Federalism Disad

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Nigerian Federalism Good: Stability

Nigerian federalism solves state collapse

Africa News August 6, 2006

(“Poverty Eradication Through True Federalism” This Day) Lexis

If we must eradicate poverty from our land, we must return money, power and responsibility to the states as was the position before the military era. The current quest for power and influence at the centre in Nigeria will become unattractive and the Nigerian state will be saved from disintegration and wastage. What is business of the Federal Government's in the management of educational institutions in Nigeria? Once we have an educational policy in Nigeria, with the appropriate enactments of the National Assembly, the resources for education should be channeled to the states and the responsibilities of the Federal Government should only be limited to monitoring and compliance. Today, there are so many federal institutions and multitude of bureaucrats being paid from the national treasury. Which should not be. One begins to wonder what magic a bureaucrat in Abuja can do better, than the governor of a state in educating the citizens of their states.A change in the current direction will greatly help in developing our communities for good. There are other areas of federal control that in a true federalism should not be the pre-occupation of a federal government like housing, agriculture, road maintenance, health, sports and other social responsibilities of government. These can be better handled by the states. In fact, all social responsibilities in a true federalism should be the primary responsibility of the states. This is why I strongly belief that the military enacted 1999 constitution is a total aberration to the Nigeria people. A new constitution is urgently required.We need to realize that we cannot reduce or eradicate poverty in Nigeria except we devolve power and resources to the states. The current concentration of power, money and resources at the centre is the primary reason for the level of poverty we see everyday in our various communities.

Indonesia Won’t Model US Federalism

Historical baggage kills modeling of western federalism

MacIntyre, Professor at Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, 2000

(Andrew March 7 “Does Indonesia Have to Blow Apart,” http://wwwirps.ucsd.edu/irps/speeches/spmacintyreDRT030700.html, Cfbato)

So there are all sorts of questions being asked. Anybody looking at Indonesia from the outside would quickly say, "What this country clearly needs is a good dose of federalism." And yet federalism is a curiously dirty word in Indonesia. Which goes back to historical reasons, the way in which the Dutch meddled in Indonesia and tried to foist a federal system on them that was clearly designed to fail. There are very bad memories of federalism. It's a word that's not legitimate in public debate.

And, Indonesia WILL NOT model the plan – the government will never accept federalism

Business World 2003

(May 27, 2003,”, Lexis, Cfbato)
Our southern neighbor Indonesia - plagued by a 25-year-old separatist movement - has finally lost its patience in its search for a negotiated peace settlement with a homegrown rebellion within its territory. Its government, under President Megawati Sukarnoputri, just cut off peace talks, declared martial law in its territorial part of Aceh in the northeastern tip of Sumatra island and launched an all-out military offensive to bring to heel the radical Islamic separatist group Free Aceh Movement. Although on a larger scale, this action of the Sukarnoputri government in Jakarta appears to parallel that taken recently by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in Muslim Mindanao. Her government is seeking to decapitate the leadership of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) headed by a radical Islamist, Hashim Salamat, a former associate of the now jailed Nur Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Like Ms. Arroyo's government, the Sukarnoputri government took action in the battlefield after the dragging peace talks in Tokyo collapsed. Mediated by the Geneva-based Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, these talks finally broke down on the issue of sovereign power versus the establishment of a separate or independent Aceh to be carved out of the strategic northernmost tip of the Indonesian archipelago on the narrow straits facing Malaysia. More than those already mentioned, there are commonalities that make the Indonesian case similar to that of the Philippines. For one, the MILF and the government's effort at achieving peace is being brokered by neighboring Malaysia under the watchful eye of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC). For another, Indonesia and the Philippines are both allergic to any discussion involving a surrender of sovereign territory.

Indonesian Federalism Good – Economy

Federalism is critical to prevent Indonesian disintegration

Dibb ‘01

(Paul, Head Asian Studies – Australian National University, Orbis, 9-22, Lexis)

It is important for Australians to appreciate that Indonesia is going through a traumatic period. The smoothly functioning democratic process that is taken for granted in Australia has yet to be established in Indonesia. . . . The recent tragic events in East Timor have been played out against a background of this great national effort to form a new government to bring Indonesia into the family of democratic nations. It is important that Australians understand that the institutions they have built up over 100 years of nationhood--a democratic electoral process; a strong and independent judiciary; a free and reasonably responsible press; a largely non-corrupt and highly competent civil service; and a decentralised system of government in which strong States counterbalance the strength, of the national government--are things we Indonesians aspire to and are just beginning to enjoy. [4] The turmoil wracking their vast neighbor has made many Australians appreciate their own institutions more keenly, not least the oft-maligned federal system that imposes eight provincial administrations along with the national government on a country of barely 20 million people. Above all else, it is the lack of an effective federal system that will ultimately be to blame should Indonesia disintegrate.

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