Era 1 Exploration and Colonization (1492-1763) These objectives correlate to chapters 1, 2, and 3 in the American Vision, Vo



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COS 10:6 - Describe relations of the United States with Great Britain and France from 1781 to 1823, including the XYZ Affair, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine. (pp. 223-232, 238-244)


COS 10:6

DATES

US and GREAT BRITAIN

US and FRANCE

XYZ AFFAIR











WAR of 1812











MONROE DOCTRINE











OTHER













COS 10:7 - Describe the development of a distinct culture within the United States between the American Revolution and Civil War, including the impact of the Second Great Awakening and writings of James Fennimore Cooper, Henry David Thoreau, and Edgar Allan Poe. (pp. 274-290, 328-329)


COS 10:7

IMPACT UPON AMERICAN CULTURE BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND THE CIVIL WAR




Dates

Description

Impact

SECOND GREAT AWAKENING













Dates

Writings

Impact

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER










HENRY DAVID THOREAU










EDGAR ALLEN POE












COS 10:8 - Trace the development of efforts to abolish slavery prior to the Civil War. (pp. 167-168, 254-258, 284-288, 320-343)


COS 10:8

DATES

DESCRIPTION

EFFORT

IMPACT

INALIENABLE RIGHTS














BENJAMIN RUSH














BENJAMIN FRANKLIN














WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON














HARRIET BEECHER STOWE














FREDERICK DOUGLASS














HARRIET TUBMAN














ANGELINA AND SARAH GRIMKE














HENRY DAVID THOREAU














CHARLES SUMNER














RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS














OTHER















ERA 4 - YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
A. Describe the relations of the United States with Britain and France from 1781 to 1823, including the XYZ Affair, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine. (pp. 223-225, 228-232, 244)

B. Trace the development of temperance, women's, and other reform movements in the United States between 1781 and 1861. (pp. 278-290)

C. Trace the development of transportation systems in the United States between 1781 and 1861. (pp. 245-247, 328-329)

D. Describe the abolition of slavery in most Northern states in the late 18th century. (pp. 150-151, 287-288)

E. Describe the religious movements in opposition to slavery, including the objections of the Quakers. (pp. 151, 285-286)

F. Describe the impact of the principle of "inalienable rights" as a motivating factor for movements to oppose slavery. (pp. 150, 285)

G. Describe the role of the first abolitionist societies by Benjamin Rush and Benjamin Franklin and the role played by later critics of slavery, including William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, Angelina and Sarah Grimke, Henry David Thoreau, and Charles Sumner. (pp. 284-288, 331)

H. Explain the importance of the Northwest Ordinance for banning slavery in new states north of the Ohio River. (pp. 159-161)

I. Discuss the events leading to the Louisiana Purchase. (pp. 223-224)

J. Describe why the United States declared war on Britain, and discuss the major campaigns of the war. (pp. 224-225, 228-232)

K. List the results of the Treaty of Ghent. (p. 232)

L. Evaluate how nationalism affected the nation's foreign policy after the War of 1812. (p. 243-244)

M. Discuss how the Industrial Revolution changed methods of production. (pp. 247-249)

N. Explain why cotton dominated the Southern economy. (pp. 251-253)

O. Describe the social classes in the South. (pp. 253--256)

P. List the major parts of the Missouri Compromise. (pp. 257-258)

Q. Describe why the election of 1824 was controversial. (pp. 258-259)

R. Explain how Jackson's background influenced his ideas of democratic government. (pp. 266-268)

S. Describe how the nullification crisis sparked debate over states' rights. (pp/ 268-269)

T. Explain the goals of the different groups active in the Second Great Awakening. (pp. 275-276)

U. Identify the key ideas of romanticism and two important romantic thinkers or writers. (pp. 276-277)

V. Analyze the connection between religious and social reform. (pp. 275-276, 278-282)

W. List major areas of society that reformers set out to improve. (pp. 278-282)

X. List groups involved in the early abolitionist movement. (pp. 284-287)

Y. Analyze how Northerners and Southerners view abolitionism. (pp. 287-288)

Z. Chronicle the opening of Texas to American settlers. (pp. 300-301)

AA. Discuss the major battles of the war against Mexico. (pp. 301-304, 309-311)

BB. Describe the circumstances under which Texas and Oregon were admitted to the Union. (pp. 307-308)

CC. Discuss the major events of the war with Mexico. (pp. 301-304, 309-311)

DD. Discuss the inventions that made it easier to farm the plains. (pp. 294-295)

EE. Analyze why Americans were willing to give up their lives in the East to move to the West. (pp. 295-297)
ERA 4 - ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

1. What were the causes and effects of the Second Great Awakening? In what ways did renewed religious enthusiasm mesh with the cultural and political optimism of the Jeffersonian Era?



2. Explain the international circumstances that made possible the Louisiana Purchase. Analyze the political and economic consequences of that transaction.

3. How might Aaron Burr's "conspiracy" have been judged by New England Federalists, by Jeffersonian Republicans, and by western settlers? Explain.



