|Holocaust Underground Art:
Dr. David Gussak
Associate Prof., Art Education/Art Therapy
“…painting is designed as a mediator between us and the world around it and it is not necessarily an aesthetic operation, but a way of acquiring power and giving concrete form to our fears, hopes, and wishes.”--Picasso
Participants will be able to demonstrate:
Understanding of why art was done/purpose of the art
Understanding of impact and importance of art
How to really “look” at the art
(Please Note: The Power Point presentation is simply a slide show of selected works to illustrate and support the lecture discussions.)
I. A brief discussion about art and art therapy
A) Art psychotherapy
B) vs. art as therapy
C) Therapeutic benefits of
1. art materials
2. the topic/directives chosen
II. Why was art done (Evidence and Resistance)?
To take control of situation when their was no control
To concretize the ambiguous (explain)
Create a visual, long-living record
Act of creating defined humanness when treated otherwise
Immortality in the face of extinction
Brief discussion of importance of portraiture
III. Brief discussion of the importance of the art
How do we use the art to explore and understand the Holocaust
How do we use the art when teaching the Holocaust
How to use the art as record and reference
IV. How to really “look” at the art
Understand/speculate about the messages given in the images
Understand how the supplies are used to convey these messages
V. Brief discussion on the difference(s) between:
Art done at Terezin (Theresienstadt)/ Auschwitz/in hiding/other
degenerative art vs. acceptable art
art of the children/adults/witnesses/victims
VI. Review use of weblinks at the end of the Power Point presentation
Additional References of Interest:
Blatter, J., & Milton, S. (1981). Art of the Holocaust. New York: The Rutledge Press.
Czarnecki, J.P. (1989). Last traces: The lost art of Auschwitz. New York: Atheneum.
Dutlinger, A.D. (2001). Art, music and eduction as strategies for survival: Theresienstadt, 1941-45. New York: Herodias.
Green, G. (1978). The artists of Terezin. New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc.
Mickenberg, D., Granof, C. & Hayes, P. (2003). The last expression: Art and Auschwitz. Evenston, IL: The Northwestern University Press.
Milton, S. (ed/trans.) (1989). The art of jewish children—Germany 1936-1941: Innocence and persecution. New York: Allied Books Limited.
Osvaldova, H., & Nakladatelstvi, O. (2002). Art against death: Permanent exhibitions of the Terezin Memorial in the former Magdeburg Barracks. Terezin, Czech Republic: Pamatnik Terezin.
Rubin, S.G. (2000). Fireflies in the dark: The story of Friedl Dicker-Brandeis and the children of Terezin. New York: Holiday House.
Toll, N. (1998). When memory speaks: The Holocaust in art. West Port, Conn: Praeger Publishers.
Troller, N. (1991). Theresienstadt: Hitler’s gift to the jews. Chaperl Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.
Volavkova, H. (ed.) (1993). …I never saw another butterfly… Children’s drawings and poems from Terezin Concentration Camp 1942-1944.(2nd.ed.) New York: Schocken Books