Early Rome Test Preview Test Layout

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Early Rome Test Preview

Test Layout

Multiple Choice (8 items, 24 Total Points) Suggested Time: 10 minutes

“Medium Answer Questions” (2 graded items, 13 points each, 26 total points) Suggested Time: 13 minutes

Mini-Essay (1 Essay, 30 points) 22 minutes

Total of 80 points available. The test will be worth 80 points. (It won’t be “expanded” to 100 in your grade)

Multiple Choice Questions (8 items, 24 Total Points) Suggested Time: 10 minutes

  • All items ask you to evaluate multiple statements, and you will select an answer for each statement. There will be partial credit on these questions, in that you will receive credit for correct statements even if you don’t get all of the statements correct.

  • Every item will have multiple questions associated with it; each of these sub-questions will be worth one point.

  • 0 of the statements may be correct, or all of the statements may be correct, or anywhere in between. As such, the use of a plural or singular verb form in the question will have no impact on the number of correct answers.

Medium Answer Questions” (2 graded items, 13 points each, 26 total points) Suggested Time: 13 minutes

  • There are 4 items below. ONLY ANSWER THREE OF THE FOUR ITEMS.

  • Some items start with a historical source—an excerpt from a poem or bit of prose, or an image—followed by a question or series of questions.

  • Remember that many items have multiple questions associated with them. You must address all of the questions to get full credit.

  • Do NOT write more than 6 sentences for any given item. You definitely could write more than six sentences on most of these questions (whole books have been written!), so you have to control yourself! You will not be penalized for writing more than six sentences, but doing so may make it difficult to finish the test in the class period.

  • If you start to answer an item and then decide not to finish, make clear that you do not want that response graded by clearly crossing out the item number and your entire response

Mini-Essay (1 Essay, 30 points). Suggested Time: 22 minutes

  • Please write a 3-paragraph essay on the topic listed below. Unless you have very big handwriting, this shouldn’t be more than 1-1.5 pages. If you have tiny handwriting like Makayla, you should keep this on one page easily.

  • You do NOT need a separate paragraph for an introduction or conclusion. You may choose to include an introduction and/or conclusion sentence if it helps you drive home your ideas.

  • Pay close attention to the instructions in the question.

To help guide your study, I’ve included a list of arguments that I’ve made in class as well as provided a list of terms, people, and ideas.

You don’t need to memorize these arguments (that is, I won’t ask: “List 4 arguments that I’ve made about Rome”). Rather, you should be familiar with the logic of these arguments, and know how you’d support them with evidence.

  • The effect of geography on Roman History

  • Rome became a conquerer because ______

  • Rome succeeded in conquest because _____

  • Rome governed its Italian allies by _______

  • Wealthy Romans who controlled the senate were the dominant force in the early and middle Republic, despite the checks and balances of the Roman constitution

  • The Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems Argument: The acquisition of empire caused serious problems in Roman society.

  • Historians can use the arrangement of physical space in Pompei as a way to understand how Romans understood social class and gender.

  • The Roman Republic fell because ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(It’s no accident that this is a biiiiiig blank; lots of stuff to consider here)

Re-familiarize yourself with the following terms. Think about how each might relate to the arguments listed above. Realize that not every one of these ideas will show up on your test, as I am writing different tests for different periods.


The Social War

Tarquinius Superbus

Tiberius Gracchus


Gaius Gracchus

Carthage and the Punic Wars






Justification for Aristocratic Power in the Roman Republic

Julius Caesar

The tasks of a slave in Pompei



Marc Antony

What you Need to Know about the Roman Republican Political system

The most important thing to know is how to make the argument about senatorial power in the early/middle Republic. You also need to know

  • The 3 elements of the Roman Constitution: senate, assemblies, magistrates

  • For the Magistrates

    • You need to know what a consul did and what a tribune did

    • In general about the magistrates, you need to know that it was a hierarchy, how one became a magistrate, and how it was related to being a senator.

    • You DO NOT need to know the names of other offices, or what they did.

  • For the Assemblies

    • You need to know that there were three major assemblies.

    • You DO need to know the names: Comitia Centuriata and Comitia Tributa, (which had Patricians and Plebeians) and Concilium Plebis (Which had just Plebes).

    • Spelling does not matter as long as I can tell what you mean

  • You DO NOT need to know the specific kinds of issues that each assembly tended to vote for.

  • You need to know that there were tribes/centuries, and how this affected voting. You DON’T need to know the specific numbers of tribes/centuries, or exactly how they were split

Timeline of Roman History and Map of Roman Expansion through Caesar’s death

Because I’m such a great fella, I will provide this on your test. But it also ought to be helpful as you study. If you view this online, the map will be in color

Monarchy: 753-509 BCE

Republic: 509-27 BCE

  • Early Republic: 509-280s BCE

  • Middle Republic: 280s-133 BCE

  • Late Republic: 133-27 BCE

Empire: 27 BCE - onwards

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