Essential equipment



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ESSENTIAL EQUIPMENT


Review #1
STANDARD 1 Students will identify basic sewing equipment.
101 Identify sewing machine parts and their function, safety, and maintenance.

  • Identify the needle stitch plate, feed dogs/system, presser foot, bobbin case, spool pin, upper thread tension, presser foot lever/lifter, thread take-up lever, foot pedal, handwheel, stitch length control, and stitch width control




  1. On what part of the sewing machine, are the guidelines for stitching marked?

    1. Take-up lever.

    2. Needle stitch plate

    3. Feed dog.

    4. Stitch control.




  1. The feed dogs:

    1. Move the fabric while stitching.

    2. Hold the bobbin.

    3. Hold the presser foot.

    4. Raise or lower the presser foot.




  1. The presser foot:

    1. Forces the fabric to move while being stitched.

    2. Controls the tightness or looseness of the thread.

    3. Holds the fabric firmly in place against the feed dog.

    4. Holds the spool of thread.




  1. The thread tension:

    1. Holds the spool of thread.

    2. Holds the bobbin in place.

    3. Holds the fabric firmly in place against the feed dog.

    4. Controls the tightness or looseness of the thread.




  1. The presser foot lever/lifter:

    1. Raises or lowers the presser foot.

    2. Holds a spool of thread.

    3. Holds the fabric firmly in place against the feed dog.

    4. Raises or lowers the thread take-up lever.




  1. The thread take-up lever:

    1. Raises or lowers the presser foot.

    2. Pulls the thread from the spool pin.

    3. Adjusts the length or direction of the stitch.

    4. Guides the thread from the spool pin.




  1. Which part raises and lowers the needle on a sewing machine?

    1. Thread take-up.

    2. Presser foot lever/lifter.

    3. Handwheel.

    4. Spool pin.

  2. The bobbin case:

    1. Guides the lower thread into position for contact with the upper thread.

    2. Controls bobbin tension.

    3. Holds the bobbin.

    4. All of the above.




  1. All of the following statements regarding the stitch length control are true EXCEPT:

    1. Controls the number of stitches per inch.

    2. Can be easily adjusted to perform a basting stitch

    3. For regular stitching is set from 10-12 stitches per inch

    4. For regular stitching is set to sew 6-8 stitches per inch.




  1. The Handwheel on the sewing machine..

    1. Always turns toward you.

    2. Always turns away from you.

    3. Raises and lowers the needle.

    4. A & C

    5. B & C




  1. Before starting a row of stitching, so the machine won’t come unthreaded, the thread take-up lever should be at its:

    1. Lowest point.

    2. Midway point.

    3. Highest point.

    4. It doesn't matter.


102 Identify serger parts and their function, safety and maintenance.

  • Identify the needle stitch plate, feed dogs/system, presser foot, spool pin, thread tensions, presser foot lever/lifter, foot pedal, handwheel, stitch length control, stitch width control, loopers, and upper/lower knives




  1. On a serger, the metal prong around which stitches are formed is the:

    1. Stitch finger.

    2. Differential feed regulator.

    3. Stitch width regulator.

    4. Hand wheel.




  1. The part of the serger that trims seams allowances as the stitches are formed is/are the:

    1. Feed dogs.

    2. Loopers.

    3. Knives.

    4. Spool pins.




  1. Sergers have _________ which control the lower thread.

    1. Thread guides.

    2. Loopers.

    3. Stitch fingers.

    4. Bobbins




  1. Serger thread is finer in size and must be good quality to prevent:

    1. Thread breakage.

    2. Knife breakage.

    3. Lint accumulation.

    4. A and C.


103 Resolve sewing and serger malfunctions.

  • Explain how to remedy skipped stitches, lint removal, noisy sewing machine, puckered seams, snagged fabric, tension, breaking of needle, etc.



