Final book of resolutions



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27th Model OAS General Assembly for

High Schools (MOAS HS)
FINAL BOOK OF RESOLUTIONS





Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

INDEX OF APPROVED RESOLUTIONS IN THE 27TH MOAS FOR HIGH SCHOOLS - DECEMBER 3-6, 2008
General Committee


Number

Title


Country



School


Page

GC-1-1

Promoting Democratic Values through Education

Argentina

Mercy High School – MD

9


GC-1-2

Promoting Democratic Values on the Youth of the Hemisphere through education, special programs and Regional Initiatives

Guatemala

Midland Senior High School – TX

13


GC-1-4

Promoting Democratic Values on the Youth of the Hemisphere through education, special programs and Regional Initiatives

Jamaica

Colegio Gustavo H. Machado - Venezuela


21


GC-1-6

Promotion of Democratic Values of the Youth of the Hemisphere through the creation of the youth gang data analysis committee

México

Saint John’s School – PR

23

GC-1-7

The Development of a common base of understanding of migration management in the region and the preservation of migrants’ basic human rights.

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School - NY

30

GC-1-8

Increasing the participation of youth in democracy and supporting the declaration of Medellin

Brazil

Georgetown Preparatory School - MD

34

GC-1-9

Promoting Democratic Values on the Youth of the Hemisphere through education, special programs and Regional Initiatives

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School - NY

37

GC-2-2

The Phenomenon of Migration: Towards the development of a common base of understanding of migration Management in the region and the preservation of migrants’ Basic human rights.

Canada

The Madeira School – VA

40

WG-2-3

The Phenomenon of Migration: Towards the development of a common base of understanding of migration Management in the region and the preservation of migrants’ Basic human rights.

Argentina

Mercy High School – MD

44

Chile

Rondout Valley – NY

Dominican Republic

Pan-American Student Forum of Texas – TX

Panama

Washington International School - DC

WG-2-5

A Joint resolution to create a committee on the safety and protection of migrant communities and an Inter-American Bill of Rights for Migrant Workers.

Antigua & Barbuda

Midland Senior High School - TX

49

Nicaragua

Nicolet High School - WI

Suriname

Washington International School - DC

GC-New Topic

Declaration on the Right of Agricultural Landowners in Latin America

Paraguay

Wilmington Friends School - DE

53



First Committee: Juridical and Political Affairs


Number

Title


Country



School


Page

I-1-1

Cooperation among OAS Member States to combat trafficking in persons

Canada

The Madeira School – VA


57

I-1-2

Cooperation among OAS Member States to combat trafficking in persons

Chile

Rondout Valley HS – NY

60

I-1-3

Combating the Trafficking in persons

Argentina

Mercy High School – MD

64

I-1-5

Renewal of efforts to reduce the scourge of Human Trafficking in the Hemisphere

Brazil

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

68

I-1-6

A Resolution to Combat Child Trafficking in the Americas

Nicaragua

Nicolet High School – WI

72

I-1-7

Combating Human Trafficking through the Education of youth and the Promotion of International standards concerning education

Ecuador

North Country MOAS Delegation – NY

75

I-1-8

A Proposal for the Voluntary presentation of Anti – Trafficking in Person information and warnings to schools across Dominica and the Caribbean

Dominica

Springfield Township High School – PA

78

I-1-14

Proposal to increase awareness of trafficking of minors in the Hemisphere through a Public Relations Committee

Mexico

St. John’s School - PR

80

I-2-1

Modernization and use of electoral technologies in the hemisphere

Panama

Washington International School - DC

85

I-2-2

Creation of an election oversight committee for Promotion of Democracy in the Western Hemisphere

St. Lucia

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

87

I-2-3

The Implementation of Electronic Pollbooks to improve electoral processes in the Hemisphere.

