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FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS FROM THE AP U. S. HISTORY TEST, 1993-present


YEAR

EARLY QUESTIONS

LATE QUESTIONS

2011

Analyze the origins and development of slavery in Britain’s North American colonies I the period 1607 to 1776

Compare and contrast the ways that many Americans expressed their opposition to immigrants in the 1840s—1850s with the ways that many Americans expressed their opposition to immigrants in the 1910s—1920s.

To what extent did political parties contribute to the development of national unity in the United States between 1790 and 1840.

African American leaders have responded to racial discrimination in the United States in a variety of ways. Compare and contrast the goals and strategies of African American leaders in the 1890s—1920s with the goals and strategies of African American leaders in the 1950s—1960s.

2010

Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775-1783.

Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following.
Politics

Social conditions

Labor and working conditions


Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period 1845-1861.

Explain the causes and consequences of TWO of the following population movements in the United States during the period 1945-1985.
Suburbanization

The growth of the Sun Belt

Immigration to the United States


2009

Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials’ resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values.

Choose TWO of the following organizations and explain their strategies for advancing the interests of workers. To what extent were these organizations successful in achieving their objectives? Confine your answer to the period from 1875 to 1925.
Knights of Labor

American Federation of Labor

Socialist Party of America

Industrial Workers of the World



Analyze the social, political, and economic forces of the 1840s and early 1850s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party.

Analyze the home-front experiences of TWO of the following groups during the Second World War.
African Americans

Japanese Americans

Jewish Americans

Mexican Americans



2008

Early encounters between American Indians and European colonists led to a variety of relationships among the different cultures.
Analyze how the actions taken by BOTH American Indians and European colonists shaped those relationships in TWO of the following regions. Confine your answer to the 1600s.
New England

Chesapeake

Spanish Southwest

New York and New France



Following Reconstruction, many southern leaders promoted the idea of a “New South.” To what extent was this “New South” a reality by the time of the First World War? In your answer be sure to address TWO of the following.
Economic development

Politics


Race relations

Analyze the impact of the market revolution (1815-1860) on the economies of TWO of the following regions.
The Northeast

The Midwest

The South


Presidential elections between 1928 and 1948 revealed major shifts in political party loyalties. Analyze both the reasons for these changes and their consequences during this period.

2007

Settlers in the eighteenth-century American backcountry sometimes resorted to violent protest to express their grievances. Analyze the causes and significance of TWO of the following:

March of the Paxton Boys

Regulator movement

Shays’ Rebellion

Whiskey Rebellion


To what extent did the role of the federal government change under President Theodore Roosevelt in regard to TWO of the following:
Labor

Trusts


Conservation

World affairs



In what ways did the Second Great Awakening in the North influence TWO of the following?
Abolitionism

Temperance

The cult of domesticity

Utopian communities



“Landslide presidential victories do not ensure continued political effectiveness or legislative success.” Assess the validity of this statement by comparing TWO of the following presidential administrations.
Franklin Roosevelt (1936)

Lyndon Johnson (1964)

Richard Nixon (1972)

Ronald Reagan (1984)



2006

Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following:
Politics

Religion


Economic development

Historians have argued that Progressive reform lost momentum in the 1920’s. Evaluate this statement with respect to TWO of the following.
Regulation of business

Labor


Immigrants

Explain why and how the role of the federal government changed as a result of the Civil War with respect to TWO of the following during the period 1861-1877:
Race relations

Economic development

Westward expansion


While the United States appeared to be dominated by consensus and conformity in the 1950’s, some Americans reacted against the status quo. Analyze the critiques of United States society made by TWO of the following.
Youth

Civil Rights Activists

Intellectuals


2005

Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to 1750.

Describe the patterns of immigration in TWO of the periods listed below. Compare and contrast the responses of Americans to immigrants in these periods.

1820 to 1860

1880 to 1924

1965 to 2000



To what extent did the debates about the Mexican War and its aftermath reflect the sectional interests of New Englanders, westerners, and southerners in the period from 1845 to 1855?

Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following transformed American society in the 1960s and 1970s.

The Civil Rights movement

The Antiwar movement

The women’s movement



2004

Analyze the impact of the American Revolution on both slavery and the status of women in the period from 1776-1800.

Compare and contrast the programs and policies designed by reformers of the Progressive era to those designed by reformers of the New Deal period. Confine your answer to programs and policies that addressed the needs of those living in poverty.

Analyze the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions in the period 1820 to 1863.

Analyze the successes and failures of the United States Cold War policy of containment as it developed in TWO of the following regions of the world during the period 1945 to 1975.

East and Southeast Asia

Europe

Latin America



Middle East

2003

Evaluate the extent to which the Articles of Confederation were effective in solving the problems that confronted the new nation.

