Electric lighting (increased convenience for working and safety)

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Unit 7 1920s Test Review

  1. Describe inventions and their effects on life in America in the 1920s.

Electric lighting (increased convenience for working and safety)

Labor-saving products (washing machines, electric stoves, vacuum cleaners)

Entertainment (radios, movies)

Improved communication (telephone, broadcast industry)

Increased demand for electricity (need to power all of the inventions)

Assembly line (affordable automobiles from Henry Ford)

Increased mobility with automobiles (movement to the suburbs and tourism)

Automobile grew the transportation industry (jobs building cars, roads, and in the steel & oil industry)

Rise of mechanization (machines in farming)

National brands (you can buy the same thing in VA that you might find in CA)

Wider availability of consumer goods

Installment buying (making payments)

Advertising (newspapers, magazines, billboards)

General increase in the standard of living

  1. Why did African-Americans migrate north after World War I? increased job opportunities

  1. Define nativism: the belief that native born Americans are superior to “foreigners”

  1. Describe the causes and effects of intolerance in America during the 1920s: increase in lynching’s in the South; Marcus Garvey-“back to Africa movement”; Ku Klux Klan; trial of Sacco and Vanzetti; nativism; Red Scare; Scopes Trial

  1. What were the causes of the Red Scare in the 1920s? Communists came to power in the Soviet Union (formerly Russia); anarchists-(those who rebel against authority); foreigners (increased immigration from Eastern Europe-communist)

  1. What was the intended purpose of the 18th Amendment (Prohibition)? To promote good health and morality, reduce crime and save grain for WWI.

  1. What was the “unintended consequence” of Prohibition? Rise in organized crime through speakeasies, bootleggers and moonshine.

  1. Which amendment repealed the 18th Amendment? 21st amendment

  1. What were the effects of Prohibition? Speakeasies; bootleggers; organized crime; moonshine

  1. What was a result of the Harlem Renaissance? An increased awareness of the literary and artistic achievements of African Americans during the 1920s and 1930s.

  1. Where was the center of African American culture in the 1920s? Harlem in New York, NY

  1. What development contributed to the economic prosperity of the 1920s? Petroleum (gas) and electricity were widely available cheap energy sources; the assembly line and other technological advances allowed businesses to produce more goods at lower costs; new job opportunities for women gave families more money to spend.

  1. Describes America in the 1920s. It was a “materialistic age”. Americans increased their spending and borrowing. They wanted to enjoy life after the war. It was a “booming” period in American history.

  1. Describe the changing roles and perceptions of women in the 1920s: right to vote (19th Amendment); flappers; increased participation in the workforce; property rights; suffragists; increased educational opportunities

  1. Describe the flappers: young women who cut their hair short, try new fads and fashions; run for political office; got jobs

  1. Define mass media: a form of communication that reach millions of people such as radio, and movies during the 1920s. Improved advertising

  1. Which form of music developed in the United States during the 1920s? jazz

  1. Explain the Scopes Trial: (Also called the Monkey Trial) In a high school in Tennessee, John Scopes was charged for teaching Evolution. He was found guilty. Clarence Darrow represented him and Williams Jennings Bryant prosecuted the case.

Describe who the following people were in the 1920s and 1930s:

  1. Marcus Garvey: Jamaican immigrant who stated African Americans should move back to Africa.

  1. Louis Armstrong: Famous African-American jazz trumpet player from the Harlem Renaissance.

  1. Duke Ellington: Jazz musician; led the swing movement and was a true artist with the piano.

  1. Aaron Copland: American composer; known for ballet and orchestra music.

  1. George Gershwin: American composer known for his Broadway style tunes.

  1. Langston Hughes: African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance who wrote about racial pride.

  1. F. Scott Fitzgerald: American author who wrote The Great Gatsby which captured the luxurious side of 1920s life.

  1. Georgia O’Keefe: Painter of abstract art – known for her larger than life pictures of flowers.

  1. Bessie Smith: African-American jazz singer and blues queen.

  1. Jacob Lawrence: Painter of the Great Migration series showing African-Americans moving out of the South.

  1. Wright Brothers: Brothers who invented the airplane.

  2. Calvin Coolidge: became president when Harding died; President who restored the public’s trust in government. Supporter of business.

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