Era 1 Exploration and Colonization (1492-1763) These objectives correlate to chapters 1, 2, and 3 in the American Vision, Vo



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COS 10:9 - Summarize major legislation and court decisions from 1800 to 1861 that led to increasing sectionalism, including the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act, the Kansas Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott Decision. (pp. 223-227, 257-258, 263, 268-269, 300-315, 321-346)


COS 10:9

DATES

DESCRIPTION

SIGNIFICANCE/IMPACT

MISSOURI COMPROMISE OF 1820











COMPROMISE OF 1850











FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT











KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT











DRED SCOTT DECISION













COS 10:10 - Describe how the course, character, and effects of the Civil War influenced the United States. (pp. 341-345, 350-382)


COS 10:10

COURSE OF THE CIVIL WAR

DATES:

DESCRIPTION

SIGNIFICANCE/IMPACT

SUSPENSION OF WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS











BORDER STATES











BLACK MILITARY UNITS











BULL RUN











ANTIETAM











SHILOH











GETTYSBURG











SHERMAN'S MARCH TO THE SEA











APPOMATTOX











COS 10:10

CHARACTER OF THE CIVIL WAR

DATES

DESCRIPTION

SIGNIFICANCE/IMPACT

ABRAHAM LINCOLN











JEFFERSON DAVIS











ULYSSES S. GRANT











ROBERT E. LEE











THOMAS "STONEWALL" JACKSON











WILLIAM T. SHERMAN











CLARA BARTON











GEORGE PICKETT











ANACONDA PLAN











DRAFT OPPOSITION











EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION











GETTYSBURG ADDRESS











LEE'S SURRENDER














COS 10:10

EFFECTS OF CIVIL WAR





POLITICAL





ECONOMICAL





GEOGRAPHICAL





SOCIAL/CULTURAL






COS 10:11 - Contrast congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation. (pp. 386-395, 399-402, 405, 407, 509-512)


COS 10:11

LINCOLN

JOHNSON

CONGRESSIONAL

RADICAL REPUBLICAN

PARDON FOR CONFEDERATES














GOVERNMENT FOR THE SOUTH














FREEDMEN














COSTS OF THE WAR














OUTCOME














ERA 5 - YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
A. Analyze Westward Expansion from 1803 to 1861 to determine its effects on sectionalism, including the Louisiana Purchase, Texas Annexation, and the Mexican Cession. (pp. 223-227, 263, 300-315, 321-323, 328-329)

B. Describe the tariff debate and the nullification crisis. (pp. 268-269)

C. Describe the formation of the Republican party and its effect on the election of 1860. (pp. 332-333, 340-342)

D. Indentify causes leading to the Westward Expansion. (pp. 322-323)

E. Draw and locate on US map, the areas affected by the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. (pp. 330-331)

F. Identify key Northern and Southern personalities, including Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and William T. Sherman. (pp. 341-343, 358-361, 372-373, 379)

G. Describe the impact of the division of the nation during the Civil War on resources, population, and transportation. (pp. 351-354, 358-363, 370-373, 376-379, 382)

H. Explain reasons for border states remaining in the Union. (pp. 344-345)

I. Discuss nonmilitary events and life during the Civil War. (pp. 364-367, 371, 280, 382)

J. Explain the causes of the military defeat of the Confederacy. (pp. 354-363, 369-380)

K. Trace economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and the South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau. (pp. 389, 392-393, 399-400, 404-407)

L. Describe the social restructuring of the South. (pp. 393-393, 399-403, 407, 508-512)

M. Describe the Compromise of 1877. (pp. 405-406)

N. Identify post-Civil War Constitutional amendments. (pp. 201-203, 378-380, 392-393)

O. Discuss causes for the impeachment of Andrew Johnson. (pp. 384-395)

P. Explain how the government dealt with slavery in the territories. (pp. 320-322)

Q. List the major features of the Compromise of 1850. (pp. 322-324)

R. Evaluate how both the Fugitive Slave Act and the transcontinental railroad heightened sectional tensions. (pp. 327-329)

S. Summarize the effects of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. (pp. 329-331)

T. Analyze the events that increased sectional tensions in the late 1850s. (pp. 332-336)

U. Describe the Lincoln-Douglas Senate Campaign of 1858. (pp. 336-337)

V. Describe the various attempts to find a compromise between the demands of the North and the South. (pp. 340-342)

W. Explain how and why the Civil War began. (pp. 342-345)

X. Assess the strengths and the weaknesses of each region's economy. (pp. 350-352)

Y. Contrast the political situations of the Union and the Confederacy. (pp. 352-354)

Z. Describe the progress of war in the West. (pp. 360-361)

AA. Compare the eastern campaigns to those in the West. (pp. 360-363)

BB. Contrast the effects of the war on regional economies. (pp. 364-365)

CC. Evaluate the soldier's wartime experience. (pp. 366-368)

DD. Evaluate the importance of events at Vicksburg and Gettysburg. (pp. 369-372)