St Vincent & the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School - NY

91

I-2-4

Modernization and use of electoral technologies in the hemisphere

Trinidad and Tobago

St. Stephens and St. Agnes - VA

94



Second Committee: Hemispheric Security


Number

Title


Country



School


Page

II-1-2

Addressing illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons to promote confidence and security building in the Americas

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School – NY

98


II-1-3

Confidence building and international security techniques in the OAS Member States

Canada

The Madeira School – VA

102


II-1-5

Improving Hemispheric Capability for the peaceful resolution of conflict and provision of security through education and mediation

Ecuador

North Country MOAS delegation – NY

105

II-1-6

Security Building in the Americas through the Elimination of Terrorism

Argentina

Mercy High School – MD

108

II-1-7

Building confidence and increasing security through financial security

Chile

Rondout Valley High School – NY

112

II-1-8

Convention of transparency in Inter – American conventional weapon purchase

Dominica

Springfield Township High School – PA

116

II-2-10

Natural Disaster Reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

Argentina

Mercy High School – MD

120

II-2-11

Participation of Caribbean and other Nations to aid Caribbean nations in the wake of natural disasters

St. Lucia

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

123

II-2-12

Risk Management and Assistance in natural and other disaster situations

Chile

Rondout Valley High School - NY

125

II-2-13

Natural disaster reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

Guatemala

Midland Senior High School – TX

128

II-2-14

Resolution to create new agencies to respond to natural disasters in a timely manner

United States

Wilmington Friends School - DE

130

II-2-15

Proposal for the improvement and construction of public facilities in order to meet standards that will withstand hurricanes

St Kitts & Nevis

Trinity School of Midland - TX

133

II-2-16

Natural disaster reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School – NY

137

II-2-17

Natural disaster reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

Trinidad and Tobago

St. Stephens and St. Agnes School - VA

139

II-2-19

Natural disaster reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

Honduras

Lycee Rochambeau - MD

141

WG-2-10

Proposal for the creation of the Inter- American Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention

Mexico

St. John’s High School – PR

144

Nicaragua

Nicolet High School – WI

Brazil

Georgetown Preparatory School - MD

WG-2-18

Natural disaster reduction, Risk Manager and Assistance in Natural and other disaster situations

Suriname

Washington International School - DC

148

Jamaica

Colegio Gustavo Machado – Venezuela

Dominican Republic

Pan-American Student Forum of Texas - TX



Third Committee: Inter-American Summits Management and Civil Society Participation in OAS Activities; and Inter-American Council for Integral Development - CIDI


Number

Title


Country



School


Page

III-1-1

The Role of Regional Trade Agreements in Promoting growth and Prosperity in the Western Hemisphere

Dominican Republic

Pan-American Student Forum of Texas – TX

154


III-1-2

Increasing Trade with small island developing states as a road to prosperity

St. Lucia

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

158


III-1-3

The Role of Regional Trade Agreements in Promoting growth and Prosperity in the Western Hemisphere

Honduras

Lycee Rochambeau - MD

161


III-1-4

The Inclusion of the CARICOM nations in CAFTA DR in order to reduce tariffs and taxes on regional trade and thus increase economic growth in member states.

St Kitts & Nevis

Trinity School of Midland - TX

164

III-1-7

Report of the Role of regional trade agreements in promoting growth and prosperity in the Western Hemisphere

Canada

The Madeira School – VA

166


III-1-8

Increasing civil society participation in the summits of the Americas process

Brazil

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

169

III-2-2

Inter-American Summits Management and Civil Society participation in OAS activities; and Inter-American Council for Integral Development – CIDI.

Jamaica

Colegio Gustavo H. Machado – Venezuela

173

III-2-5

The Participation of Civil Society organizations in the summits of the Americas process

Antigua and Barbuda

Midland Senior High School – TX

175

III-2-7

Participation of Human Rights Groups in the Summit of the Americas process in order to increase the protection in inclusion of human rights activists within their borders

Mexico

St. John’s School - PR

179

III-2-9

Promoting Democratic Values on the youth of the hemisphere through education, special programs and regional initiatives.

