Gidon Gottlieb, Leo Spitz Professor of International Law and Diplomacy University of Chicago Law School, 1993, Nation Against State, p. 26-27
Self-determination unleashed and unchecked by balancing principles constitutes a menace to the society of states. There is simply no way in which all the hundreds of peoples who aspire to sovereign independence can be granted a state of their own without loosening fearful anarchy and disorder on a planetary scale. The proliferation of territorial entities poses exponentially greater problems for the control of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and multiplies situations in which external intervention could threaten the peace. It increases problems for the management of all global issues, including terrorism, AIDS, the environment, and population growth. It creates conditions in which domestic strife in remote territories can drag powerful neighbors into local hostilities, creating ever widening circles of conflict. Events in the aftermath of the breakup of the Soviet Union drove this point home. Like Russian dolls, ever smaller ethnic groups dwelling in larger units emerged to secede and to demand independence. Georgia, for example, has to contend with the claims of South Ossetians and Abkhazians for independence, just as the Russian Federation is confronted with the separatism of Tartaristan. An international system made up of several hundred independent territorial states cannot be the basis for global security and prosperity.
AT Federalism Solves Conflicts
John Warren McGarry and Brendan O'Leary. The political regulation of national and ethnic conflict.
Parliamentary Affairs v47.n1 (Jan 1994): pp94(22).
Unfortunately, federalism has a poor track record as a conflict-regulating device in multi-national and polyethnic states, even where it allows a degree of minority self-government. Democratic federations have broken…Federal failures have occurred because minorities continue to be outnumbered at the federal level of government. The resulting frustrations, combined with an already defined boundary and the significant institutional resources flowing from control of their own province or state, provide considerable incentives to attempt secession, which in turn can invite harsh responses from the rest of the federation…genuine democratic federalism is clearly an attractive way to regulate national conflict, with obvious moral advantages over pure control. The argument that it should be condemned because it leads to secession and civil war can be sustained only in three circumstances: first, if without federalism there would be no secessionist bid and, second, if it can be shown that national or ethnic conflict can be justly and consensually managed by alternative democratic means; and third, if the secessionist unit is likely to exercise hegemonic control (or worse) of its indigenous minorities.
Federalism irrelevant in the age of Terrorism
Ann Althouse, University of Wisconsin Law School Professor, 2004
(Brooklyn Law School, 69 Brooklyn L. Rev. 1231, Summer) p. 1273
Over the course of United States history, conditions have changed, causing people to look more and more to the national government for solutions to modern-day problems. It would seem that the war on terrorism can only increase the demand for the national government to extend its reach into more and more aspects of American life. One might well predict, then, that the war on terrorism will finish off the Rehnquist Court's federalism revival: Federalism neurotics n141 will need to snap out of their nostalgia and face the hard realities of a brutally changed world. What can survive of the Madisonian "double security . . . to the rights of the people"? How can the states play an important role in controlling abuse by the federal government when we are forced to look to the federal government to deal with such monumental threats?
Federalism Modeled - Generic
US federalism is modeled worldwide – continued respect for state’s rights is key
Steven G. Calabresi, Associate Professor, Northwestern University School of Law. “A Government of Limited and Enumerated Powers,” Michigan Law Review December, 1995
We have seen that a desire for both international and devolutionary federalism has swept across the world in recent years. To a significant extent, this is due to global fascination with and emulation of our own American federalism success story. The global trend toward federalism is an enormously positive development that greatly increases the likelihood of future peace, free trade, economic growth, respect for social and cultural diversity, and protection of individual human rights. It depends for its success on the willingness of sovereign nations to strike federalism deals in the belief that those deals will be kept. 233 The U.S. Supreme Court can do its part to encourage the future striking of such deals by enforcing vigorously our own American federalism deal. Lopez could be a first step in that process, if only the Justices and the legal academy would wake up to the importance of what is at stake.
Russia Models US Federalism
(PRNewswire Association “Members of Congress to Address Russian Federal and Regional Leaders at Moscow School of Political Studies Seminar; Annual Event to Focus on Federalism, Intergovernmental Relations, and U.S.-Russia Relations “ April 7th)
Members of Congress, including Senators Joseph Biden, Carl Levin and John McCain and Representatives Ron Kind and Tom Lantos, will be among the speakers at a special seminar for high ranking Russian political and civic leaders sponsored by the Moscow School of Political Studies to be held April 11-13, 2005 in Washington, DC. The seminar, American Federalism and Public Policy, is part of an intense seven- day visit by 30 federal and regional Russian elected officials and civic leaders, including members of the State Duma and local parliaments, party and civic leaders, business leaders and journalists. The Russian delegates will visit Washington, DC and St. Louis, Missouri for a week-long program focused on U.S. public policy, with a particular emphasis on the American model of federalism and democracy. The event is jointly funded by the Moscow School of Political Studies, the U.S. Agency for International Development and Supporters of Civil Society in Russia. The Washington, DC seminar will focus on the American model of policy-making and intergovernmental relations at the federal level with a special emphasis on U.S.-Russia relations, international and domestic priorities, and economic issues.