Causes-Texas Annexation, Rio Grande/Nueces River boundary dispute, John Slidell’s proposal for the U.S. to buy the Mexican Cession, Mexican refusal to negotiate, Polk’s strategy for acquisition of the Western Territory (Manifest Destiny)
Major Battles: Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma 1st battles; Bear Flag Revolt California’s attempt to declare independence from Mexico; Battle of Monterrey; Battle of Buena Vista where Santa Anna is Captured; Battle of Vera Cruz; Battle of Chapultepec Castle & capture of Mexico City.
Zachary Taylor – Ordered by Polk to move troops from Nueces River to Rio Grande to claim disputed territory. Caused the 1st battle to take place. (Palo Alto) He defeated Santa Anna at Buena Vista (Made him famous)
Winfield Scott – Defeated Santa Anna and captured Mexico City to end the war.
James Polk – President of the U.S. who orders Taylor to move troops to the Rio Grande; goal was Manifest Destiny. “Shed American Blood on American Soil!”- This was a reason for Congress to declare war.
Santa Anna – Defeated at Battle of Buena Vista by General Taylor; defeated by General Scott at Battle of Cerro Gordo and Battle of Chapultepec Castle, a fort protecting Mexico City; Santa Anna’s army retreated from all battles.
Mexican War Timeline
May 8, 1846 – Taylor win 1st battle at Palo Alto 1853-Gadsden Purchase-purchased
May 13, 1846 – U.S. Congress declare war on Mexico for $10 million dollars. Finalized
April 17-18, 1847 – Battle of Cerro Gordo the border between US & Mexico.
September 12-13, 1847 – Battle of Chapultepec Castle
September 13, 1847 – Mexico City was captured
February 2, 1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.