  1. All of the following are proper care or maintenance procedures of a sewing machine EXCEPT:

    1. Oil the serger daily.

    2. Use compressed air to remove lint from the machine.

    3. Keep a cover over the machine when it is not in use.

    4. Use a soft brush to remove lint from the knife area.




  1. The FIRST thing to check or do when a serger is not operating properly is to:

    1. Clean the lint from the knives and oil the machine.

    2. Replace the needle.

    3. Replace the knives.

    4. Check the machine threading.




  1. If the sewing machine is incorrectly threaded, the thread will:

    1. Loop on the bottom layer of the fabric.

    2. Skip stitches.

    3. Jam the machine.

    4. Any of the above.




  1. Which of these practices might damage or reduce the efficiency of a sewing machine?

      1. Applying a drop of oil at each oiling point.

      2. Leaving pieces of thread in the machine.

      3. Removing the stitch/needle plate to clean the underside of the machine.

      4. Using canned air to remove lint.




  1. Lint in the machine should be:

    1. Ignored as it doesn't harm the machine.

    2. Left to collect oil and help the machine run smoothly.

    3. Removed regularly to prevent build-up.

    4. Removed once a month.




  1. Puckered seams may result when:

    1. The needle is in backwards.

    2. The tension is too tight.

    3. The bobbin case is threaded incorrectly.

    4. Your needle is dull/blunt or hooked on the end.




  1. If the fabric keeps snagging while sewing, the problem probably is:

    1. The needle is dull/blunt or hooked on the end.

    2. The tension is too tight

    3. The machine isn't threaded right.

    4. The needle is in wrong.




  1. Which of the following might cause skipped stitches?

    1. The needle being damaged or threaded incorrectly.

    2. Pulling the fabric when stitching.

    3. Sewing over pins.

    4. Any of the above.




  1. All of the following might cause the machine needle to break EXCEPT:

    1. Needle is inserted wrong

    2. Sewing over pins

    3. Machine hasn’t been cleaned & oiled

    4. The presser foot is loose




  1. If stitches are looping on either side of a fabric, check the:

    1. Presser foot.

    2. Threading and/or tension.

    3. Needle.
    4. Thickness of the fabric





  1. A well-balanced tension produces a stitch that:

    1. Appears the same on both sides.

    2. Is loose on the top and has loops.

    3. Hides loose threads from the bottom.

    4. Is loose on the bottom and has loops.


104 Identify sewing equipment, function, and safety procedures.

  • Identify a seam ripper, dressmaker pins, shear/scissors, pinking shears, rotary cutter and mat, seam gauge, tape measure, and transparent rulers




  1. All of the following statements regarding rotary cutters are true EXCEPT:

    1. Used to cut out fabric with a rotary cutter.

    2. They can be used on any table or counter top.

    3. Blades of the cutter are extremely sharp.

    4. Always cover the blade after cutting




  1. Pinking shears:

    1. Can be used to create a seam finish.

    2. Should be used to cut out the fabric.

    3. Are better to use on knits than on woven fabrics.

    4. Can be easily sharpened at home.




  1. The tool that is designed to remove small stitches is a:

    1. Scissors.

    2. Shears.

    3. Seam ripper.

    4. Hem marker.




  1. Which of the following is used to take body measurements?

    1. Tape measure.

    2. Seam gauge.

    3. Transparent ruler.

    4. Yard stick.




  1. Which of the following holds layers of fabric together for cutting and sewing?

    1. Needles.

    2. Seam ripper.

    3. Transparent ruler.

    4. Dressmaker pins.


  1. Which one of the following tools is designed to cut out fabric?

    1. Shears.

    2. Clippers.

    3. Pinking shears.

    4. Seam ripper.




  1. Which one of the following is designed to measure short distances of six inches or less?

    1. Tape measure.

    2. Seam gauge.

    3. Ruler.

    4. Yardstick.




  1. Specialty measuring items include all of the following EXCEPT:

    1. Transparent rulers.

    2. Hem markers.

    3. French curved ruler.

    4. Tracing paper.




  1. All of the following are acceptable methods for removing machine stitching EXCEPT:

      1. Pulling and breaking thread on alternate sides of the seam.

      2. Clipping threads and pulling them from the fabric.

      3. Cutting threads with a razor blade.

      4. Using a seam ripper.






  1. The Illustration at the right is a:

    1. Seam gauge

    2. Measuring tape

    3. Transparent ruler

    4. Rotary cutter & mat


STANDARD 2 Students will identify basic pressing equipment.
201 Identify parts and functions of irons.