St. Vincent & the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School - NY

183



Fourth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary Affairs


Number

Title


Country



School




IV-1-2

Program Budget of the Organization for 2009, and Quotas and Contributions of Member States

Guatemala

Midland Senior High School – TX

187

IV-1-6

Funding from Indigenous Products

Nicaragua

Nicolet High Schools – WI

190


IV-1-7

Proposal to generate income within the OAS by means of ensured corporate bonds

St Kitts & Nevis

Trinity School of Midland - TX

193

IV-1-9

General Funding and Involvement of Corporation

Ecuador

North Coutry MOAS Delegation - NY

195

IV-1-11

Administrative and Budgetary Affairs

Jamaica

Colegio Gustavo H. Machado – Venezuela

197

IV-1-12

Leasing space in the OAS Building for Fundraising

United States

Wilmington Friends School - DE

202

IV-2-1

Quotas and Contributions of Member States

St. Vincent & the Grenadines

Rondout Valley High School – NY

204

IV-2-4

Emergency quotas assessment review due to international financial crisis

Mexico

St. John’s School - PR

206

IV-2-5

Encouraging the timely payment of Quotas

Brazil

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

209

IV-2-7

Improving Efficiency and Sustainability in Organization of American States’ Activities

St Lucia

Georgetown Preparatory School – MD

213

IV-2-8

Resolution to reduce annual quotas demands through the establishment of an annual OAS marathon fundraiser.

Paraguay

Wilmington Friends School – DE

216

IV-2-9

Program-Budget of the regular fund of the

Organization of American States 2009, Quotas assessments and contributions to FEMCIDI for 2009



Antigua and Barbuda

Midland Senior High School – TX

219

WG-1-10

New Approaches to increase contributions for OAS specific funds from members and observers countries.

Canada

The Madeira School – VA

222

Dominican Republic

Pan-American Student Forum of Texas-TX


27th Model OAS General Assembly for

High Schools (MOAS HS)
General Committee





Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

GC-1-1
Promoting democratic values through Education
General Committee Topic No. 1 of the Agenda

Draft resolution presented by the Delegation of: Argentina


THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN:
Article III of the OAS Charter which states that Member States are “Convinced that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region”;

Article 1 of the Inter-American Development Charter, which states that “The peoples of the Americas have a right to democracy and their governments have an obligation to promote and defend it”;

Article 12 of the Inter-American Development Charter, which states that “Poverty, illiteracy, and low levels of human development are factors that adversely affect the consolidation of democracy”;

Article 13 of the Inter-American Development Charter, which states that “The promotion and observance of economic, social, and cultural rights are inherently linked to integral development, equitable economic growth, and to the consolidation of democracy in the states of the Hemisphere”;

Article 28 of the Inter-American Development Charter, which states that “States shall promote the full and equal participation of women in the political structures of their countries as a fundamental element in the promotion and exercise of a democratic culture”; and

AG/DEC. 57 (XXXVIII-O/08), which recognizes, “The importance of youth participation in political activities and public life, including the electoral process, as a key aspect for the promotion and exercise of a democratic culture”,


RECOGNIZING:

That all the rights and obligations of Member States under the OAS Charter represent the foundation on which democratic principles in the Hemisphere are built;

That education is fundamental for the youth of the hemisphere, and that an inclusive, quality education sets students up for a healthy, successful, and productive future; and

That, in the Santiago Commitment to Democracy and the ministers of foreign affairs expressed their determination to adopt a series of effective, timely, and expeditious procedures to ensure the promotion and defense of representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention,


CONSIDERING:

That, in the Declaration of Mexico, adopted at the Third Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Mexico City from August 11 to 13, 2003, the ministers recognized “the importance of instilling democratic awareness, culture, and values in the present and future generations, and of the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter…”;

That in the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government they stated that they will strive “for quality public education at all levels and promote literacy to ensure a democratic citizenry, foster decent work, fight poverty, and achieve greater social inclusion”;

That education is an effective way to promote citizens’ awareness concerning their own countries and thereby achieve meaningful participation in the decision-making process, and reaffirming the importance of human resource development for a sound democratic system;

That the fight against poverty, and especially the elimination of extreme poverty, is essential to the promotion and consolidation of democracy and constitutes a common and shared responsibility of the American states; and

That the substantive theme of the thirty-eighth regular session of the OAS General Assembly is “Youth and Democratic Values,” which points to the importance of promoting opportunities for youth to participate in a meaningful way in political, economic, and cultural affairs,

RESOLVES:

1. To thank all Member States that continue to support quality, unbiased education and youth programs that support the principles of democracy on which the OAS was founded.




