What were the causes of the Red Scare in the 1920s? Communists came to power in the Soviet Union (formerly Russia); anarchists-(those who rebel against authority); foreigners (increased immigration from Eastern Europe-communist)
What was the intended purpose of the 18th Amendment (Prohibition)? To promote good health and morality, reduce crime and save grain for WWI.
What was the “unintended consequence” of Prohibition? Rise in organized crime through speakeasies, bootleggers and moonshine.
Which amendment repealed the 18th Amendment? 21stamendment
What were the effects of Prohibition? Speakeasies; bootleggers; organized crime; moonshine
What was a result of the Harlem Renaissance? An increased awareness of the literary and artistic achievements of African Americans during the 1920s and 1930s.
Where was the center of African American culture in the 1920s? Harlem in New York, NY
What development contributed to the economic prosperity of the 1920s? Petroleum (gas) and electricity were widely available cheap energy sources; the assembly line and other technological advances allowed businesses to produce more goods at lower costs; new job opportunities for women gave families more money to spend.
Describes America in the 1920s. It was a “materialistic age”. Americans increased their spending and borrowing. They wanted to enjoy life after the war. It was a “booming” period in American history.
Describe the changing roles and perceptions of women in the 1920s: right to vote (19th Amendment); flappers; increased participation in the workforce; property rights; suffragists; increased educational opportunities
Define mass media: a form of communication that reach millions of people such as radio, and movies during the 1920s. Improved advertising
Which form of music developed in the United States during the 1920s? jazz
Explain the Scopes Trial: (Also called the Monkey Trial) In a high school in Tennessee, John Scopes was charged for teaching Evolution. He was found guilty. Clarence Darrow represented him and Williams Jennings Bryant prosecuted the case.
Describe who the following people were in the 1920s and 1930s:
Marcus Garvey: Jamaican immigrant who stated African Americans should move back to Africa.
Louis Armstrong: Famous African-American jazz trumpet player from the Harlem Renaissance.
Duke Ellington: Jazz musician; led the swing movement and was a true artist with the piano.
Aaron Copland: American composer; known for ballet and orchestra music.
George Gershwin: American composer known for his Broadway style tunes.
Langston Hughes: African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance who wrote about racial pride.
F. Scott Fitzgerald: American author who wrote The Great Gatsby which captured the luxurious side of 1920s life.
Georgia O’Keefe: Painter of abstract art – known for her larger than life pictures of flowers.
Bessie Smith: African-American jazz singer and blues queen.
Jacob Lawrence: Painter of the Great Migration series showing African-Americans moving out of the South.
Wright Brothers: Brothers who invented the airplane.