202 Identify basic pressing equipment, functions, safety procedures and maintenance.

  • Identify pressing cloth, sleeve roll, tailor’s ham, sleeve board

  • Complete pressing/ironing techniques

  • Demonstrate the use of fusables




  1. Which of the following protects the fabric from shiny marks made by an iron?

    1. Seam roll.

    2. Seam ripper.

    3. Pressing cloth.

    4. Tailor’s ham






  1. The Illustration at the right is a:

      1. sleeve roll

      2. sleeve board

      3. pressing cloth

      4. tailor’s ham




  1. The Illustration at the right is a:



  1. sleeve roll

  2. tailor’s ham

  3. sleeve board

  4. pressing cloth




  1. Plain straight seams are usually pressed:

    1. To one side.

    2. On a curved surface.

    3. Open.

    4. To the center of the garment.




  1. Which of the following is essential in addition to heat for pressing most fabrics?

    1. Pressing.

    2. Moisture.

    3. Pressure.

    4. Starch.




  1. Synthetic fabrics should be pressed:
    1. At a low temperature setting


    2. On the right side of the fabric only

    3. At a high temperature setting

    4. At any temperature setting.


STANDARD 3 Students will identify the characteristics and care of specific textiles.
301 Identify basic fibers, the characteristics, use and care of each textile.

  • Identify natural fibers: cotton, linen, silk, wool

  • Identify synthetic fibers: nylon, polyester, acrylic, rayon, spandex, acetate

  • Identify blended yarns/threads

  • Practice stain removal techniques




  1. Which of the following fibers is classified as a natural fiber?

    1. Rayon.

    2. Polyester

    3. Cotton.

    4. Acrylic.




  1. Which fiber comes from flax?

    1. Silk.

    2. Cotton.

    3. Wool.

    4. Linen




  1. Which fiber comes from an animal?

    1. Silk.

    2. Flax.

    3. Cotton.

    4. Rayon.


  1. Natural fibers:

    1. Are not absorbent.

    2. Come from plants and wood pulp.

    3. Come from plants and animals.

    4. Are chemically altered.




  1. Examples of synthetic fibers are:

    1. Cotton, linen, and wool.

    2. Nylon, polyester, and acrylic.

    3. Felting, knitting, and weaving.

    4. Polyester, silk and rayon




  1. Synthetic fibers:

    1. Are manufactured from chemical substances.

    2. Wrinkle very easily.

    3. Usually must be dry cleaned.

    4. All of the above.




  1. Which characteristic is unique to synthetic fibers?

  1. They tend to shrink.

  2. They are heat sensitive.

  3. They absorbs moisture.

  4. All of the above.




  1. Which one of the following fibers is usually recommended for beginning sewing projects?

  1. Wool.

  2. Linen.

  3. Silk.

  4. Cotton.




  1. All of the following characteristics are true of cotton EXCEPT:

  1. It is strong and durable.

  2. It is absorbent.

  3. It does not wrinkle.

  4. It comes from a plant




  1. Blends are created:

  1. To utilize the positive characteristics of each fiber.

  2. To reduce the cost.

  3. So the fabric will be washable.

  4. To improve the color of the fabric.




  1. Which one of the following fibers should be pressed at the lowest temperature setting?

  1. Polyester.

  2. Nylon.

  3. Linen.

  4. Cotton.




  1. Which of the following statements about pressing is true?

  1. Silk should be pressed with a hot iron and moisture.

  2. Wool should be pressed with a hot dry iron.

  3. Synthetic fabrics should be pressed using a low temperature setting.

  4. Cotton should be pressed using a low temperature setting.




  1. Which one of the following is a characteristics of cotton?

  1. It doesn’t wrinkle

  2. It builds up static electricity.

  3. It absorbs moisture.

  4. It comes from an animal.




  1. Which one of the following fibers has the MOST natural fire-retardant characteristics?

  1. Acrylic.

  2. Cotton.

  3. Polyester.

  4. Wool.




  1. Usually the least expensive natural fiber is:

  1. Linen.

  2. Wool.

  3. Cotton.

  4. Silk.




  1. Which of the following is a major characteristic of wool?

  1. It wrinkles easily.

  2. It eases and shapes well.

  3. It does not cause allergies.

  4. It pills and balls




  1. Which fiber would be the warmest in cold-weather?

  1. Cotton.

  2. Wool

  3. Silk.

  4. Linen




  1. The characteristics of cotton fibers make it the MOST suitable for:

  1. Women's tailored suits.

  2. Upholstery fabrics.

  3. Children's clothing.

  4. Formal wear.




  1. Which fiber is used for the majority of summer clothing?

  1. Nylon.

  2. Acetate.

  3. Wool.

  4. Cotton.




  1. Which one of these fibers can be pressed at the highest temperature?

  1. Cotton.

  2. Silk.

  3. Polyester.

  4. Nylon.




  1. Which of the following fibers would be the best choice for casual summer clothing?

  1. An acrylic and nylon blend.

  2. A cotton and polyester blend.

  3. 100% polyester.

