Framework curricula for secondary schools



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Recommended works of art
Teachers are free to choose the characteristic works of a genre in accordance with the topic. Beyond that, the main selection criteria are that the presented works should include outstanding works and artists from the history of universal and Hungarian art, as well as some samples of popular culture in addition to art. It is recommended to provide ample room for the presentation of contemporary art among the important works representing the discussed genres from the history of art. It is highly important to discuss the ordinary environment, local and regional treasures.
Painting, graphics
The Room of Bulls in the Cave of Lascaux, ‘Musician Girls from Theba’ amphora with black figures by Exekias, wall paintings from the Villa of Misteries in Pompei, Vang Mien:Cherry bough, Utamaro: Meditation on love (wood engraving), apse mosaic of San Apollinaire in Classe in Ravenna, A. Rubljov: Holy Trinity icon, Christ with the Apostles (altar front-piece from Catalonia), Giotto: Raising Lasarus, Tamás Kolozsvári: Crucifixion from the altar of Garamszentbenedek, the lattice window of the Cathedral of Chartres, Raphael: School in Athens, Leonardo da Vinci: Madonna on a Rock (London version), Michelangelo: The creation of Adam, Brueghel: Winter, Giorgione: Sleeping Venus, Dürer: The Knight, Death and the Devil (wood engraving), Leonardo da Vinci: Flower study from the Windsor collection, Bosch: Hell (from the altar ‘Garden of Pleasure’), A. Pozzo: Glorification of St. Ignatius (fresco), Caravaggio: The Calling of St. Matthew, Rembrandt: Night-watch, Self-portrait with the painter’s wife (etched engraving), Goya: When Reason is Asleep (etched engraving), E. Monet: Two pictures of the Cathedral of Rouan, E. Degas: Dancer Greeting the Audience, Van Gogh: Self-portray, G. Seurat: Bathing, P. Cezanne: Still Life with Onions; H. Toulouse-Lautrec: Aristide Braunt (billboard), Bertalan Székely: The Women of Eger, Pál Szinyei Merse: Picnic in May, h. Matisse: Icarus (collage), P. Picasso: Woman’s Portrait after Cranach (lino-cut), G. Braque: Guitar and Clarinet, V. Kandinsky: Yellow Accompaniment, P. Mondrian: Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue, P. Klee: Sindbad at Sea; R. Magritte: Castle in the Pyreness, A. Warhol: Marilyn, Tivadar Csontváry Kosztka: Baalbek, Lajos Gulácsy: The Sorcerer’s Garden; Lajos Vajda: Tower with Still Life with a Plate, Victor Vasarely: Line Ksz, Béla Kondor: The Big Bird (etched engraving).

Sculpture
Venus of Willendorf, Antelope Head Mask from West-Africa, group of sculptures by Mycerinus, Nofretete Portray, Wounded Lioness, bronze statue of a Charioteer, Nike from Samothrake, Agesandros, Polydros, Athenodoros: Laokoon, Roman Patrician with His Ancestors’ Portrays, Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Dancing Shiva from India, hair plate from Rakamaz, Relief with angels from Pécs, Annunciation from the gate of the Cathedral of Reims, Tilman Riemenschneider’s altar, St. Ladislas herm, Donatello: Gattamelata, Ghiberti: Jacob and Esau from porta del Paradiso, Pisanello: front and reverse side of a Cecilia Gonzaga coin, Michelangelo: Medici Sepulchre, Bernini:St. Theresa’s Ecstasy, István Ferenczy: Little Shepherdess, Miklós Izsó: Dancing Peasant, A. Rodin: Burghers from Calais, V. Tatlin: Monument of the 3rd International; A. Maillol: The Mediterranean Sea, U. Boccioni: Treading Figure, A. Archipenko: Standing Figure, Ferenc Medgyessy: Bronze Statue f a Dancer, Béni Ferenczy: Babits Sepulchre, Miklós Borsos: Lyghea II, Erzsébet Schaár: Street, H. Moore: King and Queen, A. Calder: Mobil, D. Hanson: Woman with a Shopping Trolley.
Prerequisites of moving ahead
Application of the learnt elements of visual language, the methods of two and three dimensional representation. Familiarity with the genres of painting, image graphics and sculpture. Adjusting the learnt methods of analysis to the subject. Ability to explore and understand the inherent links of forms and objects, and to use knowledge related to colours properly. Ability to visually present abstract notions, quantities, links. Awareness of their communicative and informative role and applying them as a tool to acquire information. Practical experience of graphic design and designing objects. Familiarity with the use of the learnt artistic techniques.
Year 10
Number of teaching hours per year: 37
New activities
Planned independent work covering the process and logical steps of creation (project) in the field of fine arts, visual communication and environmental culture. Awareness and use of problem oriented, verbal and visual methods of analysis (analysis from the point of view of cultural history, architectural analysis, reading images) in the fields of architecture, applied arts and folk art. Review of the history of art.



