|The Government Unit - Review Guide
Counterpoints, Chapters 9 and 10
Additional resources on the Government page of my website.
Format –Multiple Choice, Short Answer, Paragraph
The Political Spectrum
Ideology Left Wing Right Wing
Centre Communism Socialism
Liberalism Conservative Fascism
1. Where do each of the major federal and provincial parties fall on the political spectrum?
2. What are some of the basic political positions of people on the right? the centre? the left?
3. Where do each of the major political philosophies (communism, socialism, liberalism,
conservatism and fascism) fall on the political spectrum?
The Structure of Government
Know the various terms on the Structure of Government Handout, including:
Federal Government Provincial Government
Municipal/Local Government Constitutional Monarchy Public Service
Parliament Executive Branch Prime Minister
Governor General The Cabinet Portfolio
Legislative Branch House of Commons Speaker of the House
Leader of the Opposition Backbenchers Members of Parliament
The Senate "Triple E Senate" Patronage
Party Whip Cabinet Solidarity(Party Solidarity)
Caucus Amending Formula(for making changes to the Constitution pg 199)
Progressive Conservative Party (PC)
The Reform Party The Canadian Alliance Party
New Democratic Party Liberal Party Conservative Party
Bloc Quebecois Green Party
1. Describe the structure of the various levels of government in Canada.
2. What are the responsibilities of the different levels of government in Canada?
3. Who are our current leaders and representatives at each level of government in Canada?(Federal, Provincial, Municipal)
4. What role does the Cabinet play in government?
5. For what reasons do some Canadians want to reform or abolish the Senate? What are the benefits and drawbacks of their proposals?
6. What is the role of the Official Opposition?
How a Bill Becomes a Law
bill law First Reading
Second Reading Parliamentary Committee Committee Stage
Third Reading Royal Assent Order-in-Council
private members’ bill
1. Describe the law making process in detail.
2 Who can introduce a bill to the government?
4. Who introduces most bills to the government? Why?
Elections and Electoral Reform
Dissolution Chief Electoral Officer Nomination
Campaigning Balloting Tabulation
Candidate Voter Apathy Public Opinion Polls
Majority Government Minority Government Coalition
Popular Vote Regional Representation First-Past-The-Post
Proportional Representation Preferential Balloting Gerrymandering
Party Platform By-election Independent Mixed Member
Amending Formula Candidate Electoral District / Constituency / Riding
1. Who is eligible to vote in Canada today?
2. What determines the size of an electoral district in Canada?
3. Under what circumstances must an election be called?
4. What are the six steps in the elections process?
5. What are the differences between a majority and minority government? Why is a majority victory preferable for a political party?
6. Under what circumstances might a coalition government be formed?
7. For what reasons do some Canadians want to reform or abolish the first-past-the-post electoral system in Canada? What are the alternatives to this system? What are the benefits and drawbacks of these alternatives?
Civil Disobedience Media Campaigns Lobbyists
NGO Mass Media Media Concentration
Petitions/Protests Pressure Group
1. What are some ways that citizens can influence their government? In your opinion, which methods are most effective?
2. List some examples of the different types of organizations that try to influence government (e.g. Canadian Cancer Society, Greenpeace, The Young Liberals).
3. List some examples of actions various groups have undertaken to influence government decisions (e.g. Clayquot Sound protests).
4. What are some of the concerns people have about the ways some people put pressure on government (e.g. opinion polls, lobby groups)?
5. How does the media influence government? Why is media concentration a concern?