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Chapter 10 – Reference Material




10-1. The National Anthem


Written by Francis Scott Key in 1814, the Star Spangled Banner was played at military occasions ordered by President Woodrow Wilson in 1916, and in 1931 was designated as our national anthem by an Act of Congress.

The Star Spangled Banner is the timeless rendition of our sacred American Flag and country’s patriotic spirit.



The Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?

Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight'

O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming.

And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,

Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.

Oh, say, does that Star-Spangled Banner yet wave

O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

10-2. The Army Song


The Army Song tells the heroic story of our past, present, and future. It was originally written by First Lieutenant Edmund L. Gruber, a Field Artillery officer, in 1908 and it was adopted in 1952 as the official song of our Army. As a time-honored tradition, the song is played at the conclusion of every U.S. Army ceremony in which all Soldiers are expected to stand and proudly sing the lyrics.

Army Song

March along, sing our song, with the Army of the free.

Count the brave, count the true, who have fought to victory.

We’re the Army and proud of our name!

We’re the Army and proudly proclaim.

First to fight for the right, And to build the Nation’s might,

And The Army Goes Rolling Along.

Proud of all we have done, Fighting till the battle’s won,

And the Army Goes Rolling Along.

Then it’s Hi! Hi! Hey! The Army’s on its way.

Count off the cadence loud and strong.

For where e’er we go, you will always know,

That The Army Goes Rolling Along.

10-3. The Code of Conduct


  1. I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.

  2. I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command, I will never surrender the members of my command while they still have the means to resist.

  3. If I am captured, I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy.

  4. If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information or take part in any action, which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back them up in every way.

  5. When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability. I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.

  6. I will never forget that I am an American, fighting for freedom, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free. I will trust in my God and in the United States of America.

The Code of Conduct is our guide for how all Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen and Marines must conduct themselves if captured by the enemy. The Code of Conduct, in six brief Articles, addresses the intense situations and decisions that, to some degree, all military service members could encounter. It contains the critical information for U.S. prisoners of war to survive honorably while faithfully resisting the enemy’s efforts of exploitation.

10-4. General Orders/Special Orders


General Orders:

  1. I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.

  2. I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.

  3. I will report violations on my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the commander of relief.


BCT / OSUT / AIT Special Orders: Additional requirements or instructions imbedded within the general orders.

  1. I will not do anything that would injure, degrade or harm my teammates…for I am an American Soldier sworn to defend the Values that we hold dear as a nation.

  2. I will not go anywhere without my battle buddy, and will take action to protect him/her from harm, whether that harm is to them self or at the hands of others…for I am the first line of defense in the protection of my teammates.

  3. I trust my fellow Soldiers with my life, but if I observe any threats against my battle buddy or my teammates, it is my personal responsibility to report that infraction to my leadership...for it is my duty as a Soldier to serve and protect others.

10-5. Guard Duty


One of the most important duties you will perform in the Army is guard duty. In a combat zone or unit area, cautious guards can mean the difference between life and death. However, guards are important everywhere due to the terrorist threats that can occur anywhere. Knowing your General Orders and Initial Military Training Special Orders, as mentioned earlier in this book, will have a major impact during Guard Duty.

Reacting to an Inspecting Officer

When you are on guard duty and approached by an inspecting officer, these steps are followed:



  • Stop walking and assume the position of attention.

  • When the inspecting officer approaches, render a proper hand salute.

  • When the salute is returned, execute order arms.

  • Remain at attention.

  • The inspecting officer will command, “At ease.”

  • The inspecting officer may ask questions pertaining to your general orders, special orders, and what has transpired at your post.

  • When finished with the inspection, the inspecting officer will say, “Carry on.”

  • Assume the position of attention and render a proper hand salute, holding it until it is returned.

  • Resume walking your post.


Challenging Unknown Persons

The following steps are carried out when challenging unknown persons (night) and summoning the commander of the relief:



  • Upon seeing or hearing an unknown person, come to port arms.

  • Issue the command "Halt.” (Person halts.)

  • Call out “Who is/goes there?” Unknown person identifies him/herself.

  • State “Advance to be recognized.”

  • Command “Halt,” when the person can be seen but not closer than 2 to 3 meters away.

  • Say “State your business.” Unknown person states reason for presence in guarded area.

  • Require the unknown person to place their identification on the ground and move back six steps.

  • Check the identification while keeping the person under observation.

  • If the identification (ID) and authorization do not match, move to the phone and call the commander of the relief while keeping the person under observation.

  • Release the person to the commander of the relief and explain that their identification and authorization do not match.



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