Federalists and Antifederalists

Download 8.05 Kb.
Date conversion16.05.2016
Size8.05 Kb.
Federalists and Antifederalists
In the fall of 1787, after the summer of the Constitutional Convention, public debate began ABOUT the Constitution.
Each state called a special convention to decide whether or not to ratify (ratify=accept/approve) the new form of government.
If 9 of the 13 states gave their approval, the Constitution would become the law of the land.
Constitution was the first to provide for a federal system of gov’t.
Federalists—people who strongly favored the new plan of gov’t. (the Constitution)
Anti-Federalists—people who were against the new plan of gov’t. (the Constitution)

Policies Favored by Federalists

--strong national government

--government controlled by wealthy and educated citizens
--policies favorable to trade, business, and finance
--a national bank
--protective tariffs
--strong ties with Britain, but not with France

--tariff—protective tax on imported goods

The Federalist—series of 85 essays mostly written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton. –defends Constitution
Federalists believed:
--propertied and educated people favored this document
--Federalists believed the Constitution was the best that could be had in an imperfect world.
--That if the Constitution had undesirable features, there were ways of amending them.
--That it DID provide for a gov’t. “by the people”.--Favored a strong central (national) gov’t.
--Favored a strong executive branch.
--Wanted rule by few, or the elite.
--Thought the Bill of Rights unnecessary.
--Wanted long terms in office; unlimited number of terms.
Policies Favored by Antifederalists

--limited national government (more power in the states)

--Government controlled by ordinary citizens
--Policies favorable to farmers, artisans, and skilled workers
--state banks
--free trade
--strong ties with France, but not with Britain
Antifederalism Notes
Articles written in response to The Federalist Papers are known as the Anti-Federalist Papers—written by Patrick Henry, George Mason, and Elbridge Gerry.
Main Anti-Federalist dude---Thomas Jefferson
They believed:--The Constitution was undemocratic.

--That it threatened the people’s liberties by providing for a too strong central (national) government.

--That it was an instrument of the rich for the oppression of the poor.
--Preservation of states’ rights in strong state governments.
--Strong legislature (particularly the House of Reps.)
--Rule by many; officials directly elected by the people.
--Bill of Rights essential for preserving individual liberties.
--Short terms of office (annual elections); limited number of terms.

The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page