What happens to the prophet’s speech in visions 3 and 4?
What happens to the whole form in vision 5?
Yahweh relents (visions 1-2)
Thought Progression in Visions
Locusts after king’s mowing 7:1-3
Rain of fire 7:4-6
Plumb line? Tin (for bronze)? 7:7-9 [Followed by Amos-Amaziah incident in 7:10-17]
Qayis #yq (summer fruit)/Qes #q (end) 8:1-2
Judgment on Bethel 9:1-4 (followed by hymn 9:5-6 [doxology of judgment])
Amos 1-2 Oracles against the Nations
Outline of Oracles against Foreign Nations
A. Messenger Formula: Thus says Yahweh
B. For 3 rebellions and for 4…I will not turn it back because (indictment)
Expanded indictment with normative expression (Tyre, Edom, Judah)
C. Announcement of judgment
Additional announcement of judgments (not in Tyre, Edom, Judah)
D. Concluding Messenger Formula (not in Tyre, Edom, Judah) says Yahweh
Note how form explodes in Israel oracle
Thus says the LORD: For three rebellions of Judah, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment; because they have rejected the law of the LORD, and have not kept his statutes, but they have been led astray by the same lies after which their ancestors walked.
So I will send a fire on Judah, and it shall devour the strongholds of Jerusalem.
The crimes are committed against their own citizens: injustice in court, violation of pledges, sexual sins? exploitation and enslavement of poor
Thus says the LORD: For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment; because they sell the righteous for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals--
they who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth, and push the afflicted out of the way; father and son go in to the same girl, so that my holy name is profaned; they lay themselves down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge; and in the house of their God they drink wine bought with fines they imposed.
The Word “Prophet”
Abraham, Moses, Miriam, Aaron, Deborah
Ecstatics (Eldad and Medad; Saul in 1 Samuel 10 and 19)
Court officials (Gad, Nathan, 400 with Ahab)
“Sons of prophets”--Elisha = guild
Other terms: “man of God”; seer (hozeh and ro’eh)
Prophets in Israel Before the Eighth Century
Pre Exodus: Abraham, Aaron, Balaam, Eldad and Medad, Moses
Pre Monarchical period: Deborah, Samuel--the Samuel compromise: war fought by king; authorization by prophet
Monarchical period: Gad, Nathan, Ahijah, Shemaiah, Man of God 10c