Essential Questions



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Essential Questions


  1. Who were the Greek gods and what were they each known for?

  2. What was the moral of the Pandora’s Box myth?

  3. What happened in Jason and the Golden Fleece?

Greek Gods and Goddesses

The Greek gods were created by man to explain the world around them, act as a means of exploration, provide legitimacy and authority to ancient Greek aristocracy, and provide entertainment for the masses. The religion of the ancient Greeks did not have a single source of written scripture such as the Bible or the Qur'an. Furthermore, the ancient Greeks did not believe in absolute truth as practiced by modern faiths such as Christianity and Judaism. Generally, a Greek city-state would devote itself to a particular god or a set of gods, and depending on the location of the city-state, the characteristics of the gods could vary widely. Many city-states erected temples to their particular gods, and these gods were honored in festivals and animal sacrifices. The ancient Greek gods normally took on human form and lived in a society similar to human society. They exhibited all the emotions of human beings and frequently intervened in human history. The most significant difference between the Greek gods and humans was that the gods were immortal and human beings were not.



Greek Name

Description

Roman Name

Zeus

- God of the Sky and Thunder

- Chief ruler of the Gods




Jupiter


Apollo

- God of Sun

- God of Truth, Music, Healing

- Artemis’ twin brother


Apollo


Hera

-Goddess of Marriage

- Wife of Zeus




Juno


Aphrodite

- Goddess of Love and Feminine Beauty


Venus


Hades

- God of the Underworld

- God of Precious Metals




Pluto


Athena

- Goddess of War

- Goddess of City, Wisdom, and Law




Minerva


Artemis

- Goddess of the Hunt

- Apollo’s twin sister




Diana

Poseidon

- God of the Sea



Neptune


Athena

Zeus

Artemis

Hades

Aphrodite

Poseidon

Apollo

Hera


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