  4. Silk.



  1. Which fiber is synthetic, washes easily, resists wrinkling, but retains oily stains?

  1. Linen.

  2. Silk.

  3. Acetate.

  4. Polyester.




  1. Which is the strongest fiber?

  1. Rayon

  2. Acetate.

  3. Nylon.

  4. Wool.



  1. Which fiber is made from wood pulp, is not very strong, and requires special care?

  1. Rayon.

  2. Polyester.

  3. Nylon.

  4. Acrylic.




  1. Which synthetic fiber is soft, warm, lightweight, and is often used in sweaters.

  1. Rayon.

  2. Polyester.

  3. Nylon.

  4. Acrylic.




  1. All of the following statements regarding linen are true EXCEPT:

  1. It is usually more expensive than cotton.

  2. It is not as strong as cotton.

  3. It is often used in fine suits.

  4. It wrinkles easily and can be either washable or dry clean only




  1. All of the following statements regarding fabrics and their possible uses are true EXCEPT:

  1. Nylon is absorbent, but weak.

  2. Silk wrinkles easily and is weakened by the sun.

  3. Cotton dries quickly, but wrinkles easily.

  4. Wool is warm, but shrinks and mats easily.




  1. When cotton is blended with polyester, which one of the following would be expected?

  1. To wrinkle more

  2. To wrinkle less.

  3. To be less durable.

  4. To stretch.




  1. Which of the following fabrics is created to look like silk, is usually dry clean only and used in linings?

  1. acrylic

  2. polyester

  3. acetate

  4. linen




  1. Stains may be permanently set by:

  1. Placing the stain immediately in cold water.

  2. Leaving the stain untreated for too long.

  3. Heat of any kind.

  4. B and C.




  1. To remove blood stains from a washable fabric:

  1. Soak and wash it in cold water.

  2. Soak and wash it in hot water.

  3. Pour bleach directly on it.

  4. Use a non-enzyme detergent.




  1. If you don't know what the stain is, for maximum protection:

  1. Experiment and see if you can get it out.

  2. Put bleach on the stain.

  3. Send the article to the cleaners.

  4. Soak it in hot water.




  1. To remove an ink or ball-point pen stain:

  1. Soak it in cold water and then rub with detergent.

  2. Spray it lightly with hair spray or sponge with rubbing alcohol.

  3. Sponge it with white vinegar and rinse.

  4. Pour bleach directly on the stain.




  1. To remove chewing gum.

  1. Soak it in cold water and the rub with detergent.

  2. Spray it lightly with hair spray or sponge with rubbing alcohol.

  3. Rub it with an ice cube and scrap off as much as possible.

  4. Sponge it with nail polish remover.



  1. To remove grass stains:

    1. Soak them in cold water and the rub with detergent.

    2. Spray them lightly with hair spray or sponge with rubbing alcohol.

    3. Rub them with an ice cube and scrap off as much as possible.

    4. Rub detergent into the area and launder with the hottest water possible for the fabric.


302 Discuss how fabric construction affects selection of fabric.

  • Identify the characteristics of woven fabrics

  • Identify the characteristics of knit fabrics

  • Identify the characteristics of non-woven/felting



  1. Which one of the following determines the right side of a single knit fabric?

  1. The fabric curls to the wrong side when stretched.

  2. The right side is always folded to the inside.

  3. Ribbing is always to the wrong side.

  4. The fabric curls to the right side when stretched.




  1. Fabric made by fibers matted together and set with heat.

    1. Knitting.

    2. Non-woven

    3. Weaving.

    4. Sewing




  1. Fabric made by interlocking yarns into loops.

  1. Knitting.

  2. Sewing

  3. Weaving.

  4. Non-woven




  1. Fabric made by two or more yarns woven at right angles.

  1. Knitting.

  2. Sewing

  3. Weaving.

  4. Non-woven




  1. Woven fabrics consist of:

  1. Loops connected to each other.

  2. Heat bonding.

  3. Pressure and steam.

  4. Warp yarns and weft yarns.






  1. The nap of a fabric is a/an:

  1. Pattern weave produced on a computer-like machine.

  2. Set of yarns protruding from the background to make it textured/fuzzy.

  3. Interlacing of warp and weft yarns.

  4. Filler yarn only.




  1. In woven fabrics, the yarns that run the length of the fabric are the:

  1. Courses.

  2. Wales.

  3. Warp.

  4. Filling



Part A Competencies Review 4/15/05


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