Expansion of the United States



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Expansion of the United States


Today, Americans unanimously accept the present territorial boundaries of the continental United States. That was not always the case. Opponents of expansion objected to the acquisition of each piece of land. However, the dominant theme in the country’s past has always been expansion. Research each of the following acquisitions of the United States, and complete the chart below to show how the United States accomplished this expansion to the Pacific.

Territory



Date Acquired

Previous Owner

Circumstances of Acquisition

Original United States

1783

Great Britain/

Native Americans



American Revolution. Treaty of Paris, 1783. Britain recognizes the new U.S. to the MS River.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

France/Napoleon

France agrees to sell to the U.S. the Louisiana Territory which includes New Orleans. $15 Million. Doubles the size of the U.S.

British Cession

1818

Great Britain

Great Britain cedes (gives up) territory bordering Canada and the United States. Rush-Bagot Treaty. British Cession.

Florida

1819

Spain

Spain cedes Florida to the U.S. Adams-Onis Treaty after Andrew Jackson “invades” Spanish Fl. Treaty also establishes border between US and Spanish Mexico


Texas

1845


Mexico

After independence, Texas asks to become a U.S. state. The U.S. annexes TX.


Oregon Country

1846

Great Britain

Previously jointed controlled by US and Great Britain. Decide to make a permanent border extending to the Pacific at the 49 parallel.



Mexican Cession

1848



Mexico

War with Mexico. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo cedes to the U.S. CA, NM, UT Territories for $15 million. Mexican Cession.


Gadsden Purchase

1853

Mexico

Mexico agrees to sell to U.S. for $10 million to build a railroad. It also settled territory boundary issue between the two countries


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