In Milton’s Paradise Lost, Eve’s actions and thoughts immediately after she disobeys God and eats from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil make it clear that she has left the prelapsarian world and is now in a fallen state. Identify and explain three different ways that Milton makes this clear in the poem.
As the opening letter of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travelssuggests, Gulliver seems to be a misanthrope, or a hater of humanity, when he returns from his voyages. Identify and explain at least three aspects of Gulliver’s experience in Part 1 of Gulliver’s Travels that might be factors in Gulliver’s move toward misanthropy. (Keep in mind that both the Lilliputians and Gulliver himself could represent humanity in Gulliver’s Travels.)
Jonathan Swift seems to give special attention to satirizing politicians in Part 1 of Gulliver’s Travels. Identify and explain three things about politicians that Swift satirizes in the story.
Alexander Pope’s The Rape of the Lock is a mock epic. That is, Pope uses the convections of an epic poem to tell a trivial story. Identify three conventions of the epic that Pope uses and explain what the use of these conventions adds to the poem.
Epistle 1 of Alexander Pope’s An Essay on Man ends with “Whatever is, is right” (1.10.292). Explain how Pope tries to prove this idea in his poem. If “Whatever is, is right,” why does Pope think that we sometimes do not see things this way?