French Revolution and Napoleon European History The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789–1815



Download 63.41 Kb.
Date conversion19.05.2016
Size63.41 Kb.

Name: ____________________________ Date: __________ Block: ____________

French Revolution and Napoleon

European History


  1. The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789–1815

    1. The French Revolution establishes a ______________ _____, Napoleon Bonaparte gains and loses an empire, and _______________________________________.


Section 1

    1. The French Revolution Begins

      1. Economic and social inequalities in the Old Regime help cause the French Revolution.




  1. The Old Order

    1. The Old Regime

      1. Old Regime—__________________________ _____________________________________

      2. Estates—_____________________________ _____________________________________

    2. The Privileged Estates

      1. ___________________—Catholic clergy—own 10 percent land, pay few taxes

      2. ___________________—rich nobles—2 percent population, own 20 percent land

    3. The Third Estate

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Have few privileges, pay heavy taxes, want change


Notes:


  1. The Forces of Change

    1. Enlightenment Ideas

      1. _______________________________________

    2. Economic Troubles

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette known for extravagance

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

    3. A Weak Leader

      1. Louis’s poor decisions and lack of patience add to France’s problems

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________




  1. Dawn of the Revolution

    1. The National Assembly

      1. _______________________________________

      2. Sieyès persuades them to make major changes in French government

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

      4. Tennis Court Oath—_____________________ _______________________________________

    2. Storming the Bastille

      1. Rumors fly in Paris that Louis wants to suppress National Assembly

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________



Notes:


  1. A Great Fear Sweeps France

    1. Rebellion

      1. Rumors and panic spread throughout France

      2. Great Fear—____________________________ _______________________________________

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

      4. In October 1789, Parisian women revolt over rising price of bread

      5. They demand action, forcing Louis to return from Versailles to Paris


Section 2

    1. Revolution Brings Reform and Terror

      1. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  1. The Assembly Reforms France

    1. The Rights of Man

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Revolutionary leaders use the slogan, “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”

    2. A State-Controlled Church

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. This action alarms many peasants, who are devout Catholics

    3. Louis Tries to Escape

      1. Louis, worried about his future, attempts to escape France

Notes:


      1. ______________________________________________________________________________




  1. Divisions Develop

    1. A Limited Monarchy

      1. In September 1791, Assembly finishes new constitution

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. Factions Split France

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Assembly split into Radicals, Moderates, Conservatives

      3. Émigrés—______________________________ _______________________________________

      4. Sans-culottes—__________________________ _______________________________________




  1. War and Execution

    1. Problems with Other Countries

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. France at War

      1. Prussian forces soon threaten to attack Paris

      2. Parisian mob jails royal family, kills guards

      3. Mob breaks into prisons, killing over 1,000, including many who support king

      4. ______________________________________________________________________________

      5. ______________________________________________________________________________

Notes:


    1. Jacobins Take Control

      1. Jacobins—______________________________ _______________________________________

      2. After a close vote, Louis XVI is found guilty of ___________________________________

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. The War Continues

      1. French army wins great victory against Prussians and Austrians

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

      3. National Convention orders draft of 300,000 to reinforce army




  1. The Terror Grips France

    1. Divided Country

      1. Not all people in France support all changes of the Revolution

    2. Robespierre Assumes Control

      1. Maximilien Robespierre—________________ _______________________________________

      2. Becomes leader of the Committee for Public Safety, __________________

      3. Reign of Terror—________________________ _______________________________________

      4. Thousands die during the Terror, including former allies and Marie Antoinette

      5. 85 percent of those who die during the Terror are ___________________________________



Notes:


  1. End of the Terror

    1. Another Change in Government

      1. In July 1794, Robespierre arrested, executed

      2. Terror results in public opinion shifting away from radicals

      3. Moderate leaders write new constitution

      4. ______________________________________________________________________________

      5. ______________________________________________________________________________


Section 3

    1. Napoleon Forges an Empire

      1. Napoleon Bonaparte, a military genius, seizes power in France and makes himself emperor.




  1. Napoleon Seizes Power

    1. Early Life

      1. Napoleon Bonaparte—___________________ _______________________________________

    2. Hero of the Hour

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Napoleon wins stunning victories in Italy, gaining popularity

