizzarro, University of Copenhagen, DK

12:20 - 12:30

Discussion




11:00 - 12:30

Parallel Session P4: Formation of the building blocks of life (WG2)

Chair: Yves Ellinger, University Pierre & Marie Curie, FR

Carmen Hall



11:00 - 11:25

State of the art electronic calculations and kinetic computations for formamide formation in cold interstellar clouds

Dimitrios Skouteris, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, IT

11:25 - 11:30

Discussion

11:30 - 11:55

Synthesis of formamide and isocyanic acid after ion irradiation of frozen gas mixtures

Zuzana Kanuchova, Slovak Academy of Sciences, SK

11:55 - 12:00

Discussion

12:00 - 12:25

Formamide Prebiotic Plasma Chemistry Network in Reduction Atmospheres

Martin Ferus, J. Heyrovský Institute, CZ

12:25 - 12:30

Discussion




11:00 - 12:40

Parallel session P5: Before and after the Last Common Universal Ancestor: Early evolution of Life (WG3+ WG4)

Chair: Johann Peter Gogarten, University of Connecticut, US

Mikado Hall



11:00 - 11:20

Modeling the origins of cellular systems: How complex must our system be to observe cell-like behaviors?

Pierre-Alain Monnard, University of Southern Denmark, DK

11:20 - 11:25

Discussion

11:25 - 11:45

The last universal common ancestor: simple or complex?

David Moreira, Université Paris-Sud, FR

11:45 - 11:50

Discussion

11:50 - 12:10

Origin and evolution of aerobic processes

Céline Brochier, University of Lyon, FR

12:10 - 12:15

Discussion

12:15 – 12:35

The origin of eukaryotes is linked to the rooting of the Tree of Life... but the phylogenetic jury is still out

Richard Gouy, University of Liège, BE

12:35 -12:40

Discussion

11:00 – 12:00

Parallel session P3: Early Universe, early Earth and the origin of Life: Evolution of concepts in history and philosophy (WG5, continued)

Chair: Erik Persson, Lund University, SE

Nabucco room



11:00 - 11:25

Changing Views of Life: Impacts on Guidelines & Policies about Extraterrestrial Life, Environments, and Activities

Margaret Race, SETI, US

11:25 - 11:30

Discussion

11:30 - 11:55

Astrobiology in culture: NASA's current interests

Linda Billings, National Institute of Aerospace, US

11:55 - 12:00

Discussion




Parallel sessions 14:00 – 15:30

14:00 - 15:30

Parallel Session P1: Protoplanetary disks and planet formation (continued, WG1)

Chair: Olga Prieto Balleteros, CAB, ES

Aida Hall



14:00 - 14:35

A comprehensive analysis of presolar SiC grains using NanoSIMS and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF-SIMS)

Alex Clarke, University of Manchester, UK

14:35 - 14:45

Discussion

14:45 - 15:20

Abundance trends with condensation temperature and terrestrial planet formation: The case of Zeta Reticuli

Vardan Adibekyan, Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences, PT

15:20 - 15:30

Discussion




14:00 - 15:40

Parallel Session P4: Formation of the building blocks of life (continued, WG2)

Chair: William Irvine, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, US

Carmen Hall



14:00 - 14:20

Follow the evolution of organic matter using laboratory experiments: from volatile organics to organic residues

Gregoire Danger, PIIM Marseille, FR

14:20 - 14:25

Discussion

14:25 - 14:45

Plausible Prebiotic Formation of Carbohydrates

Paul Clarke, University of York, UK

14:45 - 14:50

Discussion

14:50 - 15:10

About the abundance of prebiotic species: the energetic aspect

Yves Ellinger, University Pierre & Marie Curie, FR

15:10 - 15:15

Discussion

15:15 – 15:35

Inspecting the Role of Serpentinite-hosted Hydrothermal Minerals in Prebiotic Processes: Binding of Nucleic Acids Components to Brucite

Teresa Fornaro, Observatory of Arcetri, IT

15:35 – 15:40

Discussion




14:00 - 15:15

Parallel Session P6: Life in extreme environments (WG3 + WG4)

Chair: Anna Łosiak, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL

Mikado Hall



14:00 - 14:20

Description and comparison of microbial communities and metagenomes in a subglacial lake under the Vatnajökull ice cap, East Skaftárketill

Viggo Marteinsson, MATIS, IS

14:20 - 14:25

Discussion

14:25 - 14:45

Life in Mars analogue sites: microbes adapted to extreme conditions in Iceland

Oddur Vilhelmsson, University of Akureyri, IS

14:45 - 14:50

Discussion

14:50 - 15:10

Health hazards posed by ionizing radiation in manned space missions BLEO

Franco Ferrari, University of Szczecin, PL

15:10 - 15:15

Discussion




Parallel sessions 16:15 – 17:45

16:15 - 17:45

Parallel session P7: Habitability (WG3 + WG4)

Chair: Yann Alibert, University of Berne, CH

Mikado Hall



16:15 - 16:40

Dissipative structures in the Universe: Super massive black holes and life

Andjelika Kovacevic, University of Belgrade, RS

16:40 - 16:45

Discussion

16:45 - 17:10

From stellar evolution to tidal interaction: impact on planetary habitability

Florian Gallet, University of Geneva, CH

17:10 - 17:15

Discussion

17:15 - 17:40

Water-rich planets: how habitable is a water layer deeper than on Earth?

Lena Noack, Royal Observatory of Belgium, BE

17:40 - 17:45

Discussion




16:15 - 17:45

Parallel Session P8: Comets and meteorites: Composition, chemical processes and their role in the evolution of the solar system (WG1 + WG2)

Chair: Martin Hilchenbach, MPI for Solar System Research, Germany

Aida Hall



16:15 - 16:40

First spectrally complete survey of cometary water emission at near IR wavelengths (0.9-2.5 ?m): C/2014 Q2 Lovejoy with TNG/GIANO spectrograph

Sara Faggi, Observatory of Arcetri, IT

16:40 - 16:45

Discussion

16:45 - 17:10

Prebiotic molecules in comets detected by Rosetta and their possible synthesis in the ice

Guillermo Muñoz Caro, Centro de Astrobiología, ES

17:10 - 17:15

Discussion

17:15 - 17:40

Ion chemistry in the innermost coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Erik Vigren, Swedish Institute for Space Physics, SE

17:40 - 17:45

Discussion




17:45

Room for WG meetings




Friday April 29th, 2016

09:00 - 10:30

Internal meting for COST Action TD1308

Chairs: M.Gargaud, W.Geppert

10:30 – 11:00

Coffee break

11:00 - 12:00

Internal meting for COST Action TD1308

Chairs: M.Gargaud, W.Geppert

12:00

Lunch, Departure of participants


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