4. Many historians view the War of 1812 as the "second American war for independence," but is this an accurate characterization? In what ways did British policies prior to 1812 threaten our independence? Had the United States not fought the war, what might the results have been? Assess these questions, and determine if we were indeed fighting for "independence."

5. In what ways did the United States attempt to avoid the War of 1812? Why were these attempts unsuccessful?

6. How did the industrial revolution in Great Britain lead to and influence the industrial revolution in the United States?

7. When and what was the "era of good feelings"? Why was it so short-lived?

8. Analyze the background, purposes, and impact of the Monroe Doctrine.

9. Andrew Jackson thought of himself as the "president of the people." Was he? What can you find in the career of Jackson that would support his assertion and what can you find to deny it?

10. Examine the development of the systems of roads and canals between 1815 and 1840. What geographical factors contributed to this? What sections did this transportation system link together, and what effect did this have on the economy of each? How might this transportation network have influenced political alliances?

11. How did the staple crop economy shape this "Southern way of life"?



12. Apart from what they produced, how did the economic attitudes of the North and South differ?

13. How did the spirit of romanticism influence American culture from the 1820s through the 1850s? How might a "realist" respond to the philosophy of the transcendentalists?

14. Who were the major critics of slavery? On what grounds did they attack the institution and what means to end it did they propose?



15. What was the concept of Manifest Destiny? How and why was such a slogan used to justify the expansionist urge of the American people in the 1840s? What impact did this concept have on Native Americans? How did efforts to put this concept into action make the United States a more culturally diverse nation?

16. Write a brief synopsis of the causes, conduct, and results of the war between the United States and Mexico from a Mexican point of view.



17. Compare and contrast the various proposals offered to deal with the possible expansion of slavery in new territories. Analyze the concept of "popular sovereignty" as a viable solution to the problem.


Chapter 6:3-4 (pp. 221-232)
III. Jefferson in Office (pp. 221-225)

A. Thomas Jefferson Takes Office (pp. 221-222)

1.

2.

3.



* What was new about Jefferson's approach to the presidency?

B. The Rise of the Supreme Court

1.

2. Impeaching Judges



a.

b.

c.



3. Marbury vs. Madison

a.

b.



c.

d.

* Why did Congress repeal the Judiciary Act of 1801?



C. The United States Expands West (pp. 223-224)

1.

2. The Louisiana Purchase



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. The Lewis and Clark Expedition

a.

b.

4. The Pike Expedition



a.

b.

5. The Essex Junto



a.

b.

* Why did Thomas Jefferson want to purchase the Louisiana Territory?



D. Rising International Tensions

1.

2. Economic Warfare



a.

b.

3. Impressment



a.

b.

4. Economic Diplomacy Fails



a.

b.

c.



* Why did Jefferson have Congress pass the Embargo Act of 1807?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

IV. The War of 1812 (pp. 228-232)

A. The Decision for War

1.

2.



3. Economic Pressures

a.

b.



c.

d.
4. The War Hawks

a.

b.

c.



5. Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



f.

* Why did Americans in the South and West favor war with Great Britain?

B. The Invasion of Canada (pp. 230-231)

1.


2.
3. Three Strikes Against Canada

a.

b.



c.

4. Ferry's Victory on Lake Erie

a.

b.

c.



* Why was conquering Canada an important American goal in the War of 1812?

C. The War Ends

1.

2. Raids on Washington, D.C. and Baltimore



a.

b.

3. The Battle of Lake Champlain



a.

b.

4. The Hartford Convention



a.

b.

5. The Battle of New Orleans



a.

b.

6. The Treaty of Ghent



a.

b.

* What were the effects of the Battle of New Orleans?



_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 7 - Growth and Division (pp. 238-263)
I. American Nationalism (pp. 240-244)

A. The Era of Good Feelings (pp. 240-241)

1.

2.

* Why is the Monroe presidency known as the Era of Good Feelings?



B. Economic Nationalism (pp. 241-242)

1.

2. The Second Bank



a.

b.

3. Tariffs and Transportation



a.

b.

c.



* What were three examples of economic nationalism after the War of 1812?

C. Judicial Nationalism (pp. 242-243)

1.

2. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee



a.

b.

3. McCulloch v. Maryland



a.

b.

c.



d.

4. Gibbons v. Ogden

a.

b.

c.



d.
* How did the Supreme Court establish and expand the power of federal government over the states?

D. Nationalist Diplomacy (pp. 243-244)

1.

2. Jackson Invades Florida



a.

b.

c.



3. The Monroe Doctrine

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



* In what ways did U.S. foreign policy become more assertive in the early 1800s?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

II. Early Industry (pp. 245-250)

A. A Revolution in Transportation (pp. 245-247)

1.

2. Roads and Turnpikes



a.

b.

c.



3. Steamboats and Canals

a.

b.



c.

4. The "Iron Horse"

a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

* What were two advantages of trains over other kinds of transportation in the 1800s?



B. A New System of Production (pp. 247-249)

1.