  1. To thank all delegates and other OAS representatives who have worked tirelessly to promote quality, inclusive education for all people and protect the democratic rights of all citizens in this hemisphere.

3. To encourage all Member States to work to reduce social and cultural barriers that sometimes make schools inaccessible to citizens, especially girls, minorities, and rural inhabitants, in order to provide literacy in the hemisphere, which aids in the strengthening and maintaining democracy.


4. To suggest that each Member State review their current curricula to ensure that they include a relevant curriculum promoting democratic values, provide a well-educated and skilled teaching staff , and provide quality educational opportunities including:

  1. Courses on civic and political education

  2. leadership opportunities within the school.

  3. Participation in debate and simulation exercises such as the Model OAS, Model UN, and congressional or parliamentary models among others.

  4. Attendance to lectures on current political issues

  5. Extracurricular activities that promote grass-roots and community activities.

5. To urge all Member States to create student-parent education classes on democratic values and participation.

6. To add a link on the OAS webpage with an online pamphlet which:

a. will contain important information on the democratic values and the importance of participating in democracy.

b. will be available in the four languages of the OAS: Spanish, French, English and Portuguese.

c. will be formatted such that they may be printed off for distribution.

7. To fund all of these measures through the OAS Voluntary Fund, the OAS Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and through contributions from individual Member States.

Approved for form and substance:

(Signature of Faculty Advisor)
Cosignatories: 1) Nicaragua

2) Antigua & Barbuda

3) Mexico

4) St Vincent & the Grenadines

5) Bolivia

GC-1-2

PROMOTING DEMOCRATIC VALUES ON THE YOUTH OF THE HEMISPHERE THROUGH EDUCATION, SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND REGIONAL INITIATIVES

General Committee
Draft Resolution presented by the Delegation of Guatemala Item No. 1 of the Agenda

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

REAFFIRMING:
The commitment of the Member States to strengthen and promote in the youth of the Hemisphere the values, principles, and practices of a democratic life, including liberty and progress, respect for human rights in their universality, indivisibility, and interdependence, and the rule of law, pursuant to the Charter of the OAS and the Inter-American Democratic Charter;
RECOGNIZING the right of young people to actively participate and fully in the political, economic, and social spheres of their countries; and reaffirming our commitment to combating poverty, hunger, and social exclusion and to promoting social cohesion, to improve the overall living conditions of the peoples of the Western Hemisphere;
BEARING IN MIND that the Inter-American Democratic Charter emphasizes the importance and proposes the promotion of fundamental democratic values, principles, and practices, in order to foster a democratic culture among new generations;
CONSIDERING the central role of the OAS in the promotion of a democratic culture in the Hemisphere consistent with the principles, practices, and values of the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, paying special attention to the development of programs for the education of children and youth as a means of promoting and guaranteeing the permanence of democratic values, principles, and practices, including liberty and social justice;
BEARING IN MIND the agreements, mandates, and commitments set forth in the resolutions and declarations adopted by the OAS General Assembly, and the declarations, commitments, and plans of action adopted by the Summits of the Americas, related to the issue of youth and democratic values;
RECALLING:
That in the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, the Heads of State and Government committed to develop “democratic culture at all levels, in order to teach individuals ethical values, a spirit of cooperation and integrity. To that end, the participation of teachers, families, students and outreach workers will be stepped up in their work related to conceptualizing and implementing the plans for shaping citizens imbued with democratic values”;

That in the Declaration of Nuevo León of the Special Summit of the Americas, held in Monterrey, Mexico, in January 2004, the Heads of State and Government reaffirmed the hemispheric commitment to democracy and continued to reiterate the importance for democratic governance of political training and leadership development of young people; and


