Frbr object-oriented definition and mapping from frbrer, frad and frsad



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FRBR
object-oriented definition and mapping from FRBRER, FRAD and FRSAD

(version 2.3)

International Working Group on FRBR and CIDOC CRM Harmonisation


Supported by Delos NoE

Editors:


Chryssoula Bekiari

Martin Doerr

Patrick Le Bœuf

Pat Riva
Contributors:

Trond Aalberg, Jérôme Barthélémy, Chryssoula Bekiari,
Guillaume Boutard,
Martin Doerr, Günther Görz, Dolores Iorizzo,
Max Jacob, Carlos Lamsfus,
Patrick Le Bœuf, Mika Nyman,
João Oliveira, Christian Emil Ore, Allen H. Renear, Pat Riva,
Richard Smiraglia, Stephen Stead, Maja Žumer, and others

September 2015





Index


Index 2

Foreword 3

1. Introduction 4

1.1. Purposes 5

1.1.1. A Common View of Cultural Heritage Information 5

1.1.2. A Verification of FRBR’s Internal Consistency 5

1.1.3. An Enablement of Information Interoperability and Integration 5

1.1.4. An Opportunity for Mutual Enrichment for the FRBR Family and CIDOC CRM 5

1.1.5. An Extension of the FRBR Family and the CIDOC CRM 6

1.1.6. Sources 6

1.1.7. Understanding the Attributes and Relationships 6

1.1.8. Transforming Attributes into Properties 6

1.1.9. By-Product 1: Re-Contextualising Bibliographic Entities 7

1.1.10. By-Product 2: Adding a Bibliographic Flavour to CIDOC CRM 7

1.2. Differences between FRBRER and FRBROO 7

1.2.1. Introduction of Temporal Entities, Events, and Time Processes 7

1.2.2. Refinement of Group 1 Entities 8

1.2.3. Analysis of Creation and Production Processes 11



1.3. Differences between FRAD/FRSAD and FRBROO 13

2. Description of the Model 14

2.1. Graphic Overview of the Object-Oriented Definition of FRBR 15

2.1.1. Static View of the Work and Expression Classes 15

2.1.2. Dynamic View of the Work and Expression Classes 16

2.1.3. Dynamic View of the Manifestation and Item Classes 18

2.1.4. Static View of the Manifestation and Item Classes 19

2.1.5. Performing Arts as an Example for the Incorporation of Expressions in Expressions of Other Works 20

2.1.6. Creation and Assignment of Controlled Access Points 21

2.1.7. Photographs and animated images 23



2.2. Naming Conventions 23

2.3. Property Quantifiers 24

2.4. Presentation Conventions 25

2.5. Class & Property Hierarchies 25

2.5.1. FRBROO Class Hierarchy 27

2.5.2. FRBROO Class Hierarchy Aligned with (Part of) CIDOC CRM Class Hierarchy 29

2.5.3. FRBROO Property Hierarchy 33

2.5.4. FRBROO Property Hierarchy Aligned with (Part of) CIDOC CRM Property Hierarchy 36

2.6. FRBROO Class Declaration 39

F1 Work 40

F2 Expression 40

F3 Manifestation Product Type 42

F4 Manifestation Singleton 42

F5 Item 43

F6 Concept 43

F7 Object 44

F8 Event 44

F9 Place 45

F10 Person 45

F11 Corporate Body 46

F12 Nomen 46

F13 Identifier 47

F14 Individual Work 47

F15 Complex Work 48

F16 Container Work 48

F17 Aggregation Work 49

F18 Serial Work 49

F19 Publication Work 50

F20 Performance Work 50

F21 Recording Work 51

F22 Self-Contained Expression 51

F23 Expression Fragment 52

F24 Publication Expression 52

F25 Performance Plan 53

F26 Recording 54

F27 Work Conception 54

F28 Expression Creation 55

F29 Recording Event 56

F30 Publication Event 56

F31 Performance 57

F32 Carrier Production Event 57

F33 Reproduction Event 58

F34 KOS 58

F35 Nomen Use Statement 59

F36 Script Conversion 60

F38 Character 60

F39 Family 60

F40 Identifier Assignment 60

F41 Representative Manifestation Assignment 61

F42 Representative Expression Assignment 62

F43 Identifier Rule 62

F44 Bibliographic Agency 63

F50 Controlled Access Point 63

F51 Pursuit 63

F52 Name Use Activity 64

F53 Material Copy 64

F54 Utilised Information Carrier 65

2.7. FRBR Property Declaration 66

R1 is logical successor of (has successor) 67

R2 is derivative of (has derivative) 67

R3 is realised in (realises) 67

R4 carriers provided by (comprises carriers of) 68

R5 has component (is component of) 69

R6 carries (is carried by) 69

R7 is example of (has example) 69

R8 consists of (forms part of) 70

R9 is realised in (realises) 70

R10 has member (is member of) 70

R11 has issuing rule (is issuing rule of) 71

R12 is realised in (realises) 71

R13 is realised in (realises) 72

R15 has fragment (is fragment of) 72

R16 initiated (was initiated by) 73

R17 created (was created by) 73

R18 created (was created by) 73

R19 created a realisation of (was realised through) 74

R20 recorded (was recorded through) 74

R21 created (was created through) 75

R22 created a realisation of (was realised through) 75

R23 created a realisation of (was realised through) 76

R24 created (was created through) 76

R25 performed (was performed in) 76

R26 produced things of type (was produced by) 77

R27 used as source material (was used by) 77

R28 produced (was produced by) 78

R29 reproduced (was reproduced by) 78

R30 produced (was produced by) 78

R31 is reproduction of (has reproduction) 79

R32 is warranted by (warrants) 79

R33 has content 80

R34 has validity period (is validity period of) 80

R35 is specified by (specifies) 80

R36 uses script conversion (is script conversion used in) 81

R37 states as nomen (is stated as nomen in) 81

R38 refers to thema (is thema of) 82

R39 is intended for (is target audience in) 82

R40 has representative expression (is representative expression for) 83

R41 has representative manifestation product type (is representative manifestation product type for) 84

R42 is representative manifestation singleton for (has representative manifestation singleton) 84