      3. News of his defeats in Egypt is suppressed

    3. Coup d’État

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Napoleon defeats British, Russians, Austrians who join forces against him


Notes:


  1. Napoleon Rules France

    1. Vote of Approval

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. Restoring Order at Home

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Establishes ___________—government-run public schools to train officials

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

      4. Creates Napoleonic Code—________________ _______________________________________

    3. Napoleon Crowned as Emperor

      1. In December 1804, Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France




  1. Napoleon Creates an Empire

    1. Loss of American Territories

      1. In 1801, Napoleon attempts to retake colony of Saint Domingue but fails

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

      3. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. Conquering Europe

      1. Britain, Russia, Austria, Sweden join forces against Napoleon

      2. Napoleon crushes enemy forces in several brilliant battles


Notes:


      1. Napoleon forces Austria, Russia, Sweden to sign peace treaties

    1. The Battle of Trafalgar

      1. In 1805, British win Battle of Trafalgar—_______________________________________

      2. This defeat forces Napoleon to give up plan of invading Britain

      3. Looks for another way to control Britain

    2. The French Empire

      1. Napoleon controls Europe except for Britain, Portugal, Sweden, Ottomans

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

      3. French Empire reaches largest extent from 1807 to 1812


Section 4

    1. Napoleon’s Empire Collapses

      1. Napoleon’s conquests aroused nationalistic feelings across Europe and contributed to his downfall.




  1. Napoleon’s Costly Mistakes

    1. The Continental System

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Continental System—____________________ _______________________________________

      3. Smugglers and uncooperative allies make France’s blockade fail

      4. Britain responds with blockade of its own, led by its stronger navy

Notes:


      1. Americans fight Britain in War of 1812; war does no major damage to Britain

    1. The Peninsular War

      1. Napoleon sends troops across Spain to attack Portugal, causing protest

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

      3. Spanish fight as guerrillas—_______________ _______________________________________

      4. British aid Spanish guerrillas

      5. Napoleon loses 300,000 soldiers during this Peninsular War

      6. Nationalist rebels fight the French in other conquered territories

    2. The Invasion of Russia

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. In June 1812, Napoleon’s army marches into Russia with 420,000 men

      3. Russians use scorched-earth policy—_______________________________________

      4. In September 1812, Russians retreat from Moscow after Battle of Borodino

      5. Napoleon finds Moscow abandoned and burning

      6. ______________________________________________________________________________




  1. Napoleon’s Downfall

    1. Napoleon Suffers Defeat

      1. Britain, Prussia, Sweden, Russia, Austria join forces against Napoleon


Notes:


      1. Napoleon raises another army, but meets quick defeat by allied powers

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

    1. The Hundred Days

      1. Louis XVIII, new king, is soon overthrown and ______________________________________

      2. Waterloo—_____________________________ _______________________________________

      3. This defeat ends Hundred Days—Napoleon’s last attempt at power


Section 5

    1. The Congress of Vienna

      1. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  1. Metternich’s Plan for Europe

    1. A Meeting of Nations

      1. Congress of Vienna—____________________ ______________________________________

    2. Metternich and the Great Powers

      1. Klemens von Metternich—foreign minister of Austria, influential at Congress

      2. ______________________________________________________________________________

    3. The Containment of France

      1. Kingdom of the Netherlands formed, and ______________________________________

      2. Austria dominates new German Confederation of 39 German states

Notes:


      1. Kingdom of Sardinia is strengthened by adding Genoa

    1. Balance of Power

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

    2. Legitimacy

      1. Legitimacy—____________________________ _______________________________________

      2. Leaders hope to restore order through these changes

      3. Congress of Vienna succeeds in getting all European governments together

      4. Fair deals are worked out so that the meeting does not lead to more war

      5. ______________________________________________________________________________

  1. Political Changes Beyond Vienna

    1. Conservative Europe

      1. Holy Alliance—_________________________ _______________________________________

      2. Concert of Europe—European nations pledge to help fight revolutions

      3. Conservative governments rule across Europe, but new ideas have impact

    2. Revolutions in Latin America

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

      2. Many former colonies of Spain and Portugal gain independence

    3. Long-Term Legacy

      1. ______________________________________________________________________________

Notes:



French Revolution and Napoleon Notes: Page


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page