That in the Declaration of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, held in Mar del Plata, Argentina, in November 2005, the Heads of State and Government recognized, among other things, the importance of facilitating the integration of youth into the labor market and of expanding coverage and improving the quality of information services and career counseling, as well as the importance of creating opportunities to facilitate access by youth to decent work; and that in the Plan of Action of said Summit they committed to reducing youth unemployment and significantly lower the percentage of young people who neither study nor work;
TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION:
That the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 50/81, of December 14, 1995, identifies as priority areas education, employment, hunger and poverty, health, environment, drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, leisure-time activities, girls and young women, and the full and effective participation of youth in the life of society and in decision-making;
The need to strengthen initiatives to ensure that the gender perspective is integrated into policies, programs, and projects targeted at youth;
That the promotion of democratic values, including freedom and social justice, as well as the development of knowledge, capacities, and relevant abilities in the young people of the Americas, are essential for their effective integration into the political, economic, and social spheres;
The importance of designing public policy with the joint participation of families and society in order to provide young people with opportunities to develop fully into productive adults, including the design of programs for training, initial employment, and participation in the economic, social, and cultural development process; and
The potential of youth as people imbued with principles and values, and with skills and abilities, capable of shaping more free, just, and democratic societies;
RECOGNIZING:

The importance of youth participation in political activities and public life, including the electoral process, as a key aspect for the promotion and exercise of a democratic culture;


The importance that youth be able to select their training and education on the basis of the exercise of their fundamental freedoms;
the Hemisphere can affect their development for the rest of their lives;
That poverty and social exclusion constitute obstacles faced by a large number of young people in the Hemisphere and that, therefore, economic and social development that offers equality of opportunity, justice, and social inclusion is essential in order to lend dignity to human beings;
That free and independent media are fundamental for democracy and for the promotion of pluralism, tolerance, and freedom of thought and expression, and to facilitate dialogue and debate, free and open to youth and all other segments of society, without discrimination of any kind;
That the mass media have an important role to play in educating young people in a spirit of peace, tolerance, justice, freedom, and mutual respect, so as to promote human rights, and the right of young people to access to information from independent, plural, and diverse sources; and
RECALLING that the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices was adopted at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the framework of CIDI (Inter-American Council for Integral Development), held in Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago, from August 10 to 12, 2005, in order to promote a democratic culture through education, both formal and non-formal;
BEARING IN MIND:
The work carried out by the Inter-American Children’s Institute, particularly the promotion of democratic principles, values, and practices;
The OAS Youth Symposium “Empowering the Future Leaders of the Americas,” and the special meeting of the Permanent Council, held on September 19 and 20, 2007, respectively, at OAS headquarters, which were decisively supported by youth participants of the Hemisphere; and taking note of the views expressed to the Permanent Council by the participants;
That 2008 marks the 16th anniversary of the Ibero-American Youth Organization, the 23rd anniversary of the International Youth Year (IYY), declared as such by the United Nations, the 13th anniversary of the United Nations World Programme of Action for Youth, and the 10th anniversary of the OAS Program for the Promotion of Democratic Leadership and Citizenship (PROLIDEM);

That 2008 has been designated “Ibero-American Youth Year” within the framework of the XVIII Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State and Government, to be held in San Salvador, El Salvador, which will focus on the central theme “Youth and Development”; and


UNDERSCORING that the Lecture Series of the Americas was created by the Permanent Council of the OAS to promote democratic principles and values in the countries of the Hemisphere, through conferences on topics related to the hemispheric agenda, such as democracy and social development; and
HIGHLIGHTING the Model OAS General Assembly (MOAS), carried out for the purpose of promoting, among youth, democratic values and a better understanding of the Organization as the main political forum of the Hemisphere,
RESOLVES:



  1. That a young citizen practiced in democratic values can potentially strengthen relations among the peoples of the Hemisphere, based on mutual respect, cooperation, the acceptance of diversity, tolerance, and peace.




  1. That respect for and the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms of young people in the Americas are essential for the consolidation of democracy and the development of our peoples.




  1. That to build free and responsible public opinion among youth it is necessary to promote and defend freedom of thought and expression, including the freedom to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas, as well as freedom of the press, and to support the access of youth to uncensored information and political debate.




  1. The importance of promoting the design of strategies, programs, and policies that involve young people in activities that take their interests and needs into account.




  1. The importance of coordinating with the academic sector on developing initiatives for programs and projects for youth.




  1. The importance that productive organizations, in accordance with each country’s characteristics, such as cooperatives and other forms of production, can have for youth, bearing in mind the contributions of these organizations to the economy and to the creation of decent jobs.




