Fidel Castro’s Revolutionary Laws

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Fidel Castro’s Revolutionary Laws
Fidel Castro wrote the following program for the liberation of Cuba while he was in prison after a failed revolutionary attempt in 1953. His program represents a revolutionary ideal.

When we speak of the people we do not mean the comfortable ones… When we speak of struggle, the people means the vast unredeemed masses…we mean the people who yearn for a better, more dignified and more just nation…

In the brief of this case, the five revolutionary laws that would have been proclaimed immediately after the capture of the Moncada Barracks and would have been broadcasted to the nation by radio should be recorded…

The First Revolutionary Law would have returned power to the people and would have proclaimed the Constitution of 1940 the supreme Law of the State, until such time as the people should decide to modify or change it…

The Second Revolutionary Law would have granted property, non-mortgageable and non-transferable, to all planters, non-quota planters, lessees, share-croppers, and squatters… and the State would indemnify the former owners on the basis of the rental which they would have received for these parcels over a period of ten years.

The Third Revolutionary Law would have granted workers and employees the right to share thirty percent of the profits of all the large industrial, mercantile and mining enterprises, including the sugar mills…

The Fourth Revolutionary Law would have granted all planters the right to share fifty-five percent of the sugar productions and minimum quota…

The Fifth Revolutionary Law would have ordered the confiscation of all holdings and ill-gotten gains of those who had committed frauds during previous regimes, as well as the holdings and ill-gotten gains of all their legatees and heirs. To implement this, special courts with full powers would gain access to all records of all corporations registered or operating in this country, in order to investigate concealed funds of illegal origin, and to request that foreign governments extradite persons and attach holdings rightfully belonging to the Cuban people. Half of the property recovered would be used to subsidize retirement funds for workers and the other half would be used for hospitals, asylums and charitable organizations.

  1. How is Castro’s plan an economic program? A political program? Is it capitalist or socialist?

  2. Which social class or group is Castro aiming his message at?

  3. How does Castro define “the people”?

  4. How do you think the middle class reacted?

  1. What is Castro encouraging in How does the cartoonist see Castro?

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