(Ghulam Nabi, Executive Director, Kashmiri American Council, Washington Times, 7-8)
The foreign policy of the United States in South Asia should move from the lackadaisical and distant (with India crowned with a unilateral veto power) to aggressive involvement at the vortex. The most dangerous place on the planet is Kashmir, a disputed territory convulsed and illegally occupied for more than 53 years and sandwiched between nuclear-capable India and Pakistan. It has ignited two wars between the estranged South Asian rivals in 1948 and 1965, and a third could trigger nuclear volleys and a nuclear winter threatening the entire globe.
Indian Federalism Good: Ethnic Conflicts
Indian federalism mediates conflict and strengthens democracy
Pye, Political Science at MIT, 2008
[The State of India’ Democracy, May/June http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20080501fashortreview87356/sumit-ganguly-larry-diamond-marc-f-plattner/the-state-of-india-s-democracy.html]
This symposium volume brings together more than a dozen American and Indian scholars to evaluate the state of India's democracy. It is standard practice to honor India by declaring it, without further analysis, to be the world's largest democracy. The authors of this volume, in contrast, take it as a given that there are many different versions of democracy and that India is a special case. They begin by analyzing India's party system and election results and how the relationship of politics to society leads to the management of ethnic conflicts. A key factor in the strength of Indian democracy is the country's successful federalism, the balance achieved between the central government and state and local authorities. Another key factor in India's democracy is its judiciary. Overall, however, the success of Indian democracy is very much determined by the country's civil society and the pride Indians take in their democratic institutions. At the same time, Indians are bothered by corruption in public affairs. The emergence of marginalized elements has further opened the door to graft.
Indian federalism key to unite minorities and mitigate insurgencies
Mohan, professor at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, 2008
[NTU Singapore, In Defense of Liberty, 3/27, http://indefenceofliberty.org/story.aspx?id=1068&pubid=778]
What can India do to promote solutions to the intractable problems on its borders? For one, it must stand firm in its principled opposition to the break-up of the existing states. It is the fear of disintegration that has driven the Chinese communists and Burmese generals to cracking down so hard ons the recent political protests. Two, while ruling out the creation of new states, India must encourage its neighbours — Myanmar, China, Nepal and Pakistan — to move steadily towards granting genuine autonomy to ethnic minorities. India’s relative success in managing diversity and mitigating the many insurgencies it had to confront is rooted in its federalism. The Tibetan revolt has underlined the reality that no amount of economic growth can overcome the minorities’ quest for cultural autonomy and political dignity.
Indian Federalism Good: Conflict Solvency
Indian Federalism key to conflict prevention and management
Indo Asian News, 2007
[India to host grand global meet on federalism L/N, Nov. No Author Given]
New Delhi, Nov. 1 -- From heads of state and government to experts and activists, around 1,000 people from the world will take part in an international conference on federalism here next week. Conference leaders say the Nov 5-7 meet - the fourth in a series organised by the Canada-based Forum of Federations - will provide a platform for exchanges of ideas that can prove useful to countries in turmoil such as Sri Lanka. For a country where federalism as a concept has proved greatly successful, the Indian contingent will include Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Enhanced Coverage LinkingPrime Minister Manmohan Singh, -Search using: Biographies Plus News News, Most Recent 60 Days Congress president Sonia Gandhi, opposition leader L.K. Advani and Home Minister Shivraj Patil. "The most important thing is it provides a unique learning event - from practitioners, for practitioners," Rupak Chattopadhyaya of Forum of Federations told IANS. "They come together to share each other's experience." Among the foreign participants will be Presidents Micheline Calmy-Rey of Switzerland and Ahmed Abdallah M. Sambi of Comoros, Vice President Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria and Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, which is to hold the fifth edition of the International Conference on Federalism. There will be high-level teams from Bosnia, Canada, Germany, Mexico, Austria besides Pakistan and Nepal. Iraq, Sudan, Malaysia, South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Libya and the United Arab Emirates will also be taking part. Sri Lanka, where a Tamil homeland campaign raging since 1983 refuses to end, is sending two senior cabinet ministers, Mahinda Samarasinghe and Rauff Hakeem. Two Tamil politicians will also attend: K. Vigneswaran and Gajendran Ponnambalam. Another Sri Lankan minister, Tissa Vitharana, who is battling against tremendous odds to evolve a national consensus on a power sharing formula, may also come. "The Indian experience is very important in federalism," said Chattopadhyaya. "India is seen as an emerging economy. But Indian federalism is the real success story of the last 60 years." Amaresh Singh, deputy secretary in the home ministry, which is coordinating the event, said federal form of governance as an idea was in vogue today. "Countries that practice federalism constitute 40 percent of the global population. Now we have this concept being looked into by countries in turmoil. The conference provides a place to learn from each other's experiences." There will be a total of 35 sessions when government leaders, administrators, scholars, experts and activists will have intense discussions on federalism and better governance. "The objective is to promote a dialogue on the renewal and development of federalism and greater cooperation among practitioners of federalism in pursuit of good governance," an Indian official explained.