Eph Hanks Pioneer Scout

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Giant of the Lord (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1960), p. 338.

188 On the American Frontier, The Diaries of Hosea Stout, ed. Juanita Brooks (Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah, 1965), p. 520.

189 Bill Hickman, Brigham's Destroying Angel (Salt Lake City: Shepard Publishing Company, 1904), p. 91.

190 Ibid., p. 92.

191 Ibid.

192 Correspondence in the Utah Territorial Militia Records (Military Records Section, Utah State Archives).

193 Roberts, op. cit., IV, 280.

194 Journal History, December 2, 1857.

195 Ibid.

196 Kimball, "King of Western Scouts," p. 316.

197 Ibid.

198 Ibid.

199 Hanks, Men of the Rockies, p. 34.

200 The Army's winter camp site near Fort Bridger.

201 Letter written by John Kay to friend, Journal History, August 8, 1858.

202 Kimball, "King of Wester Scouts," p. 319.

203 Backout was simply a test of courage, endurance or skill between opponents with the loser backing out.

204 Hanks, Men of the Rockies, pp. 28-29.

205 Journal History, January 1, 1862. Dawson, while in Salt Lake City, had made an indecent proposal to a Mrs. Williams. This disclosure and other "gallantries" drove him into seclusion, and hence out of the territory.

206 Harriet Decker divorced Eph in March, 1872, and Jane Capener also left him about the same time. Hannah Hardy, as already noted, left him within two months of their marriage in 1856. He had seven children by Harriet and seven children by Jane.

207 Sidney Hanks Collection; newspaper article without identification.

208 A mercy killing, supposedly authorized by the Mormon church. According to Mormon church doctrine, there is no forgiveness for certain grievous crimes other than to have one's own blood shed.

209 Controversial organization founded by Dr. Sampson Avard, himself a Mormon, in June or July, 1838, while the church resided in Missouri. Members were accused of robbery and even murder. Although repressed by Joseph Smith at the time, some believe the organization came west to Utah, and was promoted by Brigham Young to control the gentiles.

210 Term Be'boys means rowdy or gang member.

211 Brooks, editor, op. cit., p. 653.

212 Ibid., p. 653, footnote 21, cited by Juanita Brooks.

213 Edward W. Tullidge, The History of Salt Lake City (Salt Lake City: Edward Tullidge, 1886), p. 168.

214 Bill Hickman, Brigham's Destroying Angel (Salt Lake City: Shepard Publishing Company, 1904).

215 J. H. Beadle, Life in Utah (Chicago: National Publishing Company, 1870), p. 213.

216 Mary Ettie V. Smith, Fifteen Years Among the Mormons (New York: H. Dayton, 1860), pp. 343-344.

217 Hickman, op. cit., p. 92.

218 Journal History, May 4, 1858.

219 Harper's Weekly (New York: Harper and Brothers, February 26, 1859, p. 132.

220 Valley Tan, December 17, 1858.

221 Valley Tan, December 17, 1858.

222 Ibid.

223 Ibid.

224 Ibid.

225 Harper Weekly, February 26, 1859, p. 132.

226 Ibid.

227 Journal History, January 1, 1859.

228 Richard F. Burton, The City of the Saints (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1862), p. 191.

229 The site, although now privately owned, is within the confines of Capital Reef National Park.

230 Sidney Hanks Collection. Also, Walter E. Hanks related the story to his son, Ephraim K. Hanks, who in turn related it to the author of this paper.

231 Ibid.

232 Ibid.

233 Ibid.

234 Ibid.

235 Wayne Stake Historical Record, Book A. Quarterly Conference, Loa, Utah, August 24 and 25, 1895, p. 156, hereafter cited as Wayne Stake Conference. It is of interest to note that the office of Patriarch is a spiritually demanding one and usually only those with a special aptitude for discernment are chosen for this position. The office of seventy and high priest are each a specific priesthood calling with different responsibilities.

236 Interview with Dave Rust, May 4, 1956. J. Golden Kimball was a popular General Authority following the turn of the twentieth century. He was loved for his homespun stories, humor, and colorful language.

237 Wayne Stake Conference, February 24 and 25, 1894, p. 83.

238 Ibid., August 28, 1893, pp. 34-35.

239 Ibid., November 25 and 26, 1893, p. 65.

240 Ibid., February 17, 1895, p. 66.

241 Sidney Hanks Collection.

242 Ibid.

243 The mill still stands and is well preserved. It was recently selected as an official Utah Historical Site (1972).

244 Ibid.

245 See Chapter Five.

246 E. Kay Hanks collection. While Apostle Hinckley was California Mission President in the 1930's he related this story at least three times in conference sessions when introducing E. Kay Hanks, Eph's grandson; the last time being at a Fresno Stake Conference in 1935.

247 He completed fifty round trips between Salt Lake City and the Missouri River while carrying the mail; averaged about one thousand miles per trip.

248 Journal History, July 31, 1896.
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