TOPICS

CONTENTS / ACTIVITIES


Fine arts,

expression


Visual language

Recognising and applying the language of forms, methods of form creation in creative and receptive activities. Analysis of their use by the various branches and genres of art, such as folk art, architecture, objects, scientific and ordinary information.


Creation

Representation of topical, individual or collective issues, thoughts and themes in a personal tone, through works allowing innovation and based on association.


Receptivity

Problem oriented analysis of works representing the various branches of art embedded in the appropriate period and culture. Appropriate criteria of interpretation depending on genre and subject (history of styles, cultural history, iconography).


Architecture

The definition and function of architecture. Social and natural factors influencing architecture.

Milestones in the development of architectural structures.

Architectural styles (organisation of space, mass formation, morphology).

The impact of architecture.
Review of art history

Review of the history of European art in the context of genres, periods and styles.





Visual communication



Visual language

Methods of giving form in information facilitating learning, scientific and ordinary information, media and advertising.



Creation

Perspective and constructed perspective drawing of space studies, spatial order, complex spatial relations.

Superseding the methods of space representation, attempts at transformation in order to alter conventional vision by using optical illusion, reversed perspective or photos.

Graphic design with a topic of choice (e.g. stamp, calendar, book cover, CD cover, school paper). Recording the stages of the process of creation in a log book - collection, sketches, drawings).



Receptivity

Reading and understanding geometrical conventions used in daily life (Monge perspective, axonometry, perspective).


Concept of visual communication

Direct and indirect human communication, mass communication.

The turning points of the role of images and writing in the development of communication.

A historical review of the conventions of representing space.

Genres of visual communication (typography, photo, design graphics).

The impact of visual communication according to the speaker’s intentions: information (objective), advertising (imperative), art (with an aesthetic meaning).




Objects and environment


Visual language

The correlation of the language of forms, form creation, function and meaning in spatial design.


Creation

Designing space, interior decoration (e.g. space, part of space or furniture) - raising the problem, definition, orientation, ideas. Layout / view, axonometric or perspective drawing, modelling.


Receptivity

The concept of culture manifest in objects, the function and types of objects (tool, furniture, equipment, articles for use, decoration, ecclesiastic article, work of art).

The style of an object and the style of a period. How do culture and society determine the appearance of objects?

The meaning of objects (social, historical, technical, ergonomic, aesthetic and economic).


Folk art

Ethnography of objects and folk art.

Traditional Hungarian folk art and contemporary folk art, i.e. folklorism.

Review of Hungarian folk art (rural architecture, articles, furniture, wood-carving, pottery, woven fabrics, embroidery, folk costumes).

Available museum of local history, folk collection.
Techniques

Pencil, watercolour, tempera, application f a reproductive graphic technique, montage, collage. Application of a technical imaging device (e.g. photo, photocopier, computer).



Familiarity with the essence of the techniques of manual graphics (pencil, charcoal, ink, chalk, gouache), reproductive graphics (relief printing, gravure printing and plain printing), painting techniques for panel pictures (tempera, oil) and for monumental painting (fresco, panno, mosaic, glass window), mixed techniques (montage, collage) and materials and techniques used by plastic arts (clay, plaster, wood, stone, metal; modelling, moulding, carving.



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