R43 carried out by (performed) 85

R44 carried out by (performed) 85

R45 assigned to (was assigned by) 86

R46 assigned (was assigned by) 86

R48 assigned to (was assigned by) 87

R49 assigned (was assigned by) 88

R50 assigned to (was assigned by) 88

R51 assigned (was assigned by) 89

R52 used rule (was the rule used in) 89

R53 assigned (was assigned by) 90

R54 has nomen language (is language of nomen in) 90

R55 has nomen form (is nomen form in) 90

R56 has related use (is related use for) 91

R57 is based on (is basis for) 92

R58 has fictional member (is fictional member of) 92

R59 had typical subject (was typical subject of) 92

R60 used to use language (was language used by) 93

R61 occurred in kind of context (was kind of context for) 93

R62 was used for membership in (was context for) 93

R63 named (was named by) 94

R64 used name (was name used by) 94

R65 recorded aspects of (had aspects recorded through) 94

R66 included performed version of (had a performed version through) 95

CLP2 should have type (should be type of) 95

CLP43 should have dimension (should be dimension of) 96

CLP45 should consist of (should be incorporated in) 96

CLP46 should be composed of (may form part of) 97

CLP57 should have number of parts 97

CLP104 subject to (applies to) 98

CLP105 right held by (right on) 98

CLR6 should carry (should be carried by) 98

3. FRBRER Family to FRBROO Mappings 100

3.1. Introduction 100

3.2. Explanation of Types Used in the Mapping 100

3.3. List of FRBRER Mappings 101

3.4. FRSAD to FRBROO Mappings 119

3.5. FRAD to FRBROO Mappings 122

4. Referred to CIDOC CRM Classes and Properties 142

4.1. List of Referred to CIDOC CRM Classes 142

4.2. List of Referred to CIDOC CRM Properties 144

4.3. Referred to CIDOC CRM Classes 146

E1 CRM Entity 146

E2 Temporal Entity 146

E3 Condition State 147

E4 Period 147

E5 Event 148

E7 Activity 149

E11 Modification 150

E12 Production 150

E13 Attribute Assignment 151

E15 Identifier Assignment 151

E18 Physical Thing 152

E19 Physical Object 153

E21 Person 153

E22 Man-Made Object 154

E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 154

E25 Man-Made Feature 154

E26 Physical Feature 155

E27 Site 155

E28 Conceptual Object 156

E29 Design or Procedure 156

E30 Right 157

E31 Document 157

E32 Authority Document 157

E33 Linguistic Object 158

E35 Title 158

E36 Visual Item 159

E37 Mark 159

E39 Actor 159

E40 Legal Body 160

E41 Appellation 160

E42 Identifier 161

E44 Place Appellation 161

E47 Spatial Coordinates 162

E49 Time Appellation 162

E50 Date 163

E52 Time-Span 163

E53 Place 164

E54 Dimension 164

E55 Type 165

E56 Language 166

E57 Material 166

E59 Primitive Value 166

E60 Number 167

E61 Time Primitive 167

E62 String 167

E63 Beginning of Existence 168

E64 End of Existence 168

E65 Creation 168

E66 Formation 169

E67 Birth 169

E69 Death 170

E70 Thing 170

E71 Man-Made Thing 170

E72 Legal Object 171

E73 Information Object 171

E74 Group 172

E77 Persistent Item 172

E82 Actor Appellation 173

E84 Information Carrier 173

E89 Propositional Object 174

E90 Symbolic Object 174



4.4. Referred to CIDOC CRM Properties 176

P1 is identified by (identifies) 176

P2 has type (is type of) 176

P3 has note 177

P4 has time-span (is time-span of) 177

P7 took place at (witnessed) 177

P9 consists of (forms part of) 178

P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) 178

P14 carried out by (performed) 179

P15 was influenced by (influenced) 179

P16 used specific object (was used for) 179

P31 has modified (was modified by) 180

P33 used specific technique (was used by) 180

P37 assigned (was assigned by) 181

P43 has dimension (is dimension of) 181

P44 has condition (is condition of) 181

P45 consists of (is incorporated in) 182

P46 is composed of (forms part of) 182

P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) 183

P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) 183

P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) 183

P57 has number of parts 184

P59 has section (is located on or within) 184

P65 shows visual item (is shown by) 184

P67 refers to (is referred to by) 185

P69 has association with (is associated with) 185