Evaluate the impact of the Civil War on political and economic developments in TWO of the following regions.

The South

The North

The West


Focus your answer on the period between 1865 and 1900.

In what ways did developments in transportation bring about economic and social change in the United States in the period 1820 to 1860?

Compare and contrast United States society in the 1920s and 1950s with respect to TWO of the following:

Race relations

Role of women

Consumerism



2002

Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions:

New England

Chesapeake

Middle Atlantic



Compare and contrast United States foreign policy after the First World War and after the Second World War. Consider the periods 1919-1928 and 1945-1950.

Analyze the contributions of TWO of the following in helping establish a stable government after the adoption of the Constitution.

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

George Washington



How did the African American Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s address the failures of the Reconstruction?

2001

How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775?

How and why did transportation developments spark economic growth during the period from 1860 to 1900 in the United States?

The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been celebrated as the era of the “common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response.

Economic development

Politics

Reform movements



Describe and account for the rise of nativism in American society from 1900 to 1930

2000

Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750.

British


French

Spanish


To what extent did the United States achieve the objectives that led it to enter the First World War?

Assess the moral arguments and political actions of those opposed to the spread of slavery in the context of TWO of the following.

Missouri Compromise

Mexican War

Compromise of 1850

Kansas-Nebraska Act


Discuss, with respect to TWO of the following, the view that the 1960s represented a period of profound cultural change.

Education

Gender roles

Music


Race relations

1999

How did TWO of the following contribute to the re-emergence of a two party system in the period 1820 to 1840?

Major political personalities

States’ right

Economic issues



In what ways did economic conditions and developments in the arts and entertainment help create the reputation of the 1920's as the Roaring Twenties?

How were the lives of the Plains Indians in the second half of the nineteenth century affected by technological developments and government actions?

Assess the success of the United States policy of containment in Asia between 1945 and 1975.

1998

Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700.

To what extent and why did the United States adopt an isolationist policy in the 1920s and 1930s?

Analyze the impact of any TWO of the following on the American industrial worker between 1865 and 1900.

Government actions

Immigration

Labor unions

Technological changes


“1968 was a turning point for the United States.” To what extent is this an accurate assessment? In your answer, discuss TWO of the following:

National politics

Vietnam War

Civil Rights



1997

Analyze the extent to which the American Revolution represented a radical alteration in American political ideas and institutions. Confine your answer to the period 1775 to 1800.

Analyze the economic consequences of the Civil War with respect to any TWO of the following in the United States between 1865 and 1880.

agriculture

labor

industrialization



transportation

Discuss the impact of territorial expansion on national unity between 1800 and 1850.

How do you account for the appeal of McCarthyism in the United States in the era following the Second World War?

1996

Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government with respect to any TWO of the following.

foreign relations

economic conditions

western lands



Analyze the ways in which the Great Depression altered the American social fabric in the 1930s.

Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840.

Jacksonian economic policy

changes in electoral politics

Second Great Awakening

westward movement


Analyze the influence of TWO of the following on American-Soviet relations in the decade following the Second World War.

Yalta Conference

Communist revolution in China

Korean War

McCarthyism


1995

For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American society as illustrated in the following.

Legislative assemblies

Commerce

Religion


Analyze the reasons for the emergence of the Populist movement in the late 19th century.

Analyze the ways in which supporters of slavery in the 19th century used legal, religious, and economic arguments to defend the institution of slavery.

Assess the relative influence of THREE of the following in the American decision to declare war on Germany in 1917.

German naval policy

American economic interests

Woodrow Wilson’s idealism

Allied propaganda

America’s claim to world power



1994

Analyze the ways in which TWO of the following influenced the development of American society.

Puritanism during the 17th century

the Great Awakening during the 18th century

the Second Great Awakening during the 19th century



Compare and contrast the attitudes of THREE of the following toward the wealth that was created in the United States during the late 19th century.

Andrew Carnegie

Eugene V. Debs

Horatio Alger

Booker T. Washington

Ida M. Tarbell



Evaluate the relative importance of domestic and foreign affairs in shaping American politics in the 1790s.

To what extent did the decade of the 1950s deserve its reputation as an age of political, social, and cultural conformity?

1993

Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James K. Polk. To what extent did their policies strengthen the United States?

Identify THREE of the following New Deal measures and analyze the ways in which each of the three attempted to fashion a more stable economy and a more equitable society.

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Securities and Exchange Commission

Wagner National Labor Relations Act

Social Security Act


In what ways did the early 19th century reform movements for abolition and women’s rights illustrate both the strengths and the weaknesses of democracy in the early American republic

Describe THREE of the following and analyze the ways in which each of the three has affected the status of women in American society since 1940.

Changing economic conditions

The rebirth of an organized women’s movement

Advances in reproductive technology



The persistence of traditional definitions of women’s roles




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