Ethics and Values nur 102 Fundamentals of Nursing
Date conversion 26.05.2016 Size 17.36 Kb.
NUR 102 Fundamentals of Nursing Learning Objectives Define Key Terms. Describe terms accountability and responsibility in nursing practice. Discuss client advocacy. Describe principles of ethics. Explore how to utilize the process of ethical dilemma. Describe ethical conflicts within different clinical settings. Value – a personal belief about the worth of a given idea, attitude, custom, or objects that sets standards that influence behavior. Morals – refers to judgment and behavior addressing right and wrong. Bioethics – study of ethics within health care arena. Ethics…Principles of
Health Care Ethics Ethics…Professional Nursing Code of Ethics – principles accepted by all members of a profession; ANA Accountability Responsibility Confidentiality Veracity Competence Judgment Advocacy Families – parents Organizations/institutions Religious Educational Governmental Individual Experiences Ethics…Values Cultural values Ethnocentrism Steps of Value Clarification Choosing one’s beliefs and behavior, prizing one’s belief and behavior, and acting on one’s beliefs. Ethics…Ethical Systems Bioethics – ethics in health care delivery. Philosophical Deontology Utilitarianism Consequentially Teleology Feminist Ethics Ethics of Care Ethics…Bioethics
Nursing View Holistic Approach Explore all data and view whole picture Step 1 – Assess if situation is ethical dilemma. Is this an ethical dilemma? Step 2 – Gather relevant information-interview all participants. Step 3 – Examine your own values. Step 4 – Be clear and be able to verbalize the problem. Ethics…Process an Ethical Dilemma (cont’d) Step 5 – List possible actions. Step 6 – Explore and or negotiate outcomes of each actions. Step 7 – Evaluate the action. Ethics…Institutional Ethics Ethic Committees Multidiscipline Team Follow written guidelines Explore outcomes/actions Informed consent Advanced Directives Futile care Quality of Life Allocation of Scare Resources Personnel Ethics…Summary Performing patient care with nurse first knowing own values and understanding how patient’s value can affect their participation in health care. With the increase technology and scientific advances, quality of life and advance directive can result in ethical dilemma. A patient asks you what he can do to “keep the doctors from doing all that medical stuff if my heart stops.’ You explain that a living will is a way to make one’s wishes regarding health care clear. What else can you tell this patient, regarding end-of-life issues?
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