P71 lists (is listed in) 186

P72 has language (is language of) 186

P74 has current or former residence (is current or former residence of) 186

P75 possesses (is possessed by) 186

P78 is identified by (identifies) 187

P82 at some time within 187

P87 is identified by (identifies) 187

P94 has created (was created by) 188

P95 has formed (was formed by) 188

P98 brought into life (was born) 188

P100 was death of (died in) 189

P102 has title (is title of) 189

P103 was intended for (was intention of) 189

P104 is subject to (applies to) 190

P105 right held by (has right on) 190

P106 is composed of (forms part of) 190

P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of) 190

P108 has produced (was produced by) 191

P125 used object of type (was type of object used in) 191

P127 has broader term (has narrower term) 192

P128 carries (is carried by) 192

P129 is about (is subject of) 192

P130 shows features of (features are also found on) 192

P131 is identified by (identifies) 193

P138 represents (has representation) 193

P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) 194

P141 assigned (was assigned by) 194

P142 used constituent (was used in) 194

P148 has component (is component of) 195

P151 was formed from (participated in) 195

P165 incorporates (is incorporated in) 195

5. Bibliography 197

6. Amendments 198

6.1. Amendments to Version 1.0.1 198

F2 Expression 198

F10 Person 198

F21 Recording Work 198

F23 Expression Fragment 199

F24 Publication Expression 199

F29 Recording Event 199

R1 is logical successor of (has successor) 199

R4 carriers provided by (comprises carriers of) 200

R8 consists of (forms part of) 200

R10 has member (is member of) 201

R11 has issuing rule (is issuing rule of) 201

R20 recorded (was recorded through) 201

R26 produced things of type (was produced by) 201

R41 has representative manifestation product type (is representative manifestation product type for) 201

Proofreading 202



6.2. Amendments to Version 1.0.2 202

F40 Identifier Assignment 202

F43 Identifier Rule 203

R14 incorporates (is incorporated in) 203

R15 has fragment (is fragment of) 203

R40 has representative expression (is representative expression for) 203

R47 used constituent (was used in) 204

Proofreading 205



6.3. Amendments to Version 2.0 (18th FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 205

R14 incorporates (is incorporated in) 205

R15 has fragment (is fragment of) 205

The class F12 Name 205

F11 is subclass of E40 206

Proofreading 206



6.4 Amendments to Version 2.0 (20th FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 206

1 Introduction 206

1.1 Purposes 208

1.1.2 A verification of FRBR’s internal consistency 208

1.1.3 An enablement of information interoperability and integration 209

1.1.5 An extension of the scope of FRBR and the CIDOC CRM 209

1.1.7 Understanding the attributes and relationships 209

1.1.8 Transforming attributes into properties 210

1.1.10 By-product 2: Adding a bibliographic flavour to CIDOC CRM 210

1.2.1 Introduction of temporal entities, events and time processes 210

1.2.2. Refinement of Group 1 Entities 211

1.3. Differences in the FRBR Family between FRAD/FRSAD and FRBROO 212

2.1 Graphic Overview of the Object-Oriented Definition of FRBR 213

2.1.1. Static View of the Work and Expression Classes 213

… 214

2.1.2 Dynamic View of the Work and Expression Classes 214



2.1.3 Dynamic View of the Manifestation and Item Classes 214

2.1.4 Static View of the Manifestation and Item Classes 214

2.1.5. Performing Arts as an Example for the Incorporation of Expressions in Expressions of Other Works 214

2.1.6. Creation and Assignment of Controlled Access Points 214

2.4. Presentation Conventions 216

Proofreading 216



6.5 Amendments to Version 2.0 (22nd FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 218

6.6 Amendments to Version 2.0 (23rd FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 218

6.7 Amendments to Version 2.1 (25th FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 219

6.8 Amendments to Version 2.2 (27th FRBR – CIDOC CRM meeting) 219


Index of Figures





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