  1. To create the Youth Lecture Series of the Americas as a means of fostering democratic principles and values among the young people of the Hemisphere in this regard:




    1. Broadcast by means of radio transmission the Youth Lecture Series of the Americas four times a year, once in January, April, August, November

    2. To have this transmission received by schools in the Hemisphere and broadcast to the student body

    3. To make these four lectures one hour in length and occur during the school day

Approved for form and substance:_______________________________

(Signature of Faculty Advisor)


Cosignatories:

  1. Antigua & Barbuda

  2. Colombia

  3. St Kitts & Nevis

  4. St Vincent & the Grenadines

  5. Bolivia

GC-1-4
Promoting Democratic Values on the Youth of the Hemisphere Through Education, Special Programs and Regional Initiatives
GENERAL COMMITTE Topic No.1 of the Agenda

Draft Resolution Presented by the Delegation of Jamaica

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

CONSIDERING:

That the Inter-American Democratic Charter affirms that the primary task of the Organization of American States is the dissemination of democracy and its values;

REAFFIRMING:

The compromise that the Members States have of promoting and assuring the efective pratice of democracy; and

CONSIDERING:

That in the action plan of the III Summit of the Americas, the contries acknowledge that Education is the key to strengthen democratic institutions, to promote the development of human potential, equality and understanding among our peoples, and that it has a positive influence on economic growth and on poverty reduction. These commitments and the Hemispheric Action Plan on Education of the Third Summit of the Americas contain mandates which shall be executed by the countries with the support of the Organization of American States

RECOMMENDS:



  1. Recommends to the members states the creation of a new curriculum that is based on the democratic values starting from primary education and concluding in secondary education in order to expend their importance, its principles, its history, and how to use it as a way of development for the improvement of life quality. And propose to the Inter American Committe on Education the assitance in the development of the program.

  2. To propose to the States Members the desing of a “Democratic Education Project”, to the young public. This project may have essential aspects about democracy such as Political Tolerance, Power Management Divide, Citizen supremacy, state rights, and Civil Society. The Democratic Educacion Project should be financially supported by Transnational Private Enterprise committed to global development, having the current social role (Social Enterprise Responsability) of private departments as a basis.

Approved for form and substance: _____________________________________

(Signature of Faculty Advisor)


Cosignatories:

  1. Argentina

  2. Venezuela

  3. Ecuador

  4. El Salvador

  5. Honduras

GC-1-6
PROMOTION OF DEMOCRATIC VALUES OF THE YOUTH OF THE HEMISPHERE THROUGH THE CREATION OF THE YOUTH GANG DATA ANALYSIS COMMITTEE
General Committee Topic No. 1 of the Agenda
Draft Resolution presented by the delegation of Mexico
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY;

HAVING SEEN:


Article 16 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter which states that “education is key to strengthening democratic institutions, promoting the development of human potential and alleviating poverty”;
The Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the Americas, held in Santiago, Chile, in April 1998, where the Heads of State and Government committed to, “improve the quality of education, promote and strengthen democracy and the respect for human rights, deepen economic integration and free trade and eradicate poverty and discrimination”;
The Plan of Action of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, held in Mar del Plata, Argentina, in November 2005, where the Member States committed, “to reduce youth unemployment and significantly lower the percentage of young people that neither study nor work,” and to “strengthen our efforts in the development of specific policies for training, vocational training, reinsertion into the educational system and promotion of access of young people of either gender to their first job”;
The Article 47 of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) which indicates that, “The Member States will give primary importance within their development plans to the encouragement of education…oriented toward the overall improvement of the individual, and as a foundation for democracy, social justice, and progress”;
The Article 3 of the Charter of the Organization of American States, where Member States agreed that, “equality of opportunity, the elimination of extreme poverty, equitable distribution of wealth and income and the full participation of their peoples in decisions relating to their own development are, among others, basic objectives of integral development”; and
Recalling AG/DEC. 57 (XXXVIII-O/08) “The Declaration of Medellín: Youth and Democratic Values,” in which the Member States made a, “commitment to promote a favorable economic, social, and cultural environment, enabling young people to develop fully,” and in which Member States also established the promotion and design of programs and policies “that involve young people in activities that take their interests and needs into account…and…that focus on prevention and emphasize their full reintegration into society through, among other things, rehabilitation support services and education policies;” and
CONSIDERING:

