Early Reform Movements



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Early Reform Movements

  1. The abolitionist movement, the women’s suffrage movement, and the 1960’s civil rights movement are all examples of reform efforts that (DOK 2)

  1. succeeded without causing major controversy

  2. developed significant popular support

  3. achieved their goals without government action

  4. failed to affect the nation as a whole

Answer B

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  1. After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued to experience political and economic oppression mainly because (DOK 2)

  1. the amendments were not intended to solve their problems

  2. many African Americans distrusted the Federal Government

  3. Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws

  4. poor communications kept people from learning about their legal rights

Answer C

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To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in Congress Assembled, We the undersigned, citizens of the United States, but deprived of some of the privileges and immunities of citizens among which, is the right to vote, beg leave to submit the following resolution:
Resolved; that we the officers and members of the National Woman Suffrage Association, in convention assembled, respectfully ask Congress to enact appropriate legislation during its present session to protect women citizens in the several states of this Union, in their right to vote.

— Susan B. Anthony, Matilda Joslyn Gage,

and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1873)

 Source: National Archives and Records Administration



  1. This resolution illustrates the constitutional right to (DOK 2)

  1. petition for redress of grievances

  2. protection against unreasonable search and seizure

  3. a speedy and public trial

  4. freedom of religion

Answer A

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  1. In the period from 1890 to 1920, which development was the result of the other three? (DOK 2)

  1. labor union agitation in response to unemployment

  2. Progressive Party plea for compulsory education

  3. public outcry following numerous industrial accidents

  4. passage of child labor laws by individual states

Answer D

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  1. The actions of Jane Addams, Ida Tarbell, and Booker T. Washington illustrate that reform in the United States has (DOK 2)

  1. utilized a variety of methods to achieve many goals

  2. depended on support from religious groups

  3. relied on programs initiated by the Federal Government

  4. promoted women’s suffrage as its main goal

Answer A

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  1. One idea that both Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois supported is that (DOK 2)

  1. African Americans should have increased civil rights

  2. vocational training was the best approach to education

  3. immigration was responsible for racial segregation

  4. Jim Crow laws were needed to help African Americans

Answer A

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  1. Which leader founded a vocational training institution in the late 1800s to improve economic opportunities for African Americans? (DOK 1)

  1. George Washington Carver

  2. Frederick Douglass

  3. W. E. B. Du Bois

  4. Booker T. Washington

Answer D

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  1. Lincoln Steffens and Jane Addams are best known for (DOK 1)

  1. attempting to ease the problems of the urban poor

  2. fighting for temperance and Prohibition

  3. leading political movements on behalf of the Populist Party

  4. promoting the interests of organized labor

Answer A

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Jane Addams Opens Hull House”
“Jacob Riis Photographs Tenement Residents”
“Ida Tarbell Exposes Standard Oil Company”

9. These headlines represent efforts by individuals to (DOK 1)



  1. support business monopolies

  2. improve depressed urban areas

  3. solve problems of American farmers

  4. correct abuses of the Industrial Revolution

Answer D

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  1. Dorothea Dix, Jane Addams, and Jacob Riis were all known as (DOK 1)

  1. muckrakers

  2. suffragettes

  3. political leaders

  4. social reformers

Answer D

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  1. According to the map, in which region of the United States did women receive the most support for equal suffrage before passage of the 19th amendment? (DOK 1)

  1. East

  2. North

  3. South

  4. West

Answer D


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