2. Industrialization Sweeps the North



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

f.



g.

3. Technological Advances

a.

b.

c.



* Name two reasons the factory system began in the Northeast?

C. The Rise of Large Cities (p. 249)

1.

2.

3.



* How did industrialization affect cities?

D. Workers Begin to Organize (pp. 249-250)

a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

f.



g.

* What was life like for a factory worker in the early 1820s?

E. The Family Farm (p. 250)

1.

2.



3.

4.

* Why was farming more important in the South than in the North?



__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

III. The Land of Cotton (pp. 251-256)

A. The Southern Economy (pp. 251-253)

1.

2. Cotton Becomes King



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

3. Industry Lags



a.

b.

* What effect did the cotton gin have on slavery in the South?


B. Society in the South (p. 253)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6.

* What classes made up the South's social structure?

C. Slavery (pp. 253-255)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6. African Americans' Legal Status

a.

b.



7. Free African Americans

a.

b.



c.

d.

D. Coping With Enslavement (pp. 255-256)



1.

2. African American Culture

a.

b.

3. Resistance and Rebellion



a.

b.

c.



d.

* What was life like for African Americans in the 1800s?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

IV. Growing Sectionalism (pp. 257-260)

A. The Missouri Compromise (pp. 257-258)

1.

2.



3.

4.

5.



6.

7.

* Why was the Missouri Compromise proposed?



B. The Election of 1824 (pp. 258-259)

1.

2. A Battle of Favorite Sons



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

3. The Corrupt Bargain



a.

b.

c.



* How did John Quincy Adams win the election of 1824?

C. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams (pp. 259-260)

1.

2.

3.



4.

* What did John Quincy Adams hope to accomplish during his presidency?

D. The Election of 1828

1.

2.



3.

* How did Adams and Jackson portray each other during the 1828 campaign?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 8 - The Spirit of Reform (pp. 264 - 291)
I. Jacksonian America (pp. 266-272)

A. A New Era in Politics (pp. 266-268)

1.

2. States Expand Voting Rights



a.

b.

3. The People's President



a.

b.

4. The Spoils System



a.

b.

c.



5. A More Open Electoral System

a.

b.



* In what ways did the United States become more democratic in the early 1800s?

B. The Nullification Crisis (pp.268-269)

1.

2. The Debate Over Nullification



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. Jackson Defends the Union

a.

b.

c.



* What caused the nullification crisis?

C. Policies Toward Native Americans (pp. 269-270)

1.

2.

3.



4.

5.

6.



* What was the Trail of Tears?

D. Jackson Battles the National Bank (pp. 270-271)

1.

2.

3.



4.

5.

6.



* Why was President Jackson against the Second Bank of the United States?
E. A New Party Emerges (pp. 271-272)

1.


2. The Presidency of Martin Van Buren

a.

b.



3. "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too"

a.

b.



4. The Tyler Years

a.

b.



* What new political party won the presidential election of 1840?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

II. A Changing Culture (pp. 273-277)

A. The New Wave of Immigrants (pp. 273-275)

1.

2.



3. Newcomers From Ireland and Germany

a.

b.



c.

4. Nativism

a.

b.

* Why did nativism become so strong in the mid-1880s?


B. A Religious Revival (pp. 275-276)

1.

2. The Second Great Awakening



a.

b.

c.



d.

3. New Religious Groups Emerge

a.

b.

c.



* What was the basic message of the Second Great Awakening?

C. A Literary Renaissance (pp. 276-277)

1.

2.

3. America Writers Emerge



a.

b.

4. The Penny Press



a.

b.

c.



* What were the main themes of American writers in the early 1800s?

D. Utopian Communities (p. 277)

1.

2.

3.



4.

* What spurred the establishment of utopian societies?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
III. Reforming Society (pp. 278-282)

A. The Reform Spirit (pp. 278-281)

1.

2.

3.



4. The Temperance Movement

a.

b.



c.

5. Prison Reform

a.

b.

6. Educational Reform



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

7. Women's Education



a.

b.

c.



* What three areas of social reforms did reformers target?

B. The Early Women's Movement (pp. 281-282)

1.

2. "True Womanhood"



a.

b.

c.



3. Women Seek Greater Rights

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.



* What events of the mid-1800s sparked the first women's movement?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

IV. The Abolitionist Movement (pp. 284-288)

A. Early Opposition to Slavery (pp. 284-285)

1.


2. Gradualism

a.

b.



3. Colonization

a.

b.



c.

* What two religious groups were among the first to oppose slavery?

B. The New Abolitionists (pp. 285-287)

1.

2. Garrison Stirs a New Movement



a.

b.

c.



d.

e.

f.



3. Other Abolitionists at Work

a.

b.


4. African American Abolitionists

a.

b.



c.

* How did William Lloyd Garrison work to end slavery?

C. The Response to Abolitionism (pp. 287-288)

1.

2. Reaction in the North



a.

b.

3. Reactions in the South



a.

b.

c.



* How did Northerners and Southerners view abolitionism?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Important Terms to Know:

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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