That in the draft final report (CICAD/PDJT/doc.5/05) of theMeeting on Transnational Criminal Youth Gangs: Characteristics, Importance and Public Policies”, held in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, from June 16 to 17, 2005, and sponsored by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), participating Member States:



  1. made an emphasis on addressing the issue of youth gangs through the prevention of criminal activity by the improvement of socio-economic conditions and through the rehabilitation of former gang members,

  2. noted that is necessary to implement and strengthen public policies in education and crime prevention in order to prevent and eradicate youth gangs,

  3. stated that training activities and community work are of utter importance in developing values of family, self-esteem and protection which ultimately facilitate the social insertion of minors;

That the Executive Summary: Decent Work & Youth of the Fifth Summit of the Americas, held in Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, in April 2009, stated that



  1. there are 22 million young people in Latin America that neither study nor work,

  2. of the 6 million young males who do not engage in study nor work, a large number are engaged in illegal forms of subsistence, and all are at a high risk situation,

  3. the rate at which juvenile delinquency in the region increases is escalating at appalling rates; and

That the “Decent Work in the Americas: An Agenda for the Hemisphere for 2006-2015,” proposed by the International Labour Organization (ILO), a subdivision of the United Nations, in the Sixteenth American Regional Meeting, held in Brasilia, in May 2006, aimed to reduce by half the percentage of young people above 14 years of age who neither study nor work,


RESOLVES:


  1. To commend the representatives from Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, United States, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama for attending the Meeting on Transnational Criminal Youth Gangs, held in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, from June 16 to 17, 2005, and for their efforts in approaching the youth gang problem.




  1. To urge the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) to create the Youth Gang Data Analysis Committee (YGDAC) with the purpose of creating an informational network between Member States who wish to control and mend the youth gang phenomenon.

    1. Each Member State will provide YGDAC with available data regarding the following:

      1. Measures executed by the Member State or organizations that have been effective in preventing or reducing youth gang activity.

      2. The number of existing youth gangs, as well as estimates of the amount of youth involved in gang activities.

      3. Crime rates of areas where youth gangs are found.

      4. Any statistics pertaining to the youth engaging in study or work.

      5. Poverty rates.

      6. Rates of youth homelessness.

      7. Rates of drug use and trafficking.

      8. Any other statistical information relating to the formation and existence of youth gangs.




  1. To recommend that YGDAC hold annual meetings with the Member State’s officers in charge of centers of planning, analysis, and information for combating crime with the purpose of analyzing the collected data in order to better understand how and why youth gangs form, and discussing means to combat the rise of violence amongst the youth.




  1. To request the Permanent Council and the CSH to include the youth gang topic in the agenda of discussion of the regular sessions and to provide the information collected by the YGDAC to the representatives of each country, who will regard the youth gang phenomena according to the expertise of the YGDAC.

    1. In the meeting on the youth gang topic, interested Member States will discuss the establishment of a system of centers run by local communities aimed at targeting the youth gang phenomena through:

      1. Activities aimed at teaching moral values

        1. Sports

        2. Arts & crafts

        3. Character building seminars

        4. Group reading sessions

      2. A rehabilitation program aimed at the psychological assistance and reintegration of former gang members

        1. This program will serve as a resource for gang members who no longer want to be involved in gang activities.

        2. If necessary, this program will provide the individual with access to government protection programs.

    2. Member States should consider the areas with the highest youth gang rates as potential sites for the centers.




  1. To adopt and develop the following goals:

    1. To fully establish the YGDAC by 2011.

    2. To hold the first annual committee meeting in the year 2012.

    3. To include the youth gang topic in the agenda of the 43rd regular session.

    4. That interested Member States discuss the creation of youth gang centers in the 44th regular session.

    5. That the Member State’s dedication and commitment to combating the youth gang phenomenon is evident by 2015.




  1. To consider requesting funds from the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and other organizations that advocate for the improvement of education in the Americas as sources to fully fund the youth gang centers.




  1. To call upon the Organization of American States for the necessary funding for the YGDAC.

Approved for form and substance: _____________________________________

(Signature of Faculty Advisor)

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