Forms of Government Cheat Sheet



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Forms of Government Cheat Sheet



Democracy


  • Representatives of the people are elected by majority vote

  • Each representative is expected to reflect his voter’s wants and needs in the government structure

  • These representatives conduct the business of government for the people

  • Examples:

- Iraq

- The United States



Absolute

Monarchy


  • Examples:

- England (till 1688)

- Japan (till 1945)

- France (till 1789)


Limited

Monarchy


  • King or Queen is head of state but is not head of government

  • Rule of king is limited by a constitution or

representative body

  • Examples:

- Great Britain

- Japan



Dictatorship

  • Rule by one.

  • Ruler has absolute power over all branches of government and the military

  • The dictator often tries to act like a god

  • Dissent is not allowed

  • Examples:

- North Korea
- Nazi Germany (WWII)

- Soviet Union (1917-1989)

- Fascist Italy (WWII)


Oligarchy

  • Examples:

- South Africa (till 1989)

- Ancient Sparta



Theocracy

  • Examples:

- Iran

- Taliban (Afghanistan)




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