|ENGLISH - FRENCH COLONIAL COMPARISON
ENGLISH COLONIES FRENCH COLONIES
Population 1,600,000 Population 80,000
Agriculture primary occupation in devoted themselves to fur trading with
Middle and Southern colonies, fishing Native Americans
in New England
Each colony had a separate government. Government was highly centralized. The
Authority divided between officials rep. King and his officials exercised complete
the King(governor)and elected rep. of the people control. A plan of action could be put into
(assembly) effect quickly
Relations with Native Americans poor.(except for Relations with Native Americans friendly.
the Iroquois). Native Americans feared English Fur traders treated them well.
because they occupied the land and spoiled hunting.
Most of the colonists were Protestant - not Catholic. The people of New France were mostly
More religious freedom in the colonies than other Catholic. Missionaries sent to convert the
colonies. Native Americans to Catholicism
Great opportunity for English colonists to Only nobles can own land
Several prominent Englishmen and Virginians An expedition of 1000 men have begun
have organized the Ohio Company(1748) to building a line of forts in the Ohio Valley
establish trading posts and settlements in the to hold it for France.
Ohio River Valley.
Analyze the chart above.
Question: Based on this chart, did Great Britain or France have the military advantage at the start of the French and Indian War?