|Foreign Affairs in the “Era of Good Feelings”
Mini-Lesson: Class Notes and Discussion
I. Sharing Oregon and Acquiring Florida
A. Treaty of 1818 with Great Britain:
1. Allowed Americans to share Newfoundland
__________________ with Canada
2. Fixed the northern limits of the Louisiana
Territory along the forty-ninth parallel.
3. Provided for a joint ten-year occupation of the
B. Acquiring Florida:
1. Revolutions broke out in South America, creating
new ____________ (Argentina, Venezuela, Chile).
2. Caused Spain to take its troops out of Florida
3. Andrew Jackson took advantage and invaded
Florida, supposedly to attack Indians and fugitive
slaves. Captured Pensacola and deposed the Spanish governor.
4. In the Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819, Spain ____________ (gave up) Florida in exchange for
America abandoning any claim to Texas.
5. Explain why the period after the War of 1812 was known as the “Era of Good Feelings”.
6. How were John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster, and Henry Clay representative of sectionalism? (Be specific)
7. Describe the American System. Why wasn’t it a complete success?
The Menace of European Powers and the Monroe Doctrine
European powers, wanting to uphold monarchy against democracy began to look across the ocean at the new republics in South America. Americans feared that the European powers would begin to intervene in the New World, either by conquering the new republics or by setting up new colonies, which might threaten the United States. The U.S. was also concerned about Russia, which was slowly creeping down the California coastline.
In 1823 President Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine. The document gave two warnings to the European powers:
Noncolonization – The period of colonization in America was over. European powers could keep the colonies they already had, but shouldn’t try to form new ones.
Nonintervention – Monroe warned the European powers that any moves against the new South American republics would be taken as a threat to the United States. In exchange for Europeans not intervening in the Americas, America promised to stay out of European wars as well.
Analyzing the Monroe Doctrine
Below is an excerpt from the Monroe Doctrine. First highlight or underline ONLY the essential parts of the document. Then answer the questions that follow.
MONROE DOCTRINE (1823)
We owe it . . . to the amicable relations existing between the United States and [European] powers, to declare, that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere, as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered, and shall not interfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence, and maintained it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration, and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling, in any other manner, their destiny, by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States. In the war between those new governments and Spain we declared our neutrality at the time of their recognition, and to this we have adhered, and shall continue to adhere, provided no change shall occur . . .
8. List and define (using context clues or a dictionary) any words you do not know
9. What are the MAIN IDEAS of this section of the Monroe Doctrine?
10. What reasons does Monroe give for not wanting European countries to interfere in the Western Hemisphere?
11. What other reasons might Monroe have for wanting to protect newly independent countries from European interference? (i.e. reasons not stated in the Monroe Doctrine)
Political Cartoon analysis:
Describe the action in the cartoon.
What issue is this political cartoon about?
Why does the sign say “No trespass”?
Which person represents the U.S? How can you tell?
What countries are represented by the 3 people behind Uncle Sam?
Who do the people on the other side of the water represent? How do they appear to respond to the sign?
Identify the persuasive techniques used by the cartoonists & explain how/where each is used.
“No Trespass! America for Americans” ~ Uncle Sam
hat do you think is the cartoonist's opinion on this issue?
What other opinion might another person/group have on this issue?
Do you find the cartoon persuasive? Why/why not?
Missouri Compromise (1820)
How did the Missouri Compromise solve the issue of balance of power between slave & free states?
What year was Maine admitted to the Union? Was it a free or slave state?
What year was Missouri admitted to the Union? Was it a free or slave state?
Excerpt from the Missouri Compromise, 1820
SEC. 8. And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person escaping from slavery...may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed back to the person (slave owner)...
What does this section of the document state about fugitive or "runaway" slaves?
Label & shade the following on the map below:
Maine The Compromise Line (36’30 N)