Federalism Disad

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Russia models US federalism
Berezovisky, 2K—Boris Berezovskiy, 2000, State Duma Deputy, ?Kommersant, May 31? in BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 6/5, l/n

Many proponents of a territorial principle looked to the United States as a model of successful federalism. Gavril Popov (at that time mayor of Moscow), for example, was one of several leading "reformers" who proposed a system of territorial federalism in Russia that adheredto a United States type model. He called for the creation of 10-15 large-scale regions and for the abolition of Russia's ethno-federal hierarchy. In order to provide for the right of national self-determination, Popov also proposed the formation of Councils of National Communities at both the regional and the federal levels for organizing policies on non-Russian language education and the "development" of non-Russian cultures, for example.(16) Another advocate of a Lander-basedmodel of Russian federalism was the nationalities minister, Sergei Shakray, who supported the creation of a dozen administrative units. His "February Thesis" in 1993 proposed an eleven-point nationalities policy which stressed the importance of tackling national questions outside of the federal structure of the Russian state.(17) Another, butless tolerant, view of territorial restructuring was also provided by the leader of the "Liberal Democratic" party, Vladimir Zhirinovsky,who proposed abolishing all the republics and national-formations in1991.(18)

Russians model US federalism
Boris Berezovskiy, 2000, State Duma Deputy, ?Kommersant, May 31? in BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 6/5, l/n

In the context of world experience of federalism, the current Russian state system corresponds more to the North American and European models, which are based on decentralization of power and have proved their worth in ensuring political stability. The proposed legislation will put Russia in the category of the Latin American model of federalism, which is characterized by excessive centralization and brings with it instability and a great likelihood of nondemocratic forms of government.

Russia and India Model United States Federalism

Steven G. Calabresi, Law Professor, Northwestern, 1995 (MICHIGAN LAW REVIEW, December, p. 759-60)

At the same time, U.S.-style constitutional federalism has become the order of the day in an extraordinarily large number of very important countries, some of which once might have been thought of as pure nation-states. Thus, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Austria, the Russian Federation, Spain, India, and Nigeria all have decentralized power by adopting constitutions that are significantly more federalist than the ones they replaced. Many other nations that had been influenced long ago by American federalism have chosen to retain and formalize their federal structures. Thus, the federalist constitutions of Australia, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico, for example, all are basically alive and well today.

Russian Federalism Bad: Prolif

A) Federalism in Russia causes WMD proliferation

Kupchan director of Europe and Eurasia a political risk consultancy 2000

(Clifford Kupchan, Spring 2000, “Devolution Drives Russian Reform,” www.twq.com/spring00/232kupchan.pdf)

Devolution of power does pose some formidable security threats to Russia and the international community. The weakening of central control, combined with the 1998 financial crisis, has led to an increased risk of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The most immediate threats are the sale of WMD technology, potential emigration of WMD scientists to rogue states, and insecure storage of fissile material. Russia’s financial ability to meet current and possible future arms control agreements is also in question. The central government is not capable of (some would argue not interested in) fully managing these security responsibilities, and the regional governments have no capacity or historic responsibility for them.

B) Proliferation leads to full scale nuclear war

Taylor chairman of NOVA, former nuclear weapons designer 2006

(Theodore B. Taylor, July 6 2006, “Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,” http://www-ee.stanford.edu/~hellman/Breakthrough/book/chapters/taylor.html)

Nuclear proliferation - be it among nations or terrorists - greatly increases the chance of nuclear violence on a scale that would be intolerable. Proliferation increases the chance that nuclear weapons will fall into the hands of irrational people, either suicidal or with no concern for the fate of the world. Irrational or outright psychotic leaders of military factions or terrorist groups might decide to use a few nuclear weapons under their control to stimulate a global nuclear war, as an act of vengeance against humanity as a whole. Countless scenarios of this type can be constructed. Limited nuclear wars between countries with small numbers of nuclear weapons could escalate into major nuclear wars between superpowers. For example, a nation in an advanced stage of "latent proliferation," finding itself losing a nonnuclear war, might complete the transition to deliverable nuclear weapons and, in desperation, use them. If that should happen in a region, such as the Middle East, where major superpower interests are at stake, the small nuclear war could easily escalate into a global nuclear war.

Russian Federalism Bad: Organized Crime

A) Russian federalism empowers Russian organized crime and links them to state resources

Doormen, Senior Fellow at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law (Moscow) and research and legislation-drafting division of the Russian federal government, 2001

(Alexander, “The Russian Federation,” http://www.federalism.ch/files/categories/IntensivkursII/Russiag3.pdf)

Issues of federalism are among core elements of contemporary far-reaching reforms in Russia. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the initiation of Yeltsin’s reforms enormously weakened the country and led to a gaping vacuum of authority. Many of the provincial governors exploited the situation and used “the increasingly dysfunctional nature of President Yeltsin’s regime to head their own nomenklatura/business/criminal clans and become largely autonomous rulers of their own domains,” turning a number of Russia’s regions into their personal fiefdoms.

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