England's Puritan Revolution and Civil Wars 1648--peace of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War 1648



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1650-1800


1642-1651--England's Puritan Revolution and Civil Wars

1648--Peace of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War
1648--King Charles I of England is publicly beheaded in London --Outbreak of the Fronde (revolt of the nobility) in France 1649

1651—Thomas Hobbes publishes Leviathan, “the first general theory of politics in the English language” (E & E 356)
1660--English monarchy is restored
1661--Louis XIV begins his personal rule at age 14
1663--Eight proprietors are granted Carolina in the New World by Charles II
1670--Secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV (Treaty of Dover)
1673--England's Test Act excludes Roman Catholics from holding office
1682--Louis XIV moves government and court to Versailles
1688--England's Glorious Revolution
1689-90—John Locke publishes The Two Treatises of Government

1689--England's Bill of Rights

1707--Union between Scotland and England under the name of "Great Britain"
1723--Louis XV attains majority

1750—Jean Jacques Rousseau’s essay A Discourse on the Moral Effects of the Arts and Sciences is awarded by the Academy of Dijon

1751-72—Publication of The Enciclopédie in France (edited by Diderot, with contributions by d’Alembert, Holbach, Helvetius, Turgot, Haller, Morellet, Quesney, Voltaire, and Montesquieu)

1752--September 14, Great Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar this day
1755—Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin of Inequality. Rousseau also publishes his Discourse on Political Economy in Diderot’s Enciclopédie

1756-1763--The Seven Year's War
1762—Rousseau publishes The Social Contract

1770--Dauphin of France marries Marie Antoinette

1776—Adam Smith publishes The Wealth of Nations
1777--American Revolution
1778--Alliance between United States and France
1783--Peace of Versailles between France, England, Spain, and United States
1787--Signing of the Constitution of the United States
1789--Outbreak of hostilities in France with the fall of the Bastille July 14
1789--Abolition of French feudal system, Declaration of Rights of Man, nationalization of church property begins

1790 -- Burke publishes his Reflections on the Revolution in France

1791--French National Assembly dissolved
1792--French Revolutionary Wars begin
1792--French royal family imprisoned
1793--Louis XVI executed
1793--Robespierre joins Committee on Public Safety
1793--Roman Catholic faith banned in France
1793--Marie Antoinette executed
1793--First Coalition against France of Britain, Austria, Prussia, Holland, Spain
1793--France declares war on Britain and Holland
1794--U.S. navy established
1795--France makes peace with Prussia, Tuscany, Spain
1795--White Terror and bread riots in Paris
1795--Napolean assumes commander-in-chief
1796--Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
1797--Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
1798--France annexes left bank of the Rhine
1799--Second coalition against France as Austria declares war
1799--French Directory overthrown, Bonaparte coup d'etat and made First Consul

(elaborated from “Major World Events” http://www.sonoma.edu/history/reason/world.events.html, and Ebenstein & Ebenstein’s Great Political Thinkers)


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