EE. Describe how battles in Tennessee helped turn the war increasingly in favor of the Union. (pp. 372-373)

FF. Explain the importance of Union victories in Virginia and the Deep South. (pp. 376-379)

GG. Discuss Lee's surrender and the events of the war's aftermath. (pp. 379-380)

HH. Contrast Lincoln's plan to reunite the nation with that of the Radical Republicans. (pp. 386-389)

II. Discuss life in the South immediately after the war. (p. 389)

JJ. Analyze the Reconstruction dispute between President Johnson and Congress. (pp. 391-393)

KK. Describe the major features of Congressional Reconstruction. (pp. 393--395)

LL. Discuss Republican rule in the South during Reconstruction. (pp. 398-400)

MM. Describe how African Americans worked to improve their lives. (pp. 400-402)

NN. Discuss the policies and problems of Grant's administration. (pp. 403-405)

OO. Explain how Reconstruction ended, and contrast the New South and the Old South. (pp. 405-407)
ERA 5 - ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

1. During the 1850s, Kansas became a symbol for both the North and the South but a symbol of what? What did both sides find in the controversy over Kansas to support their charges against their adversaries? What did Kansas come to mean to the nation? Assess Kansas as a symbol of the positions and problems that characterized the divisions in the United States.

2. Adopt the role of a Northerner or a Southerner and explain the events of the 1850s that increased your distrust of the other section.

3. Why did the South secede? What pushed the southern states over the brink? Examine the events of late 1859 and 1860 in the light of southern social and economic concerns and from the standpoint of southern political philosophy. From this, determine why the South resorted to secession.

4. Abraham Lincoln is generally considered by historians as one of the best, if not the best, of all the American presidents. Explain why you agree or disagree with that assessment.



5. Compare the social and economic impact of the Civil War on the North and the South.

6. Trace the Confederate military fortunes during the war, explaining when you think the South had its best opportunity for victory and when the chance of success seemed to have disappeared.

7. Compare and contrast Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction, the Wade-Davis Bill, Johnson's plan, and Radical Reconstruction. Consider provisions, motives, goals, and results.

8. Explain the process of impeaching a president. On what grounds was Andrew Johnson impeached? Were these charges the real reason for his impeachment? Should he have been convicted?

9. Discuss the factors that contributed to the rapid "redemption" of the Southern states and the national abandonment of Reconstruction by the late 1870s.

10. What was done to protect the freedman politically, economically, and physically? What more could have been done? How might "forty acres and a mule" have helped the freedman?

11. Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction. What decisions could have been made to avoid the failures? What groundwork was laid for future change?

Chapter 10 - Sectional Conflict Intensifies (pp. 318-347)
I. Slavery and Western Expansion (pp. 320-324)

A. The Impact of War With Mexico (pp. 320-322)

1.

2.

3. President Polk Sees Trouble Ahead



a.

b.

4. The Wilmot Proviso



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

5. Popular Sovereignty



a.

b.

c.



6. The Free-Soil Party Emerges

a.

b.



c.

7. The 1848 Election

a.

b.

B. The Search for Compromise (pp. 322-324)



1.

2.

3.



4.

5.

6. The Great Debate Begins



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

f.



g.

7. The Compromise of 1850

a.

b.

c.



* How did the Gold rush affect the issue of slavery?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
II. Mounting Violence (pp. 326-331)

A. Uncle Tom's Cabin

1.

2.

3.



4.

* Why was Uncle Tom's Cabin so controversial?

B. The Fugitive Slave Act (pp. 327-328)

1.

2. The Act's Inflammatory Effects



a.

b.

c.



3. Northern Resistance Grows

a.

b.



c.

4. The Underground Railroad

a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

* What was an unattended consequence of the Fugitive Slave Act?



C. The Transcontinental Railroad (pp. 328-329)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



* Why did the United States make the Gadsden Purchase?

D. The Kansas Nebraska Act (pp. 329-331)

1.

2. The New Territories



a.

b.

c.



3. Bleeding Kansas

a.

b.



c.

d.

4. The Caning of Charles Sumner



a.

b.

c.



* Why did Stephen Douglas propose repealing the Missouri Compromise?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

III. The Crisis Deepens (pp. 332-338)

A. Birth of the Republican Party (pp. 332-334)

1.

2.



3. Republicans Organize

a.

b.



4. The Know-Nothings

a.

b.



* What events led to the founding of the Republican Party?

B. The Election of 1856 (p. 33$)

1.

2.

3.



* What political party and candidate won the presidency in 1856?

C. Sectional Divisions Grow (pp. 334-336)

1.

2. The Dred Scott Decision



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

f.



g.

3. Kansas's Lecompton Constitution

a.

b.

c.



* Why did Dred Scott sue the slaveholder who held him?

D. Lincoln and Douglas (pp. 336-337)

1.

2.

3.



4.

5.

6.



7.

* What were the positions of Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln on slavery?

E. John Brown's Raid (pp. 337-338)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6.

* In what ways might a Northerner and a Southerner view John Brown's action differently?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________

IV. The Union Dissolves (pp. 340-345)

A. The Election of 1860 (pp. 340-342)

1.


2.

3.

4. The Democrats Split



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

5. Lincoln is Elected



a.

b.

c.



6. Secession

a.

b.



* What main event triggered the secession of Southern states?

B. Compromise Fails (pp. 342-343)

1.

2.

3.


4. Last Attempt at Peace

a.

b.



5. Founding the Confederacy

a.

b.



c.

* What did Virginia do to try to reverse secession?

C. The Civil War Begins (pp. 343-345)

1.

2. Lincoln Takes Office



a.

b.

3. Fort Sumter Falls



a.

b.

c.



4. The Upper South Secedes

a.

b.



5. Hanging on to the Border States

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



f.

* Why were the border states of Maryland and Kentucky important to the Union?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Chapter 11 - The Civil War (pp. 348-383)
I. The Opposing Sides (pp. 350-356)

A. Choosing Sides (pp. 350-351)

1.

2.

* What advantage did the Southern army have as the war begins?



B. Advantages and Disadvantages (pp. 351-352)

1.

2. Industry and Agriculture



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. Financing the War

a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

* How was having a larger population than the South an advantage for the North?



C. Party Politics in the North (pp. 352-353)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6.

* How were Northern Democrats divided over the Civil War?

D. Weak Southern Government (p. 353)

1.

2.



* What problems did Jefferson Davis face in governing the Confederacy?

E. The Diplomatic Challenge

1.

2.

3.



4.

5.

6.



* Why did the Confederate States want Britain and France to recognize them?

F. The First "Modern" War (pp. 354-355)

1.

2. Military Technology and Tactics



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. The South's Strategy

a.

b.

c.



4. The Union's Anaconda Plan

a.

b.



* What war strategy did Jefferson Davis develop for the South?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

II. The Early Stages (pp. 357-363)

A. Mobilizing the Troops (pp. 357-358)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6.

* What was the significance of the First Battle of Bull Run?

B. The Naval War (pp. 358-360)

1.

2. The Blockade



a.

b.

3. Farragut Captures New Orleans



a.

b.

c.



d.

* How did the Confederation try to break the Union blockade?

C. The War in the West (pp. 360-361)

1.

2.



3. Shiloh

a.

b.



c.

d.

4. Murfreesboro



a.

b.

c.



d.

* What was the significance of the Battle of Shiloh?

D. The War in the East

1.

2. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. The Second Battle of Bull Run

a.

b.

4. The Battle of Antietam



a.

b.

c.



d.

* Why did President Lincoln choose General George B. McClellan after the Union's failure at the First Battle of Bull Run?

E. The Emancipation Proclamation (p. 363)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



* Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

III. Life During the War (pp. 364-368)

A. The Wartime Economies (pp. 364-365)

1.

2. Southern Shortages, Failing Morale



a.

b.

c.



3. The Union's War Boom

a.

b.



c.

* What were the effects of food shortages on the South?

B. African Americans in the Military (p. 366)

1.

2.



3.

4.

* Why do you think African Americans were so willing to volunteer to fight during the Civil War?



C. Military Life (pp. 366-368)

1.

2. The Soldiers in the Field



a.

b.

3. Battlefield Medicine



a.

b.

c.



d.
4. The Role of Women in the War

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



5. Military Prisons

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



* What medical problems did Union and Confederate soldiers face?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

IV. The Turning Point (pp. 369-373)

A. Vicksburg Falls (pp. 369-370)

1.

2. Grierson's Raid



a.

b.

3. The Siege of Vicksburg



a.

b.

* Why did President Lincoln want the Union army to capture Vicksburg?



B. The Road to Gettysburg (pp. 370-371)

1.

2.



3. Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville

a.

b.



c.

4. The Battle of Gettysburg

a.

b.

c.



5. Aftermath of the Battle

a.

b.



6. The Gettysburg Address

a.

b.



* What was the result of Pickett's Charge?

C. Grant Secures Tennessee (pp. 372-373)

1.

2. Chickamauga



a.

b.

3. The Battle of Chattanooga



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

4. Grant Becomes General in Chief



a.

b.

* Why was capturing Chattanooga important for the Union?


________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________

V. The War Ends (pp. 376-381)

A. Grant Versus Lee (pp. 376-377)

1.

2. From the Wilderness to Cold Harbor



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. The Siege of Petersburg

a.

b.

c.



* Why did General Grant decide to capture Petersburg?

B. Union Victories in the South (pp. 378-379)

1.

2. Farragut Attacks Mobile



a.

b.

3. The Fall of Atlanta



a.

b.

4. Sherman's March to the Sea



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

* Why did General Sherman march his army through Georgia?



C. The South Surrenders (pp. 379-380)

1.

2. The Election of 1864



a.

b.

c.



3. Surrender

a.

b.



c.

4. Lincoln's Assassination

a.

b.

c.



5. Aftermath of the Civil War

a.

b.



* Why did President Lincoln doubt